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Read Me Sheet

Toolbox on Solar Powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Introduction
DESIGN – Pump Sizing Tool
This tool allows for the calculation of pumping head, the required solar PV module capacity and selects suitable p
technologies. It is particularly relevant for the module DESIGN of the Toolbox.

Overview

This tool comprises the following sheets:


1. Pumping head calculation: to add various values relevant for calculating the total pumping hea
including friction losses from the irrigation system
2. Photovoltaic pump sizing to add various values relevant for calculating the SPIS system size
module area

Tips & Tricks


This sheets in this tool are linked and values are automatically calculated and transfered between the sheets
Enter values only into white/blank cells
This tool contains numerous critical formulas or calculations in coloured cells.
No entry (coloured) cells are password protected. Password: GIZ

About
Published by: GIZ & FAO
Resposible: GIZ project Sustainable Energy for Food - Powering Agriculture
Contact: Powering.Agriculture@giz.de
Download link: https://energypedia.info/wiki/Toolbox_on_SPIS
About: Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development: https://poweringag.org
Version: 1.0 (January 2017)

The Toolbox on Solar Powered Irrigation Systems is made possible through the global initiative
Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development (PAEGC). In 2012, the United
States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Swedish International Development
Cooperation Agency (Sida), the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and
Development (BMZ), Duke Energy, and the Overseas Private Investment Cooperation (OPIC)
combined resources to create the PAEGC initiative. The objective of PAEGC is to support new and
sustainable approaches to accelerate the development and deployment of clean energy solutions for
increasing agriculture productivity and/or value for farmers and agribusinesses in developing
countries and emerging regions that lack access to reliable, affordable clean energy.
The Toolbox on Solar Powered Irrigation Systems is made possible through the global initiative
Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development (PAEGC). In 2012, the United
States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Swedish International Development
Cooperation Agency (Sida), the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and
Development (BMZ), Duke Energy, and the Overseas Private Investment Cooperation (OPIC)
combined resources to create the PAEGC initiative. The objective of PAEGC is to support new and
sustainable approaches to accelerate the development and deployment of clean energy solutions for
increasing agriculture productivity and/or value for farmers and agribusinesses in developing
countries and emerging regions that lack access to reliable, affordable clean energy.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply
the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organizations of the
United Nations (FAO), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH or any
of the PAEGC Founding Partners concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory,
city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The
mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been
patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO, GIZ, or any of the
PAEGC Founding Partners in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The
views expressed in this information product are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the
views or policies of FAO, GIZ, or any of the PAEGC Founding Partners.

FAO, GIZ and the PAEGC Founding Partners encourage the use, reproduction and dissemination of
material in this information product. Except where otherwise indicated, material may be copied,
downloaded and printed for private study, research and teaching purposes, or for use in non-
commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO and GIZ as the
source and copyright holder is given.

© GIZ and FAO, 2017


and selects suitable pump
olbox.

the total pumping head,


tem
the SPIS system size and PV

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DESIGN – Pump Sizing Tool

Determination of Pumping Head Basic assum

Htotal Total Dynamic Head


Hs Static Water Level 2 m Pipe diameter:
D Drawdown 1 m Sun hours:
He Elevation Difference Well/Tank 15 m Daily water:
Ht Height of Tank Inlet 1 m Pipe length:
Ho Height of Tank Outlet 0 m
HI Head Loss in Pipeline 1 m
Hfi Head Loss in Fittings 0.1 m Volume flow:
Hm Head Loss in Water Meter 2 m
Hf Head Loss in Filter/Fertigation 2 m Pipe size conver
Hirrig Pressure Irrigation System 5 m inch
Irrigation scheme pressure requirement 0.5 bar 1/2
3/4
Estimation of pressure requirements Micro Sprinkler 0.5-2 bar 1
Sprinkler 2-5 bar 1 1/4
Pivot 1-3 bar Traveling gun 2-8 bar 1 1/2
Drip 0.5-3 bar Flood 0 bar 2

Direct feed

Htotal = Hs + D + He + Hm + Hf + Hl + Hirrig 27.8 m


mp Sizing Tool

Basic assumptions 50 Fittings in the piping

ameter: inch Fitting type Quantity


urs: 5.5 h 32º Elbow 0
ater: 35.00 m³ 22.5º Elbow 0
ngth: 50 m 11.25º Elbow 0
Gate Valve 0
90º Elbow 3
6.36 m³/h Tee 0
Reducer 0
Pipe size conversion table Gate Valve 0
cm inch cm Check valve 0
15 2 1/2 65
20 3 80
25 4 100
32 5 125
40 6 150
50

Tank system

Htotal = Hs + D + He + Ht + Hm + Hf + Hl 23.9 m
DESIGN – Pump Sizing Tool

Inputs

Daily insolation Photovoltaic array type


5.5 kWh/m² fixed

Water requirement Solar deration (losses)


35 m³/day 25.0 %

Total dynamic head for

24 m

Results

Estimation of the solar generator sizing:

1.05 kWp to 1.2 kWp

Estimation of the solar panel surface:

7 m² to 8 m²
DESIGN 03 - Pump Sizing Tool
PVPSXLS 2.1.1

Inputs Result
Daily insolation Photovoltaic pump solutions
5.0 kWh/m² 1 #1 Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ8-5
2 #2 Lorentz PS600 C-SJ5-8
Photovoltaic array type 3 #3 Grundfos CRIF 5-5
single-axis tracked 4 #3 Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ8-7
5 #5 Grundfos SQF 8A-5
Total dynamic head for:

24 m Irradiation [W/m²]

Please check the necessary


irrigation pressure. An 1200
additional pump may be
needed.
800
Water requirement
35 m³/day
400
Solar deration (losses)
25 %
0

Size of panel surface

8.00 m² Output Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ8-5 [m³/h]

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0
1.05 kWp
1.1 kWp
1.15 kWp
1.15 kWp
1.2 kWp
DESIGN 03 - Pump Sizing Tool
SXLS 2.1.1

1 #1 Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ8-5 1.05 kWp


2 #2 Lorentz PS600 C-SJ5-8 1.1 kWp
3 #3 Grundfos CRIF 5-5 1.15 kWp
4 #3 Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ8-7 1.15 kWp
5 #5 Grundfos SQF 8A-5 1.2 kWp
PVPSXLS 2.1.1
MS Excel based tool for Photovoltaic Pump Sizing

Selected pump (press F9 to refresh)

Output How to add pumps to the database:


- [m³/h]
12
P-Q-diagram
#N/A 1.) Type manufacturer and model into a new
Active: - 10 line of the database. Q_low_max
#N/A
Type: - 2.) For sizing “Active” should be set to “TRUE”.
8 #N/A
Power: - 3.) Specify the pump type according to its Q_high_ma
x
Head: - datasheet. Q_low_start
6 3
Output: - 4.) Get the pumps P-Q-diagram. You need to
input the starting point and the end point of 2
4
both, the lowest head curve and the highest Q_high_start 1
head curve.
2

P_l ow_start

P_l ow_max
t
P_hi gh_star

P_hi gh_max
0
0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Power input [W]

Database

H_low P_low_start Q_low_start P_low_max Q_low_max H_high P_high_start Q_high_start P_high_max


Manufacturer Model Active Type [m] [W] [m³/h] [W] [m³/h] [m] [W] [m³/h] [W]
Grundfos SQF 0.6-2 1 helical rotor 10 30 0 197 0.64 120 88 0 400
Grundfos SQF 0.6-3 1 helical rotor 80 50 0 355 0.63 200 135 0 590
Grundfos SQF 1.2-2 1 helical rotor 10 26 0 220 1.38 120 195 0 690
Grundfos SQF 1.2-3 1 helical rotor 90 60 0 550 1.34 250 535 0 1350
Grundfos SQF 2.5-2 1 helical rotor 5 20 0.36 240 2.9 120 440 0 1400
Grundfos SQF 3A-10 1 centrifugal 30 140 0 1400 4.95 70 380 0 1400
Grundfos SQF 5A-3 1 centrifugal 2 25 0 720 9.1 15 130 0 720
Grundfos SQF 5A-7 1 centrifugal 10 60 0 1400 9 50 330 0 1400
Grundfos SQF 8A-3 1 centrifugal 2 20 0 1200 18.3 15 180 0 1200
Grundfos SQF 8A-5 1 centrifugal 2 20 0 1400 16 30 350 0 1400
Grundfos SQF 11A-3 1 centrifugal 2 30 0 1400 19.1 15 270 0 1400
Grundfos CRIF 3-9 1 centrifugal 5 40 0 1150 6.25 60 420 0 1140
Grundfos CRIF 5-5 1 centrifugal 5 40 0 1250 11.8 30 300 0 1220
Grundfos CRIF 10-2 1 centrifugal 5 110 0 1260 18.5 20 360 0 1300
Franklin Electric 18SDSP-0.55KW 1 centrifugal 20 200 0.3 1280 2 140 950 0.3 1280
Franklin Electric 25SDSP-0.55KW 1 centrifugal 20 200 0.3 1260 2.88 120 860 0.3 1260
Franklin Electric 30SDSP-0.55KW 1 centrifugal 20 240 0.3 1180 3.42 80 820 0.3 1290
Franklin Electric 45SDSP-0.55KW 1 centrifugal 10 210 0.3 1190 5.04 60 790 0.3 1230
Franklin Electric 18SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 40 240 0.3 1800 1.98 220 1300 0.3 2000
Franklin Electric 30SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 40 320 0.3 2000 3.18 160 1330 0.3 2000
Franklin Electric 45SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 40 340 0.3 2000 4.08 140 1320 0.3 2000
Franklin Electric 70SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 20 300 0.3 2000 7.92 90 1240 0.3 2000
Franklin Electric 100SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 20 350 0.6 2000 10.02 70 1120 0.6 2000
Franklin Electric 150SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 10 260 0.3 2000 16.8 50 1140 0.3 2000
Franklin Electric 270SDSP-1.1KW 1 centrifugal 10 500 0 2000 20.4 25 1480 0 2000
Franklin Electric 25SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 100 630 0.3 3500 3.03 340 2500 0.3 3500
Franklin Electric 30SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 40 400 0.3 3500 4.14 240 2400 0.3 3500
Franklin Electric 45SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 40 400 0.3 3500 5.28 215 2420 0.3 3500
Franklin Electric 70SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 40 580 0.3 3500 9.12 120 1770 0.3 3500
Franklin Electric 100SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 20 420 0.3 3500 13.32 100 1750 0.3 3500
Franklin Electric 150SDSP-2.2KW 1 centrifugal 20 550 0 2800 15.6 70 1800 0 3350
Franklin Electric 270SDSP-2.2kW 1 centrifugal 10 600 0 3500 28.8 40 2800 0 3500
Lorentz PS150 C-SJ5-8 1 centrifugal 5 12 0 300 4 20 100 0 300
Lorentz PS200 HR-04 1 helical rotor 10 14 0.13 82 0.73 50 37 0 173
Lorentz PS200 HR-07 1 helical rotor 5 20 0.3 104 1.34 40 52 0.06 250
Lorentz PS200 HR-14 1 helical rotor 5 12 0.48 185 2.6 20 50 0.24 300
Lorentz PS600 C-SJ5-8 1 centrifugal 10 50 0 800 7 30 135 0 800
Lorentz PS600 C-SJ8-5 1 centrifugal 5 20 0 700 11.5 15 110 0 700
Lorentz PS600 HR-03 1 helical rotor 50 44 0.09 170 0.45 120 68 0.03 250
Lorentz PS600 HR-03H 1 helical rotor 100 70 0.09 250 0.45 180 100 0.05 360
Lorentz PS600 HR-04 1 helical rotor 30 35 0.15 144 0.72 70 60 0.06 230
Lorentz PS600 HR-04H 1 helical rotor 61 65 0.14 225 0.72 137 115 0.04 400
Lorentz PS600 HR-07 1 helical rotor 30 55 0.33 230 1.32 90 140 0.07 500
Lorentz PS600 HR-10 1 helical rotor 50 125 0.24 460 1.87 80 200 0 680
Lorentz PS600 HR-14 1 helical rotor 10 45 0.6 260 2.6 50 150 0.27 600
Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ5-8 1 centrifugal 10 50 0 1100 8.2 40 280 0 1100
Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ8-5 1 centrifugal 5 10 0 1100 14 25 280 0 1100
Lorentz PS1200 C-SJ12-3 1 centrifugal 5 80 0 1100 20.5 10 190 0 1100
Lorentz PS1200 HR-03 1 helical rotor 50 40 0.09 150 0.43 120 70 0 240
Lorentz PS1200 HR-03H 1 helical rotor 100 60 0.09 240 0.43 240 120 0.01 420
Lorentz PS1200 HR-04 1 helical rotor 30 30 0.13 135 0.71 70 55 0.05 230
Lorentz PS1200 HR-04H 1 helical rotor 60 60 0.13 230 0.72 140 115 0.05 385
Lorentz PS1200 HR-07 1 helical rotor 40 70 0.3 260 1.35 120 180 0 600
Lorentz PS1200 HR-10 1 helical rotor 30 80 0.4 320 2.1 80 170 0 620
Lorentz PS1200 HR-14 1 helical rotor 10 50 0.75 240 2.5 60 190 0.35 640
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ1-25 1 centrifugal 70 220 0 1500 2.85 100 380 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ3-18 1 centrifugal 50 160 0 1500 4 80 380 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ5-12 1 centrifugal 20 20 0 1500 7.7 70 460 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ8-7 1 centrifugal 10 80 0 1500 13.3 40 520 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ12-4 1 centrifugal 8 120 0 1500 20 18 350 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ17-2 1 centrifugal 4 40 0 1500 26 16 440 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ30-1 1 centrifugal 2 80 0 1500 49 10 530 0 1440
Lorentz PS1800 C-SJ42-1 1 centrifugal 2 40 0 1500 53 8 480 0 1500
Lorentz PS1800 HR-05HL 1 helical rotor 50 100 0.24 360 0.97 250 300 0.14 950
Lorentz PS1800 HR-07H 1 helical rotor 80 130 0.25 480 1.37 160 260 0 840
Lorentz PS1800 HR-14H 1 helical rotor 40 110 0.65 480 2.66 120 350 0.1 1330
Lorentz PS1800 HR-23 1 helical rotor 20 100 0.75 470 3.9 80 360 0.1 1270
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ3-32 1 centrifugal 100 350 0 3500 4.2 160 660 0 3500
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ5-25 1 centrifugal 60 300 0 3200 7 140 850 0 3450
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ8-15 1 centrifugal 30 120 0 3400 14 80 900 0 3200
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ17-4 1 centrifugal 10 160 0 3500 26.5 40 1220 0 3500
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ30-2 1 centrifugal 12 550 0 3400 45 20 1100 0 3100
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ42-1 1 centrifugal 2 40 0 2660 73 12 880 0 2460
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ42-2 1 centrifugal 2 80 0 2900 62 16 1130 0 2900
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ60-1 1 centrifugal 4 240 0 3400 79 10 1030 0 3450
Lorentz PS4000 C-SJ60-2-B 1 centrifugal 8 600 0 3000 61 16 1650 0 3080
Lorentz PS4000 HR-05HHL 1 helical rotor 150 180 0.22 625 0.93 450 840 0 1290
Lorentz PS4000 HR-14HL 1 helical rotor 80 210 0.47 870 2.6 180 600 0.08 1800
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ8-44 1 centrifugal 80 800 0 7000 11.8 180 2300 0 8600
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ17-11 1 centrifugal 50 1300 0 8900 25 90 2900 0 9500
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ30-7 1 centrifugal 30 1250 0 7400 39 50 2400 0 7100
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ42-4 1 centrifugal 5 400 0 7400 72 35 2900 0 8400
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ75-1 1 centrifugal 2 300 0 7200 130 14 2000 0 8200
Lorentz PS9k C-SJ95-1 1 centrifugal 2 250 0 8000 135 14 1900 0 8000
Lorentz PS15k C-SJ17-18 1 centrifugal 80 2000 0 13000 22 140 4200 0 11500
Lorentz PS15k C-SJ30-12 1 centrifugal 50 2100 0 12600 39 100 5000 0 11800
Lorentz PS15k C-SJ42-6 1 centrifugal 10 800 0 8500 65 50 4000 0 9400
Lorentz PS15k2 C-SJ75-3 1 centrifugal 10 900 0 12700 125 35 4400 0 12500
Lorentz PS15k C-SJ95-2 1 centrifugal 5 800 0 13000 135 25 2800 0 13000
Lorentz PS21k C-SJ30-16 1 centrifugal 60 2200 0 15200 43 120 5600 0 16200
Lorentz PS21k C-SJ42-10 1 centrifugal 40 2300 0 15500 62 90 6700 0 16900
Lorentz PS21k C-SJ75-4 1 centrifugal 20 1800 0 18000 118 55 6900 0 18000
Lorentz PS21k C-SJ120-2-1 1 centrifugal 5 1000 0 14500 220 30 7700 0 17000
Lorentz PS25k2 C-SJ30-22 1 centrifugal 100 4000 0 21400 37.8 200 10400 0 20600
Shakti SSP750 - 22 - 27 1 centrifugal 15 200 1.2 1000 6 35 600 1.8 1000
Shakti SSP1200 - 20 - 44 1 centrifugal 10 300 3 1200 12.6 25 600 2.1 1200
Shakti SSP1200 - 35 - 26 1 centrifugal 20 200 0.9 1200 6.48 35 300 0.36 1200
Shakti SSP1200 - 70 - 10 1 centrifugal 20 300 1.08 1200 3.78 90 800 0.6 1200
Shakti SSP1500 - 26 - 36 1 centrifugal 10 300 3 1600 13.5 40 800 0.6 1600
Shakti SSP1500 - 70 - 13 1 centrifugal 20 300 0.96 1600 5.52 80 800 0.6 1600
Shakti SSP2000 - 10 - 93 1 centrifugal 5 400 7.2 2000 39 15 800 3 2000
Shakti SSP2000 - 20 - 53 1 centrifugal 10 400 4.2 1800 22.8 25 1000 3.6 1800
Shakti SSP2000 - 65 - 15 1 centrifugal 20 400 0.72 2000 7.2 90 1200 0.72 2000
Shakti SSP2000 - 100 - 9 1 centrifugal 30 400 0.78 2000 4.44 140 1400 0.72 2000
Shakti SSP2000 - 125 - 6 1 centrifugal 20 400 0.48 2000 3.12 160 1400 0.5 2000
Shakti SSP2600 - 10 - 104 1 centrifugal 5 800 12 2600 55.2 15 1200 7.2 2600
Shakti SSP3000 - 20 - 60 1 centrifugal 15 1000 6 3000 34.8 25 1400 5.8 3000
Shakti SSP3000 - 30 - 42 1 centrifugal 20 1200 4.5 3000 30.6 30 2000 7.2 3000
Shakti SSP3000 - 50 - 25 1 centrifugal 30 1000 4.8 3000 16.8 60 1600 2.4 3000
Shakti SSP3000 - 70 - 15 1 centrifugal 30 600 2.4 3000 12 70 1200 1.44 3000
Shakti SSP4000 - 30 - 45 1 centrifugal 10 800 5.4 4000 43.2 40 2000 3 4000
Shakti SSP4000 - 130 - 8 1 centrifugal 60 800 1.8 4000 7.2 180 2500 1.5 4000
Shakti SSP10000 - 60 - 19 1 centrifugal 30 2000 6 9000 42 80 5000 6 9000
#N/A

-diagram

2
1
P_hi gh_max

Q_high_max
[m³/h]
0.61
0.61
1.22
1.04
2.34
3
6.5
4.3
12.2
7.4
14.4
2.9
7.2
11.4
0.78
1.32
1.68
2.46
1.02
1.41
1.92
3.36
3.96
5.22
7.2
1.26
1.62
2.04
5.04
5.4
7.2
6.6
1.95
0.63
1.28
2.44
4.7
8.3
0.37
0.42
0.66
0.64
1.16
1.67
2.3
5
8.3
17
0.37
0.4
0.65
0.64
1.1
1.72
2.4
2.35
3.2
4
6.4
15
17.6
31
32
0.86
1.24
2.2
3.4
3.5
4.3
8
18.7
33
44
37
57
37
0.37
2.2
7.6
18
32
45
93
96
16.2
25
37
77
95
31
39
75
120
20.8
3.9
7.2
5.16
1.68
5.4
2.82
26.4
12.6
3.3
1.68
1.44
34.8
26.4
21
10.2
7.8
21.6
3.6
21

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