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ee TOP OF THE WEEK MAY 31, 1982 The British Go In With diplomacy at a dead end, Britai launched its long-expected invasion of the Falkland Islands last week. On a moonlit night thousands of troops stormed ashore on East Falkland. The Argentine defenders launched waves of warplanes to bomb and strafe the attackers. But the British established a beac! head and prepared for an offensive aimed at forcing an Argentine surrender. NEWSWEEK'S cover package chronicles the invasion, traces the failure of diplomacy and profiles the oppos- Remaking America’s Zoos ‘Only a few years ago, many 200s were inner- city slums, with lethargic beasts huddling in cramped cells. But today's z00s are leading an animal-liberation movement, housing creatures inunbarred exhibits like the Bengal tiger display at Miami’s Metrozoo (right). More than ever, zoos are breeding wild creatures by using every” thing from simple seduction to artifici nation and embryo transfer. ing battlefield commanders. Page 18 A Long, Jobless Summer With unemployment at a postwar rec- ord, the Reagan Administration cut- back on job programs and 3.4 million teen-agers about to flood the labor market, city officials are nervous about trouble in the streets this sum- mer. No one is predicting riots like those of the 1960s—but, warns Los Angeles Urban League president John Mack, “Clearly, the ingredients are there.” Page 28 Double Punch rector of “Jaws,” and“ ghost story, “Poltergeist,” Steven Spielberg strikes again. The di ‘Close Encounters’ iders ofthe Lost Ark” has two ‘winners this summer—a spectacular ind an af- ] EB A Panic—Almost Wall Street shuddered last week when a small investment firm de- faulted on $160 million in interest | owed brokers—and its principal banker, the giant Chase Manhat- (Git, ia anges POSTMASTIRS Send sr chang NC fectionatemasterpiese,“E.T.,"abouta | | tan, refused to cover the loss. In very strange but very wise visitor (left) | | the’ end, Chase made good—but from outer space Page 62 | | lookedbadinthe process. Page46 CONTENTS THE FALKLANDS WAR... 18 INTERNATIONAL 2” 62 EDUCATION © “The British goin Mideast inthe shadow of "the summers best lm Plagiarism at rinceion? (ie cover) Khomeini “The Road Warrior”: “Shane” Brown's nationalservice Menéndez:ahawk among Diphomacy:afreshstartonarms ‘Down Under flows hawks Europe: ersis inthe Common _ Gibson: Hollywood can wa Woodward: trial by fre Market “Rocky II": populst myth OTHER DEPARTMENTS. ‘Asiz:thebutcherofCérdobaSouthKore'smassveshakeup “Smash Palace" clamic hile” Latter, 5 | Update 1” Periscope 7 NATIONAL AFFAIRS ...... 28 BUSINESS « ‘Traneltion 6 | "Along, jbles summer ‘Chases conilybiunder Newsmakers 7 ‘The rejected diplomat The bank that Rockefeller The rights Baker uit THE COLUMNISTS No parole now for Sirhan OPEC: the end ofthe oll glut RELIGION 73, "My Turn: Karen E.Klein.. 12 ‘Sirhan Thelemon laws are coming "The Pope: to g00r motto go Mlton Frlegman s Was Donovan “mobbed up"? Profiting fom Bankruptcy Pete axtneim 7 [Anew war over water music 78 MegGreentieldison vacation. ‘George Wallace's ast hurrah 'At77, Horowitz tas London | “Watergate baby" steps SCIENCE so © 1082 by Newsweek tc 444 down ‘America’s z00s: homes on the MEDICINE. 79 Madison Avenue, New York, NY. | American graft range Repairing bic’ cyes {OEE Al igs voce Lethe eta Mahon Ava ew Yr. YH? sndhcginngii New: TheNtwsw eg Lens NA Nee BH ‘steep os Vaome NCO Ne 3 tenancy sonsycn by newrsenc he ahd Saahons Meats apa Gat Me each reog aes he Newiwetx Daeg Erinn, XO, LETTERS Are Big Ships Doomed? of the Sheffield disaster is face ships are ico vulnerable for the United States to continue basing its Navy on a few huge supercarriers (SPECIAL REPORT, May 17). A larger fleet of smaller carriers, costing no more than the supercar riers, would be much more capable of both surviving a Soviet attack and successfully launching its own offensive actions. If the US. Navy is sent to battle, we'll discover that for years we've been building our very ‘own Maginot line. The lesson DUNCAN A. YIN Princeton, NB. Youdrew some odd conclusions from the sinking of HMS Sheffield. The Sheffield is a small ship. At only 3,500 tons, the Sheffield is as small as our smallest combat ship, the Perry-class guided-missle frigate. The Per- ry class bounces around so much in heavy ‘seas that its helicopters—its principal ant sub weapon—can barely operate. Most of the British flotilla are even smaller at only 2,400 to 2,900 tons. The lower a radar plat- form sits in the water, the smaller the search ‘adius is; a small ship rolling in tall seas is effectively blind. The “smaller, more nu- ‘merous targets” argument is limited. As you make ships smaller, they become noth- ng but targets. If you have surface combat ships at all, they might as well be large ‘enough to go places and do something. The British would probably swap their whole flotilla for one Nimitz-class carrier and two California or Virginia cruisers. Ifthey'd had them from the outset, the Argentines might hhave been deterred from taking the Falklands. PAUL J. MADDEN Seattle, Wash When studies show that our super-big, super-expensive ships would get blasted to the bottom of the ocean in an actual battle, hhow docs the Reagan Administration reac Itclassifies the studies “secret” (secret from uus—obviously, the Soviets already know it) so that itcan goon building them regardless cof whether or not they will work. DWAYNE MARTIN Harrisonburg, Va. School Prayer It is completely appropriate that Presi- dent Reagan has reiterated his support for prayer in the public schools (NATIONAL AFFAIRS, May'I7). Since he has become President, we all have had much more to pray about-~especially those of us who are In school Lesie G. LaNpeum Little Rock, Ark. ‘When more than a million people signed Petitions calling for the removal of Interior Secretary James Watt, the President ig: [NEWSWEEK/MAY 31, 1982 ‘nored them. When 1 million people express their support for prayer in the public schools, the President feels compelled to respond to what is obviously a grass-roots ‘movement. Please tell me, Mr. Reagan, which is heavier: a pound of lead or a poun of feathers? Canoe R. Kass Staten Island, N.Y Sirhan and Parole What a mockery of justice if Sirhan Sir- hhan should be paroled in 1984! His attor- ney claims that he “has already spent almost twice as much time behind bars thirteen years—than most murderers in the state” (NATIONAL AFFAIRS, May 10) If that represents an average of only seven years served for murder in California, then ‘our justice system is much too easy. Mur- der is murder, and a life sentence should mean for life. GORDON E. CRANDALL Blue Island, UL While the concept of equal justice under the law is fine, we know itis Far from the ‘norm in our country. It isn't that the life of Sen. Robert Kennedy was any more valu- able than that of any other murder victn every murder is repugnant. A political as- sassin, however, destroys the right of all ‘Americans of voting age to participate in the political process and should be treated | accordingly. ose |ARILYN K. HOWARD Columbus, Ohio ‘The Wages of Capitalism ‘Any true Christian would be disappoint- cedin Michael Novak's defense of capitalism 48 a more moral and Christian economic system than any other (RELIGION, May 17) Its true that “God is not committed to equality of results,” but the issue is how much of a gap is morally tolerable? In your article “The Cream atthe Top” (BUSINESS, May 17), an intolerable amount of inequal: ity between bosses and workers was demon: strated. At atime when the economy isin dismal shape because of bad and shortsight. ted management, many big corporations are cutting the wages of their employees to the bone while they compensate their own mi takes by hefty bonuses and pay raises. The six- and seven-figure salaries of the execu- tives arenot only unchrstian, but unethical land immoral in common human terms YEZNIG BALIAN New York, N.Y. Neither capitalism nor socialism, espe- cially the Soviet variety, meets the require ments for baptism into the Christian fold. Let's review what capitalism has produced inthe present: child laborin England, sweat shops in New York City, the Somozas in Nicaragua, the CLA-sponsored overthrow of Salvador Allende in Chile, continued ra- » s erat hnel cred eens his diamonds ZALES The Diamond Store isall youneed toknow