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Pakistani Culture

Vs
Western Culture
Presented By:
Muhammad Aqib 2016-MC-223
Rashid Hussain 2016-MC-247
Saad Mehmood 2016-MC-255
Hafiz Zain Anjum 2016-MC-285
Arslan Amjad 2016-MC-289
Umaar Akhter 2016-MC-311
Presented To:
Sir Kamran Shaheen
Contents
• What is cuture?
• Pakistani culture
• Western culture
• Impact of western culture on pakistan
• Question answer session

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What is culture?
Culture refers to the
• Beliefs
• Values
• Behavior
• Material Objects
that together form a people's way of life.

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• Culture includes the traditions we inherit and
pass on to the next generation
• Culture determines how we view the world
around us

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Components of Culture
All cultures have five common components:
• Symbols
• Language
• Values and Beliefs
• Norms
• Material Culture including technology
• Non-Material Culture

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• Symbols are defined as anything that carries a particular
meaning recognized by people who share culture.

• Language is a system of symbols that allows people to


communicate with one another. It can be either written or
spoken or both

• Language is the key to cultural transmission, the process by


which one generation passes culture to the next.

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• Values are culturally defined standards by which people judge
desirability, goodness and beauty, and which serve as broad
guidelines for social living.

• Cultures and societies set up norms which are the rules and
expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its
members.

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Material and Non Material Culture
• Material culture reflects a society’s values and
a society’s technology,

the knowledge that people apply to the task of living in their


surroundings.

• Non Material Culture reflects beliefs, concepts


and customs.

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Cultural Change
Three phenomena promote cultural change

• Inventions, the process of creating new cultural


elements.

• Discovery, recognizing and understanding an idea


not fully understood before.

• Diffusion, the spread of cultural traits from one


cultural system to another

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PAKISTANI CULTURE
• The culture of Pakistan is very diverse; with each ethnic group deriving its
identity from its characteristics cultural values and norms which eventually
makes it distinct from others.

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• There are five provinces of Pakistan. Each one of
them has its own beautiful culture and traditions.
Provinces are:
 Punjab
 Sindh
 Baluchistan
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwah
 Gilgit Baltistan

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Introduction
• Punjab is the most developed and populous
province of Pakistan with 55% of the country's
total population.
• Punjab was the gateway for other region to
enter in the Indian subcontinent.

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Punjabi Culture
• Punjabi culture is regarded as one of the oldest
in world history.
• Punjabi culture is the culture of Punjab people
who are now in different regions of the world
map.

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Panjabi Dressing
• The people of Punjab wear clothes having mix
color, which is regarded as beauty.
• They usually use dress called phulkarai which
have mix color.
• In Punjab male often use pagri, dhoti, khussa
and shalwar kameez which is also national
dress of our country.

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Panjabi Food
• Punjab has wide range of their cooking material which is
popular like makei di roti and sarsun da saag.
• Punjabi foods includes lahori pulao, chicken karahi, aloo
gosht, payee, gol gappy, special punjabi salad, murgh channay,
lassi and many more.
• The philosophy of many people of Punjab is to eat, drink and
live freely.

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Panjabi Wedding Tradition
• Punjabi culture have many ceremonies in marriage
• The pre-mehndi functions include mehndi, dholki and mangni
etc.
• The wedding process include sehrabandi and nikah ceremony.
• The dhol is an important part of the wedding.

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Panjabi Festivals
• Mainly the fairs held at the shrines of saint are regarded as
URS.
• And they are celebrated in Punjab. Most popular URS held in
Punjab is Data Ganj Buksh.
• Punjabis also celebrate seasonal & harvest festivals which are
basant & baisakhi.
• Now a days they celebrate Lahore festival.

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Folklore of Panjab
• Heer Ranjha is one of the tragic romances of Punjab.
• It was narrated by waris shah(poet) in poetry.

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Introduction of culture of Sindh

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Bab-ul-Islam
• Local name of Sindh is ‘Mehran’
and it has the title of Bab-ul-Islam.
• Sindh is separated by Baluchistan
with the help of River Indus.

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Sindhi Languages
• There are five languages spoken in sindh.
• They are sindhi, lasi, kutchi, thari, and sindhi
saraiki.
• Sindhi is the 3rd most common language
spoken in Pakistan after Punjabi and Pashto.

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Sindhi Dressing
• Sindhi people wear loose kameez and shalwar. People
of sindh love to wear sindhi toppi that is the most
eminent feature of sindhi culture.
• Sindhi costumes have different styles of embroidery
and some women use Ajrak as Dupatta.

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Sindhi Food
In typical sindhi wedding, the food Is mostly
• sindhi mutton
• Curry
• Palak
• Channa daal

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Festivals of Sindh
• Teejri
• Makar Sakranti
• Holi
• Akhandi
• Diwali
• Cheti Chand
• Naag Panchami

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Sindhi Music
Sindhi music is popular in Pakistan and some
parts of India.
• Famous Sindhi singers are:
• Abida Parveen
• Allan Fakir
• Sanam Marvi
• Shazia Khushk

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Sindhi Truck Art
• “The More Pretty, The More Profitable”
• It means that the truck art became a source of investment in
the transport business as it had the potential of increasing
revenues in the trade.

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Games of Sindh
• Malakhiroo is one of the famous sports of Sindh.
Other sports include
• Wanjh wati
• Kodi Kodi
• Beelarhoo
• Thipai Rand
• Notinn and Biloor
• Cricket
• football.
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Baloch Culture

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Introduction
• Baluchistan is the largest province of Pakistan
by geographical areas approximately 48% of
Pakistan.
• Baluchi culture is primarily tribal and
conservatives.

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Balochi Dressing
• Their dress code is very special. Shalwar qameez and
turbun. Women like to wear froks and shalwar. Their
jewelry is made of metal which has a great attraction
for them
.

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Balochi Food
• Balochi dry fruits are very famous all over the world.
Their special item Sajji is liked and loved by a lot.
They also eat roasted lamb sand mutton.

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Balochi languages
• Baluchi
• Urdu
• Pashto
• Brahui
are the provincial language of Baluchistan.
• Balochi is the main language spoken in
Baluchistan.

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Balochi Music
• Baluchi music is very rich and played with
varieties of traditional instruments. One of the
most famous Baluchi artist is Rostam
Mirlashari who is known as the “Prince of
Baluchi Music”.

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Games of Baluchistan
• Popular games include chauk, and Ji. Also games like
wrestling, horse racing, shooting and hunting
pastimes among the wealthier people of tribes. Card
games and gambling are also popular among groups
of some tribes.

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Culture of khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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Introduction
• It was formerly known as North-West Frontier
Province (NWFP).
• In Urdu it was called Sarhad.
• NWFP officially renamed as KPK on Thursday 15th
April,2010 by the 18th Amendment in constitution of
Pakistan.
• Its capital and largest city is Peshawar.

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Historical Places
• Islamia College

• Ilyasi Masjid

• Dare Khyber

• House of Delip Kumar

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Languages of KPK
There are 9 languages spoken in KPK but two
main languages are:
• Pashto
• Hindko

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Dressing
There are the following dress code
• Men shalwar Kames with waist coat and women wear frock
• Pakol, Kandahari cap and Turban as headgear.
• Peshawari chapple is very famous in KPK.

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Marriges
There marriage arrange on only three days
i. Mehndi
ii. Baraat
iii. William

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Music and Dance
Traditional Pashto music is mostly
• Classic Ghazzals
• Using Rubab
• Sitar and Harmonium.
There are two types of dance
• Khatak dance
• Attan dance
Popular singers of KPK are:
• Rahim Shah
• Gul Panra
• Zeek Afridi
• Gulzaar Azam

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Food
Popular foods are
• Shanwari

• Kabuli Palo

• Chapli kabab

• Sajji

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Festivals & Games of KPK
They just have two festivals:
• Eid ul Fitar
• Eid ul Azah
Games
• Polo
• Football
• Cricket
• Neza bazi

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Culture of Gilgit Bultistan

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Intoduction
• Gilgit Baltistan formerly known as the
Northern Areas of Pakistan
• Gilgit-Baltistan is a self-governing region,
established as a single administrative unit in
1970
• Become province of Pakistan in 2009
• Its capital city is Gilgit.

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Historical Places
Its main historical places are:
• Baltit fort
• Altit fort
• Rohtas fort
• Shangri-La Hotel and resorts

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Languages
There are 8 languages spoken in Gilgit
Baltistan but commonly used are :
• English
• Urdu
• Shina
• Balti

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Ethnic groups of Pakistan
The major ethnic groups of Pakistan in numerical size include:
• Punjabis
• Pashtuns
• Sindhis
• Siddis
• Saraikis
• Muhajirs
• Baloch
• Hindkowans
• Chitralis
• Gujarati

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Smaller ethnic groups, such as
• Kashmiris
• Kalash
• Burusho
• Khowar
• Hazara
• Shina
• Kalyu
• Balti
are mainly found in the northern parts of the country.

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Ethnic groups

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Ethnic groups based on Region

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Languages of Pakistan
• Pakistan's national language is Urdu which, along
with English is also the official language.
The country is also home to several regional languages
from among these, four
• Punjabi
• Pashto
• Sindhi
• Balochi
are provincial languages.
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Festivals in Pakistan
• Islamic
 New Islamic Year:
First day of the Islamic calendar
 Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi:
Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W)
 Miraj-un-Nabi:
Muhammad's(S.A.W) night journey
 Laylat al-Qadr:
The night when first verses of Quran were received by
Muhammad(S.A.W)
 Chaand Raat:
The last night of Ramadan celebrated when the new moon is sighted
 Eid ul Fitr:
The celebration at the end of the fasting month (Ramadan)
 Eid al-Adha:
The celebration of Abraham's sacrifice

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• Local events
 Pakistan flower day:
The Pakistan Flower Show is an annual flower show and a festival held
every year in Karachi, Pakistan. It is held at the Sea View Park in Karachi.
It is organized by the Horticulture Society of Pakistan. It was established in
1948 and held every year in February.
 Basant (Jashn-e-Baharaan):
Basant is a Punjabi festival celebrating the onset of the spring season and is
also called the Basant Festival of kites. This festival is celebrated with kite
flying competitions.

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 Pakistan Day
The day celebrates the adoption of the Pakistan resolution by the Muslim
League at the Minar-e-Pakistan that called for establishing an
independent federation comprising provinces with Muslim majority
located in north-western and north-eastern region of British controlled
territories in India on 23 March 1940.
 Youm-e-Takbir
Youm-e-Takbir (The day of greatness) is celebrated as a national
day in Pakistan on May 28 in commemoration of Chagai-I and Chagai-
II when Pakistan detonated seven nuclear devices in response to India's
five detonations of Pokhran-II in 1998, 17 days after the incident. The tests
made Pakistan the seventh nation to possess nuclear weapons, and the
first in the Muslim world.

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 Independence Day
Independence Day observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday
in Pakistan. It commemorates the day when Pakistan achieved
independence and was declared a sovereign nation following the end of
the British Raj in 1947.
 Defence day
 Navy day
 Pak Air Force day
 Iqbal Day
 Qaid-e-Azam day
Are also celebrated in pakistan

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Literary festivals in Pakistan
• Islamabad Literature Festival
The Islamabad Literature Festival (ILF) is an international literary
festival held annually in Islamabad, Pakistan.
ILF was established in 2013. It features prominent literary figures, guest
speakers and attendees including writers, poets, scholars and academics
from all over Pakistan, as well as internationally.
• Karachi Literature Festival
Karachi Literature Festival (KLF) is an annual international literary festival
held in Karachi, Pakistan. It is the first festival of its kind in the country. It is
one of the world's youngest and fastest growing literary festival. Till 2016,
seven editions of this festival have been held.

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• Lahore Literary Festival
The Lahore Literary Festival (LLF) is an international literary festival held
annually in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The festival is considered to be one
of South Asia's premier cultural events.
LLF 2015 drew over 75,000 visitors to the halls and grounds of Alhamra
Arts Centre to hear various Punjabi, Pakistani and international speakers

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Western Culture
Western culture, refer to a heritage of
• Social norms
• Ethical values
• Traditional customs
• Belief systems
• Political systems
• specific artifacts and
• Technologies
that have some origin or association with Europe
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Western culture sometimes equated with
• Western civilization
• Occidental culture
• The Western world
• Western society
• European civilization
• Christian civilization

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What do they consider important?
• Admire achievement
• Practicality
• Material comfort
• Freedom
• Individuality

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Greetings
• Hand shake
• Pat on the back (men)
• Short, they don’t take long.

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Body Language
Limited hand movements
• Just turn your head to look at someone, not
necessarily your whole body.
• Keep eye contact – very important
• Smiling
• Personal space

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Sign Language
• Waving
• Rude signs
• V sign (peace / victory)
• Thumb

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Languages
• English – many accents
• European languages – (French, German,
Italian, Spanish etc)
• British / Americans don’t talk loudly

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Gift
• If you give them a gift they will open it
immediately.
• If you give them a gift it can be something
practical or personal (chocolates or flowers for
women).

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Invitations
• Westerners like to talk over dinner, taking a long time
over a meal.
• Western parties are often standing all night making
small talk with a drink and nibbles.
• Westerners usually pay for their own meal (going
dutch) if u want to pay its better to state it when
making the arrangements.

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If visiting there home
• They will turn off the TV.
• Offer you a cup of tea/coffee but if you refuse
they won’t insist to make you one.
• You may only be given a cup of tea, nothing
else.
• If they have pets (dogs) they may not shut
them in another room.

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Visiting the Sick
• Bunch of grapes / flowers
• Only immediate family tend to visit the
hospital. Others may send a card.

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dining
• Table manners
• Children are expected to sit still
• Children ask permission to leave the table
• Everyone stays sitting until everyone has
finished

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Time & Rules
• Punctuality
• Time is money

• Discipline
• Follow the rules
• Queues

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Business
• Privacy. (They expect only people involved to
be in the meeting)
• Interruptions. Put your mobile on silent if you
cant switch it off. Don’t answer it during a
meeting.
• Westerners like deals to be confirmed in
writing.

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How to gain there respect?
• Keep your word
• Non personal questions
• Don’t force food & drink
• Speak with quiet voice, don’t shout across the
room
• If you ask a question, wait for the answer

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Sensitive topics
• Politics
• Religion
• Age
• Weight
• Pregnancy
• Personal Questions

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Equality
• How they look at men/women.
• They like to think women equal,
• but actually they’re not treated equally in
many respects, work etc.

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Family
• Small, average = 2 children
• High divorce rate / unstable upbringing
• Usually leave home at 18
• Expected to be independent from 18
• Grandparents live alone / old peoples homes
• They will think nothing of introducing you to
their family (wife, daughters etc)

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Dress
Although Westerners dress according to the
situation… Dress shows an
• Individuals culture
• Beliefs
• Personality
• Mood

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Life-style
• Alcohol
• Dating (differences over the last 50 years)
• Leisure time

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Believes
• Christianity
• Judaism
• Atheist
• Hinduism
• Science

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Superstitions
• Horoscopes
• Friday 13th
• Weddings
• New Year

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Celebrations
• Religious = Christmas / Easter
• Cultural = Valentines, Mother’s /Father’s
• Day, Thanksgiving
• New Year

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Impact of western culture on pakistan
• Increasing globalization has increased the
influence of western culture in Pakistan.
• Western civilization does not link knowledge
and morality but rather in connects
knowledge and power and makes them
equivalent.
• Westernization has been spread through out
our country because of MEDIA.

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Some effects
1) Language confusion
2) Dressing
3) Events
4) Influence of different food chains.
5) Family system

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LANGUAGE CONFUSION:
URDU OR ENGLISH?
• A dilemma most Pakistanis are facing now a days especially the youth.
• Most Pakistanis are moving away from their mother language and
adopting ENGLISH
• Our education is focusing too much on ENGLISH at all levels

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INFLUENCE OF WESTERNIZATION ON
DRESSING
• Whatever fashion becomes popular abroad, it is being adopted by people
here
• Pakistani fashion industry is so inspired by the foreign styles that they
don’t even hesitate before introducing revealing clothes in their collection.

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EVENTS
• EID in Pakistan is slowly and steadily loosing its charm and importance in
the youngsters Muslims
• They are more enthusiastic towards HOLI, NEW YEAR, DIWALI,
HALLOWEEN
• The main concern should be that how far this influence going to effect the
young generation today?

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INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT FOOD
CHAINS IN OUR SOCIETY
• The traditional concept of home-cooked food in our culture is being
replaced by fast food meals by renowned chains like KFC,PIZZA HUT, MC
DONALDS
• The introduction of ENERGY DRINKS also played a part in diminishing the
use of our traditional drinks

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Individuality
• JOINT FAMILY SYSTEM a trademark of Pakistani social culture is loosing its
value and seems to be vanishing from the scene
• The youth of today believes in individuality and as a result we have seen a
rise in crime rates, divorces and psychological disorders

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POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE IMPACTS
• The positive side being, that the globalization is helping Pakistan interact
more with the foreign countries and establishing relations that will be
helpful for Pakistan’s economy.
• The negative side being, that the globalization is lifting the cultural
barriers that were there in the Pakistani culture and subsequently people
moving away from the teachings of ISLAM.

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CONCLUSION
• Westernization has influenced every aspect of daily life ranging from
cuisine to the basic human right.
• Westernization has not only created amongst the public but it was a step-
forward towards modernization and modernization in no sense can be
regarded as harmful.
• On the other hand too much interest of youth towards western influences
can be regarded as a negative impact on the society.

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