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ACID-BASE TITRATION

Dris, Reinier Dominic C. Group-2


1Chem-1
BS Chemistry, College of Science, University of Santo Tomas, Espana, Manila, Philippines
ABSTRACT: Titration is a method used in laboratories to determine the precise and accurate concentration
of a solution. A laboratory experiment by our group to determine the acid content of a sample. Three trials
were conducted to determine the concentration of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution and the percent acidity
of an acid sample. For the first part of the experiment, a dried KHP was weighed up to 0.4 g using an
analytical balance and placed into the Erlenmeyer flask. It was dissolved in a 20 mL distilled water then two
drops of phenolphthalein indicator were added. It was then titrated carefully until a faint tinge of pink was
seen. For the second part of the experiment, a 1.0 mL of the acid sample which is the silver swan vinegar
was placed into an Erlenmeyer flask using a volumetric pipette. Twenty milliliter of distilled water and two
drops of phenolphthalein indicator were added to the solution. After that, it was titrated carefully until a faint
tinge of pink was seen. The initial and final burette reading for each trial were immediately recorded. The
molar concentration of NaOH and the percent acidity of the sample was calculated. From this experiment,
we were able to determine the acid content of a sample. The average molar concentration of NaOH was
0.0894 M and the average percent acidity was 4.15%.

Acid Base titration is a way of determining how reached. When a strong acid is to be neutralized
much acid or base is present in a solution by with a strong base, the equivalence point will be
determining the precise volume of acid or base 7 if either bothspecies are weak, this number
that will completely react with it like in will vary. In titration, the solution with known
stoichiometry. On a titration curve for acidic concentration is called the titrant and the
solution, as we add bas solution with unknown concentration is called
e the pH slowly rises then sharply rises to the the analyte.
equivalence point. This is the precise point
wherein enough base has been added to
neutralize exact amount of acid
𝑚𝑜𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑡𝑒 (𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑒)
𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑑 ( )
In performing titration, we recognize the 1 𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛
equivalence point with the use of an indicator.
= the stoichiometric ratio which gives us the
An indicator in titration, is a substance that will
relationship:
turn into a vivid color once the equivalence
point has been moles of base= moles of acid

STUDENT LEARNING GOALS

The experiment aims for the students to


understand the processes involved in performing
titration and its components (the titrant, analyte,
and the indicator) and as well as interpreting the
results based on the relationship of the solution
with unknown concentration which is the
Sodium Hydroxide (analyte) with the number of
moles of the acid which is the HCl (titrant). By
the end of this experiments, students should
have been able to learn to compute for the
concentration of the base, the acidity percentage,
and the molar concentration of Sodium
Hydroxide.

EXPERIMENTAL SECTION

Preparation of materials
For the first part of the experiment, three
In the laboratory, the following materials were erlenmeyer flasks were labeled with “Trial 1”,
prepared: “Trial 2”, and “Trial 3”. After that the dried
KHP was weighed up to 0.4 g using an
 sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution analytical balance and was placed into an
 potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP) erlenmeyer flask. Each Erlenmeyer flask
 acid sample (silver swan vinegar) contained 0.4 g of dried KHP. Using a graduated
 phenolphthalein indicator cylinder, 20 mL of distilled water was added to
 three Erlenmeyer flasks each erlenmeyer flask. The flasks were gently
 base burette swirled to dissolve the dried KHP. When the
 volumetric pipette dried KHP dissolved in the distilled water, two
 funnel drops of phenolphthalein indicator was added to
 iron clamp the solution. The erlenmeyer flask was then
 clamp holde placed under the tip of the base burette. We
carefully added the sodium hydroxide solution
 iron stand
to the KHP solution while swirling until the
Experimental Procedures faintest tinge of pink was seen. The final burette
reading was recorded. Three trials were
There were two parts in this this experiment, conducted until we were able to obtain the
first part is to determine the concentration of results that are close to each other.
sodium hydroxide solution and to determine the
percent acidity of the acid sample. The first
thing that we did in conducting this experiment
was setting up the base burette and then it was
filled up with sodium hydroxide solution. This
serves as the initial burette reading which was
immediately recorded.
After determining the concentration of the was calculated by adding the calculated percent
sodium hydroxide solution we then conducted acidity per trial then dividing it by three.
an experiment to determine the percent acidity
of a sample. In our experiment the given acid
sample is the silver swan vinegar. Three trials
HAZARDS
were conducted in this second part of the
experiment. Three erlenmeyer flasks were Phenolphthalein can cause eye and skin irritation
labeled with “Trial 1”, “Trial 2”, and “Trial 3”. and can cause gastrointestinal irritation with
Using a volumetric pipette, 1.0 mL of the acid nausea, vomiting and diarrhea when ingested,
sample was placed into the erlenmeyer flasks. may cause respiratory tract irritation. Sodium
Each erlenmeyer flasks contain 1.0 mL of the hydroxide can cause burning sensation sore
acid sample. With the use of graduated cylinder, throat cough labored breathing shortness of
20 mL of distilled water was added to each breath when inhaled and it is corrosive when it
erlenmeyer flask. After that two drops of comes to contact with skin and eyes
phenolphthalein indicator was added to the three
acid solution. Titration of each solution then RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
followed. We carefully added the sodium
hydroxide solution to the acid sample while
swirling the erlenmeyer flask until the faintest
tinge of pink was seen. The final burette reading
was recorded. CONCLUSION

Data Analysis The experiment conducted showed how


precipitations, varying in amount, was formed
The weight obtained from measuring the mass after mixing AgNO3 and K2Cr in which both are
of the dried KHP were immediately recorded. having different set of volumes. As a result of
The initial and final burette reading per trial was this experiment, the students where able to
recorded. The added volume of titrant per trial determine the mole ration of Ag+ and CrO42-.
was calculated by subtracting the initial burette
reading to the final burette reading. The molar ASSOCIATED CONTENT
concentration of NaOH was calculated by
The supporting information was from the
multiplying the grams of the weighed dried KHP
students’ laboratory handout.
to the reciprocal of the molar mass of KHP then
it was multiplied to the molar ratio of NaOH and ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
KHP, after that it was divided by the final
burette reading of the trials. The average molar The sutdents would like to thank Dr. Jose
concentration of NaOH was calculated by Bergantin and Ma’am Joyce Tan for guiding us
adding the molar concentration per trial divided in this experiment.
by three. The result was immediately recorded.
REFERENCES
The percent acidity acidity per trial was
calculated by determining first the grams of the https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/96382.ht
acid sample which is CH3COOH. When the m
grams of CH3COOH was determined it was then
divided by the grams of the sample then https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0360
multiplied by 100%. The average percent acidity .html
https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/96382.html