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STABILITY OF TOE WALL

This design presents the stability of Toe wall for a height of 1.000 m above ground level
*This Toe wall is essentialy situated more than 3 m from roadway width hence LL surchrge not considered.

Design Data

(i) PCC concrete grade = PCC M 20


(ii) Density of soil = 2.0 t/m3
(iii) Angle of Internal friction = 30 deg
(iv) Density of wall = 2.5 t/m3
(v) Angle of wall friction = 20 deg
(vi) S. B. C. at founding level = 10.0 t/m2
(vii) Founding level = 0.7 m
(viii) Coeff. Of friction = 0.5773
Active earth pressure co-efficient as per columb's theory
From Coulomb's theory of active earth pressure

DESIGN OF TOE WALL 0.300

0.2 IIA 0.175

I 1
1.30 II
0.07 IV
GL ----------------------------------------- VA
0.300 V

0.400 III 2 3

0.35 0.6 0.35


1.300

Angle of internal friction, f = 30 degree 0.524 rad


Angle of friction between soil and concrete, d = 20 degree 0.349 rad
Surcharge angle i = 26.5 degree 0.463 rad
Angle of wall face with horizontal a = 90 degree 1.571 rad

Ka = 0.75 = 0.522596781
1.4351409
Ka1 = 0.522596781

Therefore, Horizontal coefficient of Active earth pressure = Ka1COS(90-a+d) = 0.49108

Kha1 = 0.4911

Therefore, Vertical coefficient of Active earth pressure = Kva2 SIN(d)

Kha2 = 0.1787
h = 1.875
Total earth pressure 'Pa' = [ (w h^2) / 2 ] x ka1
Section = 1.726 T/m
Pa = 1.726 T/m

Moment = 1.726 x 0.625

Moment = 1.078 T-m

Vertical active force = 0.628 t/m

Calculations for weight of

Soil (I) = 1 x 2.0 x 0.350 x 1.300 = 0.910 t/m


Soil (II A) = 0.5 x 2.0 x 0.350 x 0.175 = 0.061 t/m
PCC (II) = 1 x 2.5 x 0.300 x 1.500 = 1.125 t/m
PCC(III) = 1 x 2.5 x 1.300 x 0.400 = 1.300 t/m
PCC(IV) = 0.5 x 2.5 x 0.300 x 1.300 = 0.488 t/m
Soil (V) = 1 x 2.0 x 0.350 x 0.300 = 0.210 t/m
Soil (VA) = 0 x 2.0 x 0.069 x 0.300 = 0.000 t/m
Vertical Active Force 0.628 = 0.628 t/m
4.722 t/m

Vertical Load Eccentricity With Respect to Moment Due to Eccentricity with

CL of Base Toe CL of Base Toe

Soil (I) = 0.910 0.48 1.13 0.43 1.02


Soil (II A) = 0.061 0.53 1.18 0.03 0.07
PCC (II) = 1.125 0.15 0.80 0.17 0.90
PCC(III) = 1.300 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.85
PCC(IV) = 0.488 -0.10 0.55 -0.05 0.27
Soil (V) = 0.210 -0.475 0.175 -0.10 0.04
Soil (VA) = 0.000 -0.277 0.373 0.00 0.00
Vertical Active Force = 0.628 0.65 1.30 0.41 0.82
Total = 4.722 0.89 3.962

-ve sign indicates moment acting in opposite direction of earth pressure moment

i.e. with in
Hence from B = 3.962 -1.078 = 0.611 > 0.433 or middle third
4.722 < 0.867 OK

Eccentricity 'e' = 0.65 -0.611 = 0.039 m

Base pressure = 4.722 + 0.1849 = 4.288 or OK


1.300 0.282 = 2.976 T/m2 OK

Checking for Sliding


FOS 0.5773 X 4.722 / 1.726 = 1.579675 > 1.5
OK
Check for overturning moment
Factory of Safety 3.962 / 1.078 = 3.675 > 2
OK