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International Journal of Mechanical and Production

Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD)


ISSN (P): 2249-6890; ISSN (E): 2249-8001
Vol. 9, Issue 2, Apr 2019, 621-634
© TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.

MODELLING AND F. E. ANALYSIS OF AL-AA8090 NANO

COMPOSITES BY R. V. E METHOD

MADHULATHA, SURYAPRAKASH & RATNAKAR. P


Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
ABSTRACT

The present paper in nanotechnology has produced an increasing number of possibilities for advanced
materials. Among those materials with potential advanced mechanical properties are Nano reinforced composite
materials. The most common materials used as a matrix in Nano-composites are Polymers, Ceramics, and Metals.
Analysis is considered to Aluminium AA8090 as a matrix and different types of reinforcement by using. The approach
for modelling these Nano-composite structures is that of a Representative Volume Element by using the program of
ANSYS software. Performed various cases studying mechanical properties such as deformation, stress and strain of
Nano composites with aligned oriented reinforcement and then make a comparison between the results to see which type
of reinforcement gives best performance. In this simulation the tension and compression loads of (100nN) are applied.

Original Article
In the present task, Analysis is considered to Aluminium AA8090 as a network and distinctive kinds of support by
utilizing. The approach for demonstrating these Nano-composite structures is that of a Representative Volume Element
by utilizing the program of ANSYS. Performed different cases contemplating mechanical properties, for example,
miss-happening, anxiety of Nano composites with adjusted arranged support and afterward influence the examination
between the outcomes to see which to sort of fortification gives best execution.

KEYWORDS: Nanocomposites, R. V. E, Polymers, Metals, Ceramics, Carbon Nanotubes, Nanoparticles, Nanolayers,


Shear Stress, Deformation & ANSYS

Received: Jan 19, 2019; Accepted: Feb 09, 2019; Published: Mar 21, 2019; Paper Id.: IJMPERDAPR201962

INTRODUCTION

S. R. Bakshi, et al: contemplated in the field of carbon Nanotube metal network composites, much
investigation has embraced in using CNTs as support for composites. In any case, CNT-strengthened MMCs have
gotten the minimum consideration. These composites are being anticipated for use in basic solicitations for their
great particular quality and also practical materials for their energizing warm and electrical attributes [1]. Zheng
Ren, et al: contemplated the aluminium composites strengthened by particles have gotten impressive consideration
as a result of their better mechanical properties over solid aluminium lattice. In the course of the most recent ten
years, Nano-composites with Nano-sized fortifications have turned into a progressive advance for composites since
they have diverse fortifying instruments when contrasted with that in composites with miniaturized scale estimated
fortifications. Subsequently novel properties can be normal from the Nano-metric particulate strengthened
composites. The point of this undertaking was to create SiC (50nm) /7075 aluminium composites through an altered
powder metallurgy and expulsion course. Maturing treatment was utilized to build the quality of the composites and
mechanical tests, including elastic test and grating wear test, were performed [2]. Raghuram Basavanahalli, et al:
examined the high warm conductivity of carbon Nanotubes has inspired us to consider and comprehend the warm
components in Nano-composites. In spite of the fact that few hypothetical models anticipate a high warm

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622 Madhulatha, Suryaprakash & Ratnakar. P

conductivity for CNT strengthened polymer composites, the test approval are not all that empowering [3]. X. D. Yang,
et al: contemplated a novel technique to get ready homogeneously scattered CNTs with a little breadth (~10nm) in Al
lattice, which is relied upon to beat the points of confinement of customary blending strategy. This procedure includes
keeping the Co impetus uniformly onto the Al powder surface by impregnation course and in-situ blend of CNT/Al
composite powders by CVD. The scattering and structure of CNTs in Al powder are researched. [4]. Srinivasa R., et al:
examined the Multi-walled carbon Nanotube (CNT) strengthened Aluminium Nano-composite coatings were readied
utilizing cool gas active splashing. Splash drying was utilized to acquire a decent scattering of the Nanotubes in
micron-sized gas atomized Al– Si eutectic powders [5]. T. Laha, et al: considered the unsupported structures of
hypereutectic aluminium 23wt% silicon Nano-composite with multi-walled carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT) support have
been effectively manufactured by two distinctive warm splashing procedures. The nearness of Nano-sized grains in the
Al– Si amalgam lattice and physically flawless and whole carbon Nanotubes were seen in both the Nano-composites.
Amazing interfacial holding between Al combination grid and MWCNT was watched. The flexible modulus and hardness
of HVOF splashed Nano-composite is observed to be higher than PSF showered composites [6]. Choi, E. S., et al. 2003:
detailed that the expansion of single-walled CNTs to Aluminium lattice brought about a huge change in the general
mechanical exhibitions, for example, elasticity and malleability [4].

Reinforcements

Fortifications for metal grid composites have a complex request profile, which is controlled by generation and
handling and by the lattice arrangement of the composite material.

Representative Volume Element

An alternate method to take care of homogenization issues is to utilize numerical strategies and recreations on
tests of the microstructure or even Nanostructure. All things considered, the idea of the delegate volume component is of
central significance. The representative volume element is typically viewed as a solid volume that is adequately expansive
to be measurably illustrative of the composite, i. e., to viably incorporate an examining of all microstructural dissimilarities
happen in the material. The most part the guideline received, and it prompts the way that must incorporate a substantial
number of the composite small scale heterogeneities. It should anyway stay sufficiently little to be measured as a capacity
of the component of mechanics. A few sorts of limit situations can be recommended on V to force a specified mean strain.

LITERATURE REVIEW

S. R. Bakshi, et al: contemplated in the field of carbon Nanotube metal network composites, much investigation
has embraced in using CNTs as support for composites. In any case, CNT-strengthened MMCs have gotten the minimum
consideration. These composites are being anticipated for use in basic solicitations for their great particular quality and also
practical materials for their energizing warm and electrical attributes. Zheng Ren, et al: contemplated the aluminium
composites strengthened by particles have gotten impressive consideration as a result of their better mechanical properties
over solid aluminium lattice. In the course of the most recent ten years, Nano-composites with Nano-sized fortifications
have turned into a progressive advance for composites since they have diverse fortifying instruments when contrasted with
that in composites with miniaturized scale estimated fortifications. Subsequently novel properties can be normal from the
Nano-metric particulate strengthened composites. The point of this undertaking was to create SiC (50nm) /7075 aluminium
composites through an altered powder metallurgy and expulsion course. Maturing treatment was utilized to build the

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Modelling and F. E. Analysis of AL-AA8090 Nano Composites by R. V. E Method 623

quality of the composites and mechanical tests, including elastic test and grating wear test, were performed. Raghuram
Basavanahalli, et al: examined the high warm conductivity of carbon Nanotubes has inspired us to consider and
comprehend the warm components in Nano-composites. In spite of the fact that few hypothetical models anticipate a high
warm conductivity for CNT strengthened polymer composites, the test approval are not all that empowering. X. D. Yang,
et al: contemplated a novel technique to get ready homogeneously scattered CNTs with a little breadth (~10nm) in Al
lattice, which is relied upon to beat the points of confinement of customary blending strategy. This procedure includes
keeping the Co impetus uniformly onto the Al powder surface by impregnation course and in-situ blend of CNT/Al
composite powders by CVD. The scattering and structure of CNTs in Al powder are researched.

ALUMINIUM CARBON NANOTUBES - TENSION

Table 1: Representative Characteristics Nanotube – Tension


RVE Characteristics (Nanotubes)
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Tension Force
L=30 (nm) R1=3 (nm)
W=30 (nm) R2=2 (nm) 100 (nN)
H=30 (nm) H=30 (nm)

Figure 1: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 2: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes


(Deformed Shape along Z-axis) Tension (vector Deformation is View) Tension

Figure 3: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 4: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes


(Deformation – Length of RVE) Tension (Stress – Length of RVE) Tension

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624 Madhulatha, Suryaprakash & Ratnakar. P

Figure 5: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 6: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes


(Von Mises Stress) Tension (Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Tension

Figure 7: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 8: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes


(Shear Stress along YZ Plane) Tension (Shear Strain – Length of RVE) Tension

Figure 9: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 10: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes


(Von Mises Strain) Tension (Strain – Length of RVE) Tension

ALUMINUM CARBON NANOPARTICLES - TENSION

Table 2: Representative Characteristics Nanoparticles – Tension


RVE Characteristics (Nanoparticles)
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Tension Force
L=30 (nm)
W=30 (nm) R=3 (nm) sphere 100 (nN)
H=30 (nm)

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Figure 11: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 12: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Deformed Shape along Z-Axis) Tension (Vector Deformation Iso View) Tension

Figure 13: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 14: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Deformation – Length of RVE) Tension (Stress – Length of RVE) Tension

Figure 15: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 16: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Von Mises Stress) Tension (Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Tension

Figure 17: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 18: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Shear Strain – Length of RVE) Tension (Strain – Length of RVE) Tension

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ALUMINUM CARBON NANOLAYERS - TENSION

Table 3: Representative Characteristics Nanolayer – Tension


RVE Characteristics (Nanolayers) Six Layers
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Tension Force Orientation in Degrees
L=30 (nm) L=30 (nm)
W=30 (nm) W=30 (nm) 100 (nN) 0 / 90 / 0 / 90 / 0
H=6 (nm) H=6 (nm)

Figure 19: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 20: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Deformed Shape along Z-axis) Tension (Vector Deformation is View) Tension

Figure 21: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 22: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Deformation – Length of RVE) Tension (Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Tension

Figure 23: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 24: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Stress – Length of RVE) Tension (Von Mises Strain) Tension

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Modelling and F. E. Analysis of AL-AA8090 Nano Composites by R. V. E Method 627

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE ANSYS ANALYSIS

The following are the outputs of the program generated by using Ansys software for Axial compression force
applied.

Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes - Compression

Table 4: Representative Characteristics Nanotubes – Compression


RVE Characteristics (Nanotubes)
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Compression Force
L=30 (nm) R1=3 (nm)
W=30 (nm) R2=2 (nm) 100 (nN)
H=30 (nm) H=30 (nm)

Figure 25: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 26: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes
(Deformed Shape along Z-axis) Compression (Deformation – Length of RVE) Compression

Figure 27: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 28: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes
(Vector Deformation iso View) Compression (Von Mises Stress) Compression

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628 Madhulatha, Suryaprakash & Ratnakar. P

Figure 29: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 30: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes
(Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Compression (Stress – Length of RVE) Compression

Figure 31: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes Figure 32: Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes
(Von Mises Strain) Compression (Strain – Length of RVE) Compression

Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles - Compression

Table 5: Representative Characteristics Nanoparticles – Compression


RVE Characteristics (Nanoparticles)
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Compression Force
L=30 (nm)
W=30 (nm) R=3 (nm) sphere 100 (nN)
H=30 (nm)

Figure 33: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 34: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Deformed Shape along Z-Axis) Compression (Vector Deformation Iso View) Compression

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Figure 35: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 36: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Deformation – Length of RVE) Compression (Stress – Length of RVE) Compression

Figure 37: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 38: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Von Mises Stress) Compression (Shear Strain – Length of RVE) Compression

Figure 39: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles Figure 40: Aluminium Carbon Nanoparticles
(Strain – Length of RVE) Compression (Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Compression

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Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers - Compression

Table 6: Representative Characteristics Nanolayers – Compression


RVE Characteristics (Nanolayers) Six Layers
Matrix Dimensions Reinforcement Dimensions Compression Force Orientation in degrees
L=30 (nm) L=30 (nm)
W=30 (nm) W=30 (nm) 100 (nN) 0 / 90 / 0 / 90 / 0
H=6 (nm) H=6 (nm)

Figure 41: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 42: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Von Mises Stress) Compression (Deformed Shape Along Z-Axis) Compression

Figure 43: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 44: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Deformation – Length of RVE) Compression (Vector Deformation Iso View) Compression

Figure 45: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 46: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Von Mises Strain) Compression (Stress – Length of RVE) Compression

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Figure 47: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers Figure 48: Aluminium Carbon Nanolayers
(Shear Strain – Length of RVE) Compression (Shear Stress – Length of RVE) Compression

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

In this examination, Aluminium amalgam 8090 was effectively mimicked by agent volume component strategy,
FEA programming was widely utilized to show reasonable Representative Volume Elements for Nanocomposite conduct,
the point of this impersonation has been done to research the impact of the support compose on the mechanical properties.
The examination models speak to the model of consistently appropriated support in the framework. Examination results
obviously exhibit the adjustments in the properties of Nanocomposites relying upon the kind of fortification and the
decrease of the misshapening in the lattice corresponding to the adjustment in the state of support. The FEM examination
of RVEs which were demonstrated with various kinds of fortification having settled Length, width and profundity
demonstrated that the connection between the disfigurement and the pressure is a converse extent, and the connection
between the most extreme pressure and greatest strain isn't uniform. It very well may be said that the fortification kind
assumes the key job in deciding the execution of cutting edge composite materials.

Nanocomposites Results in Tension

The following is the summary of the results for Axial tension force generated by Ansys analysis

Table 7: Results for Axial Tension Force


Nanocomposite Materials Aluminium Carbon
(Tension)
Nanotubes Nanoparticles Nanolayers
Maximum deformation (nm) 0.576E-07 0.604E-07 0.776E-07
Minimum stress (nN/nm2) 16.4556 24.1298 44.3829
Maximum stress (nN/nm2) 208.556 184.823 162.332
Minimum strain 0.702E-09 0.368E-09 0.576E-09
Maximum strain 0.460E-08 0.243E-08 0.451E-08
Minimum shear stress (nN/nm2) -62.3897 -28.5649 -51.0719
Maximum shear stress (nN/nm2) 62.3843 28.5928 46.462
Minimum shear strain -0.246E-08 -0.994E-09 -0.178E-08
Maximum shear strain 0.230E-08 0.995E-09 0.162E-08

It very well may be seen from table 7 that the twisting changes starting with one case then onto the next relying
upon the kind of fortification. The most extreme and least misshapening can be seen for each case as indicated by the static
load supposition F which rolls out improvements moderately gradually with time and is connected consistently over a
surface in one face of agent volume component, while the other face of RVE is settled. The mechanical properties are

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632 Madhulatha, Suryaprakash & Ratnakar. P

figured comparing to various sorts of support by utilizing. Figure 48 indicates vector distortion for Aluminium Carbon
Nanotubes, the case begins with no twisting at zero point and drops progressively towards the strain stack. Likewise, it
very well may be recognized that there is a drop in measurements while the strain procedure happens. Since the
relationship in all pressure – strain chart figures delineated above is straight and uniform, this implies anxiety are
corresponding to one another and remain in the flexible district as in the figure beneath:

Nano-composite Results in Compression

The following is the summary of the results for Axial compression force generated by Ansys analysis.

Table 8: Results for Axial Compression Force


Nanocomposite materials Aluminium Carbon (Compression)
Nanotubes Nanoparticles Nanolayers
Maximum deformation (nm) -0.576E-07 -0.604E-07 -0.776E-07
Minimum stress (nN/nm2) 16.4556 24.1265 47.1804
Maximum stress (nN/nm2) 208.556 184.744 163.667
Minimum strain 0.702E-09 0.369E-09 0.618E-09
Maximum strain 0.460E-08 0.243E-08 0.441E-08
Minimum shear stress (nN/nm2) -62.3843 -28.6865 -46.2301
Maximum shear stress (nN/nm2) 62.3897 28.4759 51.9531
Minimum shear strain -0.230E-08 -0.998E-09 -0.161E-08
Maximum shear strain 0.246E-08 0.991E-09 0.181E-08

It very well may be seen from table.8 that the disfigurement sign is negative because of pressure and it differs
starting with one case then onto the next relying upon the sort of support. The greatest and least miss hapening can be seen
for each case as per the static pressure stack presumption F which rolls out improvements moderately gradually with time
and is connected consistently over a surface in one face of agent volume component, while the other face of RVE is settled.
The mechanical properties are computed relating to various sorts of support by utilizing. Figure 45 indicates vector
mis-shapening for Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes, the twisting begins at the pressure stack influencing point and has a
tendency to amplify the surface measurement and afterward drops step by step towards the zero point. Figure 46
demonstrates von-mises pressure chart for Aluminium Carbon Nanotubes in pressure, the most extreme pressure begins at
zero point (settled surface) at that point changed non directly until least worry at the opposite end of the delegate volume
component. From table.8, it very well may be seen that the Nanotubes compose can withstand greatest pressure more than
other two composes. As indicated by pressure stack, the Nanotubes compose gives the most noteworthy strain contrasting
with different kinds, while the Nanoparticles compose gives the least shear pressure.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

In this proposition, the examination is considered to eighth arrangement of Aluminium AA8090 as a framework
and distinctive sorts of support by utilizing. A limited component model of the Nanocomposite was produced utilizing
delegate volume component (RVE) technique. The interface protections between the support and the lattice material were
disregarded in the limited component display. The outcomes acquired were in pleasant range with no intense qualities for
the pressure – strain diagrams. The investigation was completed with steady RVEs which were demonstrated for
concentrate particular geometric and material properties. The FEA strategy was completed on the three principle affecting
components that are modulus of flexibility, Poisson's proportion and thickness for lattice and fortification. Following are
the short synopsis and finish of individual investigation specified previously:

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Tension Analysis

• From the strain investigation it is discovered that the most extreme disfigurement is acquired from Nanolayers and
least twisting is for Nanotubes.

• The most astounding estimation of greatest pressure is acquired from Nanotubes and least estimation of greatest
pressure is gotten for Nanolayers.

• Most minimal estimation of greatest strain is got for Nanoparticles and most astounding estimation of greatest
strain is acquired for Nanotubes.

• The most extreme shear pressure has most elevated an incentive for Nanotubes and least incentive for
Nanoparticles.

• The greatest shear strain has most noteworthy incentive for Nanotubes and least incentive for Nanoparticles.

Pressure Examination

• From the pressure examination it is discovered that the most extreme misshapening is gotten from Nanolayers and
least distortion is for Nanotubes.

• The most noteworthy estimation of greatest pressure is gotten from Nanotubes and least estimation of most
extreme pressure is acquired for Nanolayers.

• Most reduced estimation of greatest strain is got for Nanoparticles and most noteworthy estimation of greatest
strain is acquired for Nanotubes.

• The most extreme shear pressure has most astounding an incentive for Nanotubes and least incentive for
Nanoparticles.

• The most extreme shear strain has most noteworthy incentive for Nanotubes and least incentive for Nanoparticles.

The above investigation on the mechanical properties in Nanocomposites recommends that the Single Walled
Carbon Nanotubes support compose gives best outcomes contrasted and the other two composes for both pressure and
pressure stack, in light of nanotubes can give less disfigurement and withstand most elevated estimation of anxiety without
coming up short.

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