Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7


Broadcast Radio
Radio is an ADS which is considered as a powerful tool when deliver a lesson or
disseminating information to a large group of student. This ADS may not sound so popular,
but in actually this is widely used in both developed and developing countries. Radio is the
most accessible ADS for it can reach people even in the most deprive areas at a relatively low
cost. Instructions delivered via broadcast radio are also supported with other instructional
materials like print materials.
The use of radio ha started as early as 1970’s to employ active learning through
“instructional conversation.”
Delivering a lesson via radio saves time, energy, and money. Teachers are trained on
use of the broadcast radio to make them knowledgeable and skilful with the use of this ADS
to make the delivery successful. The different formats delivery in broadcast radio can be:
discuss, documentary, drama, docu-drama, discussion, and interview. High frequency is
required to meet the desired clarity of audio to enable the students to comprehend what is
being conveyed by the teacher: Question and answer between teacher and students can be
applied which is similar with audio conferencing (as discussed below).
The use broadcast radio may be of advantage and disadvantage to both teachers and
1. Most accessible medium in terms of geographical reach
2. Cost of radio is relatively low
3. Radio can be used with other media or material
4. It helps people in rural areas be literate in ABCs and 123s of life

These ADS help in bridging the gap between the teacher’s and the students of
different standards when it comes to instruction.

Before getting into details of ADS, let us first find out what Distance Education is,
then let us determine how these ADS help teachers and students in making, teaching and
learning happen.

Distance education is method of education where students can study their own choice
of place and time, without having to meet their teachers face to face. Instruction is distance
education is being delivered with the use of special materials and technologies that may be
include in the alternative delivery system.
Character of Distance Education
1. Provides learners with physical disabilities, work, and other personal reasons a chance
to learn and be educated without attending formal schooling.
2. It aims to achieve independent learning.
3. Provides learners with learning packages which are prepared by qualified instructional
designer and are supported by various technology.
4. It provides accessibility to learners.
5. It provides convenience and flexibility to learners.
6. It cost-effective.
7. It provide greater access to new technology.
8. It support student-centered approach.

Technologies that support Distance Education (Alternative Delivery System):

 Broadcast radio
 Audio conferencing
 Video conferencing
 Wed conferencing
 Online technologies

1. People in rural may experience difficulty in purchasing a radio and having it
2. Poor reception may bring poor delivery of instruction
3. Broadcast schedules may bring inconvenience to student for pace of time is
beyond their control
4. Learning without visual may be challenging for visual learners
5. Interaction among learners in limited

Audio conferencing as also known as telephone/phone conferencing
(teleconferencing) Teleconferencing is alternative delivery system in which instruction may
happen through telecommunications system. Exchange of ideas, information, and message
are articulated remotely from the teacher to students and vice versa with the use of telephone
or computer.
Audio conferencing is a teaching technology that flexible, economically reasonable,
and available. This of ADS can viewed as difficulty when it comes to use and delivery of
instruction. The educational effectiveness via audio conferencing can be heightened when
teaching approaches are developed and interactive flow of teaching and learning is enhanced.
Audio conferencing is a synchronous technology that transmits communication in real
time. Students are required to be in the same place at the same time. The communication of
these students is linked via the telephone as group rather than as individuals. Other
instructional materials, such as hand-outs, photo, videos, etc. can support the student learning
as they get instruction from the teacher via telephone. It is highly recommended that
speakerphones are good quality to achieve excellent audio output.
Prior to implementation of audio conferencing, great deal of planning is required.
Have these questions as guides to assess if audio conferencing is essential in the instruction
or not:
1. What is my learning outcomes for the course?
2. How will the delivery of the lesson be understandable for the student?
3. What approach is effective for this kind of deliver?
4. Where are my students situated?
5. How many students do I have?
6. Will the audio conferencing be liked individually or by groups?
7. How long will the instruction take (hours and number of sessions)?
8. Will there be any other supplementary materials needed for the delivery of lesson?
Member’s Name: Date:

My Learning Program
This activity aims for the student to create a learning that would cater students who wish to
enrol in Distance Education using available Alternative Delivery System
The activity will be done by group (3 members in each group). Select a topic of your choice.
Plan a learning program that would help students (with physical disability, working student, etc.) to
achieve learning without being present inside the classroom.
Choose an appropriate ADS for the selected topic. Complete the information below.
Type of Student:
Number of Student:
Student’s Location
Period of Instruction:
Other Supplement Materials:
Learning Program:
My Opinion Matters
This activity aims for the student to be aware on how the different Alternative
Delivery System are used in education.
This activity will be done by pair. Search for videos that show the use of any
Alternative Delivery System. Write a short review regarding the video of ADS. Present the
video and you review on ADS to the class. Write your video review below.

Alternative Delivery System:


Component Function
Grading and Scoring For trucking and charting of students’ performance
Surveys For getting the feedback and insights from teachers and students

Other features of LMS are:

1. It allows teachers and students to hold and participate in e-conferences through audio
and video
2. It allow the creation and sharing of writings in real time although the online
3. It allow access in mobile devices and allows students to study even offline.
4. It allow users to create desired theme for user interface.
Internet and the World Wide Web
Today, more teachers and student are using the internet and Worlds Wide Web as an
instructional tool and way to empower teaching and learning. This section will explore the
components, roles of the Internet and the World Wide Web and the different web tools and
resources that can be used in the classroom.