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# Information Technology in FOCUS for CSEC

SECTION 2 OF SYLLABUS: CHAPTER 28: Problem Solving and Programming – Non Computer-Based

Activity # 28

Chapter 28: Problem Solving and Programming – Non Computer Base

## Examination based short answer questions

INSTRUCTION: Answer all questions in your own words as accurately as possible.

## 1. Clearly explain what a problem is. (2 marks)

Possible Solution:
In computer science, a problem can be defined as a question that motivates a person to search
for a solution.

2. Identify a problem in your environment and state FIVE steps in solving that problem.
(5 marks)
Possible Solution:

## STEP 4: Choose the best solution with justification

3. Explain the FIVE steps related to the problem identified in question 2. (5 marks)

Possible Solution:

## STEP 1: Define the Problem

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Information Technology in FOCUS for CSEC
SECTION 2 OF SYLLABUS: CHAPTER 28: Problem Solving and Programming – Non Computer-Based

For example, if your classroom needs to be cleaned, that is a problem to be solved. You must first make a
note of the problem; this will allow you to have a clearer impression and a good view point of the problem
thus defining the problem.

## STEP 2: Analyse the Problem

In this step, to analyse the problem means to examine the problem. The problem must be interpreted and
understood clearly. In the case of the dirty classroom mentioned in Step 1, the problem can be grouped
under Input, processing and output.

## STEP 3: Propose and Evaluate Solutions

To every problem there is more than one solution. In solving any problem, the best solution must be
chosen. The classroom could be cleaned without some of the materials mentioned. It could have been
cleaned with a device such as a vacuum or it could have been power washed.

## STEP 4: Choose the best solution with justification

In solving any problem there will be more than one solution but at this stage only one of the many
solutions can be used to justify the best result. In any case, a careful analysis and interpretation of the
problem will produce the best solution.
 Using a vacuum cleaner to clean the classroom would be expensive.
 Using a limited amount of materials, means that the classroom would not be entirely clean.
 Using a power wash hose might cause damage to the walls and the floor.
In the case of cleaning the classroom the materials mentioned in Step 2 would be the most appropriate.

## 4. What is the meaning of IPO? (1 mark)

Possible Solution:

IPO Chart can be defined as a simple tool that a programmer use to summarize their programs
for personal use, sharing programs or describing them to clients.

## 5. What is the main purpose of an IPO Chart? (2 marks)

Possible Solution:
The main purpose of an IPO Chart is to break up a given programs into three main parts namely,
Input, output and Processing.

## 6. Use an IPO Chart to define the problem in question 2 correctly. (2 marks)

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Information Technology in FOCUS for CSEC
SECTION 2 OF SYLLABUS: CHAPTER 28: Problem Solving and Programming – Non Computer-Based

Possible Solution:
INPUT PROCESSING OUTPUT
• Broom •sweep classroom with •Clean
• Mop Broom
• Bucket Classroom
•Clean Classroom = Mop,
• Water Bucket, Water and Soap •Empty
• Soap Garbage Bin
•Mop classroom
• Garbage bin

## 7. Complete the following diagram: (5 marks)

Possible Solution:

Step 1: Define of
the Problem

Step 2: Analyse
Validate the
the Problem
Solution

## Step 4: Choose the Step 3: Propose

best Solution with and Evaluate
justification solutions

TOTAL 22 MARKS