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International Journal of Advanced Innovative Technology

in Engineering (IJAITE), Vol. 4, Issue 1, Jan-2019 ISSN:2455-6491


“SOLAR POWERED BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR DRIVE FOR WATER PUMPING SYSTEM”
1
MISS. KARISHMA TINGUSLE
Department of Electrical Engineering, Vidarbha Institute of Technology,Nagpur, India
2
PROF. NIKITA PALIWAL
Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Vidarbha Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India

ABSTRACT: This examination manages a buck–help converter controlled sun based photovoltaic (SPV) exhibit sustained water
siphoning so as to accomplish the most extreme proficiency of a SPV cluster and the delicate beginning of a perpetual magnet
brushless DC (BLDC) engine. The present sensors regularly utilized for speed control of BLDC engine are totally dispensed with.
The speed of BLDC engine is controlled through the variable DC-interface voltage of a voltage-source inverter (VSI). The VSI is
worked by essential recurrence exchanging, keeping away from the misfortunes because of high-recurrence changing, so as to
improve the productivity of the proposed framework. The dynamic and enduring state practices of the proposed framework are
shown under fast varieties in barometrical condition.

Keywords: Solar Energy, SPV, BLDC, VSI

1. INTRODUCTION acceptance engine are not great for SPV cluster based water
siphoning, for example, inclined to overheating if the voltage is
Sunlight based Energy is most significant type of excessively low and prerequisite of convoluted control. It veers
sustainable power source which has achieving expanded off the analysts toward a proficient and dependable engines
consideration in late year. Sun powered vitality is bounteous in have the benefits of high effectiveness, high dependability,
earth. it has the biggest accessibility contrasted with other high toughness, low electromagnetic obstruction,
vitality sources. The measure of vitality given by sun to the straightforward control, no support, ability to work at low
earth in multi day is more than sufficiently adequate to deal voltage, high torque/weight proportion, simple to-drive
with the complete vitality needs of the earth Over year. Sun highlights and brilliant execution over a wide scope of speed so
powered vitality is innocuous and contamination free. There for that reason BLDC engine is compelling.
are numerous approaches to change over sun based vitality into
other helpful type of vitality. Sustainable power source after Sunlight based vitality is amazingly elite type of sustainable
wind vitality for power age. furthermore, as A constant power sources which has acquisition expanding consideration
decrease the expense of PV boards and the power hardware in futuristic year. The power age from sunlight based source is
gadgets has empowered analysts and ventures totalize the SPV in every case clean; free from contamination moreover a twist
cluster created control for various applications. The water in nature because of that sun powered source is for the most
siphoning has picked up an expansive consideration as a part utilized wherever. In late year, the cost of sun oriented PV
critical and financially savvy use of the SPV exhibit created board is going downwards which increment consideration
control. A greatest effectiveness of the SPV exhibit is generally regarding utilize sunlight based PV application in advanced
accomplished through a most extreme power point following year. Sustainable power sources based application utilized in
(MPPT) calculation utilizing the DC– DC converters. Different enterprises and main residence application. Among all other
DC– DC converters, for example, buck ,support, buck– lift, application based sunlight based PV framework, water
Cuk and single-finished essential inductor converter (SEPIC) siphoning is best, urgent and practical application for power
have been utilized for MPPT in various SPV cluster based age by Solar PV exhibit. For water siphoning framework for
applications. the buck support converter is equipped for the most part acceptance engine, dc engine are utilized in
accomplishing ideal activity of the environmental condition provincial just as lattice associated territory for enlistment
and burden . engine. For siphoning load, straightforward, minimal effort and
proficient engine is commonly utilized. Fundamentally for
The favorable circumstances and alluring highlights of siphoning segment, acceptance engine is commonly favored it
both the buck– help converter and BLDC engine drive add to is effectively accessible in market moreover gives great
build up a straightforward, productive, financially savvy and exhibitions for any heap condition however when enlistment
solid water siphoning framework dependent on the efficient engine is favored for sun oriented PV based application, it
power vitality the trial approval is introduced and the detailed experiences overheating wonder of engine , if voltage of
work is constrained to the MATLAB/Simulink-based engine is going to low, because of that it require a muddled
reproduction. control. Under low voltage condition, productive, solid and
financially savvy engine must be utilized. Along these lines,
2. PROBLEM STATEMENT The BLDC engine is utilized for such application. The
brushless DC engine is perfect decision for application that
An induction motor is extensively used in fluid pumps because requires high unwavering quality, high productivity and
of its strength, ease, accessibility in nearby markets, low capacity to volume proportion. By and large, a BLDC engine is
upkeep cost and potential to work even in the unsafe and all around considered to be a high show engine that is capable
defiled zones . A portion of the confinements of the of giving huge measures of torque in excess of a huge speed
extend. For Solar PV based application, BLDC engine is
without a doubt rival some other engine for siphoning

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International Journal of Advanced Innovative Technology
in Engineering (IJAITE), Vol. 4, Issue 1, Jan-2019 ISSN:2455-6491
application as it gives predominant execution of engine 16–19 December 2014, pp.[6]This paper deals with the
alongside delicate beginning. BLDC engine is headway of the utilization of a buck-boost converter in solar PV array based
vast majority of the DC engine and they have practically same water pumping as an intermediate DC-DC converter between a
torque and speed normal bend uniqueness .The key variety solar PV array and a voltage source inverter (VSI) in order to
between two is the utilization of brushes. BLDC engine for achieve the maximum efficiency of the solar PV array and the
siphoning framework system alongside sun oriented PV soft starting of the permanent magnet brushless DC (BLDC)
source, both blend builds its use and unwavering quality. Most motor by proper control. Consisting of a least number of
extreme advantages from sun based PV, is gotten by utilizing components and single switch, the buck-boost converter exhibits
greatest power point following (MPPT) calculation. very good conversion efficiency. Moreover, buck–boost DC–
DC converter topology is the only one allowing follow-up of the
3. LITERATURE SURVEY PV array maximum power point (MPP) regardless of
temperature, irradiance, and connected load
Banaei, M.R., Ardi, H., Alizadeh, R., et al.: “Non-isolated
multi-input–single-output DC/DC converter for photovoltaic 4. PROPOSED WORK
power generation systems”, IET Power Electron., 2014, pp.
2806–2816[2] In this paper, a new non-isolated, multi-input In this project the method to control speed of BLDC engine
DC/DC converter is presented. For the clean energy power sustained for water siphoning framework is as appeared with
generation with a low-output terminal voltage such as PV some changed in the current framework by wiping out certain
energy generation a multi-input type DC/DC converter is control conspire. Changed chart demonstrates the setup of the
essential. In the suggested converter the delivered power from proposed SPV-based buck– help converter sustained BLDC
each input can be independently controlled. The proposed engine drive for water siphoning. From left to right, the
multi-input DC/DC converter offers reduced semiconductor proposed framework comprises of a SPV cluster, buck– help
current stress, higher voltage gain compared with recently DC– DC converter, a VSI, a BLDC engine and a water siphon.
presented multi-input DC/DC converters such as to reduced As altered outline appears, the SPV exhibit produces the
limitations for switching duty cycles for more flexible control, electrical vitality and feeds the DC– DC buck– help converter.
wide control range of different input powers and hence a robust The protected entryway bipolar transistor (IGBT) switch of the
operation. buck– help converter is worked through a gradual conductance
(INC) MPPT calculation with the end goal that the activity of
araji, R., Rouholamini, A., Naji, H.R., et al.: “FPGA-based real the SPV exhibit is advanced and the BLDC engine has the
time incremental conductance maximum power point tracking delicate beginning. The buck– support converter is worked in
controller for photovoltaic systems”, IET Power Electron., CCM to lessen the weight on the parts and semiconductor
2014,pp. 1294–1304[5] the paper deals with Maximum power gadgets. Besides, the buck– support converter nourishes
point tracking (MPPT) is an important issue in photovoltaic capacity to the VSI, providing the BLDC engine coupled to a
(PV) systems. Hence, the design of an efficient and cost- water siphon. Exchanging succession for the VSI is given by
effective system which is able to transfer the maximum power the electronic compensation of BLDC engine. What's more,
received from PV cell to the load. Incremental conductance electronic replacement is a procedure of translating the Hall
method is based on the fact that the power–voltage curve of PV Effect signals created by the inbuilt encoder of the engine as
generator at constant solar irradiance and cell temperature levels per position of the rotor.
has normally only one MPPT.

Kumar, R., Singh, B., Chandra, A., et al.: “Solar PV array fed
water pumping using BLDC motor drive with boost–buck
converter”. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition
(ECCE), 20–24 September 2015, pp. 5741–5748[1] The paper
deals with boost-buck (BB) DC-DC converter is proposed for
solar photovoltaic (SPV) array fed water pumping system using
a permanent magnet brushless DC (BLDC) motor drive. To
design a BB converter with suitable voltage control, DC-DC
boost and buck converters are cascaded such that it
accomplishes the purpose of maximum power point tracking
(MPPT) and soft starting of the BLDC motor and It also
emerges as a solution to problems associated with these
converters in SPV applications. The good switch utilization,
high efficiency, non-inverting output voltage and low stress on
power devices are the features of BB converter. This paper deals
with the starting, dynamic and steady state performances under
varying atmospheric conditions and examines the effectiveness
of the BLDC motor with the proposed BB converter for SPV
based water pumping.

Kumar, R., Singh, B.:“Buck–boost converter fed BLDC motor Figure 1: Configuration of the SPV array fed BLDC motor
drive for solar PV array based water pumping”. IEEE Int. Conf.
on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES),

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International Journal of Advanced Innovative Technology
in Engineering (IJAITE), Vol. 4, Issue 1, Jan-2019 ISSN:2455-6491
driven water pumping system Conventional controller’, Energy Convers. Manage., 2011, 52, (8–9), pp.
3043–3059

[5]Faraji, R., Rouholamini, A., Naji, H.R., et al.: “FPGA-based


real time incremental conductance maximum power point
tracking controller for photovoltaic systems”, IET Power
Electron., 2014, 7, (5), pp. 1294–1304

[6] Kumar, R., Singh, B.: “Buck–boost converter fed BLDC


motor drive for solar PV array based water pumping”. IEEE
Int.
Conf. on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems
(PEDES), 16–19 December 2014, pp. 1–6

[7] El Khateb, A.H., Abd Rahim, N., Selvaraj, J.et al.: ‘DC-to-
DC converter with low input current ripple for maximum
photovoltaic power extraction’, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.,
2015, 62, (4), pp. 2246–2256
Figure 2: Configuration of the SPV array fed BLDC motor
driven water pumping system Proposed

5. PLAN OF RESEARCH WORK

Jul A Se Oc N Dec Ja Feb M Apr M


y- ug pt- t- ov -18 n- -19 ar- -19 ay
18 - 18 18 - 19 19 -
18 18 19

Literature Survey Verification of


Design
Analysis & Detailed Study Intermediate
Result & Final
Result Analysis
Implementation Thesis Writing
& Submission
Paper
Publications
6. REFERENCES
[1] Kumar, R., Singh, B., Chandra, A., et al.: “Solar PV array
fed water pumping using BLDC motor drive with boost–buck
converter”. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition
(ECCE), 20–24 September 2015, pp. 5741–5748

[2] Banaei, M.R., Ardi, H., Alizadeh, R., et al.: “Non-isolated


multi-input–single-output DC/DC converter for photovoltaic
power generation systems”, IET Power Electron., 2014, 7,
(11), pp. 2806–2816

[3] Rashid, M.H.: ‘Power electronics handbook: devices,


circuits, and applications’ (Elsevier Inc., Oxford, UK, 2011,
3rd edn.)

[4] Mozaffari Niapour, S.A.K.H., Danyali, S., Sharifian,


M.B.B., et al.: ‘Brushless DC motor drives supplied by PV
power system based on Z-source inverter and FL-IC MPPT

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