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FAMILY

1. AMERICAN
Members of American families can be two fathers and children or two mothers and
children. Adult women or adult men who prefer to be alone forever are also considered a family.
They usually have no more than 3 or 4 children. There are many American families with more
than three children, but they usually adopt these children from various countries. Pets include
family members in American culture. Usually Mother and Father or parents in the American
family share responsibility. Both work to provide for the family.
They celebrate their anniversary or wedding anniversary every year. Usually they will do
special things that day. A festive party is usually done at the age of 25 years or 50 years. As for
American children, birthdays are very important. Since childhood, American children instill an
independent attitude or "I can do it" attitude by their families. At 16 years old American children
usually start working. After the high school park they usually don't live with their parents
anymore.

2. AUSTRALIA
The average family has two or three children, although larger families are not
uncommon. The concept of the extended family is not strong in Australia, although it may be
among immigrant groups. Older children living at home are expected to contribute toward family
expenses. There are an increasing number of single-parent homes, stepfamilies, and families in
which both father and mother work outside the home. Women comprise about 40 percent of the
workforce. They generally are considered equal to men, with about the same amount of
education, fairly equal wages, and important leadership positions in the private and public
sectors.
Dating usually begins by age 15, often in small groups. The most popular activities are
dancing and going to movies. The average age of marriage is 27. Church weddings are still
common. A growing number of couples choose to live together before or instead of marrying.
This arrangement is referred to as a de facto marriage.

3. BRITAIN
Modern social developments have introduced very radical changes into the family life of the
community. The health and stability of the community is now seen to rest on the health and
stability of its families; the social health of the individual personality is now judged to depend in
great measure upon the quality of parent-child relationships. These are accepted generalities
today:
 Change and Improvement
Such changes have in many ways brought improvement into the conditions, character and
conduct of family life. Their improvement has been the more marked because many changes
have been accompanied and influenced by better social standards. The rise in status of the young
wife and of children is, for instance, one of the great transformations of our time. There is, too,
exercising obvious influence a better conception of marriage.
Families are now generally smaller than they were. More families are separately housed.
Improved standards of living and better provision for physical and material needs have
introduced into family life a new degree of security.
Married and family life is potentially much better. On the other hand, the intense and
demanding character of the basic personal relationship between the husband and wife make the
possibility of failure more obvious and the consequences of failure more intolerable and
disrupting. In new ways, therefore, particularly as far as the future of the new family is
concerned, marriage today is ‘for better or for worse’.
 Causes of Instability
The family also finds itself still beset by serious dangers. ‘The declining birth-rate, the decay
of parental control, the increase of juvenile delinquency, and the growing prevalence of divorce
are ominous indications of a widespread revolt against the restraints, sacrifices and duties of
family life. Yet the thing that impresses me is the increasing importance of the family unit, and
the great sense of family spirit and family affection that we find everywhere.

4. NEW ZEALAND
Family life in New Zealand reflects life in many other western countries as traditional
male and female roles in the family are slowly disappearing and the birth rate has fallen in recent
decades to about two children per woman. Today both men and women in New Zealand work in
about even numbers and which parent, if either, stays home with their children is up to the
couple.
Around age seven or eight, children begin helping with chores such as setting and
clearing the table, folding laundry, cleaning their rooms, and making their lunches for school.
Most children receive a small allowance called “pocket money” in return for carrying out these
tasks. Family ties are looser than they once were, but people still believe in supporting one
another. Parents often give financial help to their adult children until they finish their education
(although it is becoming increasingly common for students to finance their own education
through part-time work and interest-free government loans). It is fairly common for young
people to move out of the parental home upon graduation from secondary school; over half of all
university students live on their own. Aging parents do not usually live with adult children;
instead, most prefer to stay at home as long as possible and move into rest homes when
necessary. They also receive support from New Zealand’s comprehensive social welfare system.