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TRIGONOMETRY A

YEAR QUESTION
2017 tan 𝐴+tan 𝐵
3(a)(i) Prove the identity tan 𝐴 + 𝐵 = 1−tan 𝐴 tan 𝐵 .
3 −1
(ii) Given that sin 𝐴 = 5 and cos 𝐵 = 2
where A is acute and B is obtuse, express

tan 𝐴 + 𝐵 in the form 𝑎 + 𝑏 3, where 𝑎 and 𝑏 are real numbers.


(b) Solve the equation sin2 𝜃 − 2 cos 2 𝜃 + 3 cos 𝜃 + 5 = 0 for 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 4𝜋.
(c)(i) Express 𝑓 𝜃 = 6 cos 𝜃 + 8 sin 𝜃 in the form 𝑟 sin 𝜃 + 𝛼 where 0 ≤ 𝛼 ≤ 90°.
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the general solution of 𝑓 𝜃 = 2.
Paper 3B
2(b) 𝐴, 𝐵 and 𝐶 are angles in a triangle such that 𝐴 + 𝐵 + 𝐶 = 180°.
(i) Prove that tan 𝐴 + 𝐵 = − tan 𝐶.
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, prove that tan 𝐴 + tan 𝐵 + tan 𝐶 = tan 𝐴 tan 𝐵 tan 𝐶.
cosec 𝜃
2016 3(a)(i) Show that sec 2 𝜃 = cosec 𝜃−sin 𝜃
.
cosec 𝜃 4
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation sec 2 𝜃 = cosec 𝜃−sin 𝜃
= 3 for 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 2𝜋.

(b)(i) Express the function 𝑓 𝜃 = sin 𝜃 + cos 𝜃 in the form 𝑟 sin 𝜃 + 𝛼 , where 𝑟 > 0 and
𝜋
0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 2.

(ii) Hence, find the maximum value of 𝑓 and the smallest non-negative value of 𝜃 at which it
occurs.
tan 𝐴+tan 𝐵+tan 𝐶−tan 𝐴 tan 𝐵 tan 𝐶
(c) Prove that tan 𝐴 + 𝐵 + 𝐶 = 1−tan 𝐴 tan 𝐵−tan 𝐴 tan 𝐶−tan 𝐵 tan 𝐶 .

𝑥 𝜋
4(a)(i) Given that sin 𝜃 = 𝑥, show that tan 𝜃 = , where 0 < 𝜃 < 2 .
1−𝑥 2

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, determine the Cartesian equation of the curve defined
𝜋
parametrically by 𝑦 = tan 2𝑡 and 𝑥 = sin 𝑡 for 0 < 𝑡 < 2 .

2015 3(a)(i) Show that cos 3𝑥 = 4 cos3 𝑥 − 3 cos 𝑥.


(ii) Hence, or otherwise, solve cos 6𝑥 − cos 2𝑥 = 0 for 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 2𝜋.
(b)(i) Express 𝑓 𝜃 = 3 sin 2𝜃 + 4 cos 2𝜃 in the form 𝑟 sin 2𝜃 + 𝛼 where 𝑟 > 0 and
𝜋
0 ≤ 𝛼 ≤ 2.
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(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the maximum and minimum values of 7−𝑓 𝜃
.

Paper 3B
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2(c) Angles 2A and 2B are obtuse angles with sin 2𝐴 = 5 𝑎𝑛𝑑 cos 𝐵 = 5 . Without

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calculating the value of A and B find the EXACT value of
(i) cos 2𝐴
(ii) cos 𝐴 + 𝐵

Guyana Paper 1
sin 2 𝑥 tan 𝑥
3(a) Given that tan2 𝑥 = 1−sin 2 𝑥 , show that sin 𝑥 = ± .
1+tan 2 𝑥
𝜋
(b)(i) Show that 𝑓 𝜃 = 3 sin 𝜃 + cos 𝜃 may be expressed as 𝑓 𝜃 = 2 sin 𝜃 + 6 where
𝜋
0≤𝜃≤ .
2

(ii) Hence, or otherwise,


a) solve the equation 𝑓 𝜃 = 2 for 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 2𝜋,
b) determine the maximum value of 𝑓 and the smallest positive value of 𝜃 for which it
occurs.
𝜋
(c) Without the use of a calculator or tables, find the EXACT value of cos 12 .

2014 cot 𝑦−cot 𝑥 sin 𝑥−𝑦


3(a)(i) Prove that cot 𝑥+cot 𝑦 = sin 𝑥+𝑦
.

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the possible values for 𝑦 in the trigonometric equation
cot 𝑦−cot 𝑥 1 𝜋
= 1, 0 ≤ 𝑦 ≤ 2𝜋, when sin 𝑥 = , 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ .
cot 𝑥+cot 𝑦 2 2

(b)(i) Express 𝑓 𝜃 = 3 sin 2𝜃 + 4 cos 2𝜃 in the form 𝑟 sin 2𝜃 + 𝛼 where 𝑟 > 0 and
𝜋
0≤𝛼≤ .
2

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, determine


a) the value of 𝜃, between 0 and 2𝜋 radians, at which 𝑓 𝜃 is a minimum
1
b) the minimum and maximum values of 7−𝑓 𝜃
.

Paper 3B
𝜋 𝜋 𝜋 𝜋
2(b) Given that = − , show without the use of a calculator, that the EXACT value of tan
12 3 4 12

is 2 − 3.
2013 2 tan 𝜃
3(a)(i) Show that sin 2𝜃 = .
1+tan 2 𝜃

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, solve sin 2𝜃 − tan 𝜃 = 0 𝑓𝑜𝑟 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 2𝜋.


(b)(i) Express 𝑓 𝜃 = 3 cos 𝜃 − 4 sin 𝜃 in the form 𝑟 cos 𝜃 + 𝛼 where 𝑟 > 0 and
𝜋
0≤𝛼≤ .
2

(ii) Hence, find


a) the maximum value of 𝑓 𝜃

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b) the minimum value of 8+𝑓 𝜃

(iii) Given that the sum of the angles A, B and C of a triangle is 𝜋 radians, show that
a) sin 𝐴 = sin 𝐵 + 𝐶
b) sin 𝐴 + sin 𝐵 + sin 𝐶 = sin 𝐴 + 𝐵 + sin 𝐵 + 𝐶 + sin 𝐴 + 𝐶 .
PAPER 3B
4 3
2(a) A is an acute and B is an obtuse angle, where sin 𝐴 = 5 and cos 𝐵 = − 5. Without

finding the values of angles A and B, calculate cos 3𝐴 .


(b) Solve the equation 4 cos 2𝜃 − 14 sin 𝜃 = 7 for values of 𝜃 between 0 and 2𝜋 radians.
2012 3(a)(i) Given that cos 𝐴 + 𝐵 = cos 𝐴 cos 𝐵 − sin 𝐴 sin 𝐵 and cos 2𝜃 = 2 cos 2 𝜃 − 1, prove
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that cos 3𝜃 ≡ 2 cos 𝜃 cos2 𝜃 − sin2 𝜃 − 2 .
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(ii) Using the appropriate formula, show that 2 sin 6𝜃 − sin 2𝜃 ≡ 2 cos2 𝜃 − 1 sin 2𝜃.
𝜋
(iii) Hence, or otherwise, solve sin 6𝜃 − sin 2𝜃 = 0 for 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 2 .

(b) Find ALL possible values of cos 𝜃 such that 2 cot 2 𝜃 + cos 𝜃 = 0.
Paper 3B
2(b)(i) Express 𝑓 𝜃 = 3 3 cos 𝜃 − 3 sin 𝜃 in the form 𝑅 cos 𝜃 + 𝛼 where 𝑅 > 0 and 𝛼 is
acute.
(ii) hence, obtain the maximum value of 𝑓 𝜃 .
2011 4(a) By using 𝑥 = cos2 𝜃, or otherwise, find all the values of the angle 𝜃 such that
8 cos 4 𝜃 − 10 cos2 𝜃 + 3 = 0, 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 𝜋.
(b) The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows a rectangle PQRS with sides 6 cm and 8 cm
inscribed in another rectangle ABCD.

(i) The angle that SR makes with DC is 𝜃. Find, in terms of 𝜃, the length of the side BC.
(ii) Find the value of 𝜃 if 𝐵𝐶 = 7 cm.
(iii) Is 15 a possible value for 𝐵𝐶 ? Give a reason for your answer.

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1−cos 2𝜃
(c)(i) Show that sin 2𝜃
= tan 𝜃.

(ii) Hence, show that


1−cos 4𝜃
a) sin 4𝜃
= tan 2𝜃.
1−cos 6𝜃
b) sin 6𝜃
= tan 3𝜃.

(iii) using the results in (c)(i) and (ii) above, evaluate


𝑛

tan 𝑟𝜃 sin 2𝑟𝜃 + cos 2𝑟𝜃


𝑟=1
where 𝑛 is a positive integer.
Paper 3B
2(b)(i) Show that sin 3𝐴 = 3 sin 𝐴 − 4 sin3 𝐴.
2010 4(a)(i) Solve the equation cos 3𝐴 = 0.5 𝑓𝑜𝑟 0 ≤ 𝐴 ≤ 𝜋.
(ii) Show that cos 3𝐴 = 4 cos2 𝐴 − 3 cos 𝐴.
(iii) The THREE roots of the equation 4𝑝3 − 3𝑝 − 0.5 = 0 all lie between −1 and 1. Use the
results in (a)(i) and (ii) to find these roots.

(b) The following diagram, not drawn to scale, represents a painting of height, ℎ metres, that
is fastened to a vertical wall at a height of 𝑑 metres above, and 𝑥 metres away from, the
level of an observer, O.

The viewing angle of the painting is 𝛼 − 𝛽 , where 𝛼 and 𝛽 are respectively the angles of
inclination, in radian, from the level of the observer to the top and base of the painting.
ℎ𝑥
(i) Show that tan 𝛼 − 𝛽 = 𝑑 2 +𝑑 𝑑+ℎ
.

(ii) The viewing angle of the painting, 𝛼 − 𝛽 , is at a maximum when 𝑥 = ℎ 𝑑+ℎ .


Calculate the maximum viewing angle, in radians, when 𝑑 = 3ℎ.
2009 4(a) The diagram below, which is not drawn to scale, shows a quadrilateral ABCD in which
AB  4 cm, BC  9 cm, AD  x cm and BAD  BCD   and CDA is a right-
angle.

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4 cm  A
B
x cm
9 cm

C

D

(i) Show that x  4cos  9sin  .


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(ii) By expressing x in the form r cos     , where r is positive and 0   <  ,
2
find the MAXIMUM possible value of x.

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(b) Given that A and B are acute angles such that sin A  and cos B  , find, without
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using tables or calculators, the EXACT value of
(i) sin  A  B 
(ii) cos  A  B 
(iii) cos 2A
x 
(c) Prove that tan     sec x  tan x.
2 4

2008 3(a) The lines y  3x  4 and 4 y  3x  5 are inclined at angles  and  respectively to the
x-axis.
(i) State the values of tan  and tan  .
(ii) Without using tables or calculators, find the tangent of the angle between the two
lines.
(b) (i) Prove that sin 2  tan  cos 2  tan  .
(ii) Express tan  in terms of sin 2 and cos 2 .
(iii) Hence show, without using tables or calculators, that tan 22.5  2  1.
0

(c) (i) Given that A, B and C are the angles of a triangle, prove that
A B C
(a) sin  cos
2 2
A B C
(b) sin B  sin C  2cos cos .
2 2
A B C
(ii) Hence, show that sin A  sin B  sin C  4cos cos cos .
2 2 2
Paper 3B
2(a) Find the values of 𝑥 in the range 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 2𝜋 such that
4 cos3 𝑥 + 2 cos 𝑥 − 5 sin 2𝑥 = 0

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2008 1−cos 2𝐴+sin 2𝐴
3(b) Show that = tan 𝐴
1+cos 2𝐴+sin 2𝐴
TNT
(c)(i) Using the formula for sin 𝐴 + sin 𝐵 , show that if 𝑡 = 2 cos 𝜃 then
sin 𝑛 + 1 𝜃 = 𝑡 sin 𝑛𝜃 − sin 𝑛 − 1 𝜃.
(ii) Hence, show that sin 3𝜃 = 𝑡 2 − 1 sin 𝜃.
(iii) Using (c)(ii) above, or otherwise, find ALL solutions of sin 3𝜃 = sin 𝜃 , 0 ≤ 𝜃 ≤ 𝜋.
2007 Paper 1
𝜋
7.(a) Express cos 𝜃 − sin 𝜃 in the form 𝑅 cos 𝜃 + 𝛼 where 𝑅, 𝛼 ∈ 𝑅. 𝑅 > 0 and 0 < 𝛼 < 2 .

(b) Hence, find the general solution of cos 𝜃 − sin 𝜃 = 1.


8. The circle in the diagram below, not drawn to scale, has centre O and the acute angle
𝜋
𝐴𝑂𝐵 = 6
radians. 𝑂𝐴 = 6 cm and 𝐶 and 𝐷 are the midpoints of 𝑂𝐴 and 𝑂𝐵 respectively

Express in terms of 𝜋
(a) The length of arc 𝐴𝐵
(b) The area of the shaded region 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶.
Paper 2
1−tan 2 𝜃
4(a)(i) Prove that cos 2𝜃 ≡ 1+tan 2 𝜃 .
1
(ii) Hence, show, without using calculators, that tan 67 ° = 1 + 2.
2

3 5
(b) In the triangle shown below, not drawn to scale, sin 𝑞 = 5 𝑎𝑛𝑑 cos 𝑝 = 13 .

Determine the exact values of


(i) cos 𝑞
(ii) sin 𝑝
(iii) sin 𝑟
(iv) cos 𝑝 + 𝑡

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