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Appendix 6, SAMPLE CALCULATONS

The calculations below are generic. Calculation of individual test sections will be presented in the
Test Package

A-1) Pipeline Volume Calculations

π*d2
Using: Vri = * L
4

where: Vri = calculated internal volume m3


π = factor 3.14159
d = average internal diameter mm
wt = average wall thickness mm
L = pipeline length m

For example: L = 15,000 m


d = 930.4 mm
wt = 23.00 mm

2
3.14159 * (930.4 )
We get: Vri = = 679.87 ltrs / meter
4
Section Volume = 15,000 m * 679.87 l/m = 10,198 m3

A-2) Pig Speed / Flow Velocity

Q
Using: V =
A

where: V = pig speed m/h


Q = flow rate m3 / h
A = volume per meter pipeline ltrs / m

For example: Q = 400 m3 / h


A = 679.87 ltrs / m
wt = 23.00 mm

400
We get: V= = 579.82 m/h
(689.87*1000)

Pig speed = 579.82 meter per hour ( / 3200) = 0.18 m / sec


A-3) Pig Transfer Time

L
Using: T =
V

where: T = pig transfer time hrs


L = section length m
V = pig velocity m/sec

For example: L = 15,000 m


V = 0.18 m/sec
wt = 23.00 mm

15,000
We get: T= = 23.15 hrs.
(0.18 / 3600)

Pig Transfer Time = 23.15hrs