Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

Pangasinan State University

College Of Teacher Education


Bayambang Campus
Bayambang, Pangasinan

CHENEE MARIE C. DE GUZMAN INSTRUCTOR: DR. RAZEALE RESULTAY

BECED 1-2

CHAPTER 29; THE PRIMARYCHILD: PHYSICAL AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

I. INTRODUCTION;
Growth refers to an increase in physical size of the whole body or any of it's parts. And
also it is simply the changes of the body of a child. While motor development refers to tge
development of a childs bone, muscles anf ability to move around and manipulate his or her
environment. And also it involves how will children’s muscle work.
II. BODY;

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND HEALTH

 Children gain weight as muscle mass increase.


 Arms and legs become longer.
 Baby teeth are lost.
 By age 7 some girls may become taller than boys and become thinner.
 Obese
 Weight: 22.9 kg to 25.6 kg
 Height: 48 inches to 50.4 inches
 Between 4-10 yrs. of age, a child should grow about 2 inches per year and gain about 6 pounds
per year.

Moninger, 2007

 Some children tower than their peers, while others are shorter than their peers.

Bronshon & Meryman, 2009

 Shool-age require 8 to 10 hours of sleep at night plus some daytime rest periods.

HEALTH

 Obesity
 The 6 yrs. old wets the bed at night.
 Bicycle safety and sport safety.

Marotz, 2012

 Teacher also play an important role in children’s health.


 Teacher need to collaborates w/ the processionals and parents.
 Teacher need to be alert to sudden changes in children’s behavior and appearance.
 Teacher need to be observant for signs of colds and fever.

NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT

 Children need essential nutrients from food for healthy brain growth and development.
 Children need nutrient-dense foods, which are high in proteins, vitamins, and minerals.
 Undernourished children have lower brains growth and less for actively exploring the world.
 Children stomach are relatively small.

SAFETY AND INJURY

Examples;
1. CPR
2. FIRST AID
3. TOXIC CONCERN
4. BOOSTER SEAT
5. Indoor and outdoor activities

MENTAL HEALTH

1. ADHD (ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER)

a.) Difficulty in focusing and maintaining attention.


b.) Recurrent hyperactive and impulsive.

2. PTSD (POST TRAUMATIC STRESA DISORDER)

That someone people develop after experiencing shocking, scary or dangerous event.

HEALTH EDUCATION

Nutrition and physical activity can be highlighted as the two sides of maintaining and physically
active and healthful eating lifestyle.

EXAMPLE:

 AIDS and Drug education


 Hand washing and proper hygiene

GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

Caterino & Polak, 1999

They found that the children who lead experienced physical activity before the test achieved
higher scores than those children who had quietly before the test.

SIX-YEAR-OLD

 Banding, stretching, twisting and turning.


 Running, jumping, climbing, catching, and throwing.
 Can throw various objects underhand at a larger(such as a bean bag through a hoop).
 Can jump forward with control.

SEVEN-YEAR-OLD

 Bending, stretching, twisting, and turning.


 Runs up and down stairs with alternating feet.
 Hopping and skipping.
 Can kick a stationary ball, with either foot, to a partner or a larger target.
 Can dribble a balk with their feet over a distance.

EIGHT-YEAR-OLD

 Dancing, rollerblading, swimming, wrestling, riding a bike, flying kite.


 Soccer, vase ball, and kickball
 Can catch a tennis ball, walk across a balance beam and hit a ball.

FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

SIX-YEARS-OLD

 Art projects, wood working, construction toys.


 Write numbers and letter.
 Folds and cuts paper into small shape.
 Tie own shoes.
 Draws representation like an stick man.

SEVEN-YEARS-OLD and EIGHT-YEARS-OLD

 Uses knife and pork inconsistently.


 Holding and using pencil easily.
 Gradually making letters smaller, more well-spaced and lined-up
 Able to brush and comb hair.
 Independent in all other aspects of self-care by the age of seven years.
 Aware of left and right.

III. CONCLUSION

In this chapter focuses on the physical development of a child at the same time the
mototor development of a child in (1) Gross motor, (2) Fine motor. Teacher also had important
role in their student wherein they are school all day, so teacher must be aware of signs in illness.
Gross motor skill involves in the sport and games. To improve their muscles and to be
stregthened their skills and ability. While fine motor focused on in the classroom as children
perfect their writing skills. This motor aim to enhanced their handwriting, drawing, tie his or her
own shoes use knife and pork appropriately but not inconsistency.