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CIVIL PROCEDURE SYLLABUS

ATTY. BRONDIAL

I. JURISDICTION
A. Meaning; Classes of Jurisdiction
-jurisdiction according to its nature: original, appellate
-jurisdiction according to its object; corresponding principles
i. over the subject matter
ii. over the person of the parties
iii. over the “res”
iv. over the issues
v. over the territory
B. Elements of Jurisdiction
C. Jurisdiction of Regular Courts
1. Supreme Court
2. Court of Appeals
3. Regional Trial Court
A. Intellectual Property Courts
4. Family Courts
5. Metropolitan Trial Courts
Municipal Trial Courts in cities
Municipal Trial Courts and
Municipal Circuit Courts
6. Sandiganbayan
7. Court of Tax Appeals
8. Quasi-courts
9. Sharia’h Courts: appellate, district, circuit
D. Other kinds of Jurisdiction
1. Delegated jurisdiction
2. Special jurisdiction
3. Residual jurisdiction (residual prerogatives)
4. Primary jurisdiction
5. Extended jurisdiction
6. Split-jurisdiction
7. Epistolary jurisdiction
8. Equity jurisdiction
References:
1. Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980
2. B.P. Blg. 129
3. RA 7691
4. RA 8369 (Family Courts Act)
5. SC-AO No. 113-95: Intellectual Property Courts
6. RA 9282 (CTA)
7. RA 7975; 8249; 10660 (Sandiganbayan)
8. RA 9054
CASES:
1. Duero vs CA
2. Donato vs Court of Appeals
3. Gonzaga vs CA
4. Escobal vs Garchitorena
5. Agan Jr vs Philippine International Air Terminal, Co. Inc
6. Liga ng mga Barangay National vs Atienza Jr
7. Manila Bankers Like Insurance Corp. vs Ng Kok Wei
8. Office of the Court Administrator vs Sardillo
9. Katon vs Palanca
10. Figueroa vs People
11. Hannah Serana vs Sandiganbayan (2011)
12. Pat-og Sr vs Civil Service Commission
13. Boston Equity Resources vs CA
14. People vs Henry T. Go (2014)
15. City of Manila vs Judge Cuerdo (2014)

2015 Supreme Court Decisions:


1. St. Mary Crusade Foundation Inc. vs Riel
2. Duncano vs Sandiganbayan
3. CE Casecnan Water & Energy Co. Inc vs Province of Nueva Ecija
4. Ferrer Jr vs Bautista
5. Lomondot vs Balindong
6. PCGG vs Dumayas
7. Regulus Dev. Inc vs Dela Cruz (2016)

II. RULES 1 TO 5

A. ACTIONS: COMMENCEMENT (Sections 3 & 5, Rule 1)


1. Alday vs FGU Insurance
2. Korea Technologies vs Lerma
3. Mercado vs CA
4. Proton Pilipinas vs Banque Nationale de Paris
5. Ruby Shelter Builders vs Formaran
6. St. Louis University vs Cobarrubias
7. Gipa vs Southern Luzon Institute (2014)

B. One suit for one action (Sec.3, Rule 2)


Splitting a single cause of action (Sec.4, Rule 2)
Joinder of Causes of Action (Sec.5, Rule 2)
1. Dynamic Builders vs Prisbitero (2015)
-no injunction against national govt projects

C. Parties to Civil Actions (Sec. 1, Rule 3)


Joinder of Parties (Sec. 6, 7 Rule 3)
Indispensable and Necessary Parties (Sec.7,8, Rule 3)
Class Suit (Sec.12, Rule 3)
Death or Separation of a Party (Sec.16, 17, 18, Rule 3)
Transfer of Interest (Sec.19, Rule 3)
Contractual Money Claims (Sec.20, Rule 3)

CASES: (on parties)


1. Relucio vs Lopez
2. De Castro vs CA
3. Orquiola vs CA
4. China Banking Corporation vs Oliver
5. Lotte Philippines Company Inc vs De la Cruz
6. Carabeo vs Dingco
7. De la Cruz vs Joaquin
8. Navarro vs Escobido
9. Land Bank vs Cacayuran (2015)
10. Divinagracia vs Parilla (2015)

D. Venue of actions: real actions, personal actions


Distinction between Jurisdiction and Venue
1. Pacific Consultants International Asia vs Schonfeld
2. Biaco vs Countryside Rural Bank
3. BPI Savings Bank vs Spouses Yujuico

E. Summary Procedure vs Small Claims Suit; their basic characteristics

III. RULES 6-9


A. Kinds of Pleadings (Rule 6)
Complaint and Answer (Sec. 3, 4, Rule 6)
Defenses: Negative and Affirmative (Sec. 5, Rule 6)
Counterclaims: Compulsory and Permissive (Sec. 6, Rule 6)
Reply (Sec.10, Rule 6)
1. Alba vs Malapajo (2016)
2. Lim Teck Chuan vs Uy
3. Metrobank vs CPR Promotions
4. Valdez vs Dabon
5. Republic vs Sandiganbayan
6. Caneland Sugar Corporation vs Alon

B. Parts of a Pleading (Rule 7)


Verification and Certification (Sec.4, 5, Rule 7)
1. Alma Jose vs Javellana
2. Medado vs Heirs of Antonio Consuing
3. COA vs Paler
4. Basan vs Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines
5. Uy vs CA
6. Bandillon vs LFUC
7. People vs Arojado

C. Allegations in Pleadings (Rule 8)


Actionable documents (Sec.6, 7, Rule 8)
Specific Denial (Sec.10, Rule 8)
1. Fernando Medical Enterprises Inc vs Wesleyan University (2016)
2. Go Tong Electrical Supply vs BPI Family Savings Bank
3. Benquet Exploration Inc vs CA
4. Asian Construction & Development Corporation vs CA

D. Effect of Failure to Plead


Waiver of defenses and objections (Sec.1, Rule 9)
Default (Sec.3, Rule 9)
1. Salvador vs Rabaja
2. BDO vs Tansipek
3. Bitte vs Jonas

IV. RULES 10-13


A. Amended and Supplemental Pleadings (Rule 10)
Kinds of Amendments (Sec.2,3,4,5, Rule 10)
Supplemental Pleadings (Sec.6, Rule 10)
B. Time/Period for Filing Responsive Pleadings (Rule 11)
Answer (Sec.1,2,3,4,5, Rule 11)
Reply (Sec. 6, Rule 11)
C. Bill of Particulars (Rule 12)
D. Filing and Service of Pleadings and other papers (Rule 13)
Distinction between Filing and Service (Sec. 2, Rule 13)
Filing: Manner, Completeness, Proof (Sec. 3, 12, Rule 13)
Service: Mode, Completeness, Proof (Sec. 5,6,7,8,10,13, Rule 13)
Priorities in Modes of Service (Sec.11, Rule 13)
1. Yujuico vs United Resources Asset Management Corporation
2. Lisam Enterprises vs Banco de Oro
3. Tiu vs Philippine Bank of Communications
4. Remington Industrial Sales Corporation vs CA
5. Palileo vs Planters Development Bank
6. Heirs of Numeriano Miranda vs Miranda

V. RULE 14 (SUMMONS)
A. What is Summons (Sec.2, 5)
B. Who issues (Sec.1)
C. Who serves (Sec.3,4)
D. Kinds of Summons
a. Service in person (Sec.6)
b. Substituted (Sec.7)
c. Extraterritorial (Sec.15): personal, publication, any mode
E. On whom served
a. On Corporations
1. public (Sec.13)
2. private
(a) Domestic (Sec.11)
(b) foreign (Sec.12)
b. On Natural Persons
1. prisoners (Sec.9)
2. minors and incompetent (Sec.10)
3. unknown identity and whereabouts (Sec.14)
4. temporarily abroad (Sec.16)

c. On entities without juridical personality (Sec.8, Rule 14)

F. Proofs of Service (Sec.18, 19)


1. Valmonte vs CA
2. Millenium Industrial & Com. Corp. vs Tan
3. E.B. Villarosa vs Benito
4. Mason vs CA
5. Jose vs Boyon
6. Manotoc vs CA
7. DOLE Philippines vs Quilala
8. Santos vs PNOC
9. Fortune Life Insurance Co. vs COA
10. Ong vs Co (2015)
11. Nation Petroleum Gas Inc vs RCBC
12. Green Star Express vs Nissin Universal Robina Corp
13. Guy vs Gacott (2016)

G. Voluntary Appearance (Sec.20)


1. Sunrise Garden Corp. vs CA

VI. RULES 15-19


A. Motions (Rule 15)
Definition (Sec.1, 2, 3)
Requirements (Sec.4,5,6)
Omnibus Motion (Sec.8)

B. Motion to Dismiss (Rule 16)


Grounds (Sec.1)
Distinctions:
1. Jurisdiction over the person from over the subject matter
2. Notice of Lis Pendens (Sec.14, Rule 13) from Litis Pendentia
3. Lack of cause of action from failure to state a cause of action
4. Bar by prior judgment from conclusiveness of judgment
5. Prescription from laches
Effect of Dismissal (Sec.5)
C. Dismissal of Actions (Rule 17)
Dismissal Upon Notice (Sec.1)
Dismissal Upon Motion (Sec.2)
Lim Tech Chuan case
Failure to Prosecute (Sec.3)

D. Pre-Trial (Rule 18)


-A.M. No.03-1-09 Supreme Court effective August 16, 2004 (Guidelines observed by
trial courts judges and clerks of court in the conduct of pre-trial and use of deposition-
discovery measures)
-Failure to appear at the pre-trial (Sec.5)
-Pre-trial Brief

E. Intervention (Rule 19)


Who may intervene (Sec.1)
When to intervene (Sec.2)
Cases:
1. Acampado vs Cosmilla
2. Laude vs Gines-Jabalde
3. De Guzman Jr. Ochoa vs Fabros
4. Office of the Ombudsman vs Sison compare with Ombudsman vs Chavez
5. Anonuevo vs Intestate Estate of Jalandoni
6. Fernandez vs CA
7. Rodriguez vs CA
8. Ching vs Cheng (2014)
9. Yao vs Perello
10. Pinlac vs CA
11. Chipongian vs Benitez-Lirio

VII. RULES 23 TO 32
A. Modes of Discovery (Rules 23-29)
1. Depositions Pending Action (Rule 23)
a. Use of Depositions (Sec.4)
b. Officers to take depositions (Sec.10, 11, 12)
c. Deposition upon written examination (Sec.15)
d. Deposition upon written interrogatories (Sec.25)
e. Effects of errors and irregularities (Sec.29)
2. Depositions before Actions or Pending Appeal (Rule 24
3. Interrogatories to Parties (Rule 25)
a. Effect of failure to serve written interrogatories (Sec.6)
4. Admission by Adverse Party (Rule 26)
a. Effect of failure to file and serve request for admission (Sec.2 &5)
5. Production or Inspection of Documents or Things (Rule 27)
6. Physical and Mental Examination
-Refusal to comply with Modes of Discovery
B. Trial (Rule 30)
Notice (Sec.1)
Adjournments and Postponement (Sec.2,3,4)
Order of Trial (Sec.5)
C. Consolidation or Severance (Rule 31)
Consolidation (Sec.1)
Severance (Sec.2)
D. Trial by Commissioner (Rule 32)
Distinguish from trial with Assessors

Cases:
1. Dasmariñas Garments Inc vs Reyes (1993)
2. Go vs People
3. Vda.De Manguerra vs Risos
4. Allied Agri-Business Development Co vs CA
5. People vs Webb
6. Afulugencia vs Metrobank
7. Disini vs Sandiganbayan
8. People vs Bustamante
9. Metrobank vs Sandoval
10. Republic vs Heirs of Enrique Oribello [kinds of consolidation: quasi-consolidation, and
consolidation for trial)
11. Mariano vs Pryce Gases
12. Phil. Health Insurance Corporation vs Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital

VIII. RULES 33-36


A. Demurrer to Evidence (Rule 33)
-distinguish between civil and criminal actions
1. Republic vs Gimenez (2016)
2. Bernardo vs CA
3. Radiowealth Finance Co. vs Del Rosario
4. Cabador vs People
5. Claudio vs Saraza
6. Felipe vs MGM Motor Trading Corporation
B. Judgment on the Pleadings (Rule 34)
C. Summary Judgment (Rule 35)
1. Republic vs Shell Petroleum Corp
2. Comglas Corp vs Santos Car Check Center
3. Philippine Bank of Communications vs Go
4. Adolfo vs Adolfo
D. Entry of Judgments and Final Orders (Rule 36)
-Several judgments (Sec.4)
-Separate judgments (Sec.5)
-Judgments against entities without personality (Sec.6)
REMEDIES AGAINST FINAL JUDGMENTS

IX. RULE 37
-New Trial or Reconsideration (Rule 37)
-Grounds for New Trial (Sec.1)
-Grounds for Reconsideration (Sec.1)
-Effects of a Grant or Denial (Sec.6, 7, 8)
1. Mendezona vs Ozamis
2. Chua vs People
3. Padilla-Rumbaua vs Rumbaua
4. Senit vs People (2016)
5. People vs Li Ka Kim

X. RULES 40-45
A. Appeal from MTC to RTC (Rule 40)
-Perfection of Appeal (Sec.4)
-Docket Fees (Sec.5)
-Appeals from order of dismissal (Sec.8)
B. Appeal from RTC to CA (Rule 41)
-Modes of Appeal (Sec.2)
-Notice of Appeal vs Record on Appeal (Sec.5,6)
-Perfection of Appeal (Sec.9)

C. Petition for Review from RTC to CA (Rule 42)


-how appeal taken (Sec.1)
-failure to comply with requirements (Sec.3)
-perfection of appeal (Sec.8)
D. Appeals from CTA & QJA to CA (Rule 43)
-contents of petition (Sec.6)
-action on petition (Sec.8)
-effect of appeal (Sec.12)
E. Ordinary Appealed Cases to the CA (Rule 44)
-Appellants Brief (Sec.7)
-Appellee’s Brief (Sec.8)
F. Appeal by Certiorari (Rule 45)
-Contents of Petition (Sec.4)
-Requirements (Sec.7)
Cases:
1. Heirs of Arturo Garcia vs Municipality of Iba
2. Estinozo vs CA
3. Heirs of Spouses Retera vs Spouses Mores
4. Manaloto vs Veloso III
5. Latorre vs Latorre
6. Alfredo vs Borras
7. People vs Corpuz
8. PAL vs CA
9. Augusto vs Rios
10. Escueta vs Lim
11. Springfield Development Corporation vs RTC Judge of Misamis Occidental
12. Yuk Lik Ong vs Co
13. De Vera vs Santiago
14. PNCC vs Asiavest
15. Maravilla vs Rios

REMEDIES AGAINST EXECUTORY JUDGMENTS

XI. RULE 38
-Petition for Relief from Judgment (Sec.1)
-Petition for Relief from Denial of Appeal (Sec.2)
-Time for filing Petition (Sec.3)
-Preliminary Injunction (Sec.5)
1. The Provincial Government of Aurora vs Marco
2. Thomasites Center for International Studies vs Rodriguez

XII. RULE 47
-Annulment of Judgment
-Coverage, Grounds, Period (Sec.1,2,3)
-Contents (Sec.4)
-Effects (Sec.7)
Cases:
1. Diona vs Balanque
2. Santos vs Santos
3. Lasala vs National Food Authority
4. Manguba vs Morga-Seva
5. Sibal vs Buquel

XIII. RULE 39-EXECUTION AND SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENTS


A. Kinds of Execution
1. Matter of right, ministerial (Sec.1)
2. Discretionary (Sec.2)
a. Stay of discretionary execution (Sec.3)
b. Judgments not stayed by appeal (Sec.4)
B. Mode of Execution
1. By motion (Sec.6)
2. By independent action (Sec.6)
C. Manner of Execution
1. When party is dead (Sec.7)
2. When judgment is for money (Sec.9)
3. When judgment is for specific act (Sec.10)
4. When it is a special judgment (Sec.11)
D. Properties exempt from execution (Sec.13)
E. Third Party Claim (Sec.16)
F. Execution Sale (Sec.17 to 26)
G. Redemption:
1. The right of redemption vs equity of redemption
2. Who may redeem (Sec.27)
3. Effects of redemption (Sec.29)
H. Other remedies to fully satisfy judgment
1. Examination of judgment obligor (Sec.36)
2. Examination of obligor of judgment-obligor (Sec.37)
3. Appointment of receiver (Sec.41)
4. Sale of ascertainable interest (Sec.42)
I. Judgment: principal vs surety (Sec.46)
J. Effect of Judgment (Sec.47)
1. In rem
2. In personam
3. Res Judicata
K. Effect of Foreign Judgment (Sec.48)

Cases:
1. Bañes vs Bañes
2. Fajardo vs Quitalig
3. Santos vs Commission on Elections
4. RCBC vs Magwin Marketing Corporation
5. City of Iligan vs Principal Management
6. Villaruel vs Fernando
7. Morta vs Bagagnan
8. Serrano vs CA
9. D’Armoured Sec. Agency vs Orpia
10. Perez vs CA
11. FEBTC vs Toh Sr
12. Panotes vs Townhouse Dev. Corporation
13. Stronghold Insurance vs Felix
14. Fujiki vs Marinay
15. RCBC vs Serra
16. City of Cebu vs Dedamo***
17. PSALM vs Maunlad Homes (2017) what is terceria?

XIV. RULES 48-56


-Dismissal of Appeal (Rule 50)
-Grounds (Sec.1); “Material data” rule

I. PROVISIONAL REMEDIES (Rules 57-61)


A. Preliminary Attachment (Rule 57)
1. Grounds (Sec.1)
2. Requirements (Sec.3)
3. Manner of Attaching (Sec.5)
4. Discharge of Attachment (Sec.5, 12, 13)
5. Third Party Claim (Sec.14)
6. Claim for Damages (Sec.20)
Cases:
1. Lim vs Lazaro
2. Ligon vs RTC of Makati
3. Mangila vs CA
4. Chuidian vs Sandiganbayan
5. Alejandro Ng Wee vs Tankiansee
6. Torres vs Satsatin
7. Luzon Development Bank vs Krishman
8. Northern Luzon Island Co. vs Garcia
9. Excellent Quality Apparel vs Visayan Surety
10. Watercraft Venture Corporation vs Wolfe
11. Philippine Air conditioning Center vs RCJ Lines

B. Preliminary Injunction (Rule 58)


1. Definition, Classes (Sec.1)
2. Grounds (Sec.3); TRO
3. Requirements (Sec.4)
4. Damages (Sec.8)
Cases:
1. Idolor vs CA
2. Gustilo vs Real
3. Lagrosas vs Bristo-Myers
4. Jenosa vs Delariarte
5. Solid Builders Inc vs China Bank
6. Plaza vs Lustiva
7. Office of the Ombudsman vs De Chavez (2013) compare with Sison vs Ombudsman
(2010)
8. Novecio vs Lim
9. Liberty broadcasting Network vs Atlocom
10. Republic vs Cortez

C. Receivership (Rule 59)


1. When writ may issue (Sec.1)
2. Requirement (Sec.2)
3. Power of receiver (Sec.6)
4. Termination and Compensation (Sec.8)
Cases:

1. Larrobis Jr vs Philippine Veterans Bank


2. Chavez vs CA
3. Koruga vs Arcenas
4. Tantano vs Espina-Caboverde (2013)
D. Replevin (Rule 60)
1. When writ may issue (Sec.1)
2. Requirements (Sec.2)
3. Third Party Claim (Sec.7)
4. Judgment and Damages (Sec.9, 10)
Cases:
1. Orosa vs CA
2. Smart Communications vs Astorga
3. Hao vs Andres
4. Navarro vs Escobido
5. Agner vs BPI Family Savings Bank

E. Support (Rule 61)


1. Application for Support Pendente Lite (Sec.1)
2. Comment, Hearing, Order (Sec.2, 3, 4)
3. Enforcement of Order (Sec.5)
4. Restitution (Sec.7)
Cases:
1. De Asis vs CA
2. People vs Manahan
3. Lim vs Lim
4. Gotardo vs Buling Republic vs Yahon
5. Republic vs Yahon
6. Del Socorro vs Van Wilsem
7. Lim-Lua vs Lua
8. Salas vs Matusalem

SPECIAL CIVIL ACTIONS (Rules 62-71)


A. Interpleader
1. What is an action in Interpleader (Sec.1)
2. Requisites (Sec.1)
3. Procedure (Sec.2-7)
Cases:
1. Wack-wack Golf and Country Club vs Won
2. Eternal Gardens vs IAC
3. Pasricha vs Don Luis Dizon Realty
4. Bank of Commerce vs Planters Development Bank

B. Declaratory Relief and Similar Remedies (Rule 63)


1. Nature; Kinds (Sec.1)
2. Parties (Sec.2)
3. Conversion into ordinary action (Sec.6)

Cases:
1. Almeda vs Bathala Marketing Industries
2. Republic vs Orbecido
3. Malana vs Tappa
4. Chavez vs Judicial and Bar Council
5. Sabitsana vs Muertegui (2013)
6. Republic vs Roque in relation to the Southern Hemisphere case (2010)
7. Department of Finance vs De la Cruz Jr.

C. Review of Judgments and Final Orders of the COMELEC and COA (Rule 64)
-the distinctive nature and procedure of this special civil action
Case: Alliance for Nationalism and Democracy vs COMELEC (2013)

D. Certiorari, Prohibition, and Mandamus (Rule 65)


1. Certiorari (Sec.1)
a. Grounds
b. Requirements
c. Procedure; parties and effects

Cases:
1. Ampil vs Ombudsman (2013)
2. A.L. Ang Network Inc vs Mondejar (2014)
3. Maglalang vs PAGCOR (2013)
4. People vs Castaneda (2013)

2. Prohibition (Sec.2)
Cases:
1. Vivas vs Monterey Board of BSP (2013)
2. Corales vs Republic (2013)

3. Mandamus (Sec.3)
Cases:
1. Hipos Sr vs Bay (2009)
2. Sanchez vs Lastimosa (2007)
3. Social Justice Society vs Atienza (2007)
4. Funa vs Manila Economic and Cultural Office (2014)