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Aero-space-combat,

6TH-Gen, all-rights-reserved to Prof. Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or, Vol. II of best seller TEXTBOOK [12]


Aero-Space

Combat Dictionary

PROMO to Vol-II of best seller DICTIONARY-TEXTBOOK [12]




Prof.-Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or
Class education that fills professional vacuum


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Aero-space-combat, 6TH-Gen, all-rights-reserved to Prof. Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or, Vol. II of best seller TEXTBOOK [12]

Aero-Space-Combat Dictionary
Volume II of best seller DICTIONARY-TEXTBOOK [12]
With 35 Figures, 56 references, 2 dozen Reviews in first 2 chapters

Benjamin Gal-Or *

Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-I

Jetonautics v. Aeronautics, Swarming v. Stealth Technologies, Counter-Air-Penetration, CAP-B-21,
Jet-Engine-Steering, JES-S-F-22, JES-J-10, S-J-20, JES-S-SU-57, Hyper-NCM, Civilizing JES, JES-funding,
Force-Multiplier by High JES-Kill-Ratios, BRAHMOS, PAC DA, S-500, THAAD, ARROW-3, DAVID SLING.
___________
* U.S. AIR FORCE & NATO: "Benjamin Gal-Or & Wolfgang Herbst have influenced the direction of fighter aircraft
design."; “Many of Gal-Or's ideas, and those of Herbst, are now being tested and flown operationally"; "Their
technology will offer new challenges. Solving the inevitable human points problems that will emerge, involve
questioning established doctrine and reaching for innovative and imaginative solutions." RTO-EN-12, RTO-TR-
015/HFM-015.

Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-II
th-
AAS... 5 Gen-stealth-initial-path Acclaimed as Stealth
AAS via INDIA...voiding SU-57-claims: Unacceptable lo
AOOF...........Aeronautics-Only-Obsolete-Flight-control
AOOF-FREE.......JES-JETS (3D-Vector, F-22, J-10, Su-57)
ARROW-3 Israel-US-hype-NCM/Ballistic-Missiles-Killer
ASSM-ER...................conventional cruise missile, CCM
BRAHMOS RUSSIAN-INDIAN hypersonic cruise missile
BVR...........Beyond Visual Range combat engagements
B-21......U.S. $85-bn-Bomber/Command-Center/UCAV
B-61-12.................New gravity-free-fall-nuclear-bomb
CAP Counter-Air-Penetration led by B-21 or JES-UCAV
David Sling Israel-US hypeNCM/Ballistic-Missiles-Killer
FDL-DS.......................Follow-The-Leader Drone-Swarm
F-22......................stealth-JES fighter A/C v. J-20, SU 57
F-35.....................stealth-US fighter aircraft, 3 Versions
GAO..............U.S. Government Accounting Office, [49]
GBU-31......Satellite-guided-bombs on unmanned B-21
FM-JES...Force-Multiplier by High-JES-Kill-Ratio in WVR
H-20 .......................China wing-type-new bomber, AAS
Hypersonic Weapons e.g. Tupolev PAC DA, BRAHMOS

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JBF.......................................JES-By-Fluidics-Technology
JES....Jet Engine Steering (3D-Vector, F-22, J-10, Su-57)
JPT.....Safest-High-T/W-JES-PASSENGERS-TRANSPORTS
Jetonautics........Systems-of-Systems-JES-Technologies
J-10.............Pentagon: About 50% of 2018 combat A/C
J-10B............canarded-tailed JES-A/C, AAS combat A/C
J-20..........canarded-tailed, 2-engines, AAS combat A/C
J-31........canardless-tailed, 2 engines, AAS combat A/C
IFPC..............Integrated (JES) Flight Propulsion Control
LCS..........JES-Type Littoral Combat Ships/Missile boats
LRSO...Nuclear Cruise Missile/B-21-optionally-manned
MQ-25...............Boeing's diluted UCLASS as fuel tanker
NCM......Nuclear Cruise Missiles, e.g. launched by B-21
SACOM....Standard (Post-Stall) Air-Combat Maneuvers
S-JES................Stealth-JES, e.g., F-22, F-35, X-44, SU-57
TH
SOS........6 -Generation Systems-Of-Systems Programs
SU-57.....canardless tailed, JES fighter jet, AAS by India
Submarines-UCAV-Refueling........surfing for refueling
S400........Current Russian surface-to-air mobile system
TH
S500.......6 -Gen Russian surface-to-air mobile system
Taranis.................Flight-tested, large UK-Stealth-UCAV
THAAD....kinetic-impact-anti-Ballistic, etc. U.S.-system
TVFC.................Thrust Vectoring Flight Control aka JES
UCAV...... Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles, JET Drones
TH
UCLASS....6 -GEN-Program closed by endless debates
USV/ULV....Unmanned Sea and Land Combat Vehicles
WVR...........Within Visual Range combat engagements
X-44-MANTA.........Multi-Axis No-Tail-A/C or JES-UCAV
X-51 was USAF-DARPA-PWA-BOEING-scramjet,(below)
Keywords: AAS-STEALTH, AOOF, ARROW 3, BRAHMOS, BVR, B-21,
B-61-12, CAP, David Sling, F-22, F-35, GAO, GBU-31, Hypersonic
Weapons, JBF, JES-Jetonautics, J-10, IFPC, LCS, LRSO-NCM, MQ-25, PAC
DA, SACOM, SOS, Submarine UCAV Carriers, stealth, S400, S500,
Taranis, THAAD, TVFC, UCAV, UCLASS, WVR, X-44-MANTA, X-51 (image];
Defense funding, ramjet, scramjet (Image), Jet engines, Jet-Engine-
Steering (JES), Defense-Debates, Civilizing Military-JES, Safest-future-
JES-Airliners; post-stall-WVR-air-combat, Force-Multipliers, JES-Kill-
Ratios, Swarming.

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Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-III

About nine countries, U.S., China, Russia, Israel, India, UK, Japan, France and Germany, have so far
announced, or known to develop 6TH-Generation, Systems-Of-Systems, (SOS), air-sea-combat strategies,
designs and testing, including, but not limited to supersonic-hypersonic ramjets or scramjets, which are jet
engines. Examples:

(a) THE UNITED STATES


Congress and President Trump have recently approved the U.S.


defense budget for FY 2019: $716 billion. This includes

funding for 6TH-Generation B-21-"optionally-manned",

tailless-canardless, long-range, supersonic stealth


bomber (right), to be deployed about 7 years from now, herein

mainly for Counter-Air-Penetration, CAP MISSIONS.

B-21 may fly with forthcoming CAP-fighter aircraft


and fleets of armed UCAVs, like the one shown, or X-47B
derivatives, or with UK UCAV TRANANIS, or with low-cost options
identified in Chapter II for allied countries.






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The unmanned CAP-fleet can function as ONE- WAY,
SUPER-CLUSTER CLUSTER OF FLYING BOMBS aimed at
KEY TARGETS, or SPLIT, Fig. 17. Chapter II includes
JETONAUTIC LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS, Figs. 18-20,

super-agile missile and patrol boats as well as


NASA M9.6-X-43, Fig. 30, and criticism of the design
of non-jetonautic-F-35, [8]. Current issues with Russia
re AEGIS, which, inter alia, has been deployed in Japan
and Romania, and may be in Poland, are deferred; but
neither THAAD, Fig. 35, nor "pure" JES-X-44, MANTA,
that is proceeding highly classified, Fig. 8.

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b) ISRAEL

Currently operational ARROW 3 (right), provides interception of ballistic


missiles, including missiles carrying nuclear, chemical, biological or
conventional warheads. Its reported range is 2,400 km, Fig. 33. It is
integrated with operational, SOS-COMPONENT, DAVID SLING (left), which
intercepts tactical ballistic missiles, medium-to-long-range rockets, nuclear
hypersonic cruise missiles, planes and UCAVs. Its kill vehicle is equipped
with jet-steering for super-maneuverability during final kill-stage that
involves AI-proxy-exploding the targets by three-pulse motor that provides
additional acceleration and maneuverability during the final killing phase,
Fig. 34. Sub-launched cruise missiles, ELTA RADARS operational.

(c) THE UNITED KINGDOM

TARANIS is a new, flight tested, stealth UCAV, currently powered by Rolls-Royce jet engine Adour 951, which
provides 6,480 lb thrust. It is one of the world largest armed UCAVs and can be integrated with B-21-SOS-CAP-
MISSIONS. Introduction.

(d) INDIA
TURBO-RAMJET-SCRAMJET BRAHMOS has been developed with Russia. It may reach Mach 7 as scramjet-cruise-
missile and is expected to be tested first by 2020, Fig. 32. India pulled out of Joint Stealth Fighter Project With

Russia. It has reportedly withdrawn from a 11-year joint program to develop a fighter jet with Russia,
being unsatisfied with the Russian top fighter aircraft Su-57 -- the main issues being the charge that Su-
57's stealth design is not what the Russians claim, [51].



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(e) RUSSIA:

AAK STEALTH ACCORDING TO INDIA: Voiding SU-57 treaty for unacceptable lo,
[51]. The canardless Su-57 (T-50, PAK-FA, power-plant izdeliye 30, 24,544
lbf, 39,556 lbf with ab], is probably on initial path to stealth, and India, being
unsatisfied with its stealth design, [51], may next go it alone. Reactions to U.S.
AEGIS that has been deployed in JAPAN, ROMANIA, and later may be in
POLAND, has recently shifted rivalry focus from problematic SU-57, UCAVs, and
decades of reported problems in jet engines, [51], to space.
Russian S-500 is a 6TH-Generation, surface-to-surface missile-anti-ballistic SOS
to be deployed beyond 2020. It has been developed by Almaz Central Design

Bureau, as an upgrade of S-300/S-400, Fig. 35, [53, 54, 55].


The UCAV program had been started and then cancelled by
MIG, then restarted: A 20 ton UCAV Mikoyan Skat was
discontinued at MIG, started at SU as Okhonik-B, and apparently,
has been revived at MIG. It was to be powered by a
single Klimov RD-5000B turbofan engine, a variant of the RD-93,
[51].

(f) CHINA:
On November 06, 2018, China made its first public display of its first JET-ENGINES-STEERED, canarded, non-
stealthy, JES-fighter-aircraft: "Now China's J-10(B) joins the elite club of super-maneuverable fighter jets",
[55]. It is a combat A/C on par with experimental JES-F-16-VISTA from decades ago, [40-43]. Pentagon: In

2018 about 50% of China's combat A/C are J-10. On the path to be stealthy is a canarded-tailed, 2-engines

combat A/C Chengdu-J-20 (1st image) v. canardless-tailless, subsonic, 2-engines, Xian-H-20 Bomber

(resembles U.S. FLYING WING, STEALTHY B-2); The 2nd image is J-31, a canardless-tailed, 2 engines, AAS
combat A/C.

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On June 5, 2018 China released images of its stealth-UCAV-Dark Sword.
In August 2018, China announced its first successful testing of hypersonic vehicle, Cf. Fig. 31. Its

hypersonic missiles DF-ZF or DH-17 or WU-14, may be operational by 2020, and are claimed to be
capable of nuclear weapons delivery and anti-ship ballistic missiles reaching key U.S. targets and CARRIERS
STRIKE GROUPS. China still uses Russian AL-31 series of turbofans, claiming that in years ahead
their WS-10 derivative or the more powerful WS-15 will be available. But decades of reported
problems indicate that, GOVERNMENT ENTITIES in both Russia and China, cannot reach the reliability and
performance levels of the 3 top WESTERN, NON-GOVERNMENT-COMPANIES, PWA, GE and RR, which also
struggle hard to resolve some of their own problems, with government agencies, [8, 51, 54].





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PREFACE TO VOLUME II

Perfection of means and confusion of goals, seem, in my opinion,
to characterize our age. EINSTEIN

Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory,
tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat. SUN TZU

No style of thinking will survive which cannot produce a usable product
when survival is at stake. Thomas F. Gladwin


What is unorthodox and unprecedented in this book?

Much has happened during the last 28 years since the publication of textbook [12] on jetonautics, especially
in terms of the somewhat surprising rate by which the revolutionary concepts, fundamentals, strategies,
designs, air-combat rules, tactics, civil applications and 15 advantages of jetonautics, [1-12, 13, 14, 22-31, 33-
RD
48], over Aeronautics-Only-Obsolete-Flight-control, AOOF, within the 3 -Flight-Control

Revolution, have been gaining increasing acceptance and global support, even by the most skeptical
professionals.
As we pass today the gates leading to the global, 6TH-Generation concepts, designs, fundamentals,
technologies, means and strategies defined in this and the next Chapter, we face 20 timely, apparently
reformative conclusions, 13 of which are presented by this introductory chapter.

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PREFACE TO VOLUME I

The hypotheses with which (a new development)
starts, become steadily more abstract and remote
from experience... Meanwhile the train of thought
leading from the axioms to the empirical facts of
verifiable consequence gets longer and more subtle.

Albert Einstein

This book is designed to fill a professional vacuum in the new field of advanced, high-alpha, vectored stealth
aircraft. It contains a core of unclassified knowledge that according to the latest trends in military aviation,
should be mastered by all aeronautical engineers and students, as well as by advanced pilots and various R&D
people.

The subject matter of this book has never before been investigated, or presented, as a unified field of study,
partially because it covers an entirely new field of study, and the literature on specific problems.

As a result, different engineers have approached the new integrated systems from widely varying, and
sometimes misleading viewpoints, employing disjointed concepts to what should be a unified R&D-design
methodology.

Consequently, this book departs from traditional, isolated texts on aerodynamics, thermodynamics,
propulsion, electrodynamics, radar, control, materials, flight, mechanics and design, in its emphasis on the
interconnectedness of up-dated information in vectored, agile, STOL, or V/STOL, manned or unmanned aircraft.

Thus, in trying to develop a new, integrated methodology, we refrain from repeating various, well-known,
isolated, mathematical-computational analyses, and, instead, stress the physical and performance
consequences from the end-user point of view.

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For the sake of unification and simplicity, the physico-performance options are first introduced in as simple a
manner as possible, using many illustrated graphs and diagrams.

Part of the text is an expanded version of three university courses on "Jet-Engine Design", "Fluid Dynamics,
Heat Transfer and the performance of Jet Engines", and "Technology of Jet Engines", and "Technology of Jet
Engines", given at this institute over a period of years. The other part and perhaps the major part of the text, is
the exposition of the new technology with every argument that can lead to testable consequences in the
laboratory and in flight testing.

Proper use of vectored RPVs emerges as a highly-effective research tool, replacing some of the more
traditional roles of wind-tunnel simulations. The actual, feedback mechanisms employed in this type of highly-
integrated design methodology, are marked here as a preliminary definition of integrated vectored aircraft.

An advanced propulsion/airframe system, as a whole, cannot be optimized by improving each variable
separately, and, then, superimposing the results on each other to get the whole optimized system. It is, thus,
imperative to strive for the overall design, i.e., to strive for an interconnected design philosophy in which the
various variables are complementary within the framework of a reliable, whole-system-engineering
methodology does not exist yet. Instead, one may use the feedback methodology depicted here and detailed in
the text. A few preliminary concepts for vectored aircraft R&D may be introduced now:

* Vectored RPV emerge as highly-effective R&D tools, replacing some of the more traditional roles of wind-
tunnel testing and untested computational simulations.
* Mission definition and synthesis is a time-variant, testing-variant matrix, that should not be specified
prematurely as a "final cause".
* Design for low signatures should be of prime importance in conceptual and preliminary designs.
* Propulsion-laboratory testing of integrated wing-nozzle-engine-inlet systems is of prime importance.


* AUTHOR's BIO: DOB; August 08, 1933, PALESTINE; Farm-boy without high-school education, B.Sc. (1959), M.Sc.
(1961), D.Sc. (1964), all in chemical engineering from the Technion Israel institute of technology (TIIT);

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Assistant professor, Johns Hopkins University, USA, (1964-1966), associate professor university of Pittsburgh, USA,
(1966-1968); Joint professorship of university of Pittsburgh and TIIT, (1968-1983) in replacing Moshe Arens, who had been
denied full professorship, then established the first and last National LAVI combat jet in ISRAEL. see below;
Gold Medal by New York Academy of Sciences for developing the new General Relativistic (Einstein's Gravity Physics),
Entropy-Free School of Radiation-Thermodynamics, (1972), [Google list, e.g., "Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy"
(UNCLASSIFIED PART OF CLASSIFIED RADIATION STEALTH PHYSICS); Professor, TIIT, (1972); First director of the INSTITUTE
OF ADVANCED STUDIES, TIIT, (1976-1977);
Founder and head, sole JET-ENGINES R&D-LABORATORY in Israel, with Israel Air Force, Bet Shemesh Engines, IDF TANKS
DIVISION, American Technion Society, American Banker Shirley Turk, (1972-1999), [Fig. 12], Google list, e.g., best seller
"Vectored Propulsion, Supermaneuverability and Robot Aircraft, [12]; 1987:
First ever flight tests of tailless-canardless-stealth-JES prototype in ''IMPOSSIBLE-TO-FLY" domains that has induced PM
Shimon Peres to cancel ISRAEL'S LAVI JET FIGHTER, causing 5,000 workers to be fired some, with 6 professors, calling to fire
him, and convicted in court, others to kill him (Rami Dotan Affair);
Recognized abroad as father of post-stall flights and new benefits (Fig. 3) by tailless-canardless, stealth-JES, (Jet-Engine-
Steered) Jetonautics Revolution, first employed to design the U.S. JES-F-22, then by the Russian generating the JES-SU
family and since 2018, by Chinese JES-J-10B, [55].*
Founder and editor-in-chief, International Journal of Turbo and Jet Engines, DEGRUYTER, Germany, (1983-present), [1-
11]; Sabbatical in EU and USA (1999-2001); Retired since 2001. Israeli citizen and U.S. permanent Resident; Consulting
(volunteering) the Philippines government, (2007-present).


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS - II
Volume II

Post the publication by Aviation Week about the first flight test in the post-stall domain, [15, 16], my flight tests
of JES-F-15, JES-F-16 AND BOEING JES-B-727 and full-scale, JES-jet engine, Fig. 12, have been contract-funded by

The United States Air Force, USAF, [35-39]
General Dynamics, [40-43]
Lockheed Martin, [40-43]
Pratt and Whitney, [41]
General Electric, [42]
The United States Federal Aviation Authority, FAA, [7, 46-48]

But before anyone else, I am deeply indebted for materializing the 3rd flight control revolution, with my
highly devoted, graduating students MIKE TURGEMANN and EREZ FRIEDMANN for, with highly talented
technicians MASHIACH ELIYAHOU, and ELIEZER DEKEL and partial participation of my 31-TIIT-aerospace-
project-students, some IAF PILOTS of F-16, or EL-AL 747, constructing, instrumenting, calibrating, hot-full-scale,
jet-lab-testing, Fig. 12, and eventual flight testing and analyzing onboard and ground recording computers, later

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with new comers DRS. VALERY SHERBAUM, MICHAEL LICHTSINDER, A. RASPUTNIS, the first stealth, tailless,
canardless, 3D-THRUST-VECTORED (HOT AND COLD JET-ENGINES-STEERED) PROTOTYPES, [12 at 140-154] and
[2-8, 11, 12,15, 16, 22, 24, 26, 29, 30, 31, 33, 40-48].

I am also deeply indebted to IAF COMMANDERSS-IN-CHIEF General David Ivry, for meeting with SHIRLEY
TURK; Dan Halutz, later IDF RAMATCAL-CIC, for officially coming alone to my jet lab to clarify in 1999, before I
left ISRAEL FOR GOOD for THREATS ON MY LIFE POST THE LAVI CANCELLATION AND BEING THE FIRST TO
INFORM THE SUPREME-JUDGE MIRIAM PORAT ABOUT RAMI DOTAN CORRUPTION AT GE, (classified, much
before 'PAEEL') and formal affirmation that my JETONAUTICS PUBLICATIONS AT AIAA, ASME, TEXTBOOK-[12],
ETC. ARE BEING STUDIED AT IAF COMBAT PILOT SCHOOL and much earlier by IAF RALTZADS, GENERALS CHAIM
YARON AND MICHAH COHEN, FOR CONTRIBUTING FRENCH AND F-16 ENGINES TO THE JET LAB, Fig. 12.

I am also deeply indebted to TIIT PRESIDENTS ALEXANDER GOLDBERG and MAX RICE and PROFESSORS
WILLIAM RESNIK AND FINKEL, and, from the U.S., to PROFESSOR HERALD HOELSCHER, CHAIR, JOHNS HOPKINS
UNIVERSIRTY and DEAN OF ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF PIITSBURGH and PROFESSOR TOMY GOLD of
CORNELL and THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE CHIEF SCIENTIST, DR. G. KEITH RICHEY, WHO WROTE THE
FOREWORD TO REFERENCE [12].

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS - I
Volume I

Part of the unclassified research work published here, as well as the integrated methodology of
laboratory/flight testing developed by the author, has been financially sponsored by

Teledyne CAE,
The General Electric Co.,
The United States Air Force, USAF,
General Dynamics,

I wish to thank my research sponsors as well the editors, publishers and boards of the various periodicals,
reports and books referenced in this volume for allowing me, directly and indirectly, by policy or word, to
include figures appearing in this volume, as quoted below and in the respective references.
Indeed, I am especially indebted to AIAA, ASME, SAE, AHS, IDR, NASA, USAF-WPAFB, US Army, IDF, IAF,
Journal of Propulsion, International Journal of Turbo and Jet Engines, Journal of Power and Gas Turbines, Journal
of Aircraft,

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the General Electric Co., Pratt & Whitney, R.R., Teledyne, Allison Gas Turbines of GM, Garrett, Bet Shemesh
Engines, Turbomeca, MRB, MTU, General Dynamics, Northrop, Lockheed, IAI, NPT, TAT, IGTA, KHD, Micro-Turbo,
Donaldson Co., Avco-Lycoming and the McGraw Hill Co.

Most important, the evolution of this important field of aviation has been made possible by the significant
contributions of the many individuals whose works have been selected in the preparation process of this book.
A few of these pioneers are mentioned by name in Appendix A. However, our greatest gratitude is with the long
list of contributors as reflected in the References, and in the text itself.

In revising the text, I have been helped, in various ways, by Doron Bar Annann, Dr. A. Rasputinis, Erez
Friedman, Sara Voroveitchik, Mike Turgemann, Dan Erez, Eran Liron, Prof. Yoram Tambour, and, indirectly, by
General David Ivry, the General Director of Israel's MoD, D. W. B. Herbst of MBB, Mr. T. P. McAtee, Mr. Jerry
Murff, Mr. Fran Ketter, Mr. Tom Barret, and Mr. C. Porcher of General Dynamics, M. F. Ehric, Mr. E. Albert and
Mr. S. Levy of I.A.I., and Mr. D. Bowers and Mr. W. Lindsay, of the US Air Force.

Indirectly, I have also been helped by my students, who frequently contributed comments and questions,
especially by those who had selected to participate in my courses "Fluid Dynamics, Heat Transfer, and the
Performance of Jet Engines", "Design of Propulsion Systems", "Jet-Engines Technology" and "Jet Engines-1".

Erez Friedman has given me invaluable, first-class professional help in constructing the first Pure Vectored
RPVs and the first vectored F-15/F-16 RPVs, and in flight testing them in the spring of 1987, and in the summer
of 1989, respectively.

Similar acknowledgement and gratitude go to Mike Turgemann, who constructed our very first vectored RPV
and flight tested it in April and May 1987.

My deepest gratitude goes to my two sons, Amir Gal-Or and Gillad Gal-Or, who, during our long, enthusiastic,
professional discussions, have contributed many ideas, and have also encouraged me to pursue these ideas in
laboratory and RPVs flight texting.

Finally I want to express my greatest indebtedness to the Publisher, Springer Verlag, and especially to the
Engineering Editors Dr. Z. Ruder, and A. Von Hagen, and to Zvi Weller, Yaacov Polak, Ami Green and Hannah
Lipschitz of Keter Press, Jerusalem.





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Introduction

Aero-Space Combat Glossary-IV

1. Seven Key Flight Control Revolutions


AOOF: The 1ST Flight-Control-Revolution took place
more than 100 years ago by the introduction of Aerodynamic

Only (Obsolete today) Flight control -- AOOF, [1-12]. It


has since been greatly improved for such applications as AOOF-
civil transports, fighter aircraft, bombers, missiles, cruise
missiles, drones, UCAVs and helicopters.

However, the image illustrates why and where it has failed due
to "Lost Lift" that dictates "NO-POST-STALL-FLIGHT-

DOMAINS", Fig. 2.

AOOF-BARRIER, Fig. 2, is caused by the lost lift on wings,
vertical tails, rudders, fins, horizontal stabilizers and canards in
post-stall situations ("High Angle of Attack"), [12].
Images by nikimedia-PHL/Wikipedia. And from reference 12.

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ARRESTED PROGRESS: The 2ND Flight-Control-Revolution was introduced by jet engines
replacing most prop-piston-engine-based-designs, first in air combat, and gradually in most passengers and
cargo airlines. The seeds of lost life by AOOF-Control was enforced by its experts ulterior axiom:

We a priori arrest all jet engines to provide only
brute force forward.

Figure 2: The first and second revolutions forced three
limitations on aviation, or traditional barriers:

(a) No flight beyond the stall barrier,

(b) A given Max altitude for each design,

(c) For each design a given Top speed.



We later return to these issues.

JETONAUTICS: The 3RD Flight-Control-Revolution has been gradually introduced and globally
accepted by USA, RUSSIA, CHINA, since the early 1987, [1-12, 15, 16, 22-31, 33-48, HISTORY-2 and 3, 55], by

breaking the stall-barrier, Fig. 2, with JET-ENGINE-STEERING, JES, designs aka 3D-THRUST VECTORING
FLIGHT CONTROL, or tvc, which, in addition, had predicted significantly safer, cost-effective and all-times winner
in JES-WVR-AIR-COMBAT, Figs. 3, 4, [1-12, 22, 24-30] as well as at least 15

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Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-VI

ADVANTAGES OVER THE FIRST TWO REVOLUTIONS


(1) reducing (v. AOOF) drag, by eliminating vertical tails, canards, etc., Fig. 8, 17, [5, 35-43],

(2) reducing (v. AOOF) weight for same reasons, [1-14],

(3) reducing (v. AOOF) fuel consumption for same reasons, Id.,

(4) reducing (v. AOOF) runways length --JES provides safest short takeoff and landing, Id.,

(5) reducing (v. AOOF) complexity, for aforementioned reasons, Id.,

(6) reducing (v. AOOF) costs by eliminating AOOF-hydraulics-actuators, tails, canards, Id.,

(7) expanding (v. AOOF) "MAX ALTITUDE", with induced advantages, Figs. 1, 2, [1-12].

(8) expanding (v. AOOF) "TOP SUPERSONIC SPEED", with induced advantages, Id.,

(9) Increasing flight safety when all hydraulics fail -- jet engines use their own, [1-12, 28],

(10) saving lives when AOOF fails, e.g. landing under strong side-winds, [19, 20-26],

(11) preventing crashes in civil and military aviation, [Id.],

(12) Increasing Self Repairing on flight when AOOF CONTROL FAILS to function, [Id., 44-48],

(13) Increasing supermaneuverability, e.g. Figs 3 and 4, [1-12, 13, 14, 27, 35-43, 55],

(14) Improving stealth integration of jet engines with airframes, e.g. Figs 7, 14, 17, [1-12, 54],

(15) Increasing kill ratios in a dozen or so new WVR-air-combat maneuvers, e.g. Figs 3 and 4.

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SWARMS: The 4TH Flight-Control-Revolution has been introduced since 1987-1999 by commercial
cold propulsion that allows citizens to purchase imported kits, assemble and fly them in SWARMS of prop and

jet drones, thus opening the gates to armed jet drones aka UCAV for Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles,

or R&D RPVs for Remote Radio Controlled Pilotless Vehicles, or "optionally manned" fighter
aircraft and bombers that are subject to the less understood similarity rules published by AIAA, [31]
-- FUNDAMENTALS and SIMILARITY TRANSFORMATIONS OF VECTORED AIRCRAFT, AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Jan
1994, together with [2-8, 11, 22, 24-30] and reviewed under RULE-1 below. These ideas were next expanded to
(1) unclassified early designs to use jetonautics to prevent car accidents, school buses accidents and wheel-

chaired accidents, (2) unclassified: Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Air Safety, [7,

19, 44-48], (3) Classified work on the use of swarms in civil and military resistance, EU, 1999-2000; 2018,
Philippines.

PURE JES: The 5TH Flight-Control-Revolution is slowly proceeding since 1968 and in flight tests since
197 to replaces mixed JES/AOOF-DESIGNS with ''pure'' 3-DIMENSIONAL (YAW-PITCH-ROLL) JET

ENGINE STEERING, as in the original 1987-prototypes, [12-16, Id.], and, years later, by USAF-NASA
design of "pure" JES-X-44, MANTA, that is proceeding highly classified, Fig. 8.

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HYPER-PROXI KILL: The 6TH Flight-Control-Revolution has been operational since 2018 as multi-
role hypersonic proxi-kill of ballistic missiles in line with Mach-7-David Sling, Figs. 33, 34. The final,
asymmetric, kill vehicle is equipped with advanced steering for super-maneuverability for the final kill-stage that

involves AI-proxy-kill-explosion, even if the target has just been missed, and a three-pulse motor that

provides additional acceleration and maneuverability during the killing phase.

CIVIL JETONAUTICS: The 7TH Flight-Control-Revolution in civilizing military JES was first funded
in 1994-1995 by U.S. FAA, and has since led to the following preliminary conclusions, [19, 20, 21, 23, 28, 44-48]:
• JES-post-stall-capabilities can save many lives and prevent much damage,
• JES-TAILLES-CANARDLESS-designs lead to weight reduction, drag reduction, fuel reduction,
• MAX JES-weight reduction/benefits are attainable by removing AOOF-MEANS/SUPPLEMENTS,
• Stall-Spin recoveries from stall-spin situations are provided by AOOF-FREE-JES, [40].
_______________

2 23 YEARS NEGLECT OF MAXIMIZED PASSANGERS FLIGHT-SAFETY

During the next generation, various U.S. Government agencies may opt to serve the international public
with the safest feasible biz-type-size-JES-transports powered by relatively high thrust to
weight ratio turbofan jet engines.
Strong support has, so far, been published by AVIATION WEEK, AEROSPACE AMERICA and invited opening
lectures of international conferences in China, Russia, Germany and Poland, [1-14, 19-21, 24-26, 29-34, 44-
48].


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3 Confusing goals?
As we all pass today the gates leading to the 6TH-Generation that would be more-than-ever critical for the
survival of the West, students, mentors, engineers, pilots, generals, admirals, designers, decision makers

and interested readers, and, on another scale, Congress members, and government officials involved with
the aforementioned, unprecedented programs, should study, or even master advanced jet-engines, which
include hypersonic ramjets and scramjets, nuclear cruise missiles and jetonautics? [1-11], text book [12] and
below.

4 Can we anticipate another "Kelly" Johnson?



Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson, M3+ Stealth SR-71/J58-turboramjet pioneer designer


Do what you feel to be right, for you'll be criticized anyway, Eleanor Roosevelt

Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is
the only thing that ever has. Margaret Mead

____________________







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Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-VII
We begin with first 13 CONCLUSIONS

1. Russian symmetry stealth blunder: Under the illuminating lights of some dark corners of Russian
claims for real stealthy Su-57, their claims crashed in public by Indian-treaty-break, because INDIA had
unequivocally discovered, by tests, that the top stealth jet of Russia is not as stealthy as claimed. Thus
being unsatisfied with the low level of Russia's top designs for its 5TH-Generation AAS-Stealth-Su-57, INDIA
may next GO IT ALONE, [51].

2. STEALTH: 6TH-Generation Stealth Technology would be more advanced, expensive and complex than that
of the 5TH. Russia and China today are on the initial path to reach 5th-gen-level stealth. Uninformed
reported attach the word stealth wrongly to what should be defined AAS-STEALTH. TWO SOS WOULD
EMERGE, EXPENSIVE STEALTHY for key CAPS v. LOW-COST un-stealth FLEETS or SWARMS, [1-56]

3. WVR AIR COMBAT. Anti-WEST stealth air-sea-combat means would be on par with the U.S. during the.
6th-generation. This would REPLACE current U.S. BVR WITH WVR – manned and unmanned, Fig. 17.

4. AAS-STEALTH: Armies of SELF-APPOINTED WESTERN "reporters" add the word "stealth" to Russian and
Chinese jets today, when their misleading report should be 5TH or 6TH-GEN-AAS-STEALTH, [51].

5. JETONAUTICS: U.S., Russia and China have elevated jetonautics to a global rivalry arms race, which,
since November-06, 2018, constitutes: U.S. (JES-F-22), v. RUSSIA, (JES-Su-57), v. CHINA JES-10B. EU, under
its 27-years-anti-JES-war-against-all-odds, [5, 13, 14, 55], is neither a member, nor is predicted herein to
be one during the next air-sea combat generation. Other countries are, JAPAN, and would, INDIA, join the
Jetonautics club, especially of interest if the UK-UCAV-TARANIS goes JES and joins SOS-CAP-B-21-FLEET
MISSIONS, [51].

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5. RUSSIAN UCAV-FLEET ATTACKING THE WEST? by armed Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles? It
is problematic for Russia, for it has not developed, so far, flight-tested, reliable ones, nor is it known, unlike
China, to use such large fleets or swarms, except that it may be relatively fast to deploy armed-JES-UCAVS
THAT CAN BE REFUELD ON TOP OF SURFING SUBS, old or advanced, or on future small-UCAV-SEA-
CARRIERS, by converting old ships to UCAV CARRIERS, since the global trend is ''optionally manned''.

6. COUNTER-AIR-PENETRATION, CAP, OF WESTERN FORCES INTO RUSSIA AND/OR CHINA, SAY, BY B-21-
FLEET WITH ARMED UCAVs, LIKE TARANIS, or X-47B DERIVATIVES, or old vehicles converted to UCAVs, as
defined by Chapter II:
(A) Converting old ships to function as JES-UCAV-CARRIERS to enhance UCAV-fleets during long-range
or other missions,
(B) Converting old submarines to function as JES-UCAV-AUTO-REFUELING ON ITS TOP BY SURFING to
enhance UCAV-fleets during long-range or other missions,

7. Follow-the-leader-as-one-unit-swarm of unmanned, JES-upgraded, 4TH and 5TH-Generation JES-old-
fighter-aircraft, e.g. JES-A-4, JES-F-4, JES-A-10, integrated with larger swarms of JES-UCAVs, or lower-costs
JES-jet-drones, Figs. 22-25, may play a key role during CAP offensive and defensive missions, or other
missions.

8. 8 to 20 years should be allowed by 6TH-Generation defense committees to design, develop, certify and

deploy new generations of advanced jet engines – a force-major-fact that rules all future programs,
[1-12], including hypersonic turbo-ramjets and scramjets, that are, by fact, jet engines, vis-à-vis much
shorter times to deliver airframes and avionics -- a conclusion that should not include low-cost, CAP
FLEETS, or SWARMING options, Figs. 22-25.

9. The Jet-Engines-Industry should provide Nominated Prime Defense Contractors. REASONS: Hypersonic
ramjets and scramjets are jet engines. Prime contractors for subsonic, supersonic and hypersonic based
programs should be professionally nominated from the jet-engines-industry, as traditionally done, and

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too often causing run-away costs, delays and performance compromises. [Cf. Editorials on FUTURE JET
TECHNOLOGIES v. UCLASS, F-35, X-51 programs, [1, 5, 13, 14, 49].

10. MAXIMIZED PASSANGERS FLIGHT-SAFETY should be available during the 6TH-Generation to the
international public by certified safest feasible biz-type-size-JES-transports powered by relatively high
thrust to weight ratio turbofan jet engines, Figs. 9. Strong support has, so far, been published by AVIATION
WEEK, AEROSPACE AMERICA and invited opening lectures in international conferences in China, Russia,
Germany and Poland, [1-14, 19-21, 24-26, 29-34, 44-48].

11. Jet-engine-R&D-researchers-and-designers should get adult educations on jetonautics v. aerodynamics,
JES-flight control/WVR AIR COMBAT, Ramjets, Scramjets, air combat, SOS, swarming technology and
UCAVs, while airframe and other experts, should study, or even master, jet-engine designs, dynamics,
materials, durability, tests, sub, super and hype combustion, [1-12].

12. 27-years hot debates with EU, ISRAEL (LAVI), and other opponents, are moot. REASONS: The
fundamentals and practice of (I) The physics of A/C-rotation during JES, (II) canarded air combat vehicles v.
jetonautics in air combat, (III) civil transport jetonautics, [44-48], (iii) U.S. JES-F-22 and Russia's JES-SU-
FAMILY and the November 06, 2018, JES-addition by JES-J-10B, [5, 13, 14, 22, 23, 27, 28, 32, 55].

13. THE INTERNATIONAL CANARDS BLUNDER: EVENTUALLY, AS CLAIMED FOR DECADES, [7, 13, 14, 55(6)],
CANARDS HAVE BEEN DISCARDED BY USA, RUSSIA AND CHINA, Fig. 8. POST 3 DECADES, AMERICANS,
RUSSIANS AND CHINESE DESIGNERS HAVE FINALLY CONCLUDED THAT NASA-BOEING, canarded-X-36, is
wrong and misleading, the cost of that mistake, as predicted decades ago, [5, 13, 14], has already
surpassed $-billions , Cf. the Lavi cancelation, [BIO and 55].
_____________



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Figure 3: The first COBRA was performed in early 1987, [15, 16], with JES-stealth, tail-less/canard-less, 3D-
VECTORING flying prototypes, FIG. 4, [12 at 10, 140-154], as NON-GOVERNMENT, UN-SPONSORED SERIES OF STATE-
PROTECTED TRADE SECRETS IPA78402, June-1986-invited by BOEING for the USG, on August-25, 1986, contracted-
delivered-exporting IPA78402 tailless-canardless, AOOF-FREE, STEALTH-JES-DESIGN-TRADE-SECRETS to be adopted for
the UNITED STATES 1986-ATF/YF-22 as its central-stealth-propulsion-system, and same for the final, 1990-STEALTH-JES-
YF-22 -- later the STEALTH-JES F-22-RAPTOR -- [1-11, 12 (at 45, 140-146), 15, 16, 55]. Cf. 1987-UNCLASSIFIED short
VIDEO at, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3n87EO4pZ_E].
Showing only unclassified, caption-only of IPA78402 timely-unlimited-protected-confidential trade secrets RE:

(1) 1968-1987 WIND-TUNNELING-TESTED-JES-stealth, tailless-canardless air-combat models,
(2) 1982-1987, same enlarged and tested by full-scale-jet-engine Marbore-II, Fig. 12.
(3) August 25, 1986, post-June-1986-U.S.-invitated, signed contract for exporting said IPA78402 tailless-
canardless, AOOF-FREE, STEALTH-JES-DESIGN-TRADE-SECRETS to be adopted to the UNITED STATES
1986-ATF/YF-22 as its central-stealth-propulsion-system and same for the final, 1990-STEALTH-JES-
ATF/YF-22 -- later the STEALTH-JES-F-22-RAPTOR -- [27].






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Figure 4: The First stealth-JES-tailless-
canardless, AOOF-FREE, SINGLE-ENGINE,
each with 2 yaw-pitch-roll-rectangular
nozzles shown, 1968-1986-IPA-78402-
designs.

These included HELICOPTER TYPE, or "falling leaf"
and 11 more unprecedented air-combat SACOM ---
some projected today to support CAP missions, both
in offensive and defensive WVR situations, or for
multiple-firing at terrorists positions during a single
over-flight, [Id.].


Figure 5: UPGRADING AOOF-BASED VEHICLES to
function as JES-BASED ones, does not require to change jet
engines per se, except by low-cost modifying of extant nozzles
to add vectoring-nozzle capabilities and advanced IFPC, Fig. 6.
JES-Nozzle-performance is affected by altitude and speed,
Fig. 2, jet-engine-dynamics and Pressure Ratio, NPR, [12 at 64,
77]. Evaluated by JES-Jet-Engines-Altitude-Speed-Test Facility,
Fig. 12, up to about 30 degrees JES-deflections angles, potential
adverse effects induced by a separation bubble, had been
evaluated from 1982 to 1984. Various classified maps of JES
performance were generated for JES-modified IFPC and flight
tests, [1-12, 34-43], used later by USAF for 1988-91 JES-F-15 lab
and flight tests, [35-39], Lockheed, 1991-97-JES-F-16, [40],
PWA, 1989-95-JES-stealthy-rectangular-nozzles, [41], GE 1991-
92, rounded JES-nozzles [43], FAA 1994-1995, Civil-JES-nozzles,
[19].

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Figure 6: KEY GLOSSARY VIII: EXTANT,
LOW BY-PASS, MILITARY ENGINES
WITH VECTORING

6TH-Generation air combat Systems-of-systems
(SOS) designers should MASTER SOS-IFPC. Same
applies to engine-experts who do not master
flight dynamics, stealth, BVR, WVR and self-
repairing/hydraulics incorporated into projected
SOS-IFPC. [12].
Textbooks on jet engines often make
fundamental mistakes in presenting JES-vectoring
as in rockets, which are based on fixed geometry
nozzles, while JES-VECTORING, Figs. 5, 11, 13, 14,
simultaneously opens, closes and vector the
nozzles in 1, 2 or 3D coordinates, almost with
minor modification to the structure of the main
jet engine, except what is first indicated below.

IFPC – MODIFIED INTEGRATED FLIGHT
PROPULSION CONTROL FOR VECTORING –
incorporates SOS-AI-Simulations, like:
(a) how engine's thrust varies with altitude, speed,
inlet-air-temperature,

(b) number, type and duration of cycles, say under dust environments, especially under:

(c) inlet-compressor-combustor-turbine-A/B- cycles, dynamics,

(d) Pilot throttle changing commands v. maneuvers, missile firing,

(e) engine serial models, SACOM, mission and self-repairing by modern AI-IFPC-PROGRAMS.

Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-VIII

FADEC: Full Authority Digital Engine Control, [12].
PST Inlets are of two major types: "stealthy", as in Figs. 7 and 14, or "regular", [12 at 243-245].
BY-PASS RATIO is designed low for fighter aircraft engines and high for cargo and passengers transports, but may be
flight-variable in 6TH-Generation by new VARIABLE CYCLE ENGINES (VCE) proffered today to lower fuel
consumption/increase range, [12 at 197, 21, 51-53].

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High v. Low Pressure Compressors. These are independently powered by two independently rotating turbines,
(4, 4.5), hence are independently rotating, [12 at 211].

A/B stands for After Burner that boosts thrust at the cost of high fuel consumption, but is used in top-line fighter A/C
during takeoff, combat, emergency, extra-speeding, self-repairing.
2D-CD represents 2 Dimensional, Converging Diverging supersonic military jet engines nozzles, e.g., F-22.
SOS-IFPC is operated by both pilot stick and throttle via SOS-HELMET-SIGHTING-FIRING-AI-SYSTEMS, [12].
FLYER replaces pilot in UCAV flying ahead of (a) a central-mission-combat-command, like B-21-SOS-IFPC (Fig. 17), (b)
CAP-fighter A/C SOS-IFPC, (c) LCS, Fig. 18, missile boats, carriers, mobile ground stations.

IFPC-FLUIDICS BLEEDS AIR FROM HPC to be properly injected into the nozzle, Fig. 5, (no-moving parts)
JES RATES should be in line with, if mixed with AOOF-SURFACES ROTATION RATES, [1-11, 12 at 42].

Figure 7: STEALTH-JET-ENGINE-Air-Inlets-LIPS/EXHAUST-FLAPS-ENDS,
should, besides proper-radar-radiation-frequency-absorbing-materials-coatings-inner
structures, [54], sidewise orient-deflect incoming radar waves, as shown only
externally, if that is the sole initial path to stealth, we define it AAS-STEALTH.
STEALTH JET-ENGINE INLETS MAY HELP HIDING THE JET-ENGINE FAN-COMPRESSOR
FRONT FROM RADAR WAVES by a AAS-STEALTH-FRONT-BUMP, as shown. IT can
be removed for non-stealth missions and training, [1-12].


Figure 8: POST 1990 WIN of
JES-YF-22 OVER NON-JES YF-
23, USAF and U.S. defense
industries designed a "PURE"
(manned or unmanned) JES-
STEALTH, TAILLESS,
CANARDLESS, AOOFLESS
FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.

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While [officially] is not yet constructed/flight tested, it has influenced recent designs, like the X-
47-B, X-45C. It is listed X-44 MANTA, for MULTI-AXIS, NO TAIL (STEALTH-TV (JES), AOOF-FREE)
Aircraft, as invited and contract-imported for the central system of the stealth-JES-YF-22 [1-12,
15, 16].
Invited and contracted on August 25,
1986, less the canards, this X-36
configuration has mislead armies of EU,
RUSSIAN AND CHINESE DESIGNERS, [5,
13,14], to believe that NASA and

BOEING have discovered evidence


to prefer canards on future fighter
aircraft and UCAVs. But [35-39], etc., have helped to declare this JES-X-36 a blunder.
ABOUT TWO DECADES LATER, the RUSSIANS AND CHINESE DESIGNERS HAVE, AT LAST,

REALIZED THIS NASA-BOEING is a MISTAKE. Cf. Su-57, J-20, and starting from

X-45A-UCAV, Boeing has corrected its mistakes.

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Figure 9: MAXIMIZED PASSANGERS FLIGHT-SAFETY should be available to the public during the 6TH-
Generation as the safest feasible biz-type-size-JES-transports powered by relatively high thrust to weight ratio
turbofan jet engines.

Strong support has been published by AVIATION WEEK, AEROSPACE AMERICA and invited opening lectures

in international conferences in China, Russia, Germany and Poland, [1-14, 19-21, 24-27, 29-34, 44-48].

Such SAFEST-JES-TRANSPORTS should be funded by governmental agencies, enforced by act of CONGRESS


(legislating civilizing military JES to provide maximized public flight safety).
This challenge (revolution?) should cross borders by presenting available FAA-funded sub-scaled flight tests

results of BOEING-JES-727 to interested BIZ-JETS-COMPANIES in CANADA and BRAZIL.

REASONS: Unequivocally JES-TRANSPORTS can save passengers and troops lives and prevent much damage in crashes
during takeoffs and landing under strong side winds, heavy-ice-on-wings, tail-or-landing-gear-failures, loss of all hydraulics
and un-recoverable pilot mistakes. Despite unequivocal, first proof-of-concepts flight tests of BOEING-JES-727-MODEL and
partly funded in ISRAEL, by FAA in 1994-1995, BOEING REFUSES TO CIVILIZE MILITARY JES. WHY? There are more than the
following adverse-ulterior driving forces:

1. Committees reject funding for safest, high-T/W-RATIO-CARGO/TROOPS-TRANSPORTS – a mistake.


2. Jet-engines industries are not interested to fund SMALL/HIGH-T/W-TRANSPORTS – a mistake.
3. Large airframe industries reject selling SMALL/HIGH-T/W-TRANSPORTS – a mistake.
4. AOOF- Biz-jets-industry is not encouraged to save lives and prevent much damage – a mistake.

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Figure 10: Post publication by Aviation Week, [15, 16], on the FIRST
EVER PROOF-OF-POST-STALL JES flights deep into the "IMPOSSIBLE-
TO-FLY" DOMAIN, Figs. 1-2, [12], the United-States Air Force (USAF)
invited to visit it at WPAFB, DAYTON, OH, in the summer of 1987 for it
to verify and study the video evidence of that claim, Fig. 12, [12 at
140, 147, 149]. USAF THEN FUNDED FLIGHT TESTS of JES-F-15 [35-39]
with our simplest JES design as shown [12 at 24, 80, 81, 83, 85, 146]
and used by HERBST's Rockwell-
international, DARPA-NASA
U.S.-X-31*, which has confirmed
our 1987 predictions of high kill-
ratio advantage of JES-fighter
A/C over AOOF-based ones in
WVR-air-combat as greater then
60. Similar JES-systems were used by Lockheed-JES-F-16-VISTA and NASA-JES-F-15-ACTIVE.

_______________

* MEMORIAL TO THE GREAT PIONEER DR. WOLFGANG HERBST:


TIIT Jet Laboratory secretary gives me the phone: "Dr. HERBST from Germany is on the line". Post congratulating him for
proving with his-JES-X-31, 64 to 1 KILL-RATIO advantage over-AOOF-fighter A/C during WVR-simulated air-combat, while
being reminded how he in Germany and me in Israel had been attacked and laughed at for claiming that we can fly and get
benefits by supermaneuverability, by breaking the stall barrier in WVR air combat, by preventing catastrophes in landing
under strong side winds, and by endless JES benefits. So what is the connection with China's J-10B?
HERBST disclosed that the UNITED STATES AIR FORCE is interested to review a supportive or joined PROPOSAL OF HIM
AND ME to develop alternative, low-cost, single-engine, STEALTH-JES A/C for export and domestic needs.
I had been forced then to decline: A PERSONAL ORDER by Defense, later PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL, YITSHACK RABIN,
dictates SHARE nothing of IPA78402 protected trade secrets WITH ANYONE OUTSIDE THE USG, thus exports kill the
proposal. (Said order can only be changed by Rabin's own personal approval, a frozen dictate post him being murdered.).

Contended today: The remaining "low-cost", single-engine, stealth, JES-less, F-35, has since been left, unchallenged,
at $400 bn total program cost for TWO additional reasons:

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REASON-I: DAYS PASSED, YEARS GONE and shocked I am to read that DR. HERBST CRASHED DURING PILOTING
HIS WW-II REPLICA FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.
DAYS PASSED, YEARS GONE and shocked I am again: Post being sited next to a German in a tourist bus, at a SPAIN-EXPO,
and mutual introductions, he told me that he was the Airport-Tower-Controller that had refused WOLFGANG HERBST
REQUEST TO LET HIM TAKEOFF WITHOUT FURTHER WAITING, WHEN HERBST had DISOBEYED, TOOKOFF AND WING-
WAVED ON HIM IN THE TOWER IN RAGE THAT CAUSED HIM TO CRASH.

REASON-II: Reflections back on HERBST-PROPOSAL: INTEGRATING JES-STEALTH-IPA78402 WITH his X-31 DESIGN, VIS-
À-VIS THE STEALTH-LESS LOW-COST J-10 today and the $400 billion F-35 program cost, [1, 49].

_______________

Figure 11: JES design is accomplished without changing the jet


engine PER SE, only by modifying its IFPC (Fig. 6), the exhaust
nozzle, adding actuators and swivel rings-systems, stronger-engine-
to-airframe-linked, stronger back-structures and new control links
of engine IFPC to both pilot stick and throttle.

Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-IX

JES-VECTORING-ENGINE-NOZZLES TYPES

(1) Mechanical JES-Engine-Nozzle-Types: Rectangular, as on 1968-1986 STEALTH-JES-


MODELS, [12 at 24, 85, 112, 127, 131, 132, 146, 147] and flight-tested since 1987, Fig. 4, [15, 16], and as on
the August 25, 1986 central JES-STEALTH design of the ATF/YF-22, later F-22-Raptor, Figs. 4, 5, or rounded
(axi-symmetric) and composed of flaps, Fig. 13, both types being operated by both pilot's stick and throttle,
while, under U.S.-designs, the rounded-types are actuated by two rings-actuators-IFPC-systems, Fig. 6:
A. Pilot-throttle-commands that opens and close the 2D-CD-nozzle, Figs. 5, 6, under pilot-throttle-
commands, or SOS-IFPC,

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B. independently of A, by pilot-stick-operating-ring-actuators-JES-IFPC-SOS that rapidly deflect the jets in
3D, or, instead, rotates the entire nozzle, as advanced by Russian-JES-designers, who also allow axi-canted
jet-engine-installations to further make JES simpler, e.g., Su-30-MKI-JES-nozzles, which are mounted 32
degrees outward to longitudinal engine axis (in the horizontal plane).

(2) Non-Mechanical JES-fluidics functioning as A and B by properly injecting HPC-AIR INTO


THE EXHAUST NOZZLE. It is not only a less-complex vis-a-vis the mechanical methods, it is based on fewer or
no moving parts. HOWEVER, it is limited in max-deflecting vectoring angles and is applicable to relatively
small JES-UCAVS, [1-11].

(3) Lowest-cost, simplest JES is used by installing 3 or 4 deflecting vans post the engine's exhaust nozzle, Fig.
10, X-31, F-16-VISTA, F-18 HARV, [1-11].

(4) INSERTING ROUNDED-TO-RECTANGULAR-DUCT to allow IMPROVED STEALTH DESIGNS, e.g. YF-22(F-22),


[1-12].

(5) UNDER JES design Rules, jet deflecting RATES SHOULD BE AT LEAST as fast as AOOF-SURFACES ROTATING
RATES.

(6) JES MUST BE DESIGNED as INTEGRATED, NOT ADDED, part of WITH THE WHOLE UNIT systems-of-systems-
jetonautics, [12 AT 10].

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Figure 12: STEALTH-JES-ENGINES-R&D at THE SOLE JET-ENGINES-R&D-LABORATORY IN ISRAEL, [12 at 140,


142, 144, 146].

Founded by author with Israel Air Force [providing jet engines that powered IAF F-4 and F-16], Bet Shemesh
Engines [providing 3 J69 Jet engines, Fig. 23], IDF TANKS DIVISION [various gas turbines], American Technion
Society, American Banker Shirley Turk. Total value in 2000: $25 million.

NOTE: A limited resources country establishing mass production of low-cost jet engines, Figs. 22-25, may use similar,
low cost altitude test facility to modify and certify small JES-jet-engine systems for JES-UCAVs with JES-stealth inlets and
JES-exhausts, Fig. 14, [Id.].

Section (1) usually harbors stealth-type jet-engine air inlet as integral part of JES-stealth system tested.

The air inlet can be fed with hot or cold high-speed air from 7-ton compressed air passing through a large heat
exchanger (marked 8).

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Otherwise this section is kept open for low-cost sea-level studies, (2) low-cost MARBORE-II jet engine (Fig. 23) is
installed on highly-instrumented-balancing-stand that measures JES-induced 3D forces, vibrations, temperatures, pressure
and engine performance, all monitored by control room No. 5, (marked 9); split stealth YAW-PITCH-ROLL-JES-rectangular-
exhausts, Fig. 14.

Sea level operation is allowed by gas turbine and big fan evacuating the unit and, (5) Ejector fed by gas turbine (6) or by
7 tons compressed air at 160 atm; (7) Fuel system controlled by operator in Control room No. 5, (9), as part of additional,
integrated, four other test facilities, each with its control room.

All these facilities were funded by SHIRLEY TURK under contract that forbids any one from taking any of these
elements or instruments outside this laboratory.**

____________

** Dr. SEM WILLIAMS, pioneer, owner and president of WI -- THE LEADING U.S. COMPANY of SMALL TURBO-FAN ENGINES, had
once inquired, at the U.S. Pentagon, about the funding of the 5 facilities used in my laboratory for developing and testing new JES-
Systems. MY Response: Our 5 test facilities were funded by AMERICAN TECHNION SOCIETY and SHIRLEY TURK, a banker from Chicago.
These were formally inaugurated in 1982 at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, in Haifa, as the SHIRELEY TURK JET-ENGINES-
LABORATORY, described by Reference [12]. There is also a short, unclassified, you-tube video on these facilities at
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTJyvNOFNEmLvuLQb0tsXLA;

Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-X

Figure 13: JES exhaust nozzles may be rounded

(axisymmetric) or rectangular (thus, upon proper design-integration,


improve A/C-stealth-levels from front, back, sides, below and above
angles. Cf. stealth-JES-F-22-Design. Rounded designs deflect JES-jets
in 3D by (1) ring operated by pilot stick. (2) extant 2ND-ring operated
by pilot throttle. UNDER JES-IFPC the jet-engine-nozzle, Fig. 6, is wide
open at idle, gradually closing for increased thrust, and opened again
if after-burner is used. The flaps outer ends in this EU-2-BELATED-JES-
NOZZLE, [1-11], are still wrong for stealth-JES-missions, which EU had
neglected for two decades, by canard-based-design. EU NOZZLE
FLAPS, EVEN WITHOUT STEALTH-JETONAUTICS, should INCORPORATE
stealth FLAP-LIPS as needed by inlet lips, (Fig. 7). Designing, testing and certification of 6TH-Generation STEALTH-jetonautics
systems should fall under the sole responsibility of jet-engines and nacelle industries, for it also require thermal, noise,
visual, materials, painting "low-observables", "lo", or "lt'', for low detectability, Fig. 7, [1-11, 12 at 10, 54].

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Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-XI







Figure 14: Glossary of SOS-Jetonautics by Stealth-JES:

(1) Serpentine-type stealth air inlet that hides jet-engine-front from enemy-front-radars,
(2) Rectangular JES-nozzles blended with stealth airframe surfaces at A/C back and front,
(3) JES-IFPC operated under RULES No. 1, ..., Figs. 6, 7,
(4) air inlet lips that sidewise deflect incoming detecting radar waves, Fig. 7,
(5) Radar-absorbing-structures of inlet-internal-surfaces,
(6) Multiple layers of radar-absorbing inner painted-surfaces.
(7) JES DEFLECTION RATES MAXIMIZED, FAILURE IN F-35 DESIGN (FIG. 4), POOR AGILITY.
(8) STEALTH INTEGRATED RECTANGULAR NOZZLES, as in YF-22/F-22 and JES-F-15 [35-39].
(9) IFPC for CANTED-JET-ENGINES by Russian JES-ADAPTATION-fighter-A/C.






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Figure 15: (left), SELECTED F-35-fighter-aircraft-JES IS NOT JES. IT IS

SLUGISH, NOT EVEN 1D VECTORING, COMPLEXT, and may be blocked by dust, thus leading to reduced super-agility

vis-à-vis JES-F-22, SU-30MKI, J-10B, ETC. Its counter-rotating engine sections-mechanism, so-non-

professionally-selected by mediocre minds from an old, discarded, failed, Russian design, is not only

the last to be even considered by professionals, but as time progresses, it is predicted to cost
many victimized lives, before being consumed by the flames of history, [8].
ESPECIALLY FOR THE NAVY SELECTED ''DESIGN", the resulting sluggish system reduces F-35-WVR-air-combat,

or SM-ESCAPE, to absolute defeat by any extant Russian and CHINESE JES-fighter-aircraft, and those who dream
about secured BVR during the 6th-gen, SHOULD READ CHAPTER I again, and just QUIT in shame, [8].

Figure 16: (right), Stealth-JES-CRUISE-MISSILE DESIGN, [12 at 83]. Unclassified decades ago but
good for class education tomorrow.
_______________

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Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-XII by Four Test Questions for Beginners

I often open my lectures on these issues with 4 questions: Do you agree that ......? If you agree, you join the US-
RUSSIA (and now CHINA) JES-Flight-Control-Revolution, [1-55]; if not, you may review verified evidence that
helps staying updated as we all pass the gates to the past generation:

(1) I can prevent passenger jets from crashing during landing under strong side winds, or during takeoffs with
heavy ice deposited on the wings, or landing when under-wheels are partially-damaged, or when all
airframe hydraulics is lost (jet-engines harbor their own hydraulic systems to function), while the vertical
AOOF-tail fails to function due to stall, Fig. 1, at this most critical low speed, (Figs. 1, 2), thus the pilots
CANNOT turn the aircraft nose back to the runway, UNLESS, somehow, I generate -- BY OPERATING JET
ENGINES -- fast ROTATING-FORCE-MOMENTS, NOT AOOF-TURNING, that rotate the aircraft around its
C.G. to re-orient its nose back to the runway and save lives and prevent damages that AOOF-CANNOT?

(2) WOOF-Control experts and pilots often fail to comprehend such physics of rotations provided by Jet Engine
Steering, JES, especially when, for illustration, I propose to locate a combat pilot at or close to the A/C-C.G.,
and claim that he encounters only head rotation, not a 'black-out' caused by AOOF-Control during WVR-
high-G-LOADS, [22-48].

(3) Should JES, putting aside for the debate, other, well-proven, JES ADVANTAGES OVER AOOF-VEHICLES,
replace, at least in part, AOOF-dominated-TURNING-to-TARGET during WVR AIR COMBAT, [12, 18, 55] ?

(4) Can such JES-ADVANTAGES over AOOF-VEHICLES, lead to WVR-combat-wins [looming future under
projected end of current stealth-BVR-ASYMMETRY for fighter A/C (NOT-FOR-SOS-B-21-CAP-FLEETS], due to
Russian and Chinese growing stealth-symmetry capabilities that induce, (INTRODUCTION), high-kill-ratios
in WVR to the side mastering JES-IN-WVR, e.g., Figs. 3 and 4, [1-12, 18, 55]?

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Stealth-Asymmetry Today induces BVR, Stealth Symmetry Tomorrow Induces WVR



(a) Defeat of the West is contended if JES is not triply-funded today because armies of mediocre minds keep
claiming that WVR is dead due to U.S. MAINTAINING STEALTH ASYMMETRY FOR EVER, and thus the enemy
is destroyed by super-stealthy A/C before a real conflict unfolds.

(b) Others do not compare long-time-path-of-missiles-to-target in AOOF-control v. shorter time-path of same
missiles to same-targets, under same conditioned, with JES, [18].

(c) AOOF pilots are often fast to downplay or reject any JES-BENEFITS. Some claim that rapid JES-ROTATIONS
would cause "pilot black-out", other that flying and combating in post-stall domains is impossible, or is
good only for air shows by Russia, U.S. and now China.

(d) Such negative attitudes were sounded mainly by EU and by ISRAELI COMPANIES [1-11, 54, 55], but in Israel
had caused the Lavi Program cancellation, and thousands being fired.

(e) Similar self-inflicted damages have caused EU-fighter-A/C-MARKETS to fail for decades.

(f) STUDIES of PILOT BIOPHYSICS, [39], should thus include JETONAUTICS, partly to prevent conceptual-design-
mistakes and associated cost-damages that adversely affect traditional doctrines and strategies that still
dominate most nations and the less-informed.

UK UCAV TARANIS

Somewhat comparable to the well-flight-tested, ADVANCED, LARGE, U.S. UCAV-STEALTH-X-47B, the newer, 8t,

>M-1, well-flight-tested, advanced, UK-STEALTH-UCAV, TARANIS, is one of the world’s largest stealth UCAVs. It
is delta-shaped, supported by tricycle-type landing gear and propelled by RR Adour turbofan, (Fig. 25),
https://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/tanaris/*

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___________

* UK UCAV TARANIS is currently powered by Rolls-Royce Adour 951 jet engine, which provides 6,480lb thrust. The RR ADURE
jet engines may be further enhanced to about 10,000 lbf by advanced materials in the hot section for improved thrust and durability, a
new fan design to provide higher thrust and hydrodynamic control, replaced by Full authority digital engine control (FADEC, and IFPC,
Fig. 6).

UK BAE Systems is PRIME CONTRACOR, and is responsible for stealth and low detectability (lt), systems integration and system
control infrastructure.

GE Aviation Systems is responsible for providing the fuel gauging systems and electrical power.

Integrated Systems Technologies (Insyte), a subsidiary of BAE Systems, is providing C4ISTAR computers, command, control,
communications, intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance support.

Claverham Ltd (formerly Fairey Hydraulics Ltd) provides Primary Flight Control Actuation System.

Dunlop Aerospace Braking Systems is providing the wheels, brakes and brake control systems for the air vehicle. Insyte is
responsible for delivery of mission planning/control, payload control, imagery analysis and exploitation, integration and clearance of
the ground control provided by BAE Systems IAS in Australia.

Kestrel UAV's blended-wing design was developed by BAE Systems with Cranfield University.

Current £185m budget is managed by BAE Systems. The platform developers include QinetiQ and GE Aviation Systems (formerly
Smiths Aerospace).

Under a 2014 Anglo-French contract, parts from TARANIS may be combined with (renegotiable today?) French nEURO-untested
stealth-UCAV and (negotiable today?) programs of the remaining EU.

The UK is also building 2 aircraft carriers.

On July 16, 2018 the UK announced an optionally manned fighter aircraft, Tempest, that around 2035 may be fielded, inter alia, to
control fleets of UCAVs or SWARMS of mini-drones, using SWARMING TECHNOLOGY for both defense and CAP offensive missions that
include drone-swarming-attacks against terrorists around the world.

GLOBAL ASYMMETRY BY THE UNITED STATES 6TH-GEN-B-21-FLEET



In November 2016, the United States Air Force Scientific Advisory Board announced the need to enhance and
further develop Counter Air Penetration (CAP) programs to be fielded early during the 6TH-Generation. Goals,
strategy and means that have been incorporated from previous programs or have been generated since, include,
but are not limited to "optionally manned", stealthy, long-range, supersonic B-21, Fig.-17.

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Figure 17: The U.S. $85 Billion, "optionally manned", SOS-fleet of stealth
B-21s is to be deployed in the early stages of the 6TH-Generation, and is
herein contended to be globally-unmatched, SOS-CAP-Asymmetry with
SOS-means described below.
According to U.S. Government Accounting Office (GAO) Reports (GAO), [49], about 140
to 200 B-21s are needed.
The B-21s can fly behind fleets of armed, optionally
manned, stealth-A/C and larger fleets of armed CAP-UCAVsJES-UCAVs, like
the TARANIS defined above, or other types of CAP-SWARMS.
CAP-A/C, equipped with updated detection and weapons capabilities, and flying behind or post local actions of

SUITABLE CAP-SWARMS.
This unmanned fleet harbours additional key option: IT CAN FUNCTION AS A ONE-WAY SUPER-CLUSTER OF
FLYING BOMBS AIMED AT A KEY TARGETS, OR SPLIT.
The U.S. Air Force is soon to acquire a new long-range fighter known as "Penetrating Counter-Air" that would
accompany the B-21 fleet deep into enemy territory, [49-53]. The B-21-fleet includes LONG-RANGE STANDOFF,
LRSO, NUCLEAR CRUISE MISSILES, NCM, ASSM-ER, conventional or hypersonic cruise missiles, B-61 gravity-free-
fall-from-B-21-Nuclear-bombs, GBU-31, Satellite-guided-bombs, and, optionally, FLYERS of UCAVs, who fly with
one or more of the B-21s.


Aero-Space-Combat Glossary-XIII

Congress-&-President-Trump approved FY 2019 $716 billion


defense budget vis-à-vis
FY 2017-budget and 1998-2016 FY budgets.

According to ttps://dod.defense.gov/News/News-Releases/News-Release-
View/Article/652687/department-of-defense-dod-releases-fiscal-year-
2017-presidents-budget-proposal:

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"The FY 2017 budget reflects recent strategic threats and changes that have taken place in Asia, the Middle East
and Europe.
Russian aggression, terrorism by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and others, and China's island
building and claims of sovereignty in international waters all necessitate changes in our strategic outlook and
in our operational commitments.
Threats and actions originating in Iran and North Korea negatively affect our interests and our allies."
"The FY 2017 budget request will allow us to develop new unmanned systems, design a new long-range
bomber and a new long-range stand-off cruise missile, and modernize our nuclear arsenal."
"Requests $145.8 million in FY 2017 for support to Israel. This reflects our unshakeable commitment to Israel
and its security and funds Iron Dome, David’s Sling, Arrow, and other cooperative defense programs." "The
Unmanned Carrier-Launched Air Surveillance and Strike (UCLASS) program has been restructured and renamed
the Carrier Based Aerial Refueling System", (Fig. 28).
“Even as we fight today’s fights, we must also be prepared for the fights that might come in 10, 20, or 30
years.”

RECAP

1. I contend that equal stealth levels of adversaries would emerge during the 6TH-Generation. This prediction is
based on growing evidence reviewed by editorials [1 to 11] and [54].
2. If and when this prediction materializes, it is to end the current U.S. stealth-asymmetry that allows BVR-win,
and would force both-sides to get closer and closer to each other for a first, if at all, verifiable detection-
identification, prior to launching SOS-weapons into what might be empty sky and associated failures,
therefore:
3 Air-Sea-WVR-combat, under any situation, is asserted associated with SOS-JETONAUTICS based on JES-
Supermaneuverabilty, Figs. 1 to 16, [12, 55]. And neglected today may touch the stakes of survival.
4. Current JES-symmetry may next evolve into reversed asymmetry.
5. UCLASS cancellation may also cancel surfing submarines that provide temporary-runways to short-take-off
and landing for refuelling JES-UCAVs.
6. Reduced size, low-cost-carriers for JES-UCAVs are needed.

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When human-lives are not lost in air-sea combat
Defensive or offensive UCAV-CAP-encounters should not involve loss of human lives on any side.

1. Follow-the-leader-swarms

Follow-the-leader swarms would form part of CAP offensive or defensive missions. These are composed of prop-
drones or jet-UCAVs that move within a pre-defined distance of each other as the swarm maneuvers as a single
unit in a suicide or a returning mode.

2. Psychological drills vs. hot-encounters

National flyer championships of low-cost, commercial, remote-controlled air and sea vehicles in variously
located sports clubs are non-military family activities, even when the ulterior, hidden drive is to demonstrate is
hitting ''non-sport-targets'' with ''non-wooden balls'' – perhaps a local deterrence against superior armed forces.

3. China flies 1108 drones as a single unit

In December 2017, at the Global Fortune Form in Guangzhou, China flies a swarm of 1108 prop-drones, reported
to have self-repairing and auto-landing capabilities, [February 03, 2018, The Diplomat].

In 2017 China had also tested drones flying at 20 km altitude, a mission involving the Academy of Optoelectronics
at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

There is also a video that shows China flying a 119-Swarm of prop-drones, each costing around $150:
https://www.wetalkuav.com/119-fixed-wing-drones-china/

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4. When would dead pilots see the end of war?

DICTUM A: Only one, like a future U.S. LRSO, fired from its supersonic B-21, or from a forthcoming CAP
Fighter Aircraft, or UCAV, or LCS, submarine, or by a land center of command, needs to get to verifiable key

target to meet a strategic aim. And if that fails, manned stealth/super-agile A/C may enter the encounter,
risking a loss of life.

DICTUM B: Most AOOF-based swarms are hard or impossible to be detected by radars, to be identified and
neutralized. (Their civil use has given rise to various legal issues that are outside the aims and scope of this
DICTIONARY-TEXTBOOK.).


Conclusions

1. Russian symmetry stealth blunder: Under the illuminating lights of some dark corners of Russian
claims for real, stealthy Su-57, their claims crashed in public by Indian-treaty-break, because INDIA had
unequivocally discovered, by tests, that the top stealth jet of Russia is not as stealthy as claimed. Thus
being unsatisfied with the low level of Russia's top designs for its 5TH-Generation AAS-Stealth-Su-57, INDIA
may next GO IT ALONE, [51].

2. STEALTH: 6TH-Generation Stealth Technology would be more advanced, expensive and complex than that
of the 5TH. Russia and China today are on the initial path to reach 5th-gen-level stealth. Uninformed
reported attach the word stealth wrongly to what should be defined AAS-STEALTH. TWO SOS WOULD
EMERGE, EXPENSIVE STEALTHY for key CAPS v. LOW-COST un-stealth FLEETS or SWARMS, [1-56]

3. WVR AIR COMBAT. Anti-WEST stealth air-sea-combat means would be on par with the U.S. during the.
6th-generation. This would REPLACE current U.S. BVR WITH WVR – manned and unmanned, Fig. 17.

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4. AAS-STEALTH: Armies of SELF-APPOINTED WESTERN "reporters" add the word "stealth" to Russian and
Chinese jets today, when their misleading report should be 5TH or 6TH-GEN-AAS-STEALTH, [51].

5. JETONAUTICS: U.S., Russia and China have elevated jetonautics to a global rivalry arms race, which,
since November-06, 2018, constitutes: U.S. (JES-F-22), v. RUSSIA, (JES-Su-57), v. CHINA JES-10B. EU, under
its 27-years-anti-JES-war-against-all-odds, [5, 13, 14, 55], is neither a member, nor is predicted herein to
be one during the next air-sea combat generation. Other countries are, JAPAN, and would, INDIA, join the
Jetonautics club, especially of interest if the UK-UCAV-TARANIS goes JES and joins SOS-CAP-B-21-FLEET
MISSIONS, [51].

5. RUSSIAN UCAV-FLEET ATTACKING THE WEST? by armed Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles? It
is problematic for Russia, for it has not developed, so far, flight-tested, reliable ones, nor is it known, unlike
China, to use such large fleets or swarms, except that it may be relatively fast to deploy armed-JES-UCAVS
THAT CAN BE REFUELD ON TOP OF SURFING SUBS, old or advanced, or on future small-UCAV-SEA-
CARRIERS, by converting old ships to UCAV CARRIERS, since the global trend is ''optionally manned''.

6. COUNTER-AIR-PENETRATION, CAP, OF WESTERN FORCES INTO RUSSIA AND/OR CHINA, SAY, BY B-21-
FLEET WITH ARMED UCAVs, LIKE TARANIS, or X-47B DERIVATIVES, or old vehicles converted to UCAVs, as
defined by Chapter II:
(A) Converting old ships to function as JES-UCAV-CARRIERS to enhance UCAV-fleets during long-range
or other missions,
(B) Converting old submarines to function as JES-UCAV-AUTO-REFUELING ON ITS TOP BY SURFING to
enhance UCAV-fleets during long-range or other missions,

7. Follow-the-leader-as-one-unit-swarm of unmanned, JES-upgraded, 4TH and 5TH-Generation JES-old-fighter-
aircraft, e.g. JES-A-4, JES-F-4, JES-A-10, integrated with larger swarms of JES-UCAVs, or lower-costs JES-jet-
drones, Figs. 22-25, may play a key role during CAP offensive and defensive missions, or other missions.

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8. 8 to 20 years should be allowed by 6TH-Generation defense committees to design, develop, certify and

deploy new generations of advanced jet engines – a force-major-fact that rules all future programs,
[1-12], including hypersonic turbo-ramjets and scramjets, that are, by fact, jet engines, vis-à-vis much
shorter times to deliver airframes and avionics -- a conclusion that should not include low-cost, CAP
FLEETS, or SWARMING options, Figs. 22-25.

9. The Jet-Engines-Industry should provide Nominated Prime Defense Contractors. REASONS: Hypersonic
ramjets and scramjets are jet engines. Prime contractors for subsonic, supersonic and hypersonic based
programs should be professionally nominated from the jet-engines-industry, as traditionally done, and
too often causing run-away costs, delays and performance compromises. [Cf. Editorials on FUTURE JET
TECHNOLOGIES v. UCLASS, F-35, X-51 programs, [1, 5, 13, 14, 49].

10. MAXIMIZED PASSANGERS FLIGHT-SAFETY should be available during the 6TH-Generation to the
international public by certified safest feasible biz-type-size-JES-transports powered by relatively high
thrust to weight ratio turbofan jet engines, Figs. 9. Strong support has, so far, been published by AVIATION
WEEK, AEROSPACE AMERICA and invited opening lectures in international conferences in China, Russia,
Germany and Poland, [1-14, 19-21, 24-26, 29-34, 44-48].

11. Jet-engine-R&D-researchers-and-designers should get adult educations on jetonautics v. aerodynamics,
JES-flight control/WVR AIR COMBAT, Ramjets, Scramjets, air combat, SOS, swarming technology and
UCAVs, while airframe and other experts, should study, or even master, jet-engine designs, dynamics,
materials, durability, tests, sub, super and hype combustion, [1-12].

12. 27-years hot debates with EU, ISRAEL (LAVI), and other opponents, are moot. REASONS: The
fundamentals and practice of (I) The physics of A/C-rotation during JES, (II) canarded air combat vehicles
v. jetonautics in air combat, (III) civil transport jetonautics, [44-48], (iii) U.S. JES-F-22 and Russia's JES-SU-
FAMILY and the November 06, 2018, JES-addition by JES-J-10B, [5, 13, 14, 22, 23, 27, 28, 32, 55].

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13. THE INTERNATIONAL CANARDS BLUNDER: EVENTUALLY, AS CLAIMED FOR DECADES, [7, 13, 14, 55(6)],
CANARDS HAVE BEEN DISCARDED BY USA, RUSSIA AND CHINA, Fig. 8. POST 3 DECADES, AMERICANS,
RUSSIANS AND CHINESE DESIGNERS HAVE FINALLY CONCLUDED THAT NASA-BOEING, canarded-X-36, is
wrong and misleading, the cost of that mistake, as predicted decades ago, [5, 13, 14], has already
surpassed $-billions , Cf. the Lavi cancelation, [BIO and 55].
_____________

Additional conclusions and information are provided in Chapter II.



REFERENCES and NOTES


1. Editorial, Jet-Engine-Steered (JES), lack of updated textbooks to design 6th-generation air and sea combat
vehicles, Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 32(3), Jan 2015. DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2015-1001. Cf. GAO, [49], REPORTS No.
15-374, 16-389R; 16-389R.
2. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JET ENGINES AS PRIME FLIGHT EFFECTORS. THE FIRST KEY DESIGN
RULES. Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jul 1999, Dec 2000, Jan 2001 and Jan 2003.
3. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: Air, Land and Marine applications of Jet Engine Steering aka as 3D
thrust vectoring flight control or 2D-Water-TVC of super-agile boats or super-agile Littoral Combat Ships, [LCS].
Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Apr. 2011.
4. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JES for advanced Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles, [JES-UCAV.]. Int'l J.
Turbo & Jet Engines, Mar 2010.
5. Editorial, Old-New European debate on thrust vectoring and adverse effects of canards, Int'l J. Turbo & Jet
Engines, Jan 1997.

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Aero-space-combat, 6TH-Gen, all-rights-reserved to Prof. Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or, Vol. II of best seller TEXTBOOK [12]

6. Editorial, RE-EDUCATING THE JET-ENGINE RESEARCHERS TO STAY RELEVANT, Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 33(2),
July 2016; DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2016-5001.
7. Editorial, Jet Engine Steering (JES) – The new master of advanced flight control; Civilizing military JES
technology maximizes flight safety and allows pilot recovery when AOOF fails to prevent a crash; Int'l J. Turbo
& Jet Engines, 35(2):95-99, DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2018-9010. May 2018.
8. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: Joint Design Team induces F-35 run-away costs, delays and performance
compromises. Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Sep 2011. Cf. GAO, [49], vis-à-vis some similar problems with cancelled
UCLASS PROGRAMS and down playing 6th-gen-WVR as they sit on their sofa.
9. Editorial, JET ENGINE STEERING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS, Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 31(4):277-285, Dec 2014;
DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2014-1001.
10. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JES-revolution in Air-Sea Propulsion Science and R&D; Int'l J. Turbo & Jet
Engines, Jan 2014. DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2014-1000.
11. Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: Fleets of low-cost, stealth, jet-steered drones designed to fly ahead of
fighter aircraft and bombers into congested regions. Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jan 2013.
12. Gal-Or, B., DICTIONARY-TEXTBOOK, 237 references, 190 drawings, paper-back, 237 pages. “Vectored

Propulsion, Supermaneuverability and Robot Aircraft”; Forward by USAF Chief Scientist: "LANDMARK
BOOK"; (Millions cited by Google, AMAZON, etc.), Springer Verlag, N.Y. and Heidelberg, 1989-present, ISBN
0387-97161-0, 3-540-87161-0, TL685.3.G23 1989, 629.I34'353-de20, 89-21797.
13. Gal-Or, B., Review of debates re jet engine steering aka thrust vectoring and adverse effects of canards;
Journal of Thermal Science, China, Mar 1998.
14. Gal-Or, B., "An Old-New European Debate on Thrust Vectoring and adverse effects of canards", Polskiej Nauki,
PRACE Instytutu Lotnictwa, Poland, 152, pp. 3-8, 1998.
15. Aviation Week & Space Technology: “Israelis Flight Test Jet-Powered RPV Fitted With Thrust Vectoring Nozzles
[JET-ENGINE-STEERED-(JES), UNMANNED-VEHICLES], May 18, p. 21, 1987
16. Aviation Week & Space Technology: [On first-time post-stall flight of JET-ENGINE-STEERED-(JES)-STEALTH-Vehicle
in the history of aviation – conducted at Megiddo Airfield, Israel, performing post-stall-"COBRA", (Figs. 2-1), up
to 170 AOA, and Helicopter-Type-Maneuvers, (Fig. 4), with first Yaw-Pitch-Roll-JES, aka 3-Dimensional Thrust
Vectoring Flight Control (2D-TVFC), May 30, 1987; FLIGHT INT’L “ISRAEL FLIES VECTORING RPV”, May 30, 1987;
“Israel”, “RPVs”, JANE'S ALL THE WORLD'S AIRCRAFT, 1987.

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17. Gal-Or, B., "Upgraded, Completely Vectored F-22", USAF-AFOSR-EOARD, CONTRACT F61708-92-W, UNITED
STATES AIR FORCE, Report: Feb. 28, 1993.
18. Gal-Or, B. with Lijun Qian and E. Kreindler, Minimum-time maneuvers of thrust-vectored aircraft; Journal of
Guidance Control and Dynamics, Mar 1998.
19. Gal-Or, Benjamin, Valery Sherbaum and Lichtsinder Michael, U.S.-PATENT No. 5,782,431, on "Civilizing Military
Thrust Vectoring Flight Control", [saving many lives and preventing much damage by simple, add-on, TV
devices], It includes review on first proof-of-concept flight test funded by U.S. FAA during 1994-1995, April,
1998.
20. Aviation Week & Space Technology: THRUST VECTOR CONTROL EYED FOR TRANSPORT, Aug. 28, 1995.
21. AEROSPACE AMERICA, "Civilizing Military Technology for safest civil Flight Control", 1995.
22. Gal-Or, B., Scientific Mistakes of INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS' DENYING JES-Post-Stall-Flight-&-Safety-Benefits,
1986-1990: --- (1) First by book 12 draft contents presentation to top designers of Israel's NATIONAL LAVI
PROJECT who responded with great compliments like: "nonsense", "you cannot fly post stall", ''read the
textbooks", "you bring shame on the Technion for such lunatic ideas", ''you should be fired for that nonsense"-
-- (2) same by TURBOMECA-Shidlovski denials in France and in Israel; 3) same by RR, less the aforementioned
'complements': Post unclassified lecture on book 12 and editorials in pre-organized OFFICIAL meeting with two
top RR REPRESENTATIVES, Coventry, UK.
23. Research-Gate-Net, "DESIGN PROJECTS AT SIX UNIVERSITIES": Citing Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines,
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327038941_Reasons_for_Triple-Funding_of_the_Jet-Engine-
Industry_to_Meet_2020-2040_6th-Gen-Challenge_Counter-Air_Penetration_CAP.
24. Gal-Or, B., The Fundamental Concepts of Vectored Propulsion, AIAA J. Propulsion and Power, 6, 747-

757, 1990.
25. Gal-Or, B., Maximizing Post-Stall, Thrust-Vectoring Agility and Control Power, AIAA J. Aircraft, 29,
647-651, 1992.
26. Gal-Or, B., Thrust Vectoring: Theory, Laboratory, and Flight Tests, AIAA J. Propulsion & Power, 9, 51 -
58, 1993.
27. Gal-Or, B. with A. Rasputnis, Valery Sherbaum and Michael Lichtsinder, 1991-1999, various reports, patent, [19],
and publications on JES-full-scale-tests with hot jet engines, [12 at 53, 76, 77, 109-113, 131, 132, 149], JES--
engine inlets [35(3)], calibrations, flight tests, computer simulations.

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28. Gal-Or, B., FUNDAMENTALS OF CATASTROPHIC FAILURE PREVENTION BY THRUST VECTORING. AIAA Journal of
Aircraft, May 1995. Cf., A remotely piloted, reduced-scale TVC-Boeing 727 flight tested in May 1995 to
demonstrate the potentials for low-weight, add-on JES-kits for catastrophic failure prevention (1996)"; Id. and
Ref. 19-21.
29. Gal-Or, B., Proposed flight testing standards for engine thrust vectoring to maximize kill ratio, post-stall agility
and flight safety, Int'l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Dec 1995.
30. Gal-Or, B., Thrust-Vectoring of Converging-Diverging Nozzles, AIAA J. of Propulsion and Power, 16, 202-206,
2000.
31. Gal-Or, B. FUNDAMENTALS and SIMILARITY TRANSFORMATIONS OF VECTORED AIRCRAFT, AIAA Journal of
Aircraft, Jan 1994.
32. ''Gal-Or has shown that TV control [JES], being nearly independent of airflow around the aircraft, can be used to
expand the flight domain beyond stall barrier, where aerodynamic controls lose much of their effectiveness."
High-Alpha Trim and Stability Analysis of Aircraft Closed-loop Dynamics With Control Saturation, CITING:
Fundamentals and similarity transformations of vectored aircraft. Ref. 31, Id.
33. Gal-Or, B., MATHEMATICAL PHENOMENOLOGY FOR THRUST VECTORING–INDUCED AGILITY COMPARISONS,
Deficiencies vs. compromises regarding basic rules for maximization of jet-deflection rates are formulated.
AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Mar 1993.
34. Gal-Or, B., THRUST VECTORING [JES] – THEORY, LABORATORY, and FLIGHT TESTS, AIAA Journal of Propulsion
and Power, Jan 1993.
35. Gal-Or, B., “Novel, Post-Stall, Thrust-Vectored F-15 RPVs: Laboratory and Flight Tests” Funded since 1987 by
USAF, (1) Canarded v. Canard-less, ROUNDED v. RECTANGULAR JES-EXHAUSTS to COLD-FAN-JET-2 ENGINES,
1/7-scaled-JES-F-15 flight-testing in abandoned airfield in ISRAEL, Cf. Fig. 10, [12], (2) F-15-AIR-INLET-to-HOT-
OPERATING-JET-ENGINE-MARBORE-II-full-scale-PERFORMANCE, Fig. 12, [12], (3) SUB-SCALED-F-15-INLET-
PERFORMANCE DURING POST-STALL HIGH AOA, 188-page-Report-I, 1987-1992 PROJECT, PART I OF 8 REPORTS
IDENTIFIED BELOW.
36. Gal-Or, B., “Tailless Vectored Fighters: Theory, Laboratory and Flight Tests”, USAF, 196-page-Report-II, July 15,
1991.
37. Gal-Or, B., “Vectorable Inlets/Nozzles and Tailless Flying Models vs. Pilot’s Tolerances Affecting Maximum
Post-Stall Vectoring Agility”; USAF, 238-page-Report-III.

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38. Gal-Or, B., “Tailless Vectored Fighters: Theory, Laboratory and Flight Tests”, USAF, WPAFB, Ohio, USA, AFOSR
FY 1456-8905052, 196-page-Report-IV, July 15, 1991.
39. Gal-Or, B., “Dynamic Scaling, Pilot v. G-Loads under post-stall Maneuvers with vectored fighters”, Funded
series of projects in Israel by USAF; E.g., (i) San Antonio, BAFB, 1990, submitted to USAF Colonel J. Tedor team,
Report-V; (ii) “Dynamic Scaling of Prototypes Using Radius of Gyration Method: Theory, Laboratory and Flight
Tests”, REPORT #I to USAF Capt. J. Wigle (Sep. 30, 1991), Report-IV; (iii) REPORT #II to USAF Dr. D. W. Repperger,
AL/WPAFB (Sep. 30, 1991), Report-VII; (iv) Report to USAF Col. J. Tedor, Deputy Director, Human Systems
Division, BAFB, TX; USAF Special Project, SPC-91-4003, AF/AFOSR/EOARD, 141-page-Report-VIII -- ALL
ORIGINALLY CLASSIFIED.
40. Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to Lockheed-Martin/General Dynamics, Ft Worth, TX, via Spence E. Peters, Tel.
817-935-1588, Main: 817-777-2000, E-Mail: Spence.e.pters@LMCO.com and Dorsett, both have maintained
mutual visits during the longest cooperation programs in which all imported to the U.S. SACOM/JES/STVS
technologies were inter alia provided to Lockheed Martin/GD up to about 1997.
41. Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to PWA, Manager, Component Technology, R. E. (Bob) Davis, 1987-1994.
42. Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to General Electric, Aircraft Engines to Don Dunbar, Ed Rogala and GE VP Krebs.
1987-1988.
43. Gal-Or, B., Agility Benefits of Integrated Aerodynamic & Thrust Vectoring Control, GD/Lockheed-Martin RFP
Ref. TECH-RRJ-JK-0001, TIIT-TRDF 160-779, 1993-1995, Progress Report No. 2, Feb. 10, 1995.
44. Gal-Or, B., Catastrophic Failure Prevention by Thrust Vectoring, invited Lecture and Proposal to NASA Dryden,
June 1995.
45. Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Air Safety, Keynote Lecture; 3rd Int’l
Conf. ISIAF, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, Sept. 2, 1996;
https://www.janes.com/article/76804/image-suggests-china-may-be-testing-thrust-vectoring-engine-on-j-10-
fighter#; https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a24680684/all-the-new-tech-from-chinas-big-
airshow/]
46. Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Air Safety, Opening Keynote Lecture;
2nd Int’l Seminar on Aeronautics & Education, Warsaw, Poland, Nov. 25, 1996.
47. Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Civil Transport safety, Keynote
Lecture, Proceedings, 4th Conf., Int’l ISIAF conf., Dresden, Germany, 1999.

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48. Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Civil Transport Safety, 5th Int´l Symp.
Aero Sci., Moscow Russia, Plenary Lecture, Proceeding, TsAGI, 1999.
49. U.S. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING OFFICE, GAO, UNCLASSIFIED REPORTS No. 15-374; 16-389R, AND
EARLIER GAO REPORTS, v. Editorials [1-11], https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-northrop-
grumman-b-21-stealth-bomber-simply-unstoppable-19931?page=0%2C1 and UCLASS.
50. http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/17698/chinas-is-hard-at-work-developing-swarms-of-small-drones-on-
multiple-levels;
51. According to April 23, 2018 by Franz Stefan Gady at https://thediplomat.com/2018/04/india-pulls-out-of-
joint-stealth-fighter-project-with-russia/
"India has reportedly withdrawn from a 11-year joint program to develop a 5th generation fighter jet
with Russia. The Indian Air Force (IAF) has reportedly withdrawn from one of the most ambitious and
controversial joint Indo-Russian defense programs to date: the co-development and production of the
Sukhoi/HAL Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA), also known in India as the Perspective Multi-role Fighter
(PMF)."
"Senior Indian officials, including National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Defense Secretary Sanjay Mitra,
purportedly informed a Russian ministerial delegation this month that Indian government was pulling out of
the 11-year collaborative program to develop a stealth fighter jet, official sources told IHS Jane’s Defense
Weekly on April 20 (2018)." "Neither the Indian nor Russian governments have so far publicly confirmed New
Delhi’s decision to shelve one of the most high-profile joint Indo-Russian defense projects." "One of the IAFs
principal concerns included Russia’s failure to develop a next-generation engine for the FGFA to date. Current
prototypes of the aircraft are fitted with a derivative of the Russian-made Saturn AL-41F1S engine, dubbed AL-
41F1. A new engine — the Saturn izdeliye 30 — purportedly capable of mounting 3D thrust vectoring nozzles,
(JES), is not expected to be ready for serial production until at least 2020." "After evaluating the first PAK FA
T-50 [Su-57] prototype (the Russian prototype of the PMF), the [IAF] wanted more than 40 changes addressing,
among other things, perceived weaknesses in the plane’s engine, stealth, and weapon-carrying capabilities."
"The first two Su-57s are expected to enter service in 2019."; https://www.janes.com/article/79457/india-
withdraws-from-fgfa-project-leaving-russia-to-go-it-alone.;
http://www.pravdareport.com/russia/economics/15-07-2008/105795-unmanned-0/.

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52. Lapin, Yaakov (2018-02-19). "Israeli Arrow 3 interceptor test previews upcoming trials in Alaska". Jane's
Information Group; drones.html;

53. https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/meet-russias-s-500-can-it-kill-f-22-or-f-35-37072;
https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/news/features/2016/webt-laser-swarms-
https://www.defenceprocurementinternational.com/features/air/;
shttp://insidedefense.com/201403112464029/Inside-Defense-General/Public-Articles/air-force-sets-plan-to-
launch-sixth-gen-fighter-program-in-2018/menu-id-926.html;http://aviationweek.com/blog/6th-gen-engines-
pratt-rolls-out-ge stays/ https://thediplomat.com/2017/07/securing-us-bases-in-the-pacific-a-new-era-of-
instability/ http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/penetrating-counter-air-what-comes-after-the-f-22-
raptor-f-18081/ http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/penetrating-counter-air-what-comes-after-the-f-22-
raptor-f-18081?page=2; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HWV6e5qdlWc http://www.thedrive.com/the-
war-zone/21324/image-of-chinas-stealthy-dark-sword-fighter-like-combat-drone-emerges;
<ahref="//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Boeing_MQ-25_Stingray.jpg" title="Fair use of copyrighted material
in the context of Boeing MQ-25 Stingray">Fair use</a>, <a
href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58417160">Link</a>;
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/raptor-reborn-super-f-22-fighter-heading-japan-32147.

54. According to https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/how-russia-could-someday-shootdown-f-22-f-35-or-b-2-


stealth-bomber-35512: "While Moscow makes bold claims about the counter-stealth capabilities of their S-
400 and S-300V4 air defense systems, (Fig. 35), the fact remains that even if Russian low-frequency search
and acquisitions radars can detect and track tactical fighter-sized stealth aircraft, such as the F-22 or F-35,
fire control radars operating in C, X and Ku bands cannot paint low observable (LO) jets except at very close
ranges."

"Stealth is not—and never has been—invisibility, but it does offer greatly delayed detection so that a
fighter or bomber can engage a target and leave before the enemy has time to react."
"There is a ‘step change’ in an LO aircraft’s signature once the frequency wavelength exceeds a certain
threshold and causes a resonant effect.
Typically, that resonance occurs when a feature on an aircraft—such as a tail-fin or similar— is less than
eight times the size of a particular frequency wavelength."

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"Fighter-sized stealth aircraft that do not have the size or weight allowances for two feet or more of radar
absorbent material coatings on every surface are forced to make trades as to which frequency bands they are
optimized for."
"Radars operating at a lower frequency band such as parts of the S or L band are able to detect and track
certain stealth aircraft. But ultimately, to counter lower frequency radars, a larger flying-wing stealth aircraft
design like the B-21, (Fig. 17)—which lacks many of the features that cause a resonance effect—is a necessity.
But at the UHF and VHF band wavelengths, designers are not trying to make the aircraft invisible—rather
engineers hope to create a radar cross-section that will blend in with the background noise that is inherent to
low-frequency radars."

55. HISTORY NOTE 1: According to https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/a24742661/china's-j-10-thrust-
vector-control/?source=nl&utm_source=nl_pop&utm_medium=email&date=100118 and
www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/j-10b-tvc-wows-zhuhai-crowds-with-surprise-performa-453352/
"China's J-10(B) fighter is equipped with thrust vectoring controls (JES) that allow the jet to perform
seemingly impossible aerial maneuvers, (verified since November 06, 2018)" "It was built with Israeli
assistance from Israel’s F-16-based Lavi fighter."
"Using this technology, the F-22 Raptor can angle its thrust up to 24 degrees up or down."
"Now China's J-10 joins this elite club of super-maneuverable fighter jets."
HISTORY NOTE 2: China published author's Review of debates re jet engine steering in WVR air combat, by its
Journal of Thermal Science, Mar 1998, [5, 13, 14], then invited Keynote Lecture, to the Chinese Academy of
Sciences that hosted the 3rd Int’l Conf. ISIAF, in Beijing, Sept. 2, 1996, [45], to be followed by same-lectures-
meetings with China's top designers and decision making at CHENGDU, where they show him textbook [12] as
their design guide.
During the next 22 years JES, aka tvc, has not openly displayed in China, until November 06, 2018, when JES-
J-10B JOINED CHINA AS MEMBER OF THE 3RD FLIGHT CONTROL JES-REVOLUTION, (INTRODUTION).
https://www.janes.com/article/76804/image-suggests-china-may-be-testing-thrust-vectoring-engine-on-j-10-
fighter#; https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a24680684/all-the-new-tech-from-chinas-big-
airshow/

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HISTORY NOTE 3: Following (1) the 1987-FIRST-JES-FLIGHT-publication by AVIATION WEEK, [16, 17], (2) USAF
funding-reports from 1988 to 1991 on sub-scaled JES-F-15, [36-46], (3) 1990 textbook on prior art, [12], (4) JES-
X-31 flight-tests, and (5) USAF-NASA-JES-F-15-ACTIVE flight tests, Russia has joined the JES revolution and a new
GLOBAL RACE was established. Since NOVEMBER-06-2018-FLIGHT-TESTS, CHINA JOINED THE EXCLUSIVE-U.S.-
RUSSIA-CHINA JETONAUTICS-CLUB IN WHICH THE EU IS NOT A MEMBER, [5, 13, 14] BUT INDIA IS PREDICTED TO
JOIN SOON, [51].
HISTORY NOTE 4: REINVENTING THE WHEEL? PLAGIARISM? THEFT? IP VIOLATION? ANTI-SEMITISM?
GREED? ENVY? PATRIOTISM? AMERICAN WAY? RUSSIAN WAY? CHINESE WAY? AND IT IS NOT THE FIRST
TIME. IT STARTED ON AUGUST 25, 1986, IN KANSAS, USA, BY BAMC, [1-48].
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/say-goodbye-f-22-f-35-or-b-2-bomber-new-generation-stealth-could-be-
coming-soon-37257
56. Gal-Or, B., 1968-PRESENT, CLASSIFIED RADIATION PHYSICS WORK in Detection of Space-
Radiation/Stealth/Stellar/Radar-Radiation-Thermodynamics, Theoretical-Philosophical-Physics resulted in a
another text book: "Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy", Springer, (1987-present), a best-selling book that 27
years ago had predicted compacting of galaxies into filament by simultaneous expansions of all intergalactic
voids that have slowly reversed, by radiation-winds, EINSTEIN-HUBBLE-EXPANSION to accelerate AS
DISCOVERED IN 1998 and REFUTING "DARK ENERGY CLAIMS". Reviews collected by Springer close this Chapter:
FIRST THE LONGEST BY AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS:
"The value of this book lies in the challenging combination of ideas which Gal-Or presents, which goes far
beyond what can be sensibly described in a review. [This] work may be too large to digest as a text in these
days of the decline of academic institutions 'as Gal-Or describes them', but that will be the loss of both the
faculty and the students.”
“Gal-Or's remarkable book sees and seizes the world whole. He emphasizes that all scientists (and
technologists) operate under some set of philosophical prejudices, and that failure to acknowledge this is self-
delusion.
Furthermore, he argues that a failure to attend to the philosophical base of physics leads to an empty
scientism.
His work is challenging on many levels, constituting a review 'with derivations' of general relativity 'as
applied to cosmology', thermodynamics, the current state of theoretical particle physics, astrophysics, as well

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as a summary history of western philosophy, 'especially the philosophies of time and mind' and critiques of
western society, the intelligentsia and the relationship between academic science and government.
One 'and perhaps the central' theme explored, is that of the interplay between symmetry and asymmetry (in
science and defense).
His primary interest is not in the recent progress in the unification of forces in gauge theory, although he
finds support in it for his Einsteinian outlook, but is rather time, time's arrow, and the asymmetry between past
and future.
Around time are accumulated discussions, both mathematical and philosophical, of thermodynamic
reversibility, time reversibility, the nature of causality, and the use of advanced and retarded solutions to wave
equations.
The second major theme is that of gravity and its overwhelming domination of the actual form of the
universe, at all scales.
The combination of these themes is not accidental; they are point and counterpoint to his thesis that the
time asymmetries are connectable to and perhaps even determined by the master asymmetry given by the
gravity of general relativity:
the remorseless cosmological expansion. He argues that only the expansion can provide the unification of
time asymmetries. The expansion provides, among other things, an UNSATURABLE SINK for radiation, which, in
turn, permits the establishment of gradients in temperature and density, which provide the basis for the
physical process that leads to life.
He also criticizes the sloppy and improper use of the concepts of entropy 'and the related notions in
'information theory' and quantum indeterminism, especially as covers for an inadequate understanding of
temporal asymmetries.
Taking an Einsteinian position on the interpretation of quantum mechanics, he looks forward to revitalization
of Einstein's quest for a deterministic interpretation of quantum events."

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, [56]

"A Master Piece. The well-known author bases his philosophy on a very sound knowledge of present-day
scientific theories. " Indian Journal of Physics [56]

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"Evokes a person heart ! Has generated a large number of responses from around the world, some declaring
that it has turned them into “Gal-Orians”. Since the thought presented by this book is so rich, translators of our
country should recommend this book with all their intellectual power."
Chinese Academy of Sciences [56]

"Tour de force. A magnificent and sustained piece of work! Gal-Or’s net is widely cast – it reaches as far as
science policy and political philosophy." A. Cottrell, V. Chancellor, Cambridge University, [56]

"Appeals to scientists of all disciplines who are prepared to open their minds. Shines a welcome light in some
dark corners of science. New Scientist (Magazine), [56]

"Gal-Or launches a new spirit of inquiry by his excellent and thought provoking writings. I would recommend
awarding a prize and would hope that this would serve to focus attention on a most important subject.”
Gold Award by N.Y. Academy of Sciences, [56]
(a following article by S. Hawking did not make it.)

"This is a great book, and an exciting book; readable, worth reading and enlightening."
Sir Karl Popper, one of the Greatest Philosophers of Science, [56]

"I do not know a better modern expression of science, philosophy and classical humanism than that of Gal-Or’s
book." HaAretz Daily, [56]

"We are all Gal-Orians !" Editor, Foundations of Physics, [56]



"Gal-Or’s “beauty” has always been the object of science, which, he lyrically observes as “a most fundamental
aesthetic frame of mind, a longing for the run-away horizons of truth and symmetry
that we always try to reach.” Order Amidst Chaos, Enlightenment Aesthetics, [56]

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Recommended by Encyclopedia Britannica, "Nature, Philosophy of", [56]

"This is one of the most beautiful books that I have read." Outstanding Books List, [56]

"The works of scientists like Gal-Or, Bohm, and (Noble Prize-Winner) Prigogine provide important
resources. Prigogine's formalisms do not really tell us how irreversible change emerges from reversible
[mathematics]. (in this Gal-Or is superior)." The Crisis of the Sciences, [56]

"Einstein's time-symmetric tensor was elevated by Gal-Or’s “New Astronomical School of Unified
Thermodynamics” to the status of the source of “Master Asymmetry” controlling not only irreversible
thermodynamics, but all physical and biological phenomena!
Gal-Or calls “GRAVITISM” (his philosophy) that gravitation is the prime cause of structures, irreversibility,
time, geo-chemical and biological evolution -- that the expansion of the universe is the cause of the second law
of thermodynamics -- that microscopic physics, and thermodynamics in particular, cannot be understood
without reference to cosmology.
He ties “irreversibility” to the “expansion of space itself”, i.e. as far as space is expanding, the contribution
of all kinds of radiation in space is weakened “irreversibly” due to the expansion phenomenon itself.
Such loss, or “degradation” of energy in the depth of inter-cluster expanding space, may then be considered
as a universal sink for all the radiation flowing out of the material bodies in the expanding universe.”
Advancement of Physics, [56]


“I have in the meantime studied your (unclassified, theoretical-philosophical) book, with great interest, and
made pages of notes on it.
I feel as if I had been on numerous walks and talks with you on the great questions, and know that would be
great to go on with them!
Who cannot be impressed by your love for the great men of all times and all countries, by your phrase
“working back and forth between theory and fact”, by your belief that philosophy is too important to be left to

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the philosophers, by your concern for where thought and language lie in the scheme of things – and by so much
more!
I continue to reflect, again and again, on your central thesis that expansion is the origin of all asymmetry in
time.
What an ingenious phrase is your,
“smuggle irreversibility in without declaring the contraband”!
I regard your book as seeking to accomplish two tasks – and being two books – at the very least One is the
exposition of your central thesis, with clarity, and careful mustering of every argument pro and con that can
lead to testable consequences.
I don’t see how it is possible to do proper justice to a thesis of such importance by mixing it in with the
other great task.
That is to give students an appreciation of the unity of philosophy and modern physics.
You do both tasks far better than I could hope to. I give you my personal thanks for putting the two books
into a package that I personally have found most thought-provoking.”
Prof. John Wheeler, Inst. of Advanced Studies, Princeton University, [56].

________________

CHAPTER II PROVIDES ADDITIONAL CONCLUSIONS AND Figures 18-36

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