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Analysis of

Deen Dayal Upadhyay


Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU GKY)

Amjad PP (P39184)
Gokul S (P39195)
Mehul Raghavan (P39206)
Mrityunjay Panday (P39208)
Satya Prakash (P39221)
I. Systemic Level (Political
Economy) Analysis
The challenges unemployment and skill gap in India
• A skill gap of 109.73 million in 24 key sectors by the year 2022.

• 69% of the youth lives in rural areas, of these 55 million poor families with
no or marginal employment.

• How to bridge the gap ?

• How India can attain its demographic dividend and not demographic
curse?
(one of the youngest countries in the world)
Deen Dayal Upadhyay- Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
• DDU-GKY is part of NRLM, a demand driven placement linked training
initiative.
• The youth between age group of 15-35 trained and placed in various skill
based jobs.
• Implemented through NRLM, program has a top down approach with
community level organizations and GP involved in awareness generation
and participant identification.
• Although program have provision for inclusion of minorities, SC/ST, PWD
and women. The program is only reformist in nature working over
existing social structures.
Challenges of vested interest of stakeholders
• State focus on GPD

• Job market inefficiency – Industry exploiting Saturated labor force


II Program Level analysis of
DDU-GKY
1. RDI Goals :
A. Broader Goals of RDI:
- Economic Independence among the rural workforce.
- Global Relevant workforce. (Contribute to Make in India etc. & employee
them world wide)
- Poverty reduction and sustainable employment.
- Build knowledge repository in skilling initiative & impact evaluation.
B. Specific Goals:
- Imparting knowledge, industry linked skills and attitude to enhance
employability & reduce vulnerability.
- Placement linked skill program with regular and above average wages.
- Work readiness of skilled youth and income generation.
- Add diversity to income & address carrier aspiration of Rural poor.
- Address carrier growth of SC/ST & women.
RDI Strategies:-
- Creation of Institutions.
- Target group; Rural youth 15-35 years from poor families.
- Participatory as such and reformist approach? (Social Inclusion Upper
class Poor, how equity is ensured?, negative definition).
- Technology based capacity building approach. (Vested Interest).
- Mission mode? Result analysis ways? Quality assurance?
- Implementation: Free enrolment and access to training (Red corridor)
- Integrated approach? Problem and solution are seen in isolation.
- Job salary Rs 6000 per month/-, not feasible till now.
- Training partner bring right trainer knowledge and expertise. (licensing
and too much power vested).
- Look for the convergence with other skill development initiative.
DESIGN FEATURES
AND
IMPLEMENTATION
• Guaranteed Placement for Mobilation
• Rural youth from poor
at least 70% trained
FEATURES families
• Mobilization
candidates • 3 months to 1 yr
• Age group of 15 to 35 (45
•Specifies minimum wage • Free Training
for vulnerable groups
outcomes ranging from 6000 • No fees
to 15000
Target • Free food & accommodation
• Free learning materials
• 330 job oriented roles for 39 Group • Free computer services
identified industry sectors
Specific
Training
Outcomes
• Incentives for candidates
-Salary top-ups for 2-6 months DDU-GKY • Independent 3rd
based on location of placement party assessment and
• Migration Support centres Assessm certification
Post
• Incentives to PIAs ent &
Placement
Certificat
Support
ion
Implem-
entation
• Through training providers
• Minimum duration of Project 3 years
IMPLEMENTATION
• 3-tier implementation model
• Investment for projects,
policy making, technical
▪Training Partners
support, monitoring
• Provide right trainers,
experts, sector
MoRD
• Supports Action Plan
knowledge &
• Supports Year States (builds plan
infrastructure
Plan States
• Plan & execute
project to build
CTSA SRLM themselves)
• Funding, converging
policies
employable workforce
• Eg. Pearson IndiaCan,
Don Bosco Group PIA PIA
Candidates:
• Selected with focus on social inclusion- SC/ST 50%, Minorities 15%,
women 33%, PWD 3%

• Candidates enroll with Gram Panchayat or Job Resource Persons

• Proof for eligibility : BPL card , Job card( min 15 days), Rashtriya
Swasthya Bima Yojana card, BPL ration card, NRLM-SHG member
Employer Engagement and Industry Partnerships
• to help them in fulfilling their skill requirements and HR requirements

• Engagement ways:

a) Champion Employers: train & employ 5K or more blue or grey collar employees
over a period of 2 yrs. ; MOU signed

b) Captive employees: employ 500 or more & has in house training facility; MOU
signed

• Both the employees ensure at least 70% placement with min 6k salary & provide
career path via monitoring

• For foreign placements, min salary : 25K/month


c) Industrial Internships: for a skilled labour intensive business without
training facilities in phase of scale up

• MOU signed

• Min 200 candidates with per month stipend, 3000 for 12 months

• Absorb them with min salary 10k /month

Curriculum support : National Council for Vocational Training, National


Skill Development Corporation
DIFFERENT FROM SGSY
SGSY DDU-GKY
Area covered Multi state State specific
Infrastructure Basic classrooms As per standards specified in SOP
Varies as per course, duration, tracking done by
Training fee Fixed PIA
Any duration with defined curriculum and
Training Three month trainings Activity-cum-Lesson Plan
Residential facilities Basic hostels As per standards specified in SOP
75% employment/ self 70% employment with one year retention
Placement employment mandatory
Focus on Job Career

Incentives, Post placement


support, Assessment and
certification No Yes
Operations, Outcomes and impacts
Funding Pattern & Fund release conditions
The programme funding covers entire gamut of activities of training and
placement
a. Training – Residential & Non-residential
b. Boarding & Lodging (for residential courses)
c. Food and To & Fro (for non-residential)
d. One time travel cost
e. Cost of uniforms
f. Post Placement Support
• Initial sustenance allowance (post placement support) for 2/3/6 months
depending on domicile – within district/state/outside state
• Migration support centres in select locations
Fund Release Conditions
st
• 25% of the project cost
1 Installment • Released on sanction of project
25% • Signing of MOU

• 50% of project cost & released on the utilization of funds from 1st Instalment.
2nd Installment
• Achieving 40% of the pro-rated physical targets for funds & released.
50%
• Submission of audited reports & daily online updating of info on e-Kaushal and PFMS

3rd Installment • 15% of the project cost and released on utilization of 90% the fund released
15% • Achievement of 90% of the corresponding physical targets.
• Submission of audited reports & daily online updating of info on e-Kaushal and PFMS

4th Installment • 10% of project cost


10% • Released on submission of project closure
Impact DDU-GKY (data)
As on 8th May
FY 2014-15 FY 2015-16 FY 2016-17 FY 2017-18 FY 2018-19 FY 2019-20 2019
Target 210000 177986 200014 200000 200000 200000 988014
Trained 43038 236471 358931 134941 223100 10847 751161
Placed 21446 109512 187042 60336 132973 14498 395655
Assessed NA NA 188835 79044 211261 16359 498402
Certified NA NA 117258 52396 175883 12854 358590
Cerntres NA NA 654 726 1196 1220 -
Trades NA NA 329 381 433 433 -

FY 2014-15 FY 2017-18 As on 8th May 2019


Target 210000 200000 988014
Trained 43038 20.49% 134941 67.47% 751161 76.03%
Placed 21446 49.83% 60336 44.71% 395655 52.67%
Assessed 79044 58.58% 498402 66.35%
Certified 52396 38.83% 358590 47.74%
State Name Overall Target Commenced Trained Placed Assessed Certified

ANDHRA PRADESH 87,966 63,427 59,725 56,417 45,619 39,426


ARUNACHAL PRADESH 4,518 0 0 0 0 0
ASSAM 78,508 48,243 35,033 13,321 23,457 13,235
BIHAR 1,48,500 47,216 36,093 15,758 29,120 23,188
CHHATTISGARH 71,976 31,520 24,507 7,589 14,215 9,077
GUJARAT 30,000 16,575 15,030 6,398 10,446 7,920
HARYANA 39,330 33,268 29,490 10,182 21,002 7,091
HIMACHAL PRADESH 15,000 4,309 2,887 525 1,685 1,057
JAMMU & KASHMIR 1,24,180 11,702 4,584 856 1,346 985
JHARKHAND 79,667 42,889 28,885 9,134 18,071 12,398
KARNATAKA 1,18,173 40,988 34,947 16,531 23,348 14,465
KERALA 71,200 48,233 39,490 21,401 27,186 17,314
MADHYA PRADESH 91,947 45,965 37,488 6,068 20,084 9,515
MAHARASHTRA 58,335 35,750 26,633 11,881 15,775 12,433
MANIPUR 10,518 325 0 0 0 0
MEGHALAYA 6,411 1,577 852 487 419 375
MIZORAM 4,668 277 157 0 151 65
NAGALAND 6,924 808 169 59 110 29
Odisha 1,09,000 1,57,823 1,34,890 1,00,758 1,11,885 92,286
PUNJAB 15,000 9,994 7,772 2,272 6,674 5,490
RAJASTHAN 1,15,008 56,320 50,036 19,761 32,058 23,190
SIKKIM 1,600 281 64 64 64 64
TAMIL NADU 64,416 28,421 24,052 39,929 18,108 18,014
Telangana 47,311 46,653 39,726 29,596 23,122 16,711
TRIPURA 25,275 7,776 5,518 2,104 3,891 2,339
UTTARAKHAND 5,000 2,054 1,220 264 767 511
UTTAR PRADESH 1,84,520 1,16,115 99,514 19,704 40,385 24,174
WEST BENGAL 73,514 22,688 15,286 6,282 11,061 8,543
Maintenance, Lessons and feedback
QUALITY ASSURANCE FRAMEWORK
• NIRD, NABARD has been assigned to monitor and evaluate the projects

• MIS based monitoring and evaluation of data, third party evaluation

• Incentives to training partners to achieve retention of people and their progression

• Inclusion and self regulation of the Q-teams within the PIAs

• PFMS is the channel for fund dispersal and audits

• Accountability and transparency is maintained

• Geo tagged biometric attendance recording and tracking

• CCTV recording of training in progress


LESSONS AND FEEDBACK
• Special Focus on J&K and NE regions, inclusive program design

• Proactive placement partnerships is a key positive factor

• Quality of training is under question due to the low placement rates

• In a survey conducted among 500 Bihar youths it was found 29% landed in non
farm job. Source: Live Mint

• After 6 months employment effect drops to zero

• One third of the placed graduates leave their due to caste-based discrimination
LESSONS AND FEEDBACK
• Another one third leave the job due to salary mismatch and living cost

• Training enhances job market prospects but other labour market factors
undo the effects

• Structural transformation should happen at the policy level ensuring


acceptance of minorities at workplace

• Minimum salary of 6000 should be revised considering inflation and also


cost of living in urban areas

• Can be extended to cover the balance states and UTs


Thank You

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