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Distribución Física Internacional (DFI)

Jazbleidy Castaño Vallejo

Actividad de aprendizaje 12 Evidencia
1: Writing and essay about logistics costs

En el mundo de los negocios internacionales es importante evaluar y

analizar distintas situaciones que pueden ser de beneficio en la toma de
decisiones; por esta razón, a través de esta evidencia podrá conocer las
ventajas de reducir los costos logísticos y de transporte en la distribución
logística internacional, además, conocerá cuáles son las desventajas de
estos altos costos, cuestiones que le serán de gran ayuda en su que
hacer laboral.
Para desarrollar esta evidencia, es importante que lea y analice
previamente el material de formación denominado Essay structure and
grammatical tenses, específicamente en el tema Writing an analytical
essay, y el vocabulario disponible en el subtema Linking words, además
del siguiente material complementario:
 The real impact of high transportation costs.
 Sample outline # 1.

Posterior a estas lecturas Elabore un escrito en inglés sobre la

Distribución Física Internacional (DFI). (No olvide incluirle una portada,
introducción y conclusión a su escrito)

In a practical way we know that the international distribution is

bringing or bringing elements from countries to countries in a
legal way that if we do it we must bear in mind that the costs
and the speed that we need to carry out our logistics we must
first analyze it that the good packing of Our products will keep us
the quality we need to show to keep us and grow.

known by its acronym DFI, is the logistic process that is

developed around placing a product in the international market
complying with the terms negotiated between the seller and the
buyer. Its main objective is to reduce to the maximum the times,
costs and risk that may be generated during the journey, from
the point of departure at origin to the point of delivery at

Stages of the DFI

1. Analysis of the load to be transported
2. Preparation of packaging and packing
3. Selection of Transport Mode
4. Costs
5. Documentation


The cargo is a set of goods or merchandise protected by an

appropriate packaging that facilitates its rapid mobilization.
Types of Load:

1. General Cargo: General Cargo All types of cargo of different

nature that are transported together, in small quantities and in
separate units. The number of packages can be counted and
consequently manipulated as units. They are transported and
stored together

- Cylinders
- Boxes
- Bottles Types of Cargo T

2. Loose Load: Loose Load Loose goods handled and shipped

as separate units.
- Iron sheets
- Rails
- Tubes
- Tires

3. Unitarized Load: Unit of Load (Unitarización) Grouping of

packagings in a compact load of greater size, to be handled like a
single unit, reducing surfaces of storage, facilitating operations of
manipulation of commodities and favoring logistical works

4. Bulk Load: Bulk Load (Liquid, solid, gas) Bulk is usually

stored in tanks or silos. None of these products need packaging
or unitarization.

-Solids: grains, minerals, fertilizers
-Liquids: oil, lubricants, gasoline
-Gases: propane, butane


Packaging: The packaging is a system designed where the

products are accommodated for their transfer from the production
site to the consumption site without suffering damage. The
objective is also to achieve a permanent commercial link between
a product and a consumer. This link should be beneficial for the
consumer and the producer.
Packaging: The packaging serves to protect the product or
group of products that are exported, during all the operations of
transfer, transport and handling; so that they arrive at the
recipient's hands without having deteriorated or wasted, since
they left the facilities where the production or conditioning was
carried out

International transport, also known as the main transport, is
responsible for crossing the borders and delivering the products
in the destination country. It is the backbone of the operations of
the DFI, and depending on the negotiated Incoterms, defines the
route of shipment and delivery to the buyer.

How to choose the mode of transport?

Transit Time
Value of the Mcia.
Packing and packaging
Charge and discharge times

Air Transport

Characteristics: Airport to Airport is contracted through air cargo

agents. The load is loose and is loaded by quotas or positions.
Transport document: Air waybill (AWB).

lower insurance costs.

It is the most expensive;
limited capacity,
Restricted for certain dangerous products.


Characteristics: Applies to maritime waterways, or inland

navigation such as rivers or lakes. Port to Port is contracted
through cargo agents or shippers. The cargo is shipped in
specialized containers for which it must be consolidated.
Transport document: Bill of Lading (B / L).
lower rates,
mass transport of large volumes,
diversity and specialization of ships,
has no restrictions for dangerous products.

low speed,
more expensive insurance and packaging,
port costs,
high risks of looting and deterioration,
more spaced frequencies.

Land Road Transport Applies for road and highway

transportation. Door to Door is contracted through loading agents.
The cargo is transported in specialized containers according to
their characteristics. It has no restrictions for dangerous
products. According to the distances it can be less expensive
than the aerial but more expensive than the maritime one.
Transport document: Letter of carriage (CMR).

Where we want to hear or see the acronym dfi, sobremos

important is for the logistics of the products that we want to move
from one place to another country to country without barriers.

international distribution is of great importance as well as

agencies, ports and vanders and buyers that make it easier to
acquire elements from different nations.