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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.14~-2001

ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.14-1996
SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


Three Park Avenue New York, NY 10016

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
STD*ASME B 3 0 - B q C - E N G L 2 O O L 0757b70 Ob22VLL 5b0 M

Date of Issuance: April 30, 2001

ASME is the registered trademark ofThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This codeor standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review
and comment that provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry,
academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted i n
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicablepatent,
lettersnor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of any such patent rights, and therisk of the infringement of such rights, is entirely
their own responsibility.
Participation by federalagency representative(s)or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this codeor standard.
ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations of this document issuedin
accordance with the establishedASME procedures andpolicies, which precludes theissuance
of interpretations by individuals.

No part of this document maybe reproduced i n any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permissionof the publisher.

The American Society ofMechanical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

Copyright Q 2001 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~

S T D * A S M E B 3 0 = 1 4 C - E N G L 2001 0757b70 O b 2 2 9 1 2 '4T7 9

ASME B30.14~-2001

Following approval by the ASME B30 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B30.14~-
2001 was approved by the American National Standards Institute on February 22, 2001.

Addenda to the 1996 edition of ASME B30.14 are issued in the form of replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. It is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for reference.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the third Addenda to be published to ASME B30.14-1996. Previous Addenda were published in
1997 and 1999.

Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, (c),
placed next to the affected area. Changes made in ASME B30.14-1996 are indicated by (96). Previous
Addenda changes are identified by (a) and (a). The pages not listed are the reverse sides
of the listed pages
and contain no changes.
Page Change
5 Section 14-0.1 Revised
12 14-1.5.1(~) (1) Revised
(2) Note added
17 14-2.4.1(e) Revised

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30.14~-2001

SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Chapter 14-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

(c) Section 14-0.1: Scope of B30.14 and pendants. The boom may also be raised and lowered
by a hydraulic cylinder(s).
Volume B30.14 includes provisions whichapply to
the construction, installation, operation, inspection, test- boomstop: anautomaticdevice used to limitthe
ing,and maintenance of side boom tractors powered angle of theboom at the highest position
by an internal combustion engine used for pipe laying
brake: a device used for retarding or stopping motion
or lifting operations, utilizing a lifting boom, drum,
by friction or power means
wire rope, andor hydraulic cylinders.
Therequirements for a side boom tractor whichis clutch: a friction, electromagnetic, hydraulic, pneu-
used for other than lifting operations such as when matic, or positive mechanicaldevice for engagement
converted for excavating work, and a side boom tractor or disengagement of power
with a rated load of one ton or less, are not included counterweight: weight used to supplement theweight
in thisVolume. of the machine in providing stability for lifting loads

Section 14-0.2: Definitions designatedperson: aperson selected orassigned by (96)


the employer or the employer's representative as being
accessory: a secondarypart or assembly of partsthat competent to perform specific duties
contributes to the effectiveness of a machine
drum: the cylindrical membersaround whichropes
administrative or regulatoryauthority: governmental are wound
agency or the employer in the absence of governmental
dynamicloading: loads introduced into the machine
jurisdiction
or its components by forces inmotion
appointed: assigned specific responsibilities by the load: the external load, inpounds (kilograms) applied
employer or the employer's representative to the side boom tractor, includmg the weight of load-
approved: accepted as satisfactory by a duly consti- attaching equipmentsuch as load blocks, shackles,
tuted administrative or regulatory authority and slings

authorized: approved by a duly constituted administra- load, rated: side boom tractor ratings in pounds (kilo-
tiveor regulatory authority grams) established by the manufacturer in accordance
with para. 14-1.1
axle: the shaft or spindle withwhich or aboutwhich
a wheel rotates. On side boom tractors and wheel-type loadblock,lower: the assembly of hook or shackle,
tractors it refers to an assembly that includes the shaft, swivel, sheaves, pins,and framesuspended by the
housing,and gearing from the shaft to the wheel, hoisting ropes
sprocket, or equivalent device. loud block,upper: the assembly of hook or shackle,
boom: a memberhingedtothe side of thetractor swivel, sheaves, pins, andframesuspendedfrom the
with the outer end supported by a rope system or boom point
hydraulic cylinder(s) loadcapacity, maximum: the capacity for which the
tractor is designed(Refer to ANSVSAE 5743.)
boom hoist: a hoist drum and rope reeving system
used to raise and lower the boom. The rope system load hoist: a hoist drum and ropereevingsystem
may be all live reeving or a combinationof live reeving used for lifting and loweringloads

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME 830.14~-2001 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

loud overhang,track-type tractor: the horizontal dis- its components to withstand thestresses imposed by
tance fromthe center of the loadhookto the outer applied loads
edge of the outer track rail on the boom side (Refer
tackle: an assembly of ropes and sheaves arranged
to ANSUSAE 5743.)
for lifting and pulling
loud overhang, wheel-typetractor: the horizontal dis-
tipping condition, track-typetractor: the load on the
tance from the center of the loadhookmeasured
hookat the given load overhang distance that will
perpendicular tothe center line of the tires on the
cause the track roller of the track opposite the boom
boom side (Refer to ANSUSAE 5743.)
side to lift '/4 in. (6.4 mm) from the rail
qualijìed person: a personwho, by possession of a
tipping condition, wheel-typetractor: the loadon the
recognized degree in an applicable field, or certificate of
hook, in pounds (kilograms), at the given load overhang
professional standing, or who, by extensive knowledge,
distance that will cause the wheel on the side opposite
training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated
theboom toleave the ground '/16 in. (1.6 mm)
the ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the
subject matter andwork transit: the moving or transporting of aside boom
tractor from one location to another
reeving: a rope system in which the rope travels
around drums and sheaves travel: the function of the machine moving from one
location to another, on a job site
rope: refers towire rope unless otherwise specified
travel mechanism: the machinery involved in provid-
service,heavy: service that involves operation within
ing travel
the rated load limit that exceeds normal service
wheelbuse: distance between centers of front and rear
service, normal: distributed service that involves oper-
axles. For a multiple-axle assembly, the axle center
ation with randomly distributed loads within the rated
for wheelbase measurement is taken as the midpoint
load limit, oruniform loads less than 65% of rated
of the assembly.
load for notmorethan 25% of the time
service, severe: service that involves normalorheavy Section 14-0.3: References to Other Codes (b)
service withabnormal operating conditions and Standards
shall: if a provision is of a mandatory nature it is Within the text, reference is made to the following
indicated by the use of theword shall publications, copies of whichmay be obtained from
the publishers as indicated.
should: if a provision is ofanadvisory nature, it is
indicated by the useof the word should and isa ASME B30.5-1989, Mobile and Locomotive Cranes
recommendation to be considered, the advisability of (ASMUANSI B30.5)'
whichdependsonthe facts in each situation ASME B30.10-1993, Hooks'
ASME B30.9-1990, Slings'
sideboomtractor: a track-type (Fig. 1) or wheel-
type tractor (Fig. 2) having a boom mounted on the side Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Engi-
of the tractor, used for lifting, lowering, or transporting a neers, Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-
load suspended on the load hook. The boom or hook 5990
can be lifted or loweredin a vertical direction only. ASMEOrder Department, 22 Law Drive, Box 2300,
Fairfield, NJ 07007-9979
side loading: . a load applied at an angle to the vertical
plane of theboom ANSVAWS D14.3-93, Specification for Welding Earth-
movingand Construction Equipment'
stabilizers: extendable or fixedmetal arms attached
to themountingbase, that rest on supports atthe Publisher: American Welding Society, 550 N. W.Le-
outer ends Jeune Road,Miami, FL, 33135

standing rope (guy): a supporting rope that maintains


ANSYSAE J743-1992, dpe Layers and Side Booms -
a constant distance between the points of attachment Tractor Mounted'
tothe two components connected by the rope
' Copies may also be obtained from the American National Standards
structural competence: the ability of the machine and Institute, Inc., 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14~-2001

Section 14-1.2: Boom Hoist and Load Hoist (2) Load hoist drums shall have rope capacity
Mechanisms withrecommended rope size and reeving to perform
side boom tractor service as definedin para. 14-0.1,
14-1.2.1 Boom Hoist Mechanism. Whenusing within the range of boom lengths, operating overhang,
recommended boom hoist reeving or hydraulic cylinder andvertical lifts stipulated by themanufacturer.
system, andwithmaximumload capacity suspended, (u) No less than twofullwrapsof rope shall
the boom hoist mechanism shall be capable of raising remain on the drum when the hook is in its extreme
or lowering the boom,stopping boommotion,and lowworking position.
holding it stationary without attention from the operator.
(b) The rope end shall be anchored by a clamp
(u) The boom hoist mechanism shall beprovided
attached to the drum or by a wedge socket arrangement
with a clutch or power engagingdevice permitting approved by the side boom or rope manufacturer. The
immediate starting orstopping of the boommotion. rope clamp shall be tightened evenly to the manufactur-
The boom hoist mechanism shall also be provided with er’s recommendedtorque.
a self-setting brake or hydraulic system,capable of (c) Drums shall be providedwith a means to
supporting the maximum load capacity. prevent rope from jumping off the drum.
(b) Brakes and clutches shall be provided with adjust-
(3) Diameter of the load hoist drums shall provide
ments where necessary to compensate for wear and to
a first layer rope pitch diameter of no less than10
maintain adequate force in springs whereused.
times the nominal diameter for the rope used.
(c) The boom hoist mechanism shall be provided
(4) Positive means, controllable from theopera-
with an auxiliary ratchet andpawl or other positive
tor’s station, shall be provided to prevent the drum
locking device, to prevent inadvertent lowering ofthe
from rotating in the lowering direction and be capable
boom.
of holding the maximum load capacity without further
( d ) The boom hoist drum shall have sufficient rope attention from the operator.
capacity tooperate the boom at allpositionsfrom
(b) Load Hoist Brakes. When power operated brakes,
horizontal to the highest angle utilizingrecommended
havingno continuous mechanical linkage between the
reeving and rope diameter.
actuating and braking means, are used for controlling
(I) No less thantwo full wraps of rope shall loads, an automatic means shall be provided to prevent
remainon the drum withboompointlowered to the
theload from falling inthe event of loss of brake
level of the tractor supporting surface.
actuating power.
(2) Therope endshall be anchored by a clamp
( c ) Power Controlled Lowering. A power controlled
attached to the drum or by a wedge socket arrangement
lowering device shall be capable of handling maximum
approved by the side boom or rope manufacturer. The
load capacity and speeds as specified by the manufac-
rope clamp shall be tightened evenly to the manufactur-
turer. Such a device is recommended to provide preci-
er’s recommendedtorque.
sion lowering and to reduce demand on the load brake.
( e ) Thedrumdiameter shall provide a firstlayer
rope pitch diameter ofnot less than 10 timesthe
14-1.2.3 Adjustments. Brakes and clutches shall
nominal diameter of the rope used.
be provided with adjustments where necessary to com-
pensate for lining wear.
14-1.2.2 Load Hoist Mechanism
( a ) Load Hoisr Drums. The load hoist drum assem-
blies shall havepowerand operational characteristics Section 14-1.3: Side Boom Tractor Travel
to performall load lifting and lowering functions re-
quired in side boom tractor service when operated 14-1.3.1 Travel Controls. The controls for the
underrecommended conditions. travel function shall be located at the operator’s station.
( I ) Where brakes and clutches are used to control
themotion of theload hoist drums, theyshallbe of 14-1.3.2 Travel Brakes and Locks. Brakes or
size andthermal capacity to control maximum load other lockingmeans shall beprovidedto hold the
capacity with minimum recommended reeving. (When machine stationary within the limits of traction, during
maximumload capacity isbeingloweredwithnear working cycles on level grade or while the machine
maximumboom length on operations involving long is standing on maximum grade recommended for travel.
lowering distances, power controlled lowering usually Such brakes or locks shall be arranged to remainin
is necessaryto reduce demandon the loadbrake.) engagement in event of loss of operating pressure.

11

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ASME 830.14~-2001 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Section 14-1.4 Controls mended


side
for boom tractor service. Rotation resistant
rope shall notbeused.
14-1.4.1 Side Boom Operation. All controls used (b) Socketing shall be done in the manner specified
during normal side boom tractor operations shall be by the manufacturer of the wire rope or fitting.
located within reach ofthe operator while seated at
(c) If a load is supported by more than one part of
the operator’s station, and controls shall be labeled as
rope,the tension in the parts shall be equalized.
to function.
( d ) Wherever exposed to temperatures at which fiber
14-1.4.2 Control Forces andMovement. For cores would be &aged, rope having an independent
hoisting controls, the following shall be provided: wire-rope or wire-stand core,or other temperature-
damage resistant core shall beused.
(u) forces not greater than35 lb (155 N) onhand
levers; 14-15 3 Reeving Accessories
(b) travel distance on hand levers not greater than 15 (u) Eye splices shall be made in accordance with
in. (380 mm) from neutral position on two-way levers manufacturer’srecommendations and ropethimbles
and not greater than 24 in. (610 mm) on one-way levers. shall beusedin the eye splices.
14-1.4.3 Power Plant Controls. Controls for op- (b) Wireropeclips shall be drop-forged steel of
erating thepower plant shall be within reach of the the single saddle (U-bolt) or double saddle type clip.
operator and shall include the following means: Malleable cast iron clips shall not be used. For spacing,
number of clips, and torque values, refer totheclip
(u) start and stop manufacturer’s recommendation. Wire rope clips
(b) control speed attached with U-bolts shall have the U-bolt over the
(c) emergency stop dead end of the rope and the live rope resting in the
(d) shifting selective transmission clip saddle. Clips shall be tightened evenlytothe
recommended torque. After the initial load is applied
14-1.4.4 Engine Clutch. All side boom tractors to the rope, the clip nuts shall be retightened tothe
having mechanical draw works shall be provided with a recommended torque to compensate for any decrease
means for disengaging power to the draw works. The in rope diameter caused by the load. Rope clip nuts
control shall be within reach from the operator’s station. should be retightened periodically to compensate for
any further decrease in rope diameter during usage.
Section 14-1.5:Ropes and Reeving (c) Swaged, compressed, or wedge socket fittings
Accessories shall be applied as recommended by the rope,side
boom tractor, or fitting manufacturer.
14-1.5.1 Rope Design Factors
(u) When supporting rated loads (including load
14-1.5.4 Sheaves
suspensions): (u) Sheave grooves shall be free from surface defects
which could cause rope damage. The cross-sectional
( I ) the design factor forlive or running ropes
radius at the bottom of the groove should be such as
that wind on drums or pass over sheaves shall be not
to form a close-fitting saddle for the size of rope used.
less than 4.0;
The sides of the groove shall be tapered outward and
(2) the design factor for boom pendants or standing rounded at the rim to facilitate entrance of the rope
ropes shall be not less than 3.5. into the groove. Flange rims shall run true about the
(6) When supporting the maximumload capacity axis of rotation.
(including load suspensions) [refer to para. 14-1.1.3(b)], (6) Sheaves carrying ropes which can be momentarily
the special provisions of para. 14-3.2.1(c) shall be unloaded shall be provided with close-fittings guards
followed. or other suitable devices to guide the rope back into
(C) (c) The design factors specified above shall be deter- the groove when the load is applied again.
mined on the basis of the manufacturer’s ratings, with (c) Sheaves in the lower load block shall be equipped
approved reeving, published minimum breaking strength with close-fitting guards that will prevent ropes from
ofnew ropes, and withloadandboom stationary. becoming fouled when the block is lying on the ground
with ropes loose.
NOTE: “Minimum breaking strength” formerly referred to as “nomi-
nal breaking strength.” (d) Means shall be providedto prevent chafing of
the ropes.
(e) All sheave bearings shall be provided with means
14-1.5.2 Ropes for lubrication. Permanently lubricated bearings are
(a) The hoist rope shall be of a construction recom- acceptable.

12

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14~-2001

(3) control systems; be noted and determination made as to whether further


(4) brakes. useof the rope would constitute a hazard:
( c ) Repairs or replacements shall be made as needed. ( I ) reduction of rope diameter belownominal
Thefollowing are examples: diameter due to loss of core support, internal or external
(1) Side boom tractor hooks showing defects de- corrosion, or wearof outside wires;
scribed in para. 14-2.1.2(~)(4)and ASME B30.10 shall (2) a numberofbroken outside wiresandthe
be taken out of service. Repairs by welding or reshaping degree of distribution or concentration of such broken
are notrecommended. Repairs shall be done under wires;
supervision by a qualifiedpersonandthehook shall (3) worn outside wires;
betested to theloadrequirement of para. 14-2.2.1 (4) corroded or brokenwires at end connections;
before further use. (5) corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly
(2) load attachment chains and rope slings having appliedend connections;
any of the conditions described in para. 14-2.1.2(~)(8); (6) kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding.
(3) All critical partswhich are cracked, broken, (b) Heavy wear or broken wires may occur in sec-
bent, or excessively worn. tions in contact with equalizer sheaves or other sheaves
(d) Ifrepairsofload sustaining membersaremade where rope travel is limited, or with saddles. Care shall
by welding, identification of materials shall bemade betaken to inspect ropes at these locations.
and appropriate welding procedure shall befollowed. ( c ) All rope which has been idle for a period of a
month or more due to shutdown or storage of a side
14-2.3.4 Lubrication boom tractor onwhich it is installed shall be given a
(a) A lubrication chart shouldbe available onthe thorough inspection before it is placed in service. This
side boom tractor. inspection shall be for all types of deterioration and
(b) Allmovingpartsofthe side boom tractor for shall be performed by an appointed or authorized person
which lubrication is specified, including rope and chain, whoseapproval shall be required for further useof
should be regularly lubricated. Lubricatingsystems the rope. Adated report of the ropecondition shall
shouldbe checked for properdelivery of lubricant. befiled.
Care should be taken to follow recommendations of the (d) Care shall be taken in the inspection of rotation
manufacturer as to points and frequency of lubrication, resistant rope.
maintenance of lubricant levels, and types of lubricant (e) Any new poured socket or swaged socket assem- (96)
to beused. If themanufacturer cannot supplythis bly
used as a standingrope(guy) shall beproof (c)
information a qualifiedpersonshouldbe consulted. tested to the side boom tractor or fitting manufacturer’s
(c) Machinery shall be stationarywhile lubricants recommendation, butinno case greaterthan 50% of
are being applied and protection provided as called for the component wire rope, structural strand, or fitting(s)
in paras. 14-2.3.2(a)(2) through 14-2.3.2(a)(5),unless nominal strength.
equippedfor automatic lubrication.
14-2.4.2Rope Replacement
Section 14-2.4:Rope Inspection, ( a ) No precise rules can be given for determination
Replacement, and of the exacttime for ropereplacement, since many
Maintenance variable factors are involved. Once a rope reaches any
one of the specified removal criteria, it may be allowed
14-2.4.1 Rope Inspection to operate to the end of the work shift, basedon the
(a) All running ropes in continuous service shall be judgment of a qualified person. Therope shallbe
visually inspected once each working day. An inspection replaced after thatwork shift, at theend of the day,
of all ropes shall be made at least monthly and a dated or at the latest time prior to the equipment being used
report of ropecondition keptonfilewhere available by thenext work shift.
to appointed personnel. All inspections shall beper- (b) Removal criteria for ropereplacement shall be
formed by an appointed person. Sections of rope which as follows:
are normallyhidden during visualandmaintenance ( I ) in running ropes, six randomly distributed bro-
inspection,such as parts passing over sheaves, should ken wires in one lay or three brokenwiresin one
be given close inspection as these arepointsmost strand in one lay;
likely to fail. Any deterioration resulting in appreciable (2) wear of one-third the original diameter of
loss of original strength, such as described below, shall outside individual wires;

17

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ASME B30.14C-2001 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

(3) kinking, crushing, birdcaging,orany other manufacturer, unless otherwise recommended by a rope
damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure; manufacturer or a qualified person due toactual working
(4) evidence of heat damage; condition requirements.
(5) reductions from nominal diameter of more than cfl Discarded rope should not be used for slings.
in. (0.4 mm) for diametersup to and including
14-2.4.3 Rope Maintenance
in. (7.9 mm), l/32 in. (0.8 mm) for diameters (a) Ropeshould be stored to preventdamage or
in. (9.5 mm) up to and including '/2 in. (13 mm), deterioration.
3/64 in. (1.2 mm) for diameters in. (14.3 mm) up (b) Unreeling or uncoiling of rope shall be done as
to and including 3/4 in. (19 mm), '/16 in. (1.6 mm) for recommended by the rope manufacturer(s) ora qualified
diameters 7/8 in.(22mm)uptoandincluding personandwith care to avoidkinking or inducing
1 in.(29 mm), and 3/32 in. (2.4 mm) for diameters a twist.
1'/4 in. (32 mm) up to and including 11/2 in. (38 mm); (c) Before cutting a rope, means shall be used to
(6) in standing ropes, more than two broken wires prevent unlaying of the strands.
in one lay in sections beyond end connections, or more (d) During installation, care shouldbeobserved to
than one broken wire at an end connection. avoid dragging the rope in dirt or around objects which
(c) Broken wire removal criteria cited in this volume will scrape, nick, crush, or inducesharp bends.
apply to wire ropeoperating on steel sheaves and (e) Rope should be maintained in a well-lubricated
drums. The user shall contact the sheave, drum, or condition. Lubricant applied as part of a maintenance
side boom tractor manufacturer, or aqualifiedperson program shall be compatible with the original lubricant
for broken wire removalcriteria for wire ropes operating and the rope manufacturer should be consulted. Lubri-
on sheavesand drums made of material other than steel. cant applied shall be of the type which does not hinder
(d) In order to establish data as a basis of judging visual inspection. Those sections of rope whichare
the proper timefor replacement, a continuing inspection located over sheaves or otherwise hidden duringinspec-
record should be maintained.Thisrecord shall cover tion and maintenance procedures require special atten-
points of deterioration listed inpara.14-2.4.1. tion when lubricating rope. The object of rope lubrica-
(e) Replacement rope shall be the same size, grade, tionistoreduceinternalfrictionandtoprevent
and construction as the original rope furnished by the corrosion.

18

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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.14b-1999

ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.14-1996
SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


Three Park Avenue New York, NY 10016

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
Date of Issuance: June 30, 1999

ASME is the registered trademark ofThe American Society of MechanicalEngineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced t o assure that individuals from competent andconcerned interests have had an
opportunity toparticipate. The proposedcode or standard was made available for public review
and comment which provides an opportunity for additional public input fromacademia, industry,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position withrespect t o the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in document,this and doesnot undertake t o insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable Letters
Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of anysuch patent rights, and the risk of the infringement ofsuch rights, is entirely
their o w n responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliatedwith industry is nott o
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code orstandard.
ASME accepts responsibilityforonlythose interpretations issuedin accordancewith governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

Copyright O 1999 b y
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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STDOASME l330~L4E-ENGL 1999 E 0759670 Ob2208b 832 m

ASME 630.14b-1999

Following approval by the ASME B30 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B30.14b-
1999 was approved by the American National Standards Institute onMay 12, 1999.

Addenda to the 1996 edition of ASME B30.14 are issued in the form of replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. It is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for reference.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the second Addenda to be published to ASME B30.14-1996. A previous Addenda was published
in 1997.

Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, (b),
placednexttotheaffectedarea. Changes made in ASME B30.14-1996 are indicated by (96). Previous
Addenda changes are identified by (a). The pages not listed are the reverse sides of the listed pages and
contain no changes.
Page Location Change
1-2 General updated( Ilisting
) B30 volume
(2) In ninth paragraph, ASME address
updated
Footnote 1 Revised
Section III In first paragraph, ASME address updated
6 14-0.2 Definition for qualified person revised
Section 14-0.3 ASME address updated

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STD-ASME B 3 0 - L 4 B - E N G L L977 m 0757b70 Ob22087 779

ASME B30.14b-1999

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS,


HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS
INTRODUCTION

(a) General B30.21ManuallyLeverOperatedHoists


B30.22ArticulatingBoom Cranes
(b) This Standardisoneof a series of safety standards
Lifting
Personnel
B30.23 Systems (96)
on various subjects which have been formulated under
Cranes'
B30.24 Container (961
the general auspices of the American National Standards
B30.25 Scrap Material
and Handlers (96)
Institute. Onepurpose oftheStandard is to serve as
a guide to governmental authorities having jurisdiction Ifadoptedforgovernmental use, the references to
over subjects withinthescopeofthe Standard. Itis other national codes and standards in thespecificvol-
expected, however, that the Standard will find a major umesmaybechanged to refer to the corresponding
application in industry, serving as a guide to manufactur- regulationsofthegovernmental authorities.
ers, purchasers,and users oftheequipment. The use of cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks,
Forthe convenience oftheuser,theStandardhas jacks, and slings is subject to certain hazardsthat
beendividedinto separate volumes: cannot be metby mechanicalmeansbutonly by the
exercise of intelligence, care, and common sense. It is
B30.1 Jacks
therefore essentialtohavepersonnelinvolved in the
B30.2 OverheadandGantryCranes(TopRunning
useandoperation of equipmentwho are competent,
Bridge, Single or Multiple Girder, Top
careful, physicallyandmentallyqualified,andtrained
RunningTrolleyHoist)
in the safe operation of the equipment and the handling
(96) B30.3 Construction Tower Cranes
of the loads. Serious hazards are overloading, dropping
B30.4 Portal, Tower, andPedestal Cranes
or slipping of theloadcaused by improperhitching
B30.5 MobileandLocomotive Cranes
or slinging, obstructingthe free passage of theload,
B30.6 Derricks
andusingequipment for a purposeforwhich it was
B30.7 BaseMountedDrumHoists
notintended or designed.
B30.8 Floating Cranes andFloatingDerricks
TheStandards Committeefully realizes theimpor-
B30.9 Slings
tance of proper design factors, minimum or maximum
B30.10 Hooks
sizes, andotherlimiting dimensions of wire rope or
B30.11 MonorailsandUnderhung Cranes
chain andtheir fastenings, sheaves, sprockets, drums,
B30.12 HandlingLoads Suspended From Rotorcraft
and similar equipmentcovered by the Standard, all of
B30.13 StoragelRetrieval ( S R ) Machines and
which are closely connected with safety. Sizes, strengths,
AssociatedEquipment
and similar criteria are dependent on manydifferent
B30. I4 Side Boom Tractors
factors, oftenvaryingwiththeinstallationanduses.
B30.15 MobileHydraulic Cranes
These factors depend on the condition of the equipment
Note: B30.15-1973 hasbeenwithdrawn.
or material; on the loads;onthe acceleration or speed
TherevisionofB30.15isincluded in the
of theropes, chains, sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on
latestedition of B30.5.
thetype of attachments; on thenumber, size, and
B30.16 OverheadHoists(Underhung)
arrangement of sheaves or other parts; on environmental
B30.17 OverheadandGantry Cranes (TopRunning
conditions causing corrosion or wear;andonmany
Bridge, Single Girder,Underhung Hoist)
variables thatmust be considered in each individual
B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or UnderRunning
case. The rules given in the Standard must be interpreted
Bridge, MultipleGirder With Top or
UnderRunningTrolley Hoist)
B30.19 Cableways (96)
B30.20 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices ' B30.24 is in the developmental stage. (bl

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ASME B30.14b-1999 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

accordingly,and judgment used in determining their altered, repaired, or modified; the manuals or documents
application. supplied by the manufacturerarenolonger available;
Some oftheprovisionsofthisStandardrequire or themanufacturer or a successor is nolonger in
compliance with information found in manuals or other businessandthemanualsarenolonger available.
documents supplied by the manufacturer with the equip- However, the purpose of consulting a qualified person
ment.Theinformation includes recommendations,re- shallnot be to avoid contacting themanufacturerand
quirements,and instructions (e.g., “the reevingshall usingtheinformationsupplied by themanufacturer.
be checkedfor compliance withthe recommendations
ofthe manufacturer”). TheStandardsCommittee willbegladto receive
Compliance with the provisions should not preclude criticisms of this Standard’s requirements and sugges-
thepossibility of consultinga qualifiedperson. This tions for its improvement, especially thosebasedon
is trueparticularlywhen:the equipment has
been actual experience in application of the rules.

1.1

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STDaASME B 3 0 - 1 4 B - E N G L 1997 m 0759b70 Ob22087 541 I

ASME B30.14b-1999 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Suggestions for changes to theStandardshouldbe ASME, Three ParkAvenue,NewYork, NY 10016-


submitted to theSecretary ofthe B30 Committee, 5990.
ASME, Three ParkAvenue,NewYork, NY 10016- Therequestforinterpretationshould be clear and
5990, andshould be in accordancewiththefollowing unambiguous. It isfurther recommended that theinquirer
format: submithisrequestutilizing the followingformat:
( a ) cite thespecificparagraph designation of the
pertinent standard; Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s)
(b) indicate the suggested change (addition, deletion, andprovide aconcise description.
revision, etc.);
Edition: Cite the applicable edition ofthe pertinent
(c) briefly state thereason andor evidence for the volume for which the interpretation is being
suggested change;
requested.
( d ) submit suggested changes to more than one para-
graph in the order thattheparagraphsappear in the Question: Phrasethequestion as a requestforan
volume. interpretation of a specific requirement suit-
The B30 Committee will consider each suggested able for general understanding and use, not
change in a timelymanner in accordancewithits as a requestforapprovalof a proprietary
procedures. design or situation. The inquirer may also
includeanyplans or drawings which are
Section I: Scope necessary to explain the question; however,
theyshouldnot contain anyproprietary
This Standard applies to the construction, installation, names or information.
operation, inspection, and maintenance of jacks; power-
operated cranes, monorails, and crane runways; power- Requests that are not in this format will be rewritten
operatedandmanuallyoperated derricks and hoists; in this format by the Committee prior to being answered,
lifting devices, hooks,and slings; and cableways. whichcould change the intent of the original request.
This Standard does not apply to track and automotive ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of any
jacks, railway or automobile wrecking cranes, shipboard interpretationwhen or if additionalinformationwhich
cranes, shipboard cargo-handling equipment, well-drill- might affect an interpretation
is available. Further,
ing derricks, skip hoists, mine hoists, truck body hoists, persons aggrieved byan interpretation may appeal to
car or barge pullers, conveyors, excavating equipment, the cognizant ASME Committee or Subcommittee.
or equipment coming within the scope of the following ASME does not“approve”, “certify”, “rate”, or “en-
Committees: Alo, A17, A90,A92,A120, B20, B56, dorse”any item, construction, proprietary device, or
and B77. activity.

Section II: Purpose Section IV: New and Existing Installations

ThisStandard isdesigned to: ( a ) EfJective Dare. The effective date of this volume
( a ) guardagainstandminimizeinjuryto workers, for the purpose of defining new andexisting installations
and otherwise provide for protection of life, limb,and shallbe 1 year after its date of issuance.
property by prescribing safetyrequirements; (6) New Installations. Construction, installation, in-
( b ) provide direction to owners, employers, supervi- spection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equip-
sors, and others concerned with, or responsible for, its mentmanufacturedand facilities constructed after the
application; and effective date of thisvolume shall conform withthe
( c ) guide governments andotherregulatorybodies mandatory requirements of this volume.
in the development, promulgation, and enforcement of (c) Existing Insraffarions. Inspection, testing, mainte-
appropriate safety directives. nance,andoperation of equipment manufacturedand
facilities constructed prior to the effective date of this
volume shall be done, as applicable, in accordance with
Section 111: Interpretations
the requirements of thisvolume.
Upon request, the B30 Committeewillrenderan It is not the intent of this volume to require retrofitting
interpretation of any requirement of the Standard. Inter- of existing equipment. However, when an item is being
pretations can only be rendered in response to a written modified, its performance requirement shall be reviewed
requestsent to theSecretary of the B30 Committee, relative to the current volume. If the performance differs

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 630.14b-1999

SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Chapter 14-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

Section 14-0.1: Scope of B30.14 boom hoist: a hoistdrumand rope reevingsystem


This Standard applies to the manufacture, installation, used to raise andlowertheboom. Therope system
inspection,testing,maintenance,andoperation of side may be all live reeving or a combination of live reeving
boomtractorsusedforpipelayingor similar type and pendants. The boom may also be raised and lowered
operations. In the event that side boomtractors are by a hydraulic cylinder(s).
built or modifiedforuse in other operations, such boom stop: an automaticdevice used to limit the
modifications shall be made by a qualified person and angle of theboom at thehighestposition
shallcomplywithrequirementssetforth in standards
brake: a device usedforretarding or stopping motion
applicable to themodifiedpiece of equipment.
This Standard does notapplyto side boomtractors by friction orpower means
having a maximumrated capacity of 1 T or less. clutch: a friction, electromagnetic, hydraulic,
pneu-
Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.14 matic, or positivemechanical device forengagement
applies to side boom tractors. The scope includes only or disengagement of power
tractors of theabovetype,whichareusuallypowered
by internal combustion engines, utilizing drums, ropes, counterweight: weightusedto supplement theweight
andhydraulic cylinders. of themachinein providing stability forliftingloads
Some basicmachine types withinthis scope are designatedperson: a person selected or assigned by (96)
usuallyconvertiblefor excavating work. The require- the employer or the employer’s representative as being
ments of this Standard are applicable only to machines competent toperformspecific duties
whenusedwithliftingboom.
drum: the cylindrical members around whichropes
Section 14-0.2: Definitions arewound
accessory: a secondarypart or assembly of partsthat dynamicloading: loadsintroduced into themachine
contributes to the effectiveness of a machine or itscomponents by forces in motion
administrative or regulatoryauthority: governmental load: theexternalload, in pounds (kilograms) applied
agency or the employer in the absence of governmental to the side boom tractor, including the weight of load-
jurisdiction attaching equipment such as load blocks, shackles,
and slings
appointed: assigned
specific responsibilities by the
employer orthe employer’s representative load, rated: side boom tractor ratings in pounds (kilo-
grams) established by themanufacturer in accordance
approved: acceptedas satisfactory by a duly consti-
withpara. 14-1.1
tutedadministrative or regulatory authority
loadblock,lower: theassembly of hook or shackle,
authorized: approved by a duly constituted administra-
swivel, sheaves, pins, and framesuspended by the
tive or regulatoryauthority
hoistingropes
axle: theshaft or spindle withwhich or aboutwhich
loadblock,upper: theassembly ofhook or shackle,
a wheel rotates. On side boom tractors and wheel-type
swivel, sheaves, pins,andframesuspendedfromthe
tractors it refers to an assembly that includes the shaft,
housing,andgearingfromthe shaft to thewheel, boompoint
sprocket, or equivalent device. loadcapacity, maximum: the capacity forwhichthe
boom: a memberhingedtothe side of thetractor tractorisdesigned (Refer to ANSUSAE J743.)
withtheouterendsupported by arope systemor load hoist: a hoistdrumandropereevingsystem
hydraulic cylinder(s) usedforliftingand lowering loads

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STD-ASME B30*14B-ENGL 1999 R 0759b70 ObZt09L L T T I
I

ASME B30.14b-1999 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

loadoverhang,track-typetractor: thehorizontaldis- itscomponentstowithstandthe stresses imposed by


tancefromthe center oftheloadhooktothe outer applied loads
edgeoftheoutertrackrailontheboomside(Refer
tackle: an assembly of ropesand sheaves arranged
toANSVSAEJ743.)
forliftingandpulling
loadoverhang,wheel-typetractor: thehorizontaldis-
tipping condition,track-typetractor: theloadonthe
tancefromthe center of theloadhookmeasured
hook at thegivenload overhang distance thatwill
perpendicular to the centerline ofthetiresonthe
cause thetrackroller of thetrackoppositetheboom
boom side (Refer toANSVSAE J743.)
side to lift in. (6.4 mm) fromtherail
(b) qualijîed person: a personwho, by possession of a
tipping condition,wheel-typetractor: theloadonthe
recognized degree in an applicable field, or certificate of
hook, in pounds (kilograms), at the given load overhang
professional standing, or who, by extensive knowledge,
distance that will cause the wheel on the side opposite
training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated
theboomtoleavetheground '/'6 in. (1.6 mm)
the ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the
subject matterandwork transit: themoving or transporting of a side boom
tractorfromone location, toanother
reeving: a rope system in which
the
rope travels
around drums and sheaves travel: thefunctionofthemachinemovingfrom one
locationtoanother,on a job site
rope: referstowireropeunless otherwise specified
travel mechanism: themachineryinvolved in provid-
service, heavy: service thatinvolvesoperationwithin
ingtravel
theratedload limit that exceeds normal service
wheelbase: distance between centers of front andrear
service, normal: distributed service that involves oper-
axles. For a multiple-axleassembly,theaxle center
ationwithrandomly distributed loadswithintherated
for wheelbasemeasurementistaken as themidpoint
load limit, or uniformloads less than65%ofrated
ofthe assembly.
loadfornotmorethan25% of the time
service, severe: service thatinvolvesnormal or heavy Section 14-0.3: References to Other Codes (b)
service withabnormal operating conditions and Standards
shall: if a provisionisof a mandatorynature it is Withinthetext, reference ismade to the following
indicated by theuseoftheword shall publications, copies ofwhichmaybeobtainedfrom
thepublishers as indicated.
should: if a provisionis ofan advisorynature,itis
indicated by theuseoftheword should andis a ASME B30.5-1989, Mobile andLocomotive Cranes
recommendationto be considered, theadvisabilityof (ASME/ANSI B30.5)'
which depends onthe facts in eachsituation ASME B30.10-1993, Hooks'
ASMEB30.9-1990, Slings'
sideboomtractor: a track-type (Fig. I ) or wheel-
type tractor (Fig. 2) having a boom mounted on the side Publisher: The AmericanSociety of MechanicalEngi-
of the tractor, used for lifting, lowering, or transporting a neers, Three ParkAvenue,NewYork,NY 10016-
loadsuspendedontheloadhook. The boom or hook 5990
can be lifted or lowered in a verticaldirection only. ASMEOrderDepartment,22LawDrive,Box 2300,
Fairfield,NJ07007-9979
side loading: a load applied at an angle to the vertical
plane oftheboom ANSYAWS D14.3-93, Specification for Welding Earth-
movingand ConstructionEquipment'
stabilizers: extendable or fixedmetalarmsattached
to the mounting base, thatrestonsupportsatthe Publisher:AmericanWelding Society, 550 N. W. Le-
outer ends Jeune Road, Miami, FL 33135

standing rope (guy): asupporting ropethatmaintains ANSUSAE 5743-1992, Pipe Layers and Side Booms -
a constant distance betweenthepointsofattachment Tractor Mounted'
tothetwo components connected by therope
' Copies may also be obtained from the American National Standards
structural competence: the ability ofthemachineand Institute, Inc., 1 I West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036.

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~~

STDmASME B30.L4B-ENGL L777 I


I 0757670 Ob22072 03b m

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.14a-1997

ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.14-I996
SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


345 East 47th Street 0 New York, NY 10017

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Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E B 3 0 - 1 4 A - E N G L L777 m 0757h70 05841h2 h04 E

Date of Issuance: November 30, 1997

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical


Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced t o assure that individuals from competent andconcerned interests have had an
opportunity t o participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review
and comment which providesan opportunityfor additional public input from industry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not “approve,” ”rate,“ or “endorse” any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position withrespect to the validity ofany patent rights asserted i n
connection with any items mentioned in document, this and does not undertake t o insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement any
of applicable Letters Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of anysuch patent rights, and therisk of the infringement of such rights, is entirely
their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliatedwith industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of thiscode or standard.
ASME accepts responsibilityfor only those interpretations issued accordance
in with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017

Copyright 0 1997 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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ASME B30.14a-1997

Following approval by the ASME B30 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B30.14a-
1997 was approved by the American National Standards Institute on October 2, 1997.

Addenda to the 1996 edition of ASME B30.14 are issued in the form of replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. It is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for reference.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the first addenda to be published to ASME B30.14-1996.

Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, (a),
placed next to the affected area. Changes made in ASME B30.14-1996 are indicated by (96). The pages
not listed are the reverse sides of the listed pages and contain no changes.
Page Location Change

1, 1.1 Introduction Under General, sixth and


seventh paragraphs added
15 Revised

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30.14a-1997

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS,


HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS
INTRODUCTION

(a) General B30.24 Container Cranes' (961


This Standard is one of a series ofsafety standards B30.25 Scrap
Material
and Handlers' (96)
on various subjects which have been formulated under If adopted for governmentaluse,the references to
the general auspices of the American National Standards o t k r national codes and standards in thespecificvol-
Institute. One purpose ofthe Standard isto serve as umes maybe changed toreferto the corresponding
a guide to governmental authorities having jurisdiction regulations of thegovernmental authorities.
over subjects within the scope of theStandard. It is The use of cableways, cranes, demcks, hoists, hooks,
expected, however, that the Standard will find a major jacks, and slings issubjectto certain hazardsthat
application in industry, serving as a guide to manufactur- cannot bemetby mechanical means butonly by the
ers, purchasers, and users of the equipment. exercise of intelligence, care, and common sense. It is
For the convenience of theuser,the Standard has therefore essential tohavepersonnelinvolved in the
been divided into separate volumes: useand operation of equipment who are competent,
B30. I Jacks careful, physically andmentally qualified, and trained
B30.2 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running in the safe operation of the equipment and the handling
Bridge, Single or Multiple Girder, Top of the loads. Serious hazards are overloading, dropping
Running Trolley Hoist) or slipping of the loadcaused by improperhitching
'16) B30.3 Construction Tower Cranes or slinging, obstructing the free passage of the load,
B30.4 Portal, Tower, and Pedestal Cranes andusing equipment for a purpose for which it was
B30.5 Mobileand Locomotive Cranes notintended or designed.
B30.6 Demcks The Standards Committee fully realizestheimpor-
B30.7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists tance of proper design factors, minimum or maximum
B30.8 Floating Cranes and Floating Derricks sizes, and other limiting dimensions of wire rope or
B30.9 Slings chainand their fastenings, sheaves, sprockets, drums,
B30.1O Hooks and similar equipment covered by the Standard, all of
B30.1 I Monorails andUnderhungCranes which are closely connected with safety. Sizes, strengths,
B30.12 Handling Loads Suspended From Rotorcraft and similar criteria are dependent onmany different
B30.13 StorageRetrieval (SR) Machinesand factors, often varying with the installation anduses.
Associated Equipment These factors depend on the condition of the equipment
B30.14 Side Boom Tractors or material; on the loads; on the acceleration or speed
B30.15 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes of the ropes, chains, sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on
Note: B30.15-1973 hasbeenwithdrawn. thetype of attachments: on the number, size, and
The revision ofB30.15isincluded in the arrangement of sheaves or other parts: on environmental
latest edition of B 3 0 5 conditions causing corrosion or wear:andon many
B30.16 Overhead Hoists (Underhung) variables thatmustbe considered in each individual
B30.17 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running case. The rules given in the Standard must be interpreted
Bridge, Single Girder, Underhung Hoist accordingly, and judgment used in determining their
B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or UnderRunning application.
Bridge, Multiple Girder WithTop or Some of theprovisions of this Standard require
Under Running Trolley Hoist) compliance with information found in manuals or other
B30.19 Cableways documents supplied by the manufacturer with the equip-
B30.20 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices ment. The informationincludes recommendations, re-
B30.2 1 Manually Lever Operated Hoists
B30.22 Articulating Boom Cranes
,J61 B30.23 Personnel Lifting Systems' ' B30.23, B30.21. and B30.25 are in thedevelopmentalstage. (96)
I

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30.14a-1997 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

quirements, and instructions ( e g , “the reeving shall


be checked for compliance withtherecommendations
of the manufacturer”).
Compliance with the provisions should not preclude
thepossibility of consulting a qualified person. This
is trueparticularlywhen:the equipment has been
altered, repaired, or modified; the manuals or documents
supplied by the manufacturer are no longer available;
or themanufacturer or a successor isnolongerin
businessand the manuals are no longer available.
However, the purpose of consulting a qualified person
shallnot be to avoid contacting themanufacturerand
usingtheinformationsupplied by the manufacturer.
The Standards Committee willbe glad to receive
criticisms of this Standard’s requirements and sugges-
tions for its improvement, especially those basedon
actual experience in application of the rules.

1.1

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ASME B30.14a-1997 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Suggestions for changes to theStandardshould be request sent tothe Secretary of theB30 Committee,
submitted tothe Secretary of theB30 Committee, ASME, 345 East47th Street, New York, NY 10017.
ASME, 345East47th Street, New York, NY 10017, The request for interpretation should be clear and
and should be in accordance with the following format: unambiguous. It is further recommended that the inquirer
( a ) cite thespecificparagraphdesignation ofthe submit his requestutilizing the following format:
pertinent standard;
( 6 ) indicate the suggested change (addition, deletion, Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s)
revision, etc.); and provide a concise description.
(c) briefly state thereason andor evidence for the
Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the pertinent
suggested change;
volume for which the interpretation is being
(d) submit suggested changes to more than one para-
requested.
graph in the order thattheparagraphsappear in the
volume. Question: Phrase the question asa request for an
The B30 Committee will consider eachsuggested interpretation of a specific requirement suit-
change in a timelymanner in accordance with its able for general understanding and use, not
procedures. as a request for approval of a proprietary
design or situation. The inquirer may also
includeanyplans or drawings which are
Section I: Scope necessary to explain the question; however,
they should not contain anyproprietary
This Standard applies to the construction, installation, names or information.
operation, inspection, and maintenance of jacks; power-
Requests that are not in this format will be rewritten
operated cranes, monorails, and crane runways; power-
operated and manually operated demcks and hoists; in this format by the Committee prior to being answered,
lifting devices, hooks,and slings; and cableways. whichcould change the intent of the original request.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of any
This Standard does not apply to track and automotive
interpretation when or if additional informationwhich
jacks, railway or automobile wrecking cranes, shipboard
cranes, shipboard cargo-handling equipment, well-drill- might affect an interpretation is available. Further,
ing demcks, skip hoists, mine hoists, truck body hoists, persons aggrieved byan interpretation may appeal to
thecognizantASMECommittee or Subcommittee.
car or barge pullers, conveyors, excavating equipment,
or equipment coming within the scope of the following
ASMEdoes not “approve”, “certify”, “rate”, or “en-
Committees: AIO, A17, A90, A92,A120.B20,B56, dorse” any item, construction, proprietary device, or
and B77. activity.

Section II: Purpose Section IV: New and Existing Installations


This Standard is designed to: ( a ) Effective Date. The effective date of this volume
( a ) guard against and minimize injury to workers, for the purpose of defining new and existing installations
and otherwise provide for protection of life, limb, and shall be 1 year after its date of issuance.
property by prescribing safetyrequirements; (b) New Installations. Construction, installation, in-
(b) provide direction to owners, employers, supervi- spection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equip-
sors, and others concerned with, or responsible for, its ment manufactured and facilities constructed after the
application; and effective date of this volume shall conformwiththe
(c) guide governments and other regulatorybodies mandatory requirements of this volume.
in the development, promulgation, and enforcement of ( c ) Existing Installations. Inspection, testing, mainte-
appropriate safety directives. nance, andoperation of equipment manufactured and
facilities constructed prior tothe effective date of this
volume shall be done, as applicable, in accordance with
the requirements of this volume.
Section 111: Interpretations
It is not the intent of this volume to require retrofitting
Upon request, the B30 Committeewillrender an of existing equipment. However, when an item is being
interpretation of any requirement of the Standard. Inter- modified, its performance requirement shall be reviewed
pretations can only be rendered in response to a written relative to the current volume. If the performance differs
2

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~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~

S T D - A S M E B30.14A-ENGL 1777 m 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 0584Lb7 L7b m


SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14a-1997

Chapter 14-2
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

Section14-2.1:Inspection (c) The following itemsshall be inspected:


( I ) operating mechanisms for properoperation,
14-2.1.1InspectionClassification proper adjustment - daily, when in use;
( a ) Initial Inspection. Prior to initial use,allnew, (2) safety devices for proper operations;
reinstalled, altered, or modified side boom tractors shall (3) lines, tanks, valves, pumps, and other parts of
be inspected by a designated person to verifycompliance air or hydraulic systems for leaks - daily, when in use;
withthe provisions of this volume. ( 4 ) hooks in accordance with ASME B30.10, Fre-
(b) Inspection procedure for side boom tractors in quent Inspections;
regular service is divided into two general classifications (5) hook latches, if used, for proper operation -
basedupontheintervalsatwhichinspection should daily, when in use;
be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon (6) hoist rope in accordance with para. 14-2.4.1(a);
the nature of the critical components of the side boom (7) electrical apparatus for proper operation, and
tractor and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterio- evidence of excessive deterioration, dirt, and moisture
ration, or malfunction. The two general classifications accumulation;
are herein designated as frequent and periodic, with (8) standing ropes (guys), including end connec- (al
respective intervals between inspection as defined below. tions, for wear [as defined in para. 14-2.4.2(b)], broken
( I ) FrequentInspection. Visualexamination by wires, stretch, kinking, or twisting;
the operator or other designated personnel with records ( 9 ) ropereeving for compliance with side boom
not required. manufacturer’s recommendations.
(a) Normal service - monthly
(b) Heavy service - weeklytomonthly
( c ) Severe service - daily toweekly 14-2.1.3PeriodicInspection. Complete inspec-
(d) Specialorinfrequentservice is recom- tions ofthe side boom tractor shall beperformed
mended by a qualified individual before and after each at intervals, as defined in para. 14-2.I.l(b)(2). Any
occurrence. deficiencies, such as listed, shallbe examined and
(2) Periodic Inspection. Visualinspection byan determination madeas to whetherthey constitute a
appointed personmaking records of apparent external hazard. These inspections shall include the requirements
conditions to provide the basis for a continuing evalu- ofpara.14-2.1.2and, in addition, items such as the
ation. following:
(a) Normal service - annually ( a ) deformed, cracked, or corrodedmembers;
(6) Heavy service - semi-annually (b) loose bolts or rivets;
(c) Severe service [as in (b)] - quarterly (c) cracked or worn sheaves and drums;
(d) Special or infrequent service as authorized (d) worn, cracked, or distorted partssuch as pins,
by a qualified person before the first suchoccurrence and bearings, shafts, gears, rollers, and locking and clamping
as directed by the qualified person for any subsequent devices;
occurrences. ( e ) excessive wearonbrakesystem parts, linings,
pawls, and ratchets;
14-2.1.2 Frequent Inspection cf) gasoline, diesel, electric or other power plants
(a) Frequent inspections shall be performed at inter- for improper performance or noncompliance with other
vals defined in para.14-2.1 .I(b)(1) andshall include applicable standards;
observations during operation. (g) excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and
(6) A designated person shall determine whether excessive chain stretch;
conditions found during the inspection constitute a ( h ) travel steering, braking, and locking devices, for
hazard and whether a more detailed inspection is re- malfunction;
quired. ( i ) excessively worn or damagedtires or wheels.

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ASME B30.14a-1997 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

14-2.1.4Side Boom Tractors Notin ( 2 ) boom the side boom tractor up and down
Regular Use withintheworkingload overhang;
(a) A sideboom tractor whichhasbeenidle for a (3) travelwiththe test load a distance sufficient
period of onemonth or more,but less thanoneyear, toprovethe ability of the side boom to support the
shall be given an inspectionconforming with the require- testload.
ments of paras. 14-2.1.2 and 14-2.4.1(c) beforebeing (c) No sideboom tractor shall be rerated in excess
placed in service. of theoriginalload ratings unless such rating changes
(b) Standby side booms shall be inspected at least are approved by the side boom tractor manufacturer.
semiannually in accordance withtherequirements of
paras. 14-2.1.2and 14-2.4.1(c), and if exposed to Section 14-2.3: Maintenance
adverse environment, should be inspected morefre-
quently. 14-2.3.1 Preventative Maintenance
(a) A preventative maintenance program should be
14-2.1.5 Inspection Records. Datedinspection establishedandbebasedon the side boomtractor
reports and records shallbemademonthly on critical manufacturer’s or a qualified person’s recommendation.
items in use such asbrakes,hooks,andropes.Dated Datedrecords should be keptwhere readily available
records should bekeptwherereadily available to ap- to appointed personnel.
pointed personnel. (6) Replacementparts shall be at least equal tothe
originalmanufacturer’s specifications.
Section 14-2.2: Testing
14-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure
14-2.2.1 Operational Testing (a) Before adjustments and repairs are started on a
( a ) Prior to initial use,all new, altered, or modified side boom tractor, the following precautions shall be
side boom tractors shall be tested by a designated taken as applicable:
person to verify compliance with this volume including ( I ) side boom tractor placedwhere it will cause
the following functions; the least interference with other equipment or operations
(1) liftingand lowering; in thearea;
( 2 ) boomupand down; ( 2 ) all controls at the manufacturer’s recommended
(96) ( 3 ) limit devices, such as boom stops should be position;
tested by raising the boom slowly until the boom stop (3) starting means rendered inoperative, except
prevents further raising of the boom. when required for repairs;
(b) Prior to initial use, a repaired side boom tractor (4) warning or out of order signs placed onthe
shall be tested. Testing may be limited to the function(s) side boom tractor;
affected by therepair. (5) powerplantstopped or disconnected at
take-off;
14-2.2.2 Rated Load Test
(6) boom lowered to the ground, if possible, or
(a) Prior to initial use:
otherwise secured against dropping;
( I ) All new side boom tractors shall be tested (7) lowerloadblockloweredto the ground, if
and all altered or modified side boom tractors shall be
possible, or otherwise secured against dropping.
tested and inspected by or under the direction of a
(6) After adjustments and repairs have beenmade,
qualified person. A written test report shall be prepared
the side boom tractor shall not be returned to service
by the qualifiedpersonand placed on file. Test loads
until all guards havebeen reinstalled, safety devices
shall not exceed 110% of the manufacturer’s maximum
reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed.
load capacity and shall not exceed tipping load at any
selected workingload overhang. 14-2.3.3 Adjustments and Repairs
( 2 ) The need for testing of repaired side boom (a) Any hazardous conditions, disclosed by the in-
tractors shallbedetermined by a qualifiedperson. spection requirements of para. 14-2.1, shall be corrected
When a rated load test is required, testing shallbe in beforenormal operation of the side boom tractor is
accordance with para. 14-2.2.2(a)(I). resumed. Adjustments and repairs shall be done only
(b) Ratedloadtestshall consist ofthefollowing by designated personnel.
operations as a minimum requirement: ( b ) Adjustments shall be maintained to assure correct
(1) hoist the testloadto assure thattheloadis functioning of components. The following are examples:
supported by the side boom tractor andheld by the ( I ) all functional operating mechanisms;
hoist brake(s); (2) limit devices;
16

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The American Society of
Mechanical Engineers

SIDE BOOM
TRACTORS
I AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD I

ASME B30.14-1996
I (RNIiSiDn 01 ASME 630.14-1111)
COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers
1
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The American Society of
Mechanical Engineers

A N
A M E R I C A N A T I O N A S
L T A N D A R D

SIDE BOOM
TRACTORS

ASME 830.14-1NU6
(R8ViSiOn 01 ASME B30.14-1991)
SAFETYSTANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS,ANDSLINGS
COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Date of Issuance: September 3, 1996

The 1996 edition of this Standard is being issuedwith an automatic addenda


subscription service. The use of an addenda allows revisions made in
response to public review comments or committee actions to be published on
a regular yearlybasis; revisions publishedin addenda will become effective 1
year after the Date of Issuance of the addenda. The next edition of this
Standard is scheduled for publication in 2001.

ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretations of


technical aspects of this Standard. The interpretationswill be included with
the above addenda service. Interpretations are not part of the addenda to
the Standard.

ASME is the registered trademark ofThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code or standardwas developed under proceduresaccredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced t o assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity t o participate. The proposed codeor standard was made available for public review
and comment which provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry,academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement any
of applicable Letters Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of anysuch patent rights, and the risk of the infringement ofsuch rights, is entirely
their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME acceptsresponsibilityfor onlythose interpretations issued in accordance with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


345 E. 47th Street New York, NY 10017

Copyright O 1996 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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ASME B30.149b m 0759b700574874 8T4 m

FOREWORD
(This Foreword is not part of ASME 830.14-1996.)

This American National Standard, Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks, Hoists,
Hooks, Jacks, and Slings, hasbeen developed undertheprocedures accredited by the
AmericanNational Standards Institute (formerly theUnited States of America Standards
Institute). This Standard had itsbeginning in December1916 whenan eight-page Code of
Safety Standards for Cranes, prepared by an ASME Committee on the Protection of Industrial
Workers, waspresented to theannualmeeting of the ASME.
Meetings and discussions regarding safety on cranes, derricks, and hoists were held from
1920to1925,involvingtheASMESafety Code Correlating Committee, theAssociation
of Iron and Steel ElectricalEngineers,theAmericanMuseum of Safety, theAmerican
Engineering Standards Committee (later changedtoAmerican Standards Associationand
subsequently to the USA Standards Institute), Department of Labor - State of New Jersey,
Department of Labor andIndustry - State of Pennsylvania, andthe Locomotive Crane
Manufacturers Association. On June 11, 1925, the AmericanEngineering Standards Committee
approved theASMESafety Code Correlating Committee’s recommendationand authorized
the project with the U.S. Department of the Navy, Bureau of Yards and Docks, and ASME
as sponsors.
In March 1926, invitations wereissuedto 50 organizations toappoint representatives to
a Sectional Committee. The call for organization of this Sectional Committee was sent out
October 2,1926,andthe committee organizedNovember 4, 1926,with 57 members
representing 29 national organizations. The SafetyCode for Cranes, Derricks, andHoists,
ASA B30.2-1943, was created from the eight-page document referred to in the first paragraph.
This document wasreaffirmed in 1952andwidelyacceptedas a safetystandard.
Dueto changes in design, advancement in techniques, and general interest of laborand
industry in safety, the Sectional Committee, underthe joint sponsorship of ASMEand the
Naval Facilities Engineering Command, U.S. Department oftheNavy,wasreorganized as
an American National Standards Committee on January 31,
1962, with 39 members
representing 27 national organizations.
The format of the previous code waschanged so that separate standards (each complete
as to construction and installation; inspection,testing,and maintenance; and operation)
would cover the different types of equipmentincluded in the scope of B30.
In 1982,the Committee wasreorganized as an AccreditedOrganization Committee,
operating under proceduresdeveloped by ASMEandaccredited by theAmericanNational
Standards Institute.
This Standard presents a coordinated set of rules that may serve as a guide to government
and other regulatorybodiesandmunicipal authorities responsible for the guarding and
inspection of the equipment falling withinits scope. The suggestions leadingto accident
prevention are givenbothasmandatory and advisoryprovisions; compliance withboth
types mayberequired by employers of their employees.
In case of practical difficulties, new developments, or unnecessary hardship, the administra-
tive or regulatory authority may grant variances from the literal requirements or permit the
use of other devices or methods,butonly when it is clearly evident that an equivalent

...
111

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degree of protectionisthereby secured. To secureuniformapplicationand interpretation
of this Standard, administrative or regulatory authorities areurgedto consult the B30
Committee, in accordance with the format described in Section III, before rendering decisions
on disputed points.
This volume of the Standard, which was approved by the B30 Committee and by ASME,
was approved by ANSI and designated as an American National Standard on June 19, 1996.
Safety codes and standards are intended to enhance public safety. Revisions result from
committee consideration of factors suchastechnological advances, new data, and changing
environmental andindustryneeds.Revisions do notimplythat previous editions were
inadequate.

iv

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ASME B30.l14 9b m 0759b70057487bb77 m

ASME B30 COMMITTEE


Safety Standards for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks,
Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings
(The following is a roster of the Committee at the time of approval of this Standard.)

OFFICERS
P. S.Zorich, Chair
B. D. Closson, Vice Chair
J. Pang, Secretary

COMMITTEE PERSONNEL*
ALLIANCE OF AMERICAN INSURERS
T. A. Christensen, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co.
ASSOCIATION OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT MANAGERS
H. E. Livermore, Bechtel Leasing Services, Inc.
J.C.Ryan, Alternate, Boh Brothers Construction Co.
ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORSOF AMERICA
C.L. Huneycutt, Jones Group, Inc.
ASSOCIATED WIRE ROPE FABRICATORS
D. Sayenga, Associated Wire Rope Fabricators
D. J. Bishop, Alternate, Bishop Lifting Products, Inc.
ASSOCIATION OF IRON AND STEEL ENGINEERS
J. W. Rowland, Bethlehem Steel Corp.
C. A. Totten, Alternate, Bethlehem SteelCorp.
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS INSTITUTE
D. N. Wolff, National Crane Corp.
J. H.Crowley, Alternate, Equipment Manufacturers Institute
FORGING INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION
G. F. Hoffa, Columbus McKinnon Corp.
E. K. H.Marburg, Alternate, Columbus McKinnon Corp.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS
W. J. Smith, Jr. International Union of Operating Engineers
S. C.Buck, Alternate, International Union of Operating Engineers, Local 150
MOTOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
R. W. Parry, General Motors Corp.
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTORS ASSOCIATION
M. Ernhart, Leonard Construction Co.
R. E. Peterson, Alternate, ABB C-E Services, Inc.
NATIONAL ERECTORS ASSOCIATION
B. E. Weir, Jr., Norris Brothers Co., Inc.
J. A. Conant, Alternate, Conant Crane Rental Co.
POWER, CRANE, AND SHOVEL ASSOCIATION BUREAU OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (CIMA)
N. C. Hargreaves, Koehring Cranes & Excavators
D. G. Quinn, Alternate, FMC Construction Equipment Corp.

* The members listed, except for those listed under the heading for individual members, were
nominated by their respective organizations.

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ASME B 3 0 0 1 4 96 m 0759670 0574877 503 m

SPECIALIZED CARRIERS AND RIGGING ASSOCIATION


H. I. Shapiro, Howard I. Shapiro & Associates
B. DeBenedictis, Alternate, Bob DeBenedictis, Inc.
STEEL PLATE FABRICATORS ASSOCIATION
D. W. Langlinais, Chicago Bridge & Iron Co.
W. Romsos, Alternate, Brown-Minneapolis Tank
US. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
E. E.Rudy, Department of Defense, US. Army
US. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
P. L. Molone, Naval Facilities Engineering Command
J. E. Richardson, Alternate, Naval Facilities Engineering Command
WIRE ROPE TECHNICAL BOARD
L. D. Means, Wire Rope Corp. of America, Inc.
D. A. Henninger, Alternate, Pauken Wire Rope Corp.

INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
R. J. Bolen, E. 1. du Pont de Nemours & Co.
B. D. Closson, North American Crane Bureau West
T. L. Blanton, Alternate, North American Crane Bureau
K. J. Chlad, Material Handling Crane Systems, Inc.
J. W. Downs, Jr., Alternate, Downs Crane & Hoist Co., Inc.
D. W. Eckstine, Grove Worldwide
J. L. Franks, South Carolina State Port Authority
J. J. Headley, Crane Institute of America, Inc.
W. C. Dickinson, Alternate, Crane Institute of America, Inc.
J. D. Heppner, Liftex, Inc.
R. A. Hoff, 3M Co.
G. H. O'Gary, Alternate, 3M Co.
C. W. Ireland, Amclyde Engineered Products
L. S.Johnson, American Equipment Co., Inc.
J. M. Klibert, Lift-All Co., Inc.
H. G. Leidich, Ingersoll-Rand Co.
T. S.McKosky, Consultant
R. R. Reisinger, FKI Industries, Inc.
R. F. Sauger, U.S. Department of Labor - OSHA
P. L. Rossi, Alternate, U S . Department of Labor - OSHA
A. R. Toth, Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
D.B. Gamble, Alternate, Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
R. C. Wild, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
R. E. Scott, Alternate, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
P. S. Zorich. R. Z. P. International Limited

vi

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ASME B30.14-1996

The 1996 Edition of ASME B30.14 includes editiorial changes, revisions, and corrections introduced in
B30.14a-1993, B30.14b-1994, and B30.14~-1995,as well as the following changes indentified by (96).

SUMMARY OF CHANGES

Page Location Change


1 General (1) Under B30 volume listing:
(a) B30.23, B30.24, and B30.25 added
(b) B30.3 title revised
(2) Footnote 1 added
5 Section 14-0.2 Definition of designated revised
16 14-2.2.1(a)(3) Revised
17 14-2.4.1(e) Added

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CONTENTS

...
Foreword ....................................................................................... 111
Committee Roster ............................................................................... v
Summary of Changes ............................................................................ vii
Introduction
General ........................................................................................ 1
Section I Scope ........................................................................... 2
Section
Purpose
II ......................................................................... 2
Section III Interpretations ................................................................... 2
Section IV New andExisting Installations ................................................... 2
Section V Mandatory
and
Advisory
Rules ................................................... 3
Section VI Metric Conversions .............................................................. 3
Chapter14-0Scope,Definitions,andReferences
Section 14-0.1 Scope of B30.14 ................................................................ 5
Section 14-0.2 Definitions ...................................................................... 5
Section 14-0.3 References to Other Codes and Standards ......................................... 6
Chapter 14-1 ConstructionandCharacteristics
Section 14-1.1
Load Ratings .................................................................... 9
Section 14-1.2 BoomHoistandLoadHoistMechanisms ......................................... 11
Section 14-1.3 Side Boom Tractor Travel ....................................................... 11
Section 14-1.4 Controls ........................................................................ 12
Section 14-1.5 Ropes and Reeving Accessories .................................................. 12
Section 14-1.6 Cabs ............................................................................ 13
Section 14-1.7 General
Requirements ............................................................ 13
Chapter14-2Inspection,Testing,and Maintenance
Section 14-2.1 Inspection ....................................................................... 15
Section 14-2.2 Testing ......................................................................... 16
Section 14-2.3 Maintenance ..................................................................... 16
Section 14-2.4 RopeInspection.Replacement.andMaintenance ................................... 17
Chapter14-3 Operation
Section 14-3.1 Operator Qualifications and Operating Practices ................................... 19
Section 14-3.2 Handling the
Load .............................................................. 20
Section 14-3.3 Signals ......................................................................... 21
Section 14-3.4 Miscellaneous ................................................................... 21

ix

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ASME B30=L4 7b m 0757b70 0574880 OT8

Figures
1 Track-Type Tractor Side Boom .................................................. 8
2 Wheel-Type Tractor Side Boom .................................................. 8
3 Rating Chart ...............................................................
Load 10
4 Standard Hand Signals for Controlling Side Boom Tractor Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5 Danger Zone for Side Boom Tractors andLiftedLoads Operating Near Electrical
Transmission Lines ............................................................ 25
Table
1 Required Clearance for NormalVoltage in OperationNearHighVoltagePower
LinesandOperation in Transit WithNoLoadandBoom or Mast
Lowered ...................................................................... 21

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ASME 630.14-1996

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS,


HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS
INTRODUCTION

General B30.24 Container Cranes' (96)


B30.25 Scrap
Material
and Handlers' (96)
This Standard is one of a series of safety standards
on various subjects which have been formulated under
the general auspices of the American National Standards If adopted for governmental use, the references to
Institute. One purpose of theStandardisto serve as othernational codes and standards in thespecificvol-
a guide to governmental authorities having jurisdiction umesmaybechangedtorefertothe corresponding
over subjects withinthe scope of the Standard. Itis regulations of thegovernmental authorities.
expected, however, that the Standard will find a major The use of cableways, cranes, demcks, hoists, hooks,
application in industry, serving as a guide to manufactur- jacks, and slings is subject to certain hazards that
ers, purchasers, and users of the equipment. cannot bemet by mechanicalmeansbut only by the
For the convenience of theuser,theStandard has exercise of intelligence, care, and common sense. It is
been divided into separate volumes: therefore essential tohavepersonnelinvolvedin the
B30.1 Jacks useandoperation of equipment who are competent,
B30.2 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running careful,physicallyandmentally qualified, and trained
in the safe operation of the equipment and the handling
Bridge, Single or Multiple Girder, Top Run-
ning Trolley Hoist) of the loads. Serious hazards are overloading, dropping
(96) B30.3 Construction Tower Cranes
or slipping of theload caused by improper hitching
or slinging, obstructing the free passage of the load,
B30.4 Portal, Tower, andPedestal Cranes
B30.5 Mobileand Locomotive Cranes andusingequipment for a purpose for which it was
B30.6 Derricks notintended or designed.
The Standards Committee fully realizesthe impor-
B30.7 BaseMountedDrum Hoists
tance of proper design factors, minimum or maximum
B30.8 Floating Cranes andFloating Demcks
B30.9 Slings sizes,and other limiting dimensions of wire rope or
B30.10 Hooks chainandtheir fastenings, sheaves, sprockets, drums,
B30.1 1 Monorails andUnderhung Cranes and similar equipmentcovered by the Standard, all of
B30.12 Handling Loads SuspendedFrom Rotorcraft which are closely connected withsafety. Sizes, strengths,
B30.13 StorageRetrieval ( S R ) Machines and Associ- and similar criteria are dependent onmany different
ated Equipment factors, oftenvaryingwiththe installation and uses.
B30.14 Side Boom Tractors These factors depend on the condition of the equipment
B30. I5 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes or material; on the loads; on the acceleration or speed
Note: B30.15-1973 has been withdrawn. The of theropes, chains, sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on
revision of B30.15isincluded in thelatest thetype of attachments; on the number, size, and
edition of B30.5 arrangement of sheaves or other parts; on environmental
B30.16 Overhead Hoists (Underhung) conditions causingcorrosion or wear; andonmany
B30. I7 Overhead andGantry Cranes (Top Running variablesthatmust be considered in each individual
Bridge, Single Girder, UnderhungHoist case. The rules given in the Standard must be interpreted
B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or Under Running accordingly, and judgment used in determining their
Bridge, Multiple GirderWith Top orUnder application.
RunningTrolley Hoist) The Standards Committeewillbe glad to receive
B30.19 Cableways criticisms of this Standard's requirements and sugges-
B30.20 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices tions for its improvement, especially thosebased on
B30.21 Manually Lever OperatedHoists actual experience in application of therules.
B30.22 Articulating Boom Cranes
(96) B30.23 Personnel Lifting Systems' ' B30.23,B30.24, and B30.25 are in the developmental stage. (96)
I

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ASME 830.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Suggestions for changes totheStandardshouldbe requestsent to the Secretary of the B30 Committee,
submitted tothe Secretary of theB30 Committee, ASME,345East47th Street, New York, NY 10017.
ASME,345East47th Street, New York, NY 10017, The request for interpretation should be clear and
and should be in accordance with the following format: unambiguous. Itis further recommended that theinquirer
(a) cite the specific paragraph designation of the submithisrequestutilizingthe following format:
pertinent standard;
(b) indicate the suggested change (addition, deletion, Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s)
revision, etc.); andprovide a concise description.
(c) briefly state the reason and/or evidence for the
Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the pertinent
suggested change;
volume for which the interpretation is being
( d ) submit suggested changes to more than one para-
requested.
graph in the order thattheparagraphsappear in the
volume. Question: Phrasethequestionas a request for an
The B30 Committee will consider each suggested interpretation of a specific requirement suit-
change in a timelymanner in accordance withits able for general understanding and use, not
procedures. as a request for approval of a proprietary
design or situation. The inquirer may also
includeanyplans or drawings which are
Section I: Scope necessary to explain the question; however,
they should notcontainanyproprietary
This Standard applies to the construction, installation, names or information.
operation, inspection, and maintenance of jacks; power-
operated cranes, monorails, and crane runways; power- Requests that are not in this format will be rewritten
operated andmanually operated derricksand hoists; in this format by the Committee prior to being answered,
lifting devices, hooks,and slings; and cableways. whichcould change theintent of the original request.
This Standard does not apply to track and automotive ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of any
jacks, railway or automobile wrecking cranes, shipboard interpretation when or if additionalinformationwhich
cranes, shipboard cargo-handling equipment, well-drill- might affect an interpretation is available. Further,
ing derricks, skip hoists, mine hoists, truck body hoists, personsaggrieved byan interpretation may appeal to
car or barge pullers, conveyors, excavating equipment, thecognizant ASME Committee or Subcommittee.
or equipment coming within the scope of the following ASME does not “approve”, “certify”, “rate”, or “en-
Committees: Alo, A17, A90,A92,A120,B20,B56, dorse” any item, construction, proprietary device, or
and B77. activity.

Section II: Purpose Section IV: New and ExistingInstallations


(a) Effective Dure. The effective date of this volume
This Standard is designed to:
( a ) guard againstandminimizeinjurytoworkers, for the purpose of defining new and existing installations
and otherwise provide for protection of life, limb, and shall be 1 year after its date of issuance.
property by prescribing safety requirements; (b) New Installafions. Construction, installation, in-
( b ) provide direction to owners, employers, supervi- spection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equip-
sors, and others concerned with, or responsible for, its ment manufacturedand facilities constructed after the
application; and effective date ofthisvolumeshall conform withthe
(c) guide governments and other regulatorybodies mandatoryrequirements of thisvolume.
(c) Existing Installations. Inspection, testing, mainte-
in the development, promulgation, and enforcement of
appropriate safety directives. nance,andoperation of equipmentmanufacturedand
facilities constructed prior to the effective date of this
volume shall be done, as applicable, in accordance with
therequirements of thisvolume.
Section 111: Interpretations
It is not the intentof this volume torequire retrofitting
Upon request,the B30 Committee will render an of existing equipment. However, when an item is being
interpretation of any requirement of the Standard. Inter- modified, its performance requirement shall be reviewed
pretations can only be rendered in response to a written relative to the current volume. If the performance differs
2

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14-1996

substantially, the need to meet the current requirement


shallbe evaluated by a qualifiedpersonselected by
the owner (user). Recommended changes shall be made
by the owner (user) within 1 year.

Section V: Mandatory and AdvisoryRules


Mandatory rules of this volume are characterized by
use of the word shall. If a provision is of an advisory
nature,itisindicated by use of theword should and
is a recommendation to be considered, the advisability
of which depends onthe facts in each situation.

Section VI: Metric Conversions


The values stated in U.S. Customary units are to be
regarded as the standard.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14-1996

SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

CHAPTER 14-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

Section 14-0.1: Scope ofB30.14 boom hoist: a hoistdrumandropereeving system


usedto raise andlowertheboom. The rope system
This Standard applies to the manufacture, installation,
may be all live reeving or a combination of live reeving
inspection, testing, maintenance,andoperation of side
and pendants. The boom may also be raised and lowered
boom tractors used for pipe laying or similar type
operations. In the event that side boomtractors are by a hydraulic cylinder(s).
built or modified for use in other operations, such boom stop: an automatic device usedtolimit the
modifications shall be made by a qualified person and angle of the boom atthehighestposition
shall comply with requirements set forthin standards
applicable to themodifiedpiece of equipment. brake: a device used for retarding or stopping motion
This Standard does notapplyto side boom tractors by friction or powermeans
having a maximumrated capacity of 1 T or less. clutch: a friction, electromagnetic, hydraulic, pneu-
Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.14 matic, or positivemechanical device for engagement
applies to side boom tractors. The scope includes only or disengagement of power
tractors of the above type, which are usually powered
by internal combustion engines, utilizing drums, ropes, counterweight: weightused to supplement the weight
and hydraulic cylinders. of themachine in providing stability for lifting loads
Some basicmachinetypeswithinthisscopeare
designatedperson: a personselected or assigned by (96)
usually convertible for excavating work. The require-
the employer or the employer’s representative as being
ments of this Standard are applicable only to machines
competent to performspecific duties
whenusedwith lifting boom.
drum: the cylindrical members around which ropes
Section 14-0.2: Definitions are wound
accessory: a secondary part or assembly of partsthat dynamicloading: loadsintroduced into the machine
contributes to the effectiveness of a machine or its components by forces in motion
administrative or regulatory authority: governmental load: theexternalload, in pounds (kilograms) applied
agency or the employer in the absence of governmental to the side boom tractor, including the weight of load-
jurisdiction attaching equipmentsuchasload blocks, shackles,
andslings
appointed: assigned specific responsibilities by the
employer or the employer’s representative load, rated: side boom tractor ratings in pounds (kilo-
grams) established by the manufacturer in accordance
approved: accepted as satisfactory by a duly consti-
with para. 14-1.1
tuted administrative or regulatory authority
load block, lower: theassembly of hook or shackle,
authorized: approved by a duly constituted administra-
swivel, sheaves, pins,and frame suspended by the
tive or regulatory authority
hoistingropes
axle: the shaft or spindle withwhich or aboutwhich
load block, upper: theassembly ofhook or shackle,
a wheel rotates. On side boom tractors and wheel-type
swivel, sheaves, pins,and frame suspended from the
tractors it refers to an assembly that includes the shaft,
boompoint
housing, andgearingfromthe shaft tothewheel,
sprocket, or equivalent device. load capacity, maximum: the capacity for which the
tractorisdesigned (Refer to ANSUSAE 5743.)
boom: a memberhingedtothe side of thetractor
with the outer end supported by a ropesystem or load hoist: a hoistdrum and ropereevingsystem
hydraulic cylinder(s) used for lifting andloweringloads
5

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30-L4 96 m 0759670 0574885 b 8 T m

ASME B30.14-1996 TRACTORS SIDE BOOM

load overhang, track-type tractor: thehorizontal dis- structural competence: theability of the machine and
tancefrom the center of theloadhooktothe outer itscomponentstowithstandthe stresses imposed by
edge of the outer trackrailontheboom side (Refer appliedloads
to ANSVSAE J743.) tackle: an assembly of ropesand sheaves arranged
load overhang, wheel-typetractor: thehorizontal dis- for liftingandpulling
tance from the center of theloadhookmeasured tipping condition, track-type tractor: theloadon the
perpendicular tothe center line of thetires on the hookatthegivenload overhang distance thatwill
boom side (Refer to ANSI/SAE 5743.) cause thetrack roller of thetrack opposite the boom
side tolift in. (6.4 mm)from the rail
qual8ed person: a personwho, by possession of a
recognized degree or certificate of professional standing, tipping condition, wheel-Qpe tractor: theloadonthe
or who, by extensive knowledge, training, and experi- hook, in pounds (kilograms), at the given load overhang
ence, has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve distance that will cause the wheel on the side opposite
orresolveproblemsrelatingto thesubjectmatter the
boomto
leave
the
ground in. (1.6 mm)
and work
transit: themoving or transporting of a side boom
reeving: a rope
system in which
the
rope
travels tractor fromonelocationto another
around drums and sheaves fravel: thefunction of themachinemovingfrom one
locationto another, on a job site
rope: referstowireropeunless otherwise specified
travel mechanism: themachinery involved in provid-
service, heavy: service that involves operationwithin
ingtravel
theratedloadlimitthat exceeds normal service
wheelbase: distance between centers of front andrear
service, normal: distributed service that involves oper- axles. For a multiple-axle assembly, the axle center
ation withrandomly distributed loads within therated for wheelbasemeasurementistaken as themidpoint
load limit, or uniformloadsless than 65% of rated of theassembly.
load for notmore than25%of thetime
service, severe: service that involves normal or heavy Section 14-0.3: References to OtherCodes
service withabnormal operating conditions and Standards
Withinthetext, reference ismadetothe following
shall: if a provision is of a mandatorynature it is
publications, copies of whichmaybeobtainedfrom
indicated by the use of theword shall thepublishers as indicated.
should: if a provisionis of an advisorynature, it is ASME 830.5-1989, Mobile and ~ o c o m o t ~ vcranes
e
indicated by theuse of theword should andis a (ASME/ANSI B30.5)'
recommendation to be considered, the advisability of ASME ~30.104993,Hooks'
which depends onthe facts in eachsituation ASME B30.9-1990, Slings'
side boom tractor: a track-type (Fig. 1) or wheel- Publisher: The AmericanSociety of Mechanical Engi-
type tractor (Fig. 2 ) having a boom mounted on the side neers,345East47th Street, New York, NY 10017
of the tractor, used for lifting, lowering, or transporting a ASME Order Department, 22 Law Drive, Box 2300,
load suspended ontheloadhook. The boom or hook Fairfield, NJ 07007-9979
canbelifted or lowered in a verticaldirection only.
ANSI/AWS D14.3-93, Specification for Welding Earth-
side loading: a load applied at an angle to the vertical movingandConstruction Equipment'
plane of theboom Publisher:AmericanWelding Society, 550 N. W. Le-
Jeune Road, Miami, FL 33 135
stabilizers: extendable or fixedmetal arms attached
to themountingbase,thatrest on supportsatthe ANSI/SAE 5743-1992, Pipe Layers and Side Booms -
outer ends Tractor Mounted'

standing rope (guy): a supporting ropethatmaintains


a constant between the points Of attachment ' Copies may also be obtained from
the American National Standards
to
the
two components connected by the rope Institute, Inc., 1 I West 42nd Street, New York. NY 10036.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14-1996

ANSYSAE 5185-1988,Access Systems for Off-Road


Machines'
Publisher:Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400
Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096
ANSI 226.1-1990, SafetyCode for Glazing Materials
for GlazingMotorVehicleOperating onLand
Highways
Publisher:AmericanNational Standards Institute, Inc.,
11 West42nd Street, New York, NY 10036

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME 630.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

FIG. 1 TRACK-TYPETRACTORSIDE BOOM

FIG. 2 WHEEL-TYPETRACTORSIDE BOOM

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 630.14-1996

Chapter 14-1
Construction and Characteristics

Section 14-1.1:LoadRatings 14-1.1.2LoadRatings - Where Structural


Competence Governs Lifting Performance.
14-1.1.1 Load Ratings - Where Stability Load ratings are governed by the stability of the side
Governs Lifting Performance. Loadratingsatthe boomtractor, i.e., theloadrequiredto tip the side
minimumload overhang maybebasedonstructural boom tractorat a givenload overhang. However,in
competence rather than stability. Refer to para. 14- 1.1.2. some areas of the operating range, the ratings may be
( a ) The margin of stability for determination of load governed by factors other than stability, such as the
ratings, with booms of stipulated lengths atstipulated conditions described below.
load overhang for the various type of tractor mountings, (a) Load ratings at the minimum load overhang may
is established by taking a percentage of the loads which be based on structural competence of the machine rather
willproduce a condition of tipping. The loadratings than stability.
shall not exceed thefollowing percentages for side (b) Load ratings at some load overhangs are governed
boom tractors, withtheindicatedtypesofmounting by structural competence and side boom tractor stability
under conditions stipulated in paras. 14-1. l . 1(b) and (c). cannot be used as a basis of load rating. Manufacturer’s
recommendations shall notbe exceeded.

RatedLoad
(Percent of Maximum Load
Capacity Based on ANSUSAE J743
.. of Machine
Type Test Procedure)
Track-type tractors 85% 14-1.1.3 Load Rating Chart. A load rating chart,
Wheel-type tractors 65% based on Fig. 3, with legible letters andfigures shall
beprovidedwith each side boom tractor andaffixed
in a locationvisibletothe operator while seated at
(b) The following stipulations shall govern the appli- the control station. The data and information tobe
cation of the values in para. 14-1.l.l(a) for side boom provided on these charts shall include, but not necessar-
tractors. ily belimitedto,the following.
( I ) Lift capacity from which ratings are determined (a) A range of manufacturer’s recommended side
shall be applied under static conditions only, i.e., without boom tractor rated loads at stated operating load over-
dynamic effect of lifting or lowering. hang for permissible boom lengths and for all configura-
(2) The weight of all auxiliary handling devices tionsandmodifications,butnotlimitedto stabilizers
such as hoist blocks, hooks, and slings shall be consid- oradditional counterweight
ered a part of theload rating. (b) The basis of ratings as found in para. 14-1.1.1,
(c) Stipulations governing the application of the val- including the identification of ratings if based on struc-
ues in para. 14-I . l . 1(a) for track-type side boom tractors tural limitations. Where ratings are limited by structural
and wheel-type side boom tractors shall be in accordance competence or ropedesign factors as shown in para.
with tractor side boomtestingprocedure ANSUSAE 14-1S.I(a), such ratings shall be shown and emphasized
5743. on the rating charts and by listing the special provisions
(d) The effectiveness of these precedingstability of para. 14-3.2.1(c).
factors willbeinfluenced by suchadditional factors (c) Recommendedparts of hoist reeving, size, and
as freely suspended loads, wind or ground conditions, typeofrope for varioushookloadsshallbeshown
condition andinflation of rubber tires, boom lengths, on therating chart and in the operating manual.
operating speeds for existing conditions, and in general, (d) A rating chart shallbeprepared by a qualified
careful and competent operation. Allof theseshall be person for all nonstandard modifications including boom
taken into account by theuser. length.
9

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ASME 630.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

'\
\ /-
Maximum load capacity per SAE J743

4 ft
Boom Overhang, f t (m)

FIG. 3 LOAD RATING CHART

10

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14-1996

Section 14-1.2: Boom Hoist and LoadHoist (2) Loadhoist drums shall haverope capacity
Mechanisms withrecommendedrope size andreevingtoperform
side boom tractor service asdefined in para. 14-0.1,
14-1.2.1 Boom Hoist Mechanism. Whenusing within the range of boom lengths, operating overhang,
recommended boom hoist reeving or hydraulic cylinder andverticalliftsstipulated by the manufacturer.
system, andwithmaximumloadcapacitysuspended, (u) No lessthantwo full wraps of rope shall
theboomhoistmechanismshallbe capable of raising remainonthedrumwhenthehook is in its extreme
or lowering theboom, stopping boommotion,and low working position.
holding it stationary without attention from the operator. (b) The rope end shall be anchored by a clamp
( a ) The boomhoistmechanismshallbeprovided attached to the drum or by a wedge socket arrangement
with a clutch or power engaging device permitting approved by the side boom or rope manufacturer. The
immediate starting or stopping of the boom motion. rope clamp shall be tightened evenly to the manufactur-
The boom hoist mechanism shall also be provided with er’s recommended torque.
a self-setting brake or hydraulicsystem, capable of (c) Drumsshallbeprovidedwith a meansto
supporting themaximumloadcapacity. preventropefrom jumping off the drum.
(b) Brakes and clutches shall be provided with adjust- (3) Diameter of the load hoist drums shall provide
ments where necessary to compensate for wear and to a firstlayerropepitch diameter of no less than 10
maintain adequate force in springs whereused. timesthenominal diameter for therope used.
(c) The boomhoistmechanismshall be provided ( 4 ) Positivemeans, controllable fromthe opera-
withan auxiliary ratchetandpawlor other positive tor’s station, shall be providedtopreventthe drum
locking device, topreventinadvertentlowering of the from rotating in the lowering direction and be capable
boom. of holding the maximum load capacity without further
( d ) The boomhoistdrumshallhavesufficientrope attentionfromthe operator.
capacity to operate theboomatallpositionsfrom (b) Load Hoist Brakes. When power operated brakes,
horizontal tothe highest angle utilizingrecommended havingno continuous mechanical linkage between the
reevingandrope diameter. actuating andbrakingmeans,areused for controlling
(I) No less thantwo full wraps ofropeshall loads, an automatic means shall be provided to prevent
remainonthedrumwithboompointloweredtothe theloadfrom falling in the event of loss of brake
level of the tractor supporting surface. actuating power.
(2) The ropeendshallbeanchored by a clamp (c) Power Controlled Lowering. A power controlled
attached to the drum or by a wedge socket arrangement lowering device shall be capable of handling maximum
approved by the side boom or rope manufacturer. The loadcapacityandspeeds as specified by the manufac-
rope clamp shall be tightened evenly to the manufactur- turer. Such a device is recommended to provide preci-
er’s recommended torque. sion lowering and to reduce demand on the load brake.
( e ) The drum diameter shallprovide a firstlayer
ropepitch diameter ofnotlessthan 10 timesthe 14-1.2.3Adjustments. Brakesand clutches shall
nominal diameter of therope used. be provided with adjustments where necessary to com-
pensate for liningwear.

14-1.2.2 LoadHoist Mechanism


( a ) Loud Hoist Drums. The load hoist drum assem-
bliesshallhavepowerand operational characteristics
toperformallload lifting andlowering functions re- Section14-1.3:Side Boom Tractor Travel
quired in side boom tractor service when operated 14-1.3.1TravelControls. The controls for the
under recommended conditions. travel function shall be located at the operator’s station.
(I) Where brakes and clutches are used to control
themotion of theloadhoist drums, theyshallbe of 14-1.3.2TravelBrakes and Locks. Brakesor
size andthermal capacity tocontrolmaximumload otherlockingmeansshallbeprovidedtoholdthe
capacity withminimumrecommended reeving. (When machine stationary within the limits of traction, during
maximumload capacity is beingloweredwithnear working cycles onlevel grade or while the machine
maximumboomlength on operations involvinglong is standing on maximum grade recommended for travel.
lowering distances, power controlled loweringusually Suchbrakes or locks shallbe arranged toremain in
isnecessary to reducedemandontheload brake.) engagement in event of loss of operating pressure.
11

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ASME 830.14 9b m 0759b70 0574893 983 m

ASME 630.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

Section 14-1.4:Controls (b) Socketing shall be done in the manner specified


by themanufacturer of thewireropeorfitting.
14-1.4.1 Side Boom Operation. All controls (c) If a load is supported by more than one part of
used during normal side boomtractor operations shall rope,thetension in thepartsshallbe equalized.
be located withinreach of the operator whileseated (d) Wherever exposed to temperatures at which fiber
at the operator’s station, and controls shall be labeled cores wouldbe damaged, ropehaving an independent
as to function. wire-rope or wire-stand core, or other temperature-
14-1.4.2 Control Forces and Movement. For damage resistant core shallbeused.
hoisting controls, the following shall be provided:
(a) forces not greater than35lb (155 N) onhand 14-1.5.3ReevingAccessories
levers; (a) Eye splices shallbemade in accordance with
( b ) travel distance onhand levers not greater than manufacturer’srecommendations and rope thimbles
15 in. (380 mm)fromneutralposition ontwo-way shall beused in the eye splices.
levers andnot greater than24 in. (610 mm) on one- (b) Wirerope clips shall be drop-forgedsteel of
way levers. the single saddle (U-bolt) or double saddle type clip.
Malleable cast iron clips shall not be used. For spacing,
14-1.4.3 Power Plant Controls. Controls for op- number of clips, andtorquevalues,refertothe clip
erating thepowerplantshallbewithinreach of the manufacturer’srecommendation.Wireropeclips
operator and shall include the following means: attachedwithU-boltsshallhavetheU-boltoverthe
(a) start and stop deadend of theropeandthelive rope resting in the
( b ) control speed clip saddle. Clips shallbetightenedevenlytothe
(c) emergency stop recommendedtorque.Aftertheinitialload is applied
( d ) shifting selective transmission to therope,the clip nutsshallberetightenedtothe
recommendedtorqueto compensate for any decrease
14-1.4.4EngineClutch. All side boom tractors in ropediametercaused by the load. Rope clip nuts
having mechanicaldrawworksshall be providedwith should be retightenedperiodicallyto compensate for
a means for disengaging powertothedrawworks. any further decrease in rope diameter during usage.
The control shallbewithinreachfromthe operator’s (c) Swaged, compressed, or wedge socket fittings
station. shallbeapplied as recommended by the rope, side
boom tractor, or fittingmanufacturer.
Section 14-1.5:Ropes and Reeving
Accessories 14-1.5.4Sheaves
14-1.5.1 RopeDesignFactors ( a ) Sheave grooves shall be free from surface defects
(a) When supporting rated loads (including load whichcould cause rope damage. The cross-sectional
suspensions): radiusatthebottom ofthe groove shouldbesuch as
( I ) thedesign factor for live or runningropes to form a close-fitting saddle for the size of rope used.
thatwindon dmms or passover sheaves shallbenot The sides of the groove shallbetaperedoutwardand
less than 4.0; rounded at the rim to facilitate entrance of therope
(2) the design factor for boom pendants orstanding intothe groove. Flangerimsshall run trueaboutthe
ropesshallbenot less than 3.5. axis of rotation.
(6) When supporting themaximumload capacity ( b ) Sheaves carrying ropes which can be momentarily
(including load suspensions) [refer to para. 14-1.1.3(b)], unloadedshallbeprovided with close-fittings guards
the special provisions of para. 14-3.2.1(c) shall be or other suitable devicesto guide therope back into
followed. the groove whentheloadisapplied again.
(c) The design factors specified above shall be deter- ( c ) Sheaves in the lower load block shall be equipped
mined on the basis of the manufacturer’s ratings, with withclose-fitting guards thatwillpreventropesfrom
approved reeving, published nominal breaking strength becoming fouled when the block is lying on the ground
ofnew ropes, andwithloadandboomstationary. withropesloose.
(d) Meansshall be providedtopreventchafing of
14-1.5.2Ropes theropes.
(a) The hoist rope shall be of a construction recom- ( e ) All sheave bearings shall be provided with means
mended for side boom tractor service. Rotation resistant for lubrication. Permanentlylubricatedbearingsare
rope shallnotbeused. acceptable.
12

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 630.14-1996

14-1.5.5 Sheave Sizes steps, and weight-supporting capability of the cab roof
(a) Boom hoisting sheaves shall have pitch diameters shall conform to the requirements of ANSI/SAE 5185.
of not less than 10 timesthenominal diameter of the
rope used. 14-1.6.5 Noise Exposure. The noiselevelatthe
(6) Load hoisting sheaves shall have pitch diameters operator’s station shall be a consideration in the manu-
of not less than 10 times the nominal diameter of the facture ofnew tractors.
rope used.
(c) Loadblock sheaves shallhavepitch diameters
of not less than 10 times the nominal diameter of the Section14-1.7:GeneralRequirements
rope used. 14-1.7.1Booms
(a) Boom stops shallbeprovided.
Section 14-1.6:Cabs (6) Automatic means shall be provided to stop boom
motionwhenthemaximum permissible boom angle is
14-1.6.1Construction
reached.
( a ) Cabs, if provided, shall be constructed to enclose
(c) Boomsshallmeettheperformance requirements
the operator’s station toprovideprotectionfromthe
of side boomtests in ANSVSAE 5743.
weather, and shall include all boom and tractor controls.
( h ) Windows or openings shallbeprovided in the 14-1.7.2ExhaustGases. Engine exhaust gases
cab or operator’s compartment on all four sides of the shall be piped to the outside of the cab and discharged
cab for maximum visibility. in a direction awayfrom the operator. All exhaust
( c ) All cab glazing shallbesafety glazing material pipesshallbeguarded or insulated in areas where
as defined in ANSI 226.1 contact by personnelisprobableinthe performance
(d) Visibility on theboom side of the cab shallbe of normal duties.
suchthat the uppermost point of theboomisvisible
at all times. 14-1.7.3Stabilizers (Wheel-Type Side Boom
( e ) If a congested operator’s station precludes a cab Tractors)
having doors on both sides, a second exit shall be
(a) Meansshallbeprovidedtoholdall stabilizers
provided.
(f) All cab doors, whether of sliding or swinging in theretractedpositionwhile traveling and in the
type, shall berestrainedfrominadvertent opening or extended position when blocked for lifting. When stabi-
closing while traveling or operating themachine.The lizers areused,all stabilizers shallbe extended.
door adjacent to the operator, if the swinging type, (6) Power-actuated jacks, where used, shall be pro-
should open outward and, if theslidingtype,should vided with means to prevent loss of support under load.
slide rearwardto open. (c) Each stabilizer shall be visible from its actuating
(g) A clear passagewayshallbeprovidedfromthe location.
operator’s station to an exit door on the operator’s side. (d) Meansshall be providedfor fastening stabilizer
floatsto stabilizers when in use.
14-1.6.2 Platforms
( a ) Principalwalking surfaces shallbe of a skid 14-1.7.4 Welded Construction. All welding pro-
resistant type. cedures and welding operator qualifications to be used
(b) Outside platforms, if furnished, shall be. provided onload sustaining membersshallbe in accordance
with guardrails in accordance withANSVSAE5185. withANSYAWSD14.3.Wherespecial steels or other
Where platforms are too narrowto use guardrails, materials are used, the manufacturer shall provide weld-
handholdsshallbeprovidedatpointsabovethe ing procedures.
platform. 14-1.7.5Guardsfor Moving Parts
14-1.6.3 Access. On allcrawlerandwheel- (a) Exposed moving parts such as gears, set screws,
mounted side boom tractors, handholds and steps shall projecting keys, chain sprockets, and reciprocating parts
be provided, as needed,to facilitate entrance toand which constitute a hazard,shall be guarded.
exit from the operator’s cab. (b) Guardsshallbe fastened.
(c) Each guard shall be capable of supporting without
14-1.6.4Cab Roof. Wherenecessary for rigging permanentdistortiontheweight of a 200 lb (90 kg)
or service requirements, a ladder or stepsshallbe personunlesstheguardislocatedwhere it isnot
provided to give access to acab roof. The ladder, probablethat a person will step on it.
13

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~~

ASME B 3 0 - L 4 9b
0759b70 0574893 75b

ASME 630.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

14-1.7.6Clutch and BrakeProtection. Fric-


tionbrakesand clutches shallbeprovidedwith rain
guards.
14-1.7.7LubricatingPoints. Lubricating points
should be accessible without the necessity of removing
guards.

14-1.7.8 MiscellaneousEquipment
Tool Box. A receptacle should be secured permanently
to the side boom tractor for storing tools and lubricating
equipment.

14

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14-1996

Chapter 14-2
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

Section 14-2.1:Inspection (c) The followingitemsshall be inspected:


( I ) operating mechanisms for proper operation,
14-2.1.I Inspection Classification proper adjustment - daily, when in use;
( a ) Initial Inspection. Priortoinitialuse,allnew, (2) safetydevices for proper operations;
reinstalled, altered, or modified side boom tractors shall ( 3 ) lines, tanks, valves, pumps, and other parts of
be inspected by a designated person to verify compliance air or hydraulic systems for leaks - daily, when in use;
withthe provisions of thisvolume. (4) hooks in accordance with ASME B30.10, Fre-
(b) Inspection procedure for side boomtractors in quent Inspections;
regular service is divided into two general classifications (5) hook latches, if used, for proper operation -
based uponthe intervals atwhichinspectionshould daily, when in use;
be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon (6) hoist rope in accordance with para. 14-2.4.1(a);
the nature of the critical components of the side boom (7) electricalapparatus for proper operation, and
tractor and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterio- evidence of excessive deterioration, dirt, and moisture
ration, ormalfunction. The twogeneralclassifications accumulation;
are herein designated as frequent and periodic, with (8) pendant cables, including end connections, for
respective intervals between inspection as defined below. wear (as defined), brokenwires, stretch, kinking or
( I ) Frequent Inspection. Visualexamination by twisting;
the operator or other designated personnel with records (9) ropereeving for compliance with side boom
not required. manufacturer’s recommendations.
(a) Normal service - monthly
(b) Heavy service - weeklytomonthly
(c) Severe service - dailytoweekly 14-2.1.3PeriodicInspection. Complete inspec-
( d ) Specialorinfrequentservice isrecom- tions of the side boom tractor shall be performed
mended by a qualified individual before and after each at intervals, asdefined in para. 14-2.l.l(b)(2). Any
occurrence. deficiencies,such as listed,shallbe examined and
(2) Periodic Inspection. Visualinspection byan determinationmadeastowhetherthey constitute a
appointed personmakingrecords of apparentexternal hazard. These inspections shall include the requirements
conditions to provide the basis for a continuing evalu- of para. 14-2.1.2and, in addition, itemssuch as the
ation. following:
(a) Normal service - annually ( a ) deformed, cracked, or corroded members;
(b) Heavy service - semi-annually (b) loose bolts or rivets;
(c) Severe service [as in (b)] - quarterly ( c ) cracked or worn sheaves and drums;
( d ) Special or infrequent service as authorized (dl worn, cracked, or distorted partssuch as pins,
by a qualified person before the first such occurrence and bearings, shafts, gears, rollers, and locking and clamping
as directed by the qualified person for any subsequent devices;
occurrences. ( e ) excessive wearonbrakesystem parts, linings,
pawls, and ratchets;
14-2.1.2FrequentInspection (f) gasoline, diesel, electric or other power plants
(a) Frequent inspections shall be performed at inter- for improper performance or noncompliance with other
valsdefined in para. 14-2.I.l(b)( 1) andshallinclude applicable standards;
observations during operation. ( 8 ) excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and
(b) A designated personshall determine whether excessive chain stretch;
conditions found during theinspection constitute a (h) travel steering, braking, and locking devices, for
hazardand whether a more detailed inspectionis re- malfunction;
quired. ( i ) excessivelyworn or damaged tires or wheels.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~

ASME 830.14 96 m O759670 0574895 529 m

ASME 830.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

14-2.1.4 Side Boom Tractors Not in Regular (2) boomthe side boom tractor up anddown
Use withintheworkingload overhang;
(a) A side boomtractorwhich hasbeenidle for a (3) travel with thetestload a distance sufficient
period of one monthormore, but lessthanoneyear, to provetheability ofthe side boomto support the
shall be given aninspection conforming with the require- testload.
ments of paras. 14-2.1.2 and 14-2.4.1(c) beforebeing ( c ) No side boomtractorshallbererated in excess
placed in service. of the original load ratings unless such rating changes
(b) Standby side boomsshallbeinspected at least are approved by the side boomtractor manufacturer.
semiannually in accordance withtherequirements of
paras. 14-2.1.2and 14-2.4.1(c), and
exposed
if to Section 14-2.3: Maintenance
adverse environment, should be inspectedmore fre-
quently. 14-2.3.1 Preventative Maintenance
(a) A preventativemaintenanceprogram should be
14-2.1.5 Inspection Records. Datedinspection establishedandbebased on the side boom tractor
reports and records shall bemademonthlyoncritical manufacturer’s or a qualified person’s recommendation.
items in usesuch as brakes, hooks,andropes.Dated Datedrecordsshould bekeptwherereadily available
records should be kept wherereadilyavailable to ap- to appointed personnel.
pointed personnel. (b) Replacementparts shall beat least equal tothe
original manufacturer’s specifications.
Section 14-2.2: Testing
14-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure
14-2.2.1 Operational Testing (a) Before adjustments and repairs are started on a
( a ) Prior to initial use, allnew, altered, or modified side boom tractor,the following precautions shallbe
side boom tractors shallbetested by a designated takenas applicable:
person to verify compliance with this volume including (I) side boom tractor placedwhere it will cause
the following functions; the least interference with other equipment or operations
( I ) lifting and lowering; in the area;
(2) boomupand down; (2) all controls at the manufacturer’s recommended
( 3 ) limit devices, suchasboomstopsshouldbe position;
tested by raising the boom slowly until the boom stop (3) starting meansrendered inoperative, except
prevents further raising of theboom. whenrequired for repairs;
(b) Prior to initial use, a repaired side boom tractor (4) warningor out of order signs placedonthe
shall be tested. Testing may be limited to the function(s) side boom tractor;
affected by the repair. (5) powerplantstopped or disconnectedat
take-off;
14-2.2.2 Rated LoadTest ( 6 ) boom loweredtothe ground, if possible, or
(a) Prior toinitialuse: otherwise secured against dropping;
(I) Allnew side boom tractors shallbetested (7) lowerloadblocklowered to the ground, if
and all altered or modified side boom tractors shall be possible, or otherwise secured against dropping.
testedandinspected by or underthe direction of a ( b ) After adjustments andrepairshavebeenmade,
qualified person. A written test report shall be prepared the side boomtractorshallnotbereturned to service
by thequalifiedpersonandplacedonfile. Test loads untilall guards havebeen reinstalled, safety devices
shall not exceed 1 10% of the manufacturer’s maximum reactivated,andmaintenance equipment removed.
load capacity and shall not exceed tipping load at any
selectedworkingload overhang. 14-2.3.3 Adjustments and Repairs
(2) The need for testing of repaired side boom (a) Any hazardous conditions, disclosed by the in-
tractors shallbe determined by a qualifiedperson. spection requirements of para. 14-2. I , shall be corrected
When a ratedloadtestis required, testingshallbe in beforenormaloperation of the side boom tractor is
accordance with para. 14-2.2.2(a)(I). resumed.Adjustmentsand repairs shall be done only
(b) Ratedloadtestshall consist of thefollowing by designatedpersonnel.
operations as a minimum requirement: ( b ) Adjustments shall be maintained to assure correct
( I ) hoistthetestload to assure thattheload is functioning of components. The following are examples:
supported by the side boomtractorandheld by the (I) allfunctional operating mechanisms;
hoist brake(s); (2) limit devices;
16

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14-1996

(3) control systems; be noted and determination made as to whether further


( 4 ) brakes. use of the rope would constitute a hazard:
(c) Repairs or replacements shall be made as needed. ( I ) reduction of rope diameter belownominal
The following are examples: diameter due to loss of core support, internal or external
( I ) Side boom tractor hooksshowing defects de- corrosion, or wear of outside wires;
scribed in para. 14-2.1.2(~)(4)and ASME B30.10 shall (2) a number of broken outside wiresandthe
be taken out of service. Repairs by welding or reshaping degree of distribution or concentration of such broken
are not recommended. Repairsshall be done under wires;
supervision by a qualifiedpersonandthehookshall ( 3 ) worn outside wires;
betestedtotheload requirement of para. 14-2.2.1 ( 4 ) corrodedorbrokenwires at end connections;
before further use. (5) corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly
( 2 ) load attachment chains and rope slings having appliedend connections;
any of the conditions described in para. 14-2.1.2(~)(8); (6) kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding.
(3) All critical partswhich are cracked, broken, (b) Heavywearorbrokenwiresmay occur in sec-
bent, or excessively worn. tions in contact with equalizer sheaves or other sheaves
(dl If repairs of loadsustainingmembersaremade where rope travel is limited, or with saddles. Care shall
by welding, identification of materialsshallbemade betakentoinspectropesat these locations.
and appropriate welding procedureshallbe followed. (c) Allropewhichhasbeen idle for a period of a
month or moredue to shutdown or storage of a side
14-2.3.4 Lubrication boom tractor onwhichitisinstalled shall be given a
(a) A lubrication chart should be availableonthe thorough inspection before it is placed in service. This
side boom tractor. inspectionshallbe for alltypes of deterioration and
( b ) All movingparts of the side boom tractor for shall be performed by an appointed or authorized person
which lubrication is specified, including rope and chain, whoseapprovalshallberequired for further useof
should be regularly lubricated. Lubricating systems the rope. A datedreport of therope condition shall
should be checked for properdelivery of lubricant. be filed.
Care should be taken to follow recommendations of the (d) Care shall be taken in the inspection of rotation
manufacturer as to points and frequency of lubrication, resistant rope.
maintenance of lubricant levels, and types of lubricant ( e ) Anynewpoured socket or swaged socket assem- (96)
to be used. If the manufacturer cannot supplythis bly
usedas a standingrope (guy) shall be proof
information a qualifiedperson should be consulted. tested to the side boom tractor or fitting manufacturer’s
(c) Machineryshall be stationarywhilelubricants recommendation,but in no case greater than 50% of
are being applied and protection provided as called for the component wire rope’s orstructural strand’s nominal
in paras. 14-2.3.2(a)(2) through 14-2.3.2(a)(5), unless strength.
equipped for automatic lubrication.

14-2.4.2 RopeReplacement
Section 14-2.4: RopeInspection, (a) No precise rules can be given for determination
Replacement, and oftheexacttime for rope replacement, since many
Maintenance variable factors are involved. Once a rope reaches any
one of the specified removal criteria, it may be allowed
14-2.4.1 RopeInspection tooperate totheend of thework shift, basedon the
( a ) All runningropes in continuous service shall be judgment of a qualifiedperson. The ropeshall be
visually inspected once each working day. An inspection replaced after thatwork shift, attheendof the day,
of all ropes shall be made at least monthly and a dated or at the latest time prior to the equipment being used
report of rope condition keptonfilewhereavailable by thenextworkshift.
to appointed personnel. All inspections shall be per- ( b ) Removalcriteria for rope replacement shall be
formed by an appointed person. Sections of rope which as follows:
are normally hidden during visualandmaintenance (1) in running ropes, six randomly distributed bro-
inspection, such as partspassing over sheaves, should ken wires in onelayor three brokenwires in one
be given close inspection asthesearepointsmost strand in one lay;
likely to fail. Any deterioration resulting in appreciable (2) wear of one-third the original diameter of
loss of original strength, such as described below, shall outside individual wires;
17

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30.14 96 m 0759670 0574897 3Tl

ASME 830.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

( 3 ) kinking, crushing, birdcaging,orany other manufacturer, unless otherwise recommended by a rope


damage resulting in distortion of therope structure; manufacturer or a qualified person due to actual working
( 4 ) evidence of heat damage; condition requirements.
( 5 ) reductions from nominal diameter of more than (f) Discardedropeshouldnotbeused for slings.
in. (0.4 mm) for diameters uptoandincluding
14-2.4.3 RopeMaintenance
5/16 in. (7.9 mm), l/32 in. (0.8 mm) for diameters 3/8
(a) Ropeshould be storedtoprevent damage or
in. (9.5 mm) up
to
and including in. (13 mm),
deterioration.
3/h4 in. (1.2 mm) for diameters 9/16 in. (14.3 mm) up
( b ) Unreeling or uncoiling of rope shall be done as
toand including 3/4 in. (19 mm), in. (1.6mm) for
recommended by the rope manufacturer(s) or a qualified
diameters in. (22
mm)
up
to
andincluding
personand with care toavoidkinking or inducing
1 in. (29 mm),and 3/32in. (2.4 mm) for diameters a twist.
I '/4 in. (32 mm) up to and including 11/2 in. (38 mm); (c) Before cutting a rope,meansshall beusedto
(6) in standing ropes, more than two broken wires preventunlaying of the strands.
in one lay in sections beyond end connections, or more (d) During installation, care should be observedto
than one brokenwireat an end connection. avoid dragging the rope in dirt or around objects which
(c) Broken wire removal criteria cited in this volume will scrape, nick, crush, or induce sharp bends.
apply towirerope operating on steel sheaves and (e) Ropeshouldbemaintained in a well-lubricated
drums. The user shall contact the sheave, drum, or condition.Lubricantappliedaspart of a maintenance
side boom tractor manufacturer, or a qualifiedperson program shall be compatible with the original lubricant
for broken wire removal criteria for wire ropes operating and the rope manufacturer should be consulted. Lubri-
on sheaves and drums made of material other than steel. cant applied shall be of the type which does not hinder
(d) In order to establish data as a basis of judging visual inspection. Those sections of ropewhichare
the proper time for replacement, a continuing inspection located over sheaves or otherwise hidden during inspec-
record should be maintained. This recordshall cover tionandmaintenance procedures require special atten-
points of deterioration listed in para.14-2.4.1. tion when lubricating rope.. The object of rope lubrica-
( e ) Replacement rope shall bethe same size, grade, tionistoreduceinternalfrictionand to prevent
and construction as the original rope furnished by the corrosion.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B3Oml1L1 96 m 0759b700574898 238 m

SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14-1996

Chapter 14-3
Operation

Section 14-3.1: Operator Qualificationsand (c) The operator shall respond to signals only from
Operating Practices theappointedsignalpersonbutshallobey a STOP
signal at anytime,nomatterwho gives it.
14-3.1.1 Operators (d) Each operator shallberesponsible for those
(a) Side boom tractors shall be operatedonly by
operations under the operator’s direct control. Whenever
the following personnel:
thereisanydoubt as to safety, the operator shall
( I ) designated persons;
consult with the supervisor before handling the loads.
(2) trainees under the direct supervision of a desig-
( e ) If a warningsignal is furnished, it shall be
nated person;
sounded each timebefore traveling, and intermittently
(3) maintenance andtest personnel, whenitis
duringtravel,particularly when approaching work-
necessary in the performance of their duties.
persons.
( b ) No one, other thanpersonnelspecified in para.
(f) Before leaving the side boom tractor unattended,
14-3.1.1(a), shall enter the operator station, withthe
exception of personssuch as maintenancepersonnel the operator shall:
and supervisors, whose duties requirethem to do so, ( I ) land any attached load, bucket, lifting magnet,
and thenonly in the performance of theirdutiesand or other device, if practical;
with the knowledge of the operator or other appointed (2) disengage clutch;
personnel. ( 3 ) set travel brakes, boom brakes, and other lock-
ing devices;
( 4 ) put controls in the off position;
14-3.1.2 Operator Qualifications (5) stop the engine;
(a) When required by law, operators shall be required (6) secure the side boom tractor against inadvertent
to pass a practical operating examination. Examinations travel;
shall belimitedtothespecifictypeequipmentthat a (7) lowerthe boomto the ground level or other-
personwill operate. wise secure it against displacement by wind, loads or
( 6 ) Operators shall meetthefollowingphysicalre- other outside forces.
quirements: (8)If there is a warning sign on the switch or engine
(1) havevisionof at least 20/30 Snellen in one starting controls, the operator shall not close the switch
eye, and 20/50 in the other, with or without corrective or startthe engine until it isremoved by authority of
lenses; thepersonwhoplacedthesignonthe machine.
(2) be able to distinguish red, green, and yellow, (h) The operator shall verify that all controls are in
regardless of position of colors, if color differentiation a positionrecommended by the manufacturer andall
is required for operation; personnel are in the clear before starting the engine.
( 3 ) Hearing, with or without hearing aid, must be
( i ) If power fails during operation, the operator shall:
adequate for thespecific operation.
( I ) setallbrakesandlocking devices;
( 4 ) A history of epilepsy or of a disabling heart
(2) moveallclutchor other power controls to
condition shallbesufficientreason for the operator’s
the off position;
disqualification.
(3) If practical,thesuspendedload should be
landedunderbrake control.
14-3.1.3 Operating Practices (j) The operator shall be familiar with the equipment
( a ) The operator shallnot engage in anypractice and its proper care. If adjustments or repairs are neces-
whichwill divert hisattentionwhileactuallyengaged sary, or any defects are known, the operator shall report
in operating the side boom tractor. thesamepromptly totheappointedpersonwhoshall
(b) Whenphysicallyor otherwise unfit, an operator be responsible for the operation and maintenance repairs
shall not engage in the operation of the equipment. of the side boom tractor. The operator shall also notify
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~~
~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~

ASME B30-L4
0759b70
96 0574899174 D

ASME 830.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

the next operator of any remaining, uncorrected defects (4) If thereis a slackrope condition, it should
upon changing shifts. be determinedthatthe rope isproperly seated on the
(k) All controls shall be tested by theoperator at drumand in the sheaves.
the start of a new shift. If any controls do not operate (c) During lifting, care shouldbetaken that:
properly, theyshallbeadjusted or repairedbefore ( I ) there is no sudden acceleration or deceleration
operations are begun. of themovingload;
(1) Booms which are being assembled or disassem- (2) theload does not contact any obstructions.
bledonthe ground, with or withoutsupport ofthe (d) Side loading of booms should be limited to freely
boom harness, should beblockedtopreventdropping suspended loads.
of theboomandboom sections. ( e ) The operator shall not lift, lower, or travel while
anyone is on theload or hook, except when thehook
is attachedtolandedpipeplaced in trench.
(f) The operatorshouldavoid carrying loads over
people.
Section 14-3.2:Handling the Load (g) The operator shall test the load and boom brakes
14-3.2.1Weight of Load each time a load approaching the rated load is handled.
( a ) No side boom tractor shall be loadedbeyond (h) If equipped by the manufacturer, stabilizers shall
the maximumload capacity, except for test purposes be used when the load is to be handled at that particular
as provided in para. 14-2.2. load overhang exceeds the rated load without stabilizers
( b ) When loads which are limited by structural com- as specified by the manufacturer. Where floats are used,
petence rather than by stability are to be handled,the they shallbeattachedtothe stabilizers. Wood blocks
person responsible for the job shallascertainthatthe usedtosupport stabilizers shall be:
weightoftheload hasbeendeterminedwithin 210% (1) strongenoughtoprevent crushing, bending,
beforeitislifted. or shear failure;
( c ) When the load lifted results in design factors of (2) of such thickness, width,andlength as to
less than 4.0 for runningropesor 3.5 for standing completelysupportthefloat, transmit theloadtothe
ropes, the requirements listedbelowshall bemet: supportingsurface, and prevent shifting, toppling, or
(I) an inspection prior toandfollowingthe lift excessive settlementunder load;
reveals no deficiencies of therope,per para. 14-2.4; (3) usedonlyunderthe outer bearing surface of
(2) the maximum load capacity of the side boom theextended stabilizer beam.
is not exceeded; ( i ) Neither the load nor the boom shall be lowered
( 3 ) the load can be and is handled in such manner below the point where less than two full wraps of rope
and at such speeds as tominimizedynamic effects; remainontheirrespective drums.
(4) the lift and inspections aremadeunder con- ( j ) Whentwoormore side boom tractors are used
trolled conditions underthe direction of a qualified to lift one load, one designated person shall be responsi-
person. ble for operation. He shall analyze theoperationand
instruct all personnel involved in the proper positioning,
14-3.2.2 Attaching the Load rigging ofthe load,andthemovements to bemade.
( u ) The hoistropeshallnot be wrappedaround ( k ) In transit, the following additionalprecaution
theload. shallbe exercised: theemptyhookshallbelashed or
(b) The load shall be attached to the hook by means otherwise restrained so that it cannot swing freely.
of slings or other devices. (r) Beforetraveling a side boom tractor withload,
a qualified person shall be responsible for determining
14-3.2.3 Moving the Load and controlling safety. Decisionssuchasposition of
(a) The individual directing the lift shall seethat load,boomlocation,ground support, travel route, and
the load is secured and balanced in the sling or lifting speed of movement shall be in accord with that person’s
device before it is liftedmorethan a fewinches. determinations.
( b ) Before starting to lift, notethefollowing condi- (m) When a side boom tractoristobeoperatedat
tions. a fixed boom overhang, the bottom hoist pawl or other
( I ) Hoistropeshallnotbekinked. positivelocking device shall be engaged.
(2) Multiple-part lines shall not be twisted around
each other. 14-3.2.4Holding the Load
( 3 ) The hook shall be brought over theload in (u) The operator shall not leavethe controls while
such a manner as to prevent swinging. theloadis suspended.
20

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0574900 7 L b H

SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME B30.14-1996

(b) Asan exception to para. 14-3.2.4(a), under such TABLE 1 REQUIREDCLEARANCE FOR
circumstances where a load is tobeheldsuspended NORMAL VOLTAGE IN OPERATION NEAR HIGH
for a period of time exceeding normal lifting operations, VOLTAGE POWER LINES AND OPERATION IN
the operator may leavethe controls, provided prior to TRANSIT WITH NO LOAD AND BOOM OR
MAST LOWERED
that timethe appointed individual and operator shall
establish the requirements for restraining the boom Normal
Voltage,
kV Minimum Required
and load. (Phase to Phase)
Clearance, ft (ml
(c) No personshouldbepermittedtostand or pass When operating near high voltage power lines
under a suspended load. to 50 10 (3.05)
(4.60) 15 Over 50 to 200
Over 200 t o 350 20 (6.10)
Section14-3.3: Signals Over 350 t o 500 (7.62) 25
(10.67) 35 Over 500 t o 750
14-3.3.1Standard Signals.(12.80) Standardsignalsto 42 Over 750 to 1000
the operator shallbe in accordance withthe standards
prescribed in para. 14-3.3.2 unless voice communication While in transit with no load, and boom or mast lowered
equipment (telephone, radio, or equivalent) is utilized. to 0.75 4 (1.22)
Signals shall be discernible or audible at all times. No Over 0.75 t o 50 6 (1.83)
Over
(3.05)5010t o 345
response shall be made unless signals are understood. Over
(4.88) 16to 750
345
Over
(6.10) to 1000
75020
14-3.3.2 Hand Signals. Hand Signals shallbe in
accordance with Fig. 4 andshallbepostedconspicu-
ously.
14-3.3.3 Special Signals. For operations not cov- ( I ) For lines rated 50 kV or below,minimum
ered by para. 14-3.3.2 or for special conditions that clearance betweenthelinesandanypartofthe side
occur from time to time, additionstoormodifications boom tractor or load (including handling appendages)
of the standard signals may be required. In such cases shall be 10 ft (3.0 m). For higher voltages, see Table 1.
these special signals shallbeagreed on in advance by (2) Caution shall be exercised when working near
the operator andthe signalperson andshouldnot be overhead lines because theycanmovehorizontally or
in conflict withstandard signals. vertically due to wind, moving the danger zone to new
positions.
14-3.3.4 Instructions. If it is desiredto give in-
(3) In transit with no load and boom lowered, the
structions to the operator, other thanprovided by the
established signal system, the side boom tractor motions clearance shall beas specified in Table 1.
( 4 ) A qualified signalperson shallbe assigned to
shall be stopped.
observe the clearance and give warning before ap-
proachingthe above limits.
Section14-3.4: Miscellaneous ( b ) Beforethe commencement of operations near
electrical lines, the person responsible for the job shall
14-3.4.1 Counterweight. Counterweights shall be notifytheowners of the lines or their authorized
used in accordance withthe manufacturer’s specifica- representative,providingthem with allpertinent infor-
tions. mationandrequestingtheir cooperation.
14-3.4.2 Operating Near Electric Power Lines (c) Any overhead wire shall be considered to be an
( a ) Side boom tractors shall be operated so thatno energized line unless and until the person owning such
part of the side boomtractor or load enters intothe lineorthe electrical utility authorities verifythat it is
Danger Zoneshown in Fig. 5. notan energized line.
Exceptions: (d) Exceptions to this procedure, if approved by the
The Danger Zone may beentered if theelectrical owner of theelectricallines, maybe granted by the
distribution andtransmissionlineshavebeendeener- administrative or regulatory authority if the alternate
gized and visibly grounded at thepoint of work, or procedure provides sufficient protection and is set forth
The Danger Zone may be entered if insulating barriers in writing.
(nota part of noran attachment to the side boom ( e ) If cage-type boom guards, insulating links, or
tractor) havebeen erected topreventphysical contact proximitywarningdevices are usedon side boom
withthe lines. tractors, such devices shallnotbe a substitute for the
21

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

requirements of para.14-3.4.2(a)even if such devices


are required bylaw or regulation. Limitations of such
devices shall be understood by operating personnel and
tested in themannerprescribed by the manufacturer
of the device.
(fiDurable signs shall be installed atthe operator’s
stationandonthe outside of the side boomtractor,
warning that electrocution or serious bodily injury may
occur unless a minimum clearance of 10 ft (3.0 m) is
maintainedbetweenthe side boom tractor or theload
being handled and energized power lines. Greater clear-
ances are required because of higher voltage as stated
in para. 14-3.4.2(a)(I). Signsshall berevisedbutnot
removed when local jurisdiction requires greater clear-
ances.
14-3.4.3Refueling
(a) When refueling with a smallportable container,
it shallbe a safety-type canequippedwith automatic
closing cap andflame arrester.
(6) Gasoline powered machines shall not be refueled
withthe engine running.
( c ) Smoking or openflamesshall be prohibited in
therefuelingarea.
14-3.4.4 Fire Extinguishers
(a) A portablefire extinguisher, with a minimum
extinguisher rating of 10 BC, shallbeinstalled in the
cab or at themachinery housing.
(b) Operating andmaintenancepersonnelshall be
familiar withtheuseand care of the fire extinguisher
provided.

22

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SIDE BOOM TRACTORS ASME 830.14-1996

1t
HOIST
With forearm vertical, fore-
finger pointing up, move hand
in small horizontal circle.
LOW E R
With arm extended downward,
forefinger pointing down, move
hand in small horizontal circles.
STOP
Arm extended, palm down,
move arm back and forth.

II EMERGENCY STOP RAISE BOOM LOWER BOOM


Both arms extended, palms Arm extended, fingersclosd, Arm extended, fingers closed,
down, move arms back and thumb pointingupward. thumb pointing downward.
forth.

MOVE SLOWLY
Useone hand to giveany RAISE THE BOOM AND LOWER THE BOOM A N D
motion signal and place other LOWER THE LOAD RAISE THE LOAD
hand motionless in front of With armextended, thumb With armextended, thumb
hand giving themotion signal. pointing up, flex fingers in pointing down, flex fingers
(Hoist slowly shown as and out as long as load in and out as long as load
examole.) movement is desired. movement i s desired.

FIG. 4 STANDARD HAND SIGNALS FOR CONTROLLING


SIDE BOOM TRACTOR OPERATIONS

23

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~~

ASME 630.14-1996 SIDE BOOM TRACTORS

T R A V E L (One Track) TRAVEL (Both Tracks)


Lock the track on side indicated
U s both fists in frontof body,
by raised fist. Travel opposite
making a circularmotion about
track in direction indicated by
each other, indicating direction
circular motion of other fist,
related vertically in front of body.
of travel - forward or backward.

EXTEND BOOM RETRACT BOOM


(Telescoping Boom) (Telescoping Boom)
One-hand signal. Onefist in One-hand signal. Onefist in
front of chest with thumb front ofchest, thumb point-
tapping chest. ing outward and heel of fist
tapping chest.

DOG EVERYTHING
Clasp hands in front ofbody.

FIG. 4 STANDARD HAND SIGNALS FOR CONTROLLING


SIDE BOOM TRACTOR OPERATIONS (CONT'D)

24

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~~ ~ ~

ASME B 3 0 - L 4 96 0759670
0574904 361

ASME SIDE BOOM TRACTORS 630.14-1996

This area should be avoided.

GENERAL NOTE: For minimum radial distance of danger zone, see para. 14-3.4.2.

FIG. 5 DANGER ZONE FOR SIDE BOOM TRACTORS AND LIFTED LOADS OPERATING NEAR
ELECTRICAL TRANSMISSION LINES

25

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services

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