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Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam

MELINDA MONTANO and DR. GEORGINA DIOPENES

QUIZ 1
Part 2.1 Organic Chemistry

1. Dipole–dipole interactions are present in _____.


A. HCl B. C6H6 C. CH4 D. NaCl
2. Non-polar atoms and molecules condense due to _____.
A. ion–dipole interaction C. polarizability dispersion forces
B. van der Waals forces D. dipole–dipole attraction
3. A compound having a permanent dipole moment is _____.
A. CO2 B. H2 C. CH4 D. CO
4. Which element can take part in hydrogen bonding?
A. F B. O C. N D. all of them
5. Only dispersion forces are present in _____.
A. HF B. C6H6 C. CO D.C2H5OH
6. Polarizability is highest for _____.
A. CH4 B. H2 C. CCl4 D. H2S
7. A compound which hydrogen bonds is _____.
A. BeH2 B. CH4 C. CH3COOH D. C2H6
8. The force due to hydrogen bonding must be overcome in the boiling of _____.
A. CH3OCH3 B. NH3 C. SbH3 D.C2H5OC2H5
9. The hydrocarbon having the lowest boiling point is _____.
A. C4H10 B. CH4 C. C6H6 D. C2H6
10. Which of the following has the lowest boiling point?
A. CH3COCH3 B. CH3OCH3 C. CH3COOH D.CH3CHO
11. Arrange the following according to increasing boiling point:
W= methyl acetate X= butanal Y= n-butyl alcohol Z = butanoic acid
A. XYZW B. WXYZ C. XWYZ D.WXZY
12. Which of the following has the lowest boiling point?
A. o-hydroxynitrobenzene C. p-hydroxynitrobenzene
B. m-hydroxynitrobenzene D. p-hydroxybenzoyl chloride
13. Which of the following statements is correct?
A. The greater the molecular weight, the lower the b.p
B. The greater the molecular attraction, the higher the b.p
C. The greater the molecular attraction, the lower the ∆HV
D. The smaller the molecular weight, the higher the b.p
14. The boiling point of a liquid depends on _____.
A. external pressure C. molecular weight
B. molecular attraction D. all of the above
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
15. Arrange the following according to increasing melting point.

A. I, II, III, IV B. III, II, IV, I C. I, IV, II, III D. I, II, IV, III
16. The vapor pressure of a liquid is _____.
A. Inversely proportional to temperature
B. Directly proportional to temperature
C. Directly proportional to boiling point
D. Directly proportional to melting point

17. The vapor pressure of a liquid depends on the _____.


A. amount of liquid C. temperature of the liquid
B. volume of the liquid D. surface area of the liquid
18. Which of the following factors will not affect the rate of vaporization of the liquid?
A. temperature B. amount of liquid C. intermolecular forces D. surface area\
19. A liquid having a higher vapor pressure will have _____.
A. higher molecular weight C. higher boiling point
B. lower boiling point D. higher surface area
20. Which of the following properties indicates very strong intermolecular forces in liquids?
A. very low surface tension C. very low boiling point
B. very low critical temperature D. very low vapor pressure

21. Rank the following compounds in the order of increasing basicity:

I.p-nitroaniline II. p-aminobenzaldehyde III. N-methylaniline IV. p-methylaniline


A. I, II, III, IV B. IV, III, II, I C. I, II, IV, III D. III, IV, I, II

22. Which would be the strongest acid?

23. Which of the following is the strongest base?

24. Arrange according to increasing acidity


I. methanol II. ethanol III. phenol
IV. p-nitrophenol V. p-bromophenol
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
A. I, II, III, IV, V C. II, I, III, V, IV E. V, IV, III, I, II
B. II, I, III, IV, V D. IV, V, III, I, II
25. Which of the following indicates the order of decreasing acidity of the four molecules below:

A) I > III > II > IV


B) II > I > IV > III
C) II >III > I > IV
D) IV> II > III > I
E) IV > II > I > III
26. Arrange the following according to increasing acid strengths:

W= benzoic acid X= 4-methoxybenzoic acid


Y= 4-cyanobenzoic acid Z = 4-methylbenzoic acid
A. XZWY B. ZXWY C. ZXYW D. YWXZ
27. Arrange the following in the order of decreasing stability:

W = 1-pentene X = trans-2-pentene Y= cis-2- pentene Z = 2-methyl-2-butene


A. WXYZ B. ZYXW C. ZXYW D. WYXZ
28. Rank the following cations according to increasing stability.

I. (CH3)3C-CH2+ II. (CH3)2CH-CH2+ III. CH3CH2CH2CH2+ IV. CH3+

A. IV, II, III, I B. III, II, I, IV C. I, II, III, IV D. IV, I, II, III
29. Predict the increasing order of reactivity by the SN2 mechanism:

A. V, IV, II, I, II B. V, III, IV, 1, II C. V, III, IV, II, I D. II, I, IV, III, V
30. Order the following set of compounds according to increasing rate of SN1 reactivity:

A. IV, I, II, III B. I, IV, II, III C. IV, I, III, II D. III, II, I, IV
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
QUIZ 2:

Organic Chemistry Questions


______1. Benzene owes its unusual stability to
a. pi electron delocalization over and above the six carbon ring
b. alternating single and double bonds
c. stereochemistry
d. carbon being sp2 hybridized
______2. Benzene and its derivatives undergo substitution reactions instead of addition reactions
because
a. the integrity of the benzene ring and the stable pi-bonding pattern remains intact
b. the hydrogens of benzene are relatively loosely bound
c. the benzene ring is sterically crowded hence only substitution can occur
d. the benzene ring is electron rich
______3. Electrophiles are
a. electron deficient species b. electron rich species
c. electrically neutral species d. positively charged ion
______4. AlCl3 is a catalyst used in the alkylation of aromatic compounds. It is a
a. a Lowry-Bronsted acid b. an Arrhenius acid c. a Lewis acid d. a Lewis base
______5. The position adjacent to the substituent in a mono-substituted benzene derivative is
a. the ortho position b. the meta position c. the para position d. none
______6. CH3CH2CHCH3 is a
a. primary alkyl halide b. secondary alkyl halide c. tertiary alkyl halide d. methyl halide
______7. SN2 means
a. two step nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving both alkyl halide and nucleophile
b. one step nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving both alkyl halide and nucleophile
c. two step nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving only the alkyl halide
d. one step nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving only the nucleophile
______8. Which alkyl halide will most likely undergo SN1 mechanism?
a. 1-bromobutane b. 2-bromo-2-methylpropane c. bromomethane d. 2-bromobutane
______9. Which alkyl halide will most likely undergo SN2 mechanism?
a. 1-bromobutane b. 2-bromo-2-methylpropane c. bromomethane d. 2-bromobutane
______10. Which of the following is both the correct bond angle and molecular geometry around a
carbon atom with four single bonds?
a. 1200, tetrahedral c. 109.50, tetrahedral
b. 1200, planar d. 109.50, planar
______11. The functional group for organic acids is the
a. hydroxyl group c. carbonyl group
b. amine group d. carboxyl group
______12. The general formula for an ester is
a. ROR’ b. RCOOH c. RCOR’ d. RCOOR’
______13. How many electrons are shared in a triple bond?
a. 1 b. 2 c. 6 d. 4
______14. Hydrogenation of an alkene yields
a. alkane b. alkyne c. alcohol d. aldehyde
______15. Which of the following is the product from the dehydration of an alcohol?
a. alkane b. alkene c. aldehyde d. ketone
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
______16. Which of the following contains a tertiary carbon?
a. 2,2-dimethylpropane c. 2-pentene
b. 3-methylheptane d. a, b and c
______17. 3-ethylpentane and 2-methylheptane are isomers
a. true b. false
______18. Are ethyl methyl ether and ethyl methyl ketone isomers?
a. yes b. no
______19. Alkanes react primarily by
a. free radical substitution c. electrophilic addition
b. electrophilic substitution d. nucleophilic addition
______20. The simplest ketone is
a. ethyl methyl ketone c. lactone
b. acetone d. cyclohexanone
______21. The carbonyl group of aldehydes and ketones is very reactive because
a. the ‒C=O bond is electron rich c. the ‒C=O bond is polar
b. the oxygen has two nonbonding pairs d. all of these
______22. Aldehydes and ketones generally react by
a. nucleophilic addition c. electrophilic addition
b. nucleophilic substitution d. electrophilic substitution
______23. What is formed when an alcohol reacts with a carboxylic acid?
a. ester c. acid chloride
b. anhydride d. thioester
______24. Carboxylic acids are more acidic than alcohols because
a. of the increased polarity of the O-H bond due to the carbonyl group
b. of the stability of the carboxylate anion formed upon ionization
c. of the greater value of Ka
d. all of the above
______25. An example of a trihydric alcohol is
a.ethyl alcohol c. glycerol
b. glycol d. isopropyl alcohol

QUIZ 3.
_____1. The two strands of DNA are said to be
A. oppositely charged B. complementary C. identical D. partners
_____2. The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide chain comprises the _____ structure of the protein.
A. primary B. secondary C. tertiary D. quarternary
_____3. An amino acid with a polar R group
A. Cysteine B. Phenylalanine C. Leucine D. Valine
_____4. An amino acid with a basic R group
A. Alanine B. Arginine C. Proline D. Glutamine
_____5. An amino acid that is electrically neutral at pH5
A. Aspartic acid B. Histidine C. Glycine D. Threonine
_____6. An amino acid that will move towards the cathode at pH10
A. Glutamic acid B. Tyrosine C. Lysine D. Valine
_____7. A test for the presence of benzene ring in protein
A. Biuret B. Millon’s C. Hopkin’s Cole D. Xanthoproteic
_____8. Protein present in bones
A. collagen B. fibroin C. elastin D. keratin
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
_____9. Protein in grains
A. lactalbumin B. myosin C. leucasin D. globulin
____10. Simple protein in blood
A. edestin B. fibrinogen C. myosin D. glutenin
____11. An alkaloidal reagent that is used in the treatment of burns
A. tannic acid B. picric acid C. phosphotungstic acid D. phosphomolybdic acid
____12. A conjugated protein with colored pigment
A. chromoprotein B. glycoprotein C. nucleoprotein D. phosphoprotein
____13. The Xanthoproteic test is a test for the presence of ...
A. Tryptophan B. Serine C. Tyrosine D. Threonine
____14. A color test for protein that uses glyoxylic acid as reagent
A. Millon’s B. Xanthoproteic C. Ninhydrin D. Hopkin’s Cole
____15. A dipolar ion formed when amino acid undergoes self protonation
A. anion B. cation C. Zwitter ion D. AOTA
____16. DNA is the genetic material of the cells. The building block of DNA are:
A. amino acids B. monosaccharides C. disaccharides D. nucleotides
____17. Enzymes are molecules that speed up chemical reactions. All enzymes are
A. carbohydrates B. nucleic acids C. proteins D. lipids
____18. When proteins are broken down by enzymes, the products are:
A. amino acids B. carbohydrates C. fatty acids D. nucleic acids
____19. A nucleotide contains _____.
A. sulfur B. nitrogen base C. 6-carbon sugar D. all of the above
____20. The structure of DNA was described by_____.
A. Watson and Crick B. Mendel C. Redi D. Chargaff
____21. Which of the following vitamins are all fat soluble.
A. ABCD B. ACDE D. ADEK D. BCDE
____22. Defficiency of this vitamin will cause scurvy.
A. Vit A B. Vit B C. Vit C D. Vit D
____23. Vitamin B6 is also known as,
A. Niacin B. Pyridoxin C. Thiamin D. Rivoflavin
____24. A vitamin that function as an antioxidant.
A. Vit A B. Vit B C. Vit C D. Vit D
____25. Phylloquinone is commonly known as,
A. Vit B3 B. Vit K C. Vit F D. Vit H
____26. The percentage of A + G in DNA equals_____.
A. 25% B. 50% C. 80% D. 100%
____27. The nucleotide of DNA have __________ bases.
A. purine B. pyrimidine C. either A or B D. neither A or B
____28. The process of copying DNA molecule.
A. translation B. reproduction C. replication D. transcription
____29. A new copy of a DNA molecule is precisely synthesized during a process called
A. translation B. transcription C. replication D. reproduction
____30. Which form of RNA acts as a blueprint for polypeptide biosynthesis by the ribosome?
A. mRNA B. tRNA C. rRNA D.NOTA
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
QUIZ 5.

______ 1. The preparation of alkyl halide that obeys Markovnikov’s rule.


A. Hydrogenation C. Hydrohalogenation
B. Halogenation D. Hydration
______ 2. The solvent used for the preparation of Grignard reagent.
A. Alcohol C. Acid
B. Ether D. Ester
______ 3. Which of the following alcohol will react faster with HBr?
A. n-butanol C. 2-butanol
B. 2-methyl-1-propanol D. 2-methyl-2-propanol
______ 4. An industrial source of alcohol.
A. Coal C. Sugar
B. Fats D. Ethers
______ 5. The enzyme that aids in the fermentation of sugar to alcohol.
A. Diastase C. Maltase
B. Zymase D. Glucosidase
______ 6. Which method is not used in the preparation of simple alcohol.
A. Hydration of alkenes C. Fermentation of sugar
B. Hydrolysis of alkyl halides D. Oxidation of alkenes
______ 7. The method of preparation that gives high percentage of alcohol.
A. Diborane method C. Sulfonation
B. Hydrolysis D. Reduction
______ 8. A toxic compound formed by distillation of ethylene glycol.
A. Diethylene glycol C. Ethylene oxide
B. Diethyl ether D. Dioxane
______ 9. Which compound has the highest density?
A. Fluorobutane C. Chloropentane
B. 2-methyl-1-iodopentane D. Bromohexane
______10. Alcohol act as an acid if it reacts with;
A. HBr C. K
B. CH3ONa D. NaOH

QUIZ 6.

_____1. DNA is the genetic material of the cells. The building block of DNA are:
A. amino acids B. monosaccharides C. disaccharides D. nucleotides
_____2. Enzymes are molecules that speed up chemical reactions. All enzymes are
A. carbohydrates B. nucleic acids C. proteins D. lipids
_____3. When proteins are broken down by enzymes, the products are:
A. amino acids B. carbohydrates C. fatty acids D. nucleic acids
_____4. Nucleotides contain _____.
A. Sulfur B. nitrogen base C, 6-carbon sugar
D. all of the above
_____5. The structure of DNA was described by_____.
A. Watson and Crick B. Mendel C. Redi D. Chargaff
_____6. The percentage of A + G in DNA equals_____.
A. 25% B. 50% C. 80% D. 100%
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
_____7. The nucleotide of DNA have __________ bases.
A. purine B. pyrimidine C. either A or B D. neither A or B
_____8. The process of copying DNA molecule.
A. translation B. reproduction C. replication D. transcription
_____9. A new copy of a DNA molecule is precisely synthesized during a process called
A. translation B. transcription C. replication D. reproduction
____10. Which form of RNA acts as a blueprint for polypeptide biosynthesis by the ribosome?
A. mRNA B. tRNA C. rRNA D.NOTA
____11. The two strands of DNA are said to be
A. oppositely charged B. complementary C. identical D. partners
____12. The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide chain comprises the _____ structure of the protein.
A. primary B. secondary C. tertiary D. quarternary
____13. An amino acid with a polar R group
A. Cysteine B. Phenylalanine C. Leucine D. Valine
____14. An amino acid with a basic R group
A. Alanine B. Arginine C. Proline D. Glutamine
____15. An amino acid that is electrically neutral at pH5
A. Aspartic acid B. Histidine C. Glycine D. Threonine
____16. An amino acid that will move towards the cathode at pH10
A. Glutamic acid B. Tyrosine C. Lysine D. Valine
____17. A test for the presence of benzene ring in protein
A. Biuret B. Millon’s C. Hopkin’s Cole D. Xanthoproteic
____18. Protein present in bones
A. collagen B. fibroin C. elastin D. keratin
____19. Protein in grains
A. lactalbumin B. myosin C. leucasin D. globulin
____20. Simple protein in blood
A. edestin B. fibrinogen C. myosin D. glutenin
____21. An alkaloidal reagent that is used in the treatment of burns
A. tannic acid B. picric acid C. phosphotungstic acid D. phosphomolybdic acid
____22. A conjugated protein with colored pigment
A. chromoprotein B. glycoprotein C. nucleoprotein D. phosphoprotein
____23. The charge of Histidine at pH6, assume pK1 = 4 , pK2 = 10, pKR = 6
A. 0 B. -1 C. +1 D. +2
____24. A color test for protein that uses glyoxylic acid as reagent
A. Millon’s B. Xanthoproteic C. Ninhydrin D. Hopkin’s Cole
____25. A dipolar ion formed when amino acid undergoes self protonation
A. anion B. cation C. Zwitter ion D. AOTA

QUIZ 7.

_____1. A reaction of ester that will produce another ester.


A. Alcoholysis B. Ammonolysis C. Hydrolysis D. Ozonolysis
_____2. A soap use for water proofing.
A. Ag soap B. Al soap C. Cr soap D. Cu soap
_____3. A soap used as dusting powder.
A. Al palmitate B. Cu oleate C. K laurate D. Zn stearate
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
_____4. A soap used for treating ulcer.
A. Al palmitate B. Cu oleate C. K laurate D. Zn stearate
_____5. An ester used as banana flavoring.
A. ethylmethanoate B. methylpentanoate C. pentylethanoate
D. octylethanoate
_____6. An inorganic ester that lowers blood pressure.
A. ethyl nitrate B. ethyl sulfate C. pentyl nitrate D. glyceryl trinitrate
_____7. The flavor imparted by isoamyisovalerate.
A. Apple B. Banana C. Pear D. Pineapple
_____8. The acid secretad by ants.
A. Methanoic acid B. Ethanoic acid C. Propanoic acid D. Butanoic acid
_____9. An aldehyde that smells like green apple.
A. Methanal B. Ethanal C. Propanal D. Butanal
____10. A ketone with ethereal fragrance.
A. Methanone B. Ethanone C. Propanone D. Butanone
____11. The test for the presence of methyl carbonyl.
A. Benidect’s B. Fehling’s C. Haloforms D. Tollen’s
____12. An organic salt used as dye fastener.
A. Al ethanoate B. Ca stearate C. Fe butyrate D. Na chloride
____13. A colorless and poisonous gas with an unpleasant odor.
A. Acrolein B. Acrilan C. Crotonaldehyde D. Ketene
____14. An inorganic ester used as explosive.
A. ethyl nitrate B. ethyl sulfate C. pentyl nitrate D. glyceryl trinitrate
____15. A reducing test that gives a brick red precipitate with aldehydes.
A. Benidect’s B. Millon’s C. Schiff’s D. Tollen’s

QUIZ 8.

_____ 1. The primary source of alkanes.


A. Petroleum B. Marsh gas C. Natural gas D. Biomass
_____2. The study of the three dimensional structure of molecules.
A. Nomenclature B. Stereochemistry C. Structural theory D. Isomerism
_____3. An exothermic reaction of alkanes
A. Combustion B. Reduction C. Pyrolysis D. Hydrogenation
_____4. Thermal decomposition of alkanes.
A. Hydrogenation B. Combustion B. Oxidation C. Pyrolysis
_____5. Which of the alkanes below has the lowest boiling point
A. n-pentane B. isopentane C. neopentane D. Sec-pentane

_____6. Which of the alkanes below has the highest density


A. 2,3-dimethylhexane B. 3-methyl hexane C. iso-hexane D. n-hexane

_____7. The molecule that exhibit electrovalent bond.


A. NaH B. NH3 C. HI D. H2O2
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
_____8. The molecule with sp2 hybrid.
A. NH3 B. BF3 C. H2O D. CHCl3
_____9. The molecule with pi bond.
A. H2S B. HCHO C. CH3NO2 D. HClO
_____10. the molecule with linear structure.
A. BF3 B. H2O C. CO2 D. SF6
_____11. Which molecule has a coordinate covalent bond.
A. HCN B. HBrO2 C. HClO D. H3PO3
_____12. The electron acceptor in CH3NO2
A. C B. N C. O D. H
_____13. The electron donor in H2SO4
A. H B. O C. S D. NOTA
_____14. The formal charge of P in H3PO3
A. +2 B. +1 C. 0 D. -1
_____15. The structure of SO2 molecule.
A. linear B. planar C. tetragonal D. tetrahedral
1 2 3 4 5 6
Given: HC=C=CH-C≡C-CH3
_____16. Which of the numbered carbon in the given structure has sp 2 hybrid.
A. C-1 B. C-2 C. C-4 D. C-6
_____17. How many sigma and pi bonds are there between C-4 and C-5
A. 2 , 1 B. 1 , 2 C. 1 , 1 D. 2 ,2
_____18. What is the structure of C-2?
A. linear B. planar C. tetragonal D. tetrahedral
_____19. What is the bond angle between C-1, C-2 & C-3?
A. 90O B. 109O C. 120O D. 180O
_____20. Which has the shortest bond length?
A. C2&C3 B. C3&C4 C. C4&C5 D. C5&C6

QUIZ 9.

_____1.. Ethyl butanoate is an artificial flavor for


A. apple C. orange
B. banana D. pineapple
_____ 2. The aldehyde used as preservative.
A. Butanal C. Ethanal
B. Propanal D. Methanal
_____ 3. An organic compound formed when an acid reacts with an alcohol.
A. Aldehyde C. Ester
B. Ether D. Ketone
_____ 4. The IUPAC name of the simplest ketone.
A. Butanone C. Hexanone
B. Pentanone D. Propanone
_____5. Freon is an example of
Chemical Technician - Preliminary Board Exam
A. hydrocarbon C. alcohol
B. alkyl halide D. aldehyde
_____6. Rubbing alcohol is an example of
A. normal alcohol C. secondary alcohol
B. primary alcohol D. tertiary alcohol
_____7. The ester which gives pineapple its flavor.
A. Ethyl ethanoate C. Ethyl butanoate
B. Butyl ethanoate D. Propyl butanoate
_____8. The hydrocarbon used as reference in measuring the quality
of gasoline.
A. n - hexane C. n - pentane
B. n - heptane D. n - octane
_____9. The alcohol present in all drinking liquor.
A. Methyl alcohol C. Isopropyl alcohol
B. Ethyl alcohol D. Amyl alcohol
_____10. Compounds having the same molecular formula but different molecular
structures are
A. isotopes C. ionic compounds
B. covalent compounds D. isomers
_____11. The number of structural formulas possible for the alkyne C6H10.
A. two C. four
B. three D. five
_____12. An organic compound with pleasant odor.
A. Aldehyde C. Ester
B. Alcohol D. Ether
_____13. The acid responsible for the irritating sting of ants.
A. Formic acid C. Citric acid
B. Acetic acid D. Lactic acid
_____14. Methanal is used as
A. refrigerant C. antiseptic
B. preservative D. fuel