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Alfred E.

Hunt
Alfred Ephraim Hunt was a 19th-century American metallurgist and industrialist
Alfred E. Hunt
best known for founding the company that would eventually become Alcoa, the
world's largest producer and distributor ofaluminum.

Contents
Early life
Founding Alcoa
Later years
Publications
References Born March 31, 1855
East Douglas,
Massachusetts U.S.
Early life Died April 27, 1899
Hunt was a New Englander by birth and graduated from the Massachusetts Institute (aged 44)
of Technology in 1876 with a degree in Metallurgy and Mining. His first several jobs Resting Allegheny Cemetery
kept him in New England, first in Boston with the Bay State Ironworks which was place
operating the first open hearth steel furnace in the United States of America. From
Occupation Businessman
there, he would go on to Nashua, New Hampshire to work for the Nashua Iron &
Spouse(s) Maria T. McQuesten
Steel Company.
Hunt
His career would eventually take him to Pittsburgh doing metallurgical work for the Children Roy Arthur Hunt
Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory, which he would acquire in partnership with the young
chemist, George Hubbard Clapp, in 1887. He was working there in 1888 when his acquaintance Romaine C. Cole brought a young
man three years out ofOberlin College to meet him.

Founding Alcoa
When Alfred E. Hunt became aware of Charles Martin Hall and his patent awarded two years earlier on a process for separating
aluminum from common aluminum oxide through electrolysis, he became very interested. Though aluminum is the most common
metallic element in the Earth's crust at about 8%, it is very rare in its free form. ("aluminium", Britannica) At the time of this meeting
in 1888, the price of aluminum was $4.86 per pound.[1] This made it strictly a "laboratory metal" with minimal commercial and
industrial use.

The process for aluminum separation discovered by Hall, called the Hall-Héroult process because of its near-simultaneous discovery
by Paul Héroult, provided a cheap and easy way to extract aluminum as a pure metal. Hunt realized that if he could create a market
for this metal and control the patent on the process for extracting it from common materials that he'd have a substantial business on
his hands.

Together with Charles Hall and a group of five other individuals including his partner at the Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory, George
Hubbard Clapp, his chief chemist, W.S. Sample, Howard Lash, head of the Carbon Steel Company, Millard Hunsiker, sales manager
for the Carbon Steel Company, and Robert Scott, a mill superintendent for the Carnegie Steel Company, Hunt raised $20,000 to
launch the Pittsburgh Reduction Company whichwas later renamed Aluminum Company of Americaand shortened to Alcoa.
The Pittsburgh Reduction Company was able to produce aluminum in unprecedented quantities. The price of aluminum dropped
quickly from $4.86 per pound to $0.70 per pound. Hunt would serve as the fledgling company's first president from 1888 to 1899
(New York Times) and identify early markets for the metal ranging from materials for electric cables to cookware. Alcoa would
become and remain the world's largest producer of aluminum.[2]

Carnegie Mellon University's Hunt Library was donated by Alfred's son Roy. The library features aluminum as its primary building
material.

Later years
With the outbreak of the Spanish–American War, Hunt helped to organize Battery B, a cavalry division of the Pennsylvania National
Guard, and was elected its first captain. (Hunt 1951, 3) He fought in the Puerto Rican theater of operation. He returned from the war
in 1898 and died one year later from complications from themalaria he had contracted during the war.

Publications
Hunt, Alfred E. (1892). Aluminum: Its manufacture and uses from an engineering standpoint. Franklin Institute. p. 31. ASIN
B0008CKF1O.

References
1. https://www.facebook.com/pages/Alfred-Ephraim-Hunt/115308805150468?_fb_noscript=1
2. http://www.answers.com/topic/alcoa-inc

Hunt, Roy A. (April 26, 1951). "The Aluminum Pioneers" (PDF). The Newcomen Society of England. New York City, NY: The Roy
A. Hunt Foundation. pp. 1–9.Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-04.

"aluminum". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.|access-date= requires |url= (help) [1]

"Roy A. Hunt Foundation Website". Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-05.

"Gale Stuart Pyles and Roy A. Hunt 3d Wed". New York Times. 5/10/1981. Retrieved 2006-12-06. Check date values in: |date=
(help)

"National Historic Chemical Landmarks". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2014-02-21.

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