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Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions Portfolio Directions

Unit 3 Lesson 5

 Vinegar
 Ziploc Bags
 Thermometer
 Graduated Cylinder
 Pixie Stix
Suggested reactants:
cid tablets, yeast, powdered candy straws,
tooth paste (Do not use any hazardous solids.)

 (Do not use bleach, ammonia, or other hazardous liquids.)

***Bleach and Ammonia can give off harmful gases when mixed
with certain chemicals***

What would happen if Antacid Tablets are poured into Vinegar? My experiment will do
that and record the results. I am using Antacid Tablets and Vinegar because that’s what I
chose. Define key terms Exothermic reactions: An Exothermic Reaction is a reaction that
releases energy. Endothermic reactions An Endothermic Reaction is a reaction that
absorbs energy. Activation Energy: An initial boost of energy. Thermal energy is
transferred through heat.
I believe that when I put the Antacid Tablets into the Vinegar that it will get colder.
List the steps of your experiment. This is your recipe so give enough details so the reader
can repeat the experiment and get similar results. Also include safety procedures.
1. Get a graduated cylinder and pour 50 mL of Vinegar into it.
2. Pour the Vinegar from the cylinder into a Ziploc bag.
3. Record the temperature of the Vinegar inside the bag.
4. Put 2 Antacid Tablets into the Ziploc bag with the Vinegar.
5. After the reaction record the new temperature.

Four effectiveness criteria are well executed:

1. appropriate data table setup,

2. detailed observations before reaction,
3. detailed observations during the reaction,
4. detailed observations after the reaction

Reaction Observations Observations Observations

before reaction during reaction after reaction
Pixie Stix+ Vinegar acting Pixie sugar was Pixie sugar
Vinegar normally. 70˚ sinking, sank all the
temperature way to the
dropping. bottom. 66˚


1. Data is used to support or reject your hypothesis – Data answers the

experimental question _Explanations are logical.
2. The forms of energy that can take place during a chemical reaction are
cooking, burning, and spoiling.
3. An exothermic reaction releases more energy than it absorbs.
4. An initial boost of energy.