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Applications The CMR-Plus* Combinable Magnetic Logging at faster speeds

■ Evaluate reservoir Resonance tool with high-logging The design of the improved CMR-Plus
producibility speed brings enhanced precision to tool incorporates 30-in. magnets that
the Schlumberger nclear magnetic extend above and below the 6-in.
■ Obtain mineralogy-
resonance (NMR) family. Only 15.6 ft measurement antenna and continually
independent porosity
long, this tool delivers high-resolution prepare the formation ahead of the
■ Determine hydrocarbon answers on reservoir permeability, antenna for the next measurement
pore volume for reserve water cut and hydrocarbon pore vol- cycle. As the tool is completing a data
calculations ume at logging speeds three to five acquisition cycle over one 6-in. section
■ Reduce or eliminate water times faster than those of traditional of formation, the next 6-in. section is
production NMR tools. These answers are invalu- being prepared for measurement. It
■ Evaluate porosity and able to the initial evaluation of the is this magnet design that allows the
permeability of thin reservoir and as input into the com- CMR-Plus tool to log at speeds
pay sands pletion design to enhance well per- as high as 2700 ft/hr.
formance and return on investment.
■ Identify hydrocarbons in low-
contrast, low-resistivity pay Enhancing measurement precision
The short, lightweight CMR-Plus tool is designed for
zones easy calibration and handling at the wellsite, as well The CMR-Plus tool uses a new pulse
as combinability with other tools. acquisition sequence called the
Benefits Enhanced Precision Mode (EPM),
which improves the precision of the
■ Decreased operating time
data associated with the smallest pores
■ Accurate producibility and the heaviest crudes.
evaluation of all reservoir In this mode, one long-wait-time
types pulse sequence is followed by many
■ Evaluation of complex stacked shortwait-time pulse sequences
lithologies and irreducible to derive a precise T2 distribution.
water saturation The stacked sequences improve the
■ Optimized completion and precision of the bound-fluid volume
stimulation design through
integrated solutions This log example demonstrates the improved repeatability of
the EPM mode using four logging passes in a heavy oil reservoir.
■ Wellsite answer products Two passes are recorded using the standard CMR-Plus acquisition
for real-time decisions sequence, and two are recorded using the EPM mode. Logging
in the EPM mode is particularly important when evaluating very
■ Data obtainable in difficult silty reservoirs with small pores or heavy crudes.
environments, including devi-
ated wells and salt-saturated
MD Standard mode EPM mode
■ Less rig-up and rig-down
1:240 Pass 1 Pass 1
time, reduced rathole (ft) 0.4 0 0.4 0
15.6 ft GR (gAPI) Pass 2 Pass 2
Features 0 150 0.4 0 0.4 0
■ Logging speeds to 2700 ft/hr 950

■ 6-in. measurement aperture

for high-resolution data
■ Short echo spacing for total
porosity measurements
of the smallest pores
■ Combinable with other
formation evaluation tools Magnets
■ Short, rugged, lightweight 1000

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This log example demonstrates the improved repeatability of the EPM mode using four logging passes in a heavy
oil reservoir. Two passes are recorded using the standard CMR-Plus acquisition sequence, and two are recorded
using the EPM mode. Logging in the EPM mode is particularly important when evaluating very silty reservoirs with
small pores or heavy crudes.
and total porosity measurements of
the CMR-Plus tool.
MD CMFF Hi-Res FMI T2 Distribution
Evaluating the quality of thin pay sands (ft)
0.4 (v/v) 0
A new technique utilizing EPM acqui-
sition and high-resolution processing GR CMFF CMFF Hi-Res
provides the estimates of bound fluid,
(gAPI) 0.4 (v/v) 0 0.3 (v/v) –0.1 0.3 (ms) 3000
free fluid and total porosity needed
to evaluate the producibility of thinly 100
laminated formations. In the example
at right, the CMR-Plus tool acquired
EPM data in a heavy oil and gas reser-
voir with fine laminations at 1200 ft/hr.
Track 1 presents the standard free-fluid
porosity (CMFF) using five-level aver-
aging and the corresponding high-res-
olution curve (vertical resolution of 110
7 in.). Track 2 displays the high-
resolution free-fluid porosity superim-
posed on the image from the FMI*
Fullbore Formation MicroImager tool.
Track 3 shows the T2 distributions.
Over the section from 100 to 120 ft,
the high-resolution free-fluid porosity 120
curve identifies the fine laminations
apparent on the FMI image. The high-
resolution data are extremely useful
for the identification and characteriza-
tion of thin beds and evaluation of These sands all have 36 to 38% porosity. Permeability is an order of magnitude higher in the upper sand.
Magnetic resonance logging provides a cost-effective method to detect changes in sand quality and permeability.
producibility in laminated formations.
n Logging in 57⁄8-in. wellbores
The face of the CMR-Plus sensor has
a radius of curvature designed for log- Density
ging in 57⁄8-in. holes. The tool performs CMR-Plus
Depth GR Permeability T2 CMR Flow
(ft) (gAPI) Neutron (mD) (ms) (% flow)
equally well in very large holes because
it is an eccentralized tool that makes 0 150 50 (p.u.) 0 10 103 0.3 3000 0 1
direct contact with the formation.

Evaluating reservoir quality

and production potential
In the log shown at right, the porosity Upper
in the sands is consistently 36 to 38%, sand
but the grain size and hence the per-
meability changes dramatically from
sand to sand. The CMR-Plus tool
logged a 1000-ft section in this well
in a little over an hour, saving 4 hr of X450
rig time. The wellsite-computed flow
profile identified the upper sand (X340
to X405), differentiated by the small X500
bound-fluid volume and long T2 distri-
butions, as having the best permeability.
The producibility answers obtained X550
from the CMR-Plus data were used Lower
to optimize the perforation design sand
and the construction of the production X600
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This chart demonstrates the cost savings and increased production revenue achieved using integrated
Schlumberger solutions.

Demonstrating the value of

CMR-Plus answers using Stimulation Optimization
PowerSTIM optimized solutions 60,000
The PowerSTIM* well optimization
service is a solutions approach to
optimizing production that integrates 40,000
Schlumberger petrophysical expertise
and reservoir knowledge with comple- Gain after
one month
tion design, execution and evaluation. ($)
In a PowerSTIM solution in South 20,000
Texas, the CMR-Plus tool was used in
conjunction with FracCADE* fracturing
design and evaluation software to create 0
an optimum well completion in a tight Incremental Cost Total
gas sand. revenue reduction gain
Logging at 1800 ft/hr, the CMR-Plus
tool acquired permeability measure-
ments in a reservoir sand with constant
porosities but permeabilities that varied
by two orders of magnitude. The per- CMR-Plus Tool Specifications
meabilities, computed using a modified Physical Specifications
Timur-Coates equation developed Length 15.6 ft
specifically for the area, ranged from
Weight 413 lbm
0.05 to 0.1 mD, a factor of 10 lower
Measure point 23 in. above bottom of tool
than estimates from local knowledge
Min hole size 57⁄8 in.
and published data. Using these CMR-
Max hole size No limit
Plus permeabilities as input, the
Max tension limit 50,000 lbf
FracCADE program specified a 750-ft
Max compression limit 50,000 lbf
fracture half-length but with less pad
and a smaller pump schedule than Operational Ratings
was used on offset wells with higher Max pressure 20,000 psi (25,000 psi with modified tools)
permeabilities. Max temperature 350°F
As a result of the PowerSTIM solu- Mud type and salinity Unlimited
tion, the hydraulic fracture treatment Measurement Specifications
cost $30,000 less than other treatments Max logging speed
in the area. Initial production was Long T1 environment 800 ft/hr
700 Mcf/D, instead of the expected Short T1 environment 2700 ft/hr
350 to 500 Mcf/D. Bound fluid mode 3600 ft/hr
Vertical resolution
Static 6-in. measurement aperture
Dynamic (high-resolution mode) 9 in., three-level averaging
Dynamic (standard mode)) 24 in., three-level averaging
Min echo spacing 0.2 ms
Measurement range
Porosity 0–100 p.u.
T2 distribution 0.3 ms–3.0 s
Total CMR porosity 1-p.u. standard deviation, three-level averaging at 75°F
CMR free-fluid porosity 0.5-p.u. standard deviation, three-level averaging at 75°F
Depth of investigation
All hole sizes 0.5-in. blind zone
1.1-in. 50% point
1.5-in. 95% point

SMP-5771 ©Schlumberger
June 2002 *Mark of Schlumberger