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Meghana M, Dr.V.Tirunavukkarasu
School of Computer Science
MCA Deprt
REVA University

Abstract-The best way to eliminate the effect of the accumulated dust on the solar panels is to clean the panels.
Cleaning the solar panels is normally by washing which is tedious and cumbersome and also expensive in terms of
the labour involved and time. In practice cleaning of solar panels should be frequently done which makes the
process more laborious and expensive. The current design of the robot is a simple one. The robot will clean the
solar panels by sweeping across it with a cleaning tool. It will sweep once across the panels, and then back again to
its rest position. It will be powered by its own set of photovoltaic cells though much smaller than the array it is
cleaning. Other than that, we want to create a robot that does not need to be monitored or checked on, and to run on
its own without human interaction or maintenance. It will rest on rails that will be installed on the panels, and will
rest off to the side of the array so as to not block any part of the solar panel while not performing its cleaning sweep.


Solar panels are those devices which are used to absorb the sun's rays and convert them into electricity or heat. A
solar panel is actually a collection of solar (or photovoltaic) cells, which can be used to generate electricity through
photovoltaic effect. These cells are arranged in a grid-like pattern on the surface of solar panels.Thus, it may also be
described as a set of photovoltaic modules, mounted on a structure supporting it. A photovoltaic (PV) module is a
packaged and connected assembly of 6×10 solar cells.


1. Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity. ...

2. The most common application of solar energy collection outside agriculture is solar water heating systems.

3. Photovoltaic modules use light energy (photons) from the Sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic

The applications are explained in detail below

There are many practical applications for the use of solar panels or photovoltaics. It can first be used in agriculture
as a power source for irrigation. In health care solar panels can be used to refrigerate medical supplies. It can also be
used for infrastructure. PV modules are used in photovoltaic systems and include a large variety of electric devices:

1. Photovoltaic power stations

2. Rooftop solar PV systems
3. Standalone PV systems
4. Solar hybrid power systems
5. Concentrated photovoltaics
6. Solar planes
7. Solar-pumped lasers
8. Solar vehicles
9. Solar panels on spacecrafts and space stations