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Queen’s Valley School; Social Science;

History; Class- X
Nationalism in India

1. How many miles were covered in Gandhiji’s salt march?


a. 24 miles b. 10 miles c. 240 miles d. 15 miles
2. Where was the non- cooperation movement called off?- Chauri Chaura
3. Which one of the following statement is not true regarding impact of the 1 st world war on India?
a. Custom duties were raised and income tax introduced.
b. The prices increased leading to extreme hardship for common people.
c. The industrial production in India decreased.
d. The forced recruitment in rural area for defence forces was introduced.
4. Which one of the following is the most appropriate reason to start nationwide Satyagraha against the Rowlatt act of 1919?
a. This act was hurriedly passed by the imperial legislative council.
b. The act was passed despite the united opposition of the Indian members.
c. It gave enormous power to the British government to repress political activities.
d. It was an unjust law as it allowed the detention of political prisoners without trial for two years.
5. By whom was the first image of Bharat Mata printed?- Abanindrenath Tagor
6. The leader of the tribals/ peasants in Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh was- Alluri Sitaram Raju
7. Which Congress session adopted the declaration of Purna Swaraj? - Lahore (December 1929)
8. Which one of the following method was used by Mahatma Gandhi to fight the racist regime in South Africa?
a. Hunger strike b. Jail bharo andolan c. Satyagraha d. prayer
9. Which among the following names was being invoked to sanction all action and aspiration in 1921?
a. Jawaharlal Nehru b. Mahatma Gandhi c. Baba Ramchandra d. Subash Chandra Bose
10. Who amongst the following was the writer of the book “hind Swaraj’?
a. Bal Gangadhar Tilak b. Mahatma Gandhi c. Sardar Patel d. Lajpat Rai
11. At which place did the salt march organised by Mahatma Gandhi terminate?
a. Surat b. Bombay c. Dandi d. Sabarmati
12. Which of the following party was formed within the congress to argue for return to council politics?
a. Communist party b. Swaraj party c. Muslim league d. Hindustan Socialist party
13. Why were the Indian business groups no longer enthusiastic to join the civil disobedience movement of 1931 after the failure
of second Round table conference? Worried about growing influence of socialism in congress and spread of militant activities.
14. Which one of the following pact reserved seats for dalits in the provincial and central legislative assemblies?
a. Lucknow pact b. Gandhi- Irwin pact c. Poona pact d. none of these
15. Which among the following was the main reason to boycott the Simon commission by the Indian leaders?
a. There were no Indian in the commission c. It supported the Muslim league
b. There were differences among the members d. All the members were Indians
16. Why was Alluri Sitaram Raju well known?- He led the militant movement of tribal peasants in Andhra Pradesh
17. Which one of the following was directly related with Poona pact of 1932?
a. Indian women b. Indian labours c. Indian farmers d. Depressed classes of India
18. Which among the following passed the Rowlatt Act in 1919?
a. Statutory commission b. Imperial Legislative Council c. The Govt. of India Act d. the British council
19. Why did Congress ignore the dalits for long? Fear of offending the sanatanies
20. During which movement was the Indian tricolour first designed? Non- cooperation movt.
21. Why did Gandhiji take up the Khilafat issue? To launch a broader based movement and bring Hindus and Muslims together
22. Which Muslim leader was willing to give up the demand for separate electorates? Mohammad Ali Jinnah
23. When was full independence declared as the aim of congress?- December 1929
24. At which session a resolution of Purna Swaraj was adopted? - Lahore session
25. Who organised the dalit into Depressed Class Association in 1930?- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
26. Due to which factors was the Non- cooperation withdrawn?- Violence in Chauri Chaura
27. Who designed the tricolour flag ‘swaraj flag ‘in 1921?- Gandhi
28. What did the idea of Satyagraha emphasise?- Traditional way of mass agitation, the idea of passive resistance and appeal to the
conscience of the oppressor
29. Why did people stop wearing of khadi in cities?- More expensive
30. Which act gave the govt. power to suppress political activity and detain political prisoners without trial?- Rowlatt Act
31. Why did the relationship between the congress and poor peasants remain uncertain during civil disobedience movt?-
Congress was unwilling to support no rent campaign
32. Why was the dalit participation limited in the civil disobedience movement?- They were looked down upon by society since
ages
33. Who was the writer of Vande Mataram?- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
34. Under the Gandhi- Irwin pact the govt agreed to- To release political prisoners
35. Why did Gandhiji begin fast unto death when Dr. Ambedkar demanded separate electorate? Separate electorate , would slow
down the process of their integration into society
36. What was the reason for launching the Khilafat movement?- To protest against the injustice done to Turkey after the 1st world
war
37. What is the importance of Lahore session of the congress?- Declared the attainment of complete independence as its goal and
to launch civil disobedience movt.
38. What was a prime factor in the emergence of modern nationalism in India? - Anti- colonial movt.
39. The Simon commission was sent to India to- Look into the Indian constitutional matters and suggest reforms
40. What task was assigned to Simon commission?- To look into the functioning of the constitutional system in India
41. During the period of non cooperation, who claimed to have special power, could heal people, survive bullet shots?- Alluri
Sitaram Raju
42. Why did Gandhiji extend support to the Khilafat movement?- To bring Muslim under the umbrella of a united movt,
a. What was the reason for the dalit not joining the civil disobedience movt?- Dalit did not identify with upper caste Hindus
43. Which of the following does not give a true account of civil disobedience movt?
a. It started with Dandi march and breaking salt tax
b. Foreign cloth was boycotted and liquor shops burnt
c. Colonial govt. decided to adopt peaceful tactics
d. Gandhi- Irwin pact was signed on 5th Mach
44. When did Jallinwalla Bagh incident take place?- 1919
45. Under the Gandhi – Irwin pact Gandhi decided – To call off the civil disobedience movt.
46. In which year, Gandhiji decided to launch a nationwide Satyagraha?- 1919
47. Champaran Satyagraha was launched by Gandhiji to support which of the following?
a. High revenue demand b. Indigo planters c. Mill owners d. Salt tax
48. Which of the following assertions not true about the idea of Satyagraha expressed by Mahatma Gandhi?
a. It is a method of mass aggression with physical force
b. Satyagraha is not a physical force but pure soul force
c. It is the weapon of weak and it is a method passive resistance
d. It is based on the principles of truth and non- violence and truth is bound to ultimately triumph.
49. The objectives of General Dyer behind the Jallianwalla bagh incident was-
a. To implement martial law in Punjab
b. To suppress the nationalist activities organised against Amritsar firing on peaceful procession
c. To produce a moral effect to create a feeling of terror and awe in the mind of Satyagrahis
d. T o project his loyalty to the British
50. What did Gandhiji declare in his book ‘Hind Swaraj”?- British ruled India because Indian cooperated with them.

Rise of Nationalism in Europe

51. The civil code of 1804 is also known as- Napoleonic code
52. When the custom union or Zollverein was formed?- 1834
53. Which of the following assertion is not true about the liberal nationalist of Europe?
a. They stood for freedom for the individuals and equality before the law.
b. They emphasised the concept of government by the consent of the people.
c. They supported the universal suffrage and derived the right to private property
d. They stood for the freedom of markets and abolition of state imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital.
54. Why and when Mazzini was sent into exile?- In 1831, for attempting a revolution in Liguria.
55. Zollverein started in 1834 in Prussia refers to a- Custom Union
56. The Habsburg Empire ruled over the area of_________. - Austria- Hungary
57. Name the battle which Napoleon lost in 1813.- Leipzig
58. What was the effect of the Act of the Union 1707 between England and Scotland? - England was able to impose the influence
on Scotland
59. In France whose image was marked on coins and stamps during 1850s?- Marianne
60. Which one of the following statement is true about the Napoleonic code?
a. Privileges were given on the basis of birth. c. Right to property was abolished.
b. Privileges based on birth were abolished. d. Right to equality was abolished.
61. Which among the following were the inhabitants of Balkans region?
a. Tyrol b. Slavs c. Dutch d. Slovaks
62. Name the national anthem of New Britain?- God save our noble King/ Queen
63. In which of the following events, we see the first clear expression of nationalism?’
a. Glorious Revolution of England c. The French revolution of 1789
b. The October revolution of Russia, 1917 d. The American revolution
64. Which of the following societies was founded by Giuseppe Mazzini in Marseilles?- Young Italy
65. Under which treaty were England and Scotland united under the name of United Kingdom of Great Britain?- Act of union
66. Which was known as the cradle of European civilization?- Greek
67. Who was proclaimed the first king of united Italy?- Victor Emmanuel II
68. To which ideology was the idea of national unity in early 19th century Europe related?- Liberalism
69. Which class in Germany tried to bring about nation states governed by an elected parliament?- Middle class
70. What was the concept of a modern state? - Centralised power exercised sovereign control over a clearly defined territory and
majority of citizens developed common identity.
71. Who sought to put together a programme for a Unitary Italian Republic?- Mazzini
72. How did Holland, Switzerland and Brussels welcomed French armies?- As the harbingers of liberty
73. Who was described as the most dangerous enemy of ‘social order ‘by Metternich? - Mazzini
74. What is the name of the painting prepared by Frederic Sorrieu in 1848? - Pact between Nation -The dream of world- wide
democratic and social republic.
75. Which among the following was not introduced by Zollverein in Germany?
a. Abolition of tariff barriers c. Network of railways to stimulate mobility.
b. Creation of unified economic territory. d. Closed economic system to weaken the nationalist feelings.
76. Choose the name of the region whose habitants were broadly known as Slavs.
a. The Balkan region b. The Austrian region c. The Turkish empire d. The German empire
77. Name the Irish Catholic who revolted against the British domination. - Wolf Tone
78. To which of the following were the conservatives regimes set up in 1815 related?
a. Memory of French revolution inspired them. c. Questioned the legitimacy of autocratic government.
b. Demanded universal adult franchise. d. Adopted censorship laws.
79. Which of the following countries did not attend the congress of Vienna?
a. Britain b. Russia c. Prussia d. Switzerland
80. Romanticism in Europe was a-
a. Cultural movement b. Political movement c. Religious movement d. Freedom movement
81. Who was proclaimed the king of united Germany in 1871?- Kaiser William I
82. A political philosophy that cherished the importance of tradition-
a. Conservatism b. Liberalism c. Radicalism d. Socialism
83. The treaty of Constantinople which recognised Greece as an independent nation was signed in- 1832
84. In which of the following year Napoleon was finally defeated? 1815
85. Which of the following was not a feature of the conservatism in Europe after 1815?
a. Establish traditional system of state and society c. Modern army
b. Efficient bureaucracy d. Democracy.
86. Why was the treaty of Vienna drawn up in 1815?- To restore monarchy
87. Name the allegory represented nation in France?- Marianne
88. Who played the key role in unifying Germany? Or Who was the chief architect of the unification of Germany?- Chief minister
Otto von Bismarck
89. Where did the industrialisation first begin in Europe?- England
90. What is the main contribution of the French revolution to the world?- Led to the transfer of sovereignty from the monarch to
a body of citizen
91. Which of these was an allegory attribute of liberty?
a. Crown of oak b. Red cap. c. Olive branches d. Sward
92. Why was the kingdom of Netherlands that included Belgium set up in the north?- To prevent French expansion
93. When was the congress of Vienna hosted?- 1815
94. After the armed rebellion of 1831 in Poland, many priest were imprisoned or exiled to Siberia by the Russians government for
which of the given reason?
a. They demanded a democratic government. c. For their indulgence in anti-church activities.
b. They refused to preach in Russian d. They refused to accept the supremacy of the Russian church
95. Liberalism in the economic sphere did not contain-
a. Freedom of market c. Feudal privileges.
b. Abolition of state imposed restrictions on goods. d. Abolition of restriction on the movement of capital.
96. The treaty of Venice signed in 1815-Brought the conservative regime back to power.
97. Who was made the constitutional monarch by liberal revolutionaries in 1830 in France?- Louis Philippe
98. Name the leader of Italy who was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat?- Cavour
99. Who was the host of the Vienna Congress?- Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich
100.What did the caricaturist try to depict in ‘the Club of Thinkers’?- suppression of freedom of speech and expression.

Age of Industrialisation

101. Who published the Dawn of the Century? - E.T. Paull


102. What is proto- industrialisation? It was a phase of industrialisation that existed in Britain before the arrival of machinery.
103. Which was the first country to witness industrialization during the late 17th century? - England
104. Which city came to be known as a finishing centre during 18th century? - London
105. Who invented spinning jenny? -James Hargreaves.
106. Name the important trading centres in pre- colonial India.- Surat, Masulipatnam and Hoogly
107. Name the ports that emerged as new important trading centres in colonial period.- Bombay, Calcutta and Madras
108. Who set up the first iron and steel plant in India at Jamshedpur? - J.N.Tata
109. Who set up the first Indian jute mill in Calcutta in 1917? Seth Hukumchand
110. Which industry became a symbol of modern era? - Cotton textile
111. Name the big European agencies that use to control and managed a large sector of Indian industries. Bird Heigler& Co,
Andrew Yule and Jardine Skinner & Co.
112. Name famous Indian industrialists who had vision of developing enterprises in India. - DwarkanathTagore, Dinshaw Petit and
J.N.Tata
113. Who were jobbers? - An old and trusted worker employed by industrialists to get new recruits.
114. How did people like Dwarkanath Tagore, Dinshaw Petit, JamsetjeeNusserwanjee Tata built huge industrial empire? - by
accumulating wealth from export to China, England, Burma, Middle East and East Africa.
115. Who developed the mill system? - Richard Arkwright
116.What were the advantages of the mill system? Enabled supervision of production process easy.
117. In which country industrialists were keen on using mechanical power so that the need for human labour can be minimized. -
USA
118. Name two goods from India that dominated the international market in textiles. Silk and cotton
119. Who said that the demand for Indian textiles could never be reduce, since no other nation produced goods of the same
quality?- Henry Patullo
120. Name the most dynamic industries in Britain during the early phase of industrialization. Cotton textile and metal
121. Name the biggest suppliers of raw cotton to Britain before the Civil War broke out in America. India and USA
122. Where was the first cotton mill set up in India? Bombay
123. What as the popular oriental belief? The region lies east of Mediterranean is pre modern, traditional and mysterious
124. What did the Two Magicians symbolise? Glorification of machines and technology
125. What did Aladdin represent in the Two Magicians? East and past
126.What did the mechanic represent in the Two Magicians? West and modernity
127.Who improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen? James Watt
128. Why did women attack spinning jenny? Fear of unemployment
129. What was the reason for new job opportunities opening up after 1840s? Development of infrastructure
130.Why did Surat and Masulipatam decline after the coming of European companies? European companies secured concessions
and monopoly right to trade freely in India
131. Who were gomasthas? A paid servant appointed by the Company to supervise weavers, collect supplies and examine the
quality of the cloth.
132. What was the adverse impact of accepting advances offered by Company on the weaving community? Weavers lost space to
bargain for prices and sell to different buyers
133. How did India businessmen avoid direct competition from the British? By producing yarn, since the yarn was no an important
part of the British import in India.
134. Why did Manchester fail to recapture its position in Indian market? Failed to modernise and competition came from US,
Germany and Japan
135. Who invented fly shuttle? John Kay
136.How do advertisements shape a new consumer culture? They make products appear desirable and necessary

Print Culture and the Modern World

137. Name the first country to introduce civil service examination. - China
138. Name the oldest Japanese book printed in AD 868. - The Buddhist Diamond Sutra.
139. What was Tokyo called in ancient times? - Edo.
140. Name the Italian explorer who introduced print to Europe.- Marco Polo
141. Who developed the 1st known printing press in 1430’s?- Johann Gutenberg
142. Name the first book printed in the west with movable metal type.- Bible
143. Who led the Protestant Reformation movement? - Martin Luther.
144. Why the Roman Church did imposed severe control over publishers and booksellers and began to maintain an Index of
Prohibited Books from 1588? - To repress heretical ideas.
145. Name the low priced small books printed on poor quality paper and bound in cheap blue cover.- Biliotheque Bleue
146. Who introduced print to India in the mid- sixteenth century?- Portuguese missionaries
147. Name the first Indian woman to write her autobiography Amar Jiban which was published in the Bengali Language.-
Rashundari Devi
148. Who wrote Gulamgiri? Jyotiba Phule
149. Name a Kanpur millworker, wrote and published Chhoteaur Bade ka Sawal.- Kashibaba
150. Which city in China developed into the hub of print culture and supplied books on diverse themes.- Shanghai
151. Name the artist from Japan who significantly contributed to the art of ukiyo. – Kitagawa Utamaro
152. Who said ‘the printing is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism
away? – Louise Sebastien Mercier
153. Who proclaimed ‘Tremble, therefore, tyrants of the world! Tremble before the virtual writers!’ ? - Louise Sebastien Mercier
154. Name two famous women writers of 19th century. Jane Austen, George Eliot
155. Who was responsible for collecting folktales from peasants and restructuring them for children in 1800s?- Grimm Brothers
156. Who perfected the power driven cylindrical press? Richard M. Hoe of New York
157. Who published Bengal Gazette? – James Augustus Hickey
158. Who described Bengal Gazette as ‘a commercial paper open to all, but influenced by none’? James Augustus Hickey
159. Who published Sambad Kaumudi? – Raja Rammohun Roy
160. Name two Persian newspapers published from 1822. Jam-i Jahan Nama and Shamsul Akhbar
161. Which organisation issued fatwas telling Muslims how to conduct in their everyday life? Deoband Seminary
162. Who were ulamas?- legal scholars of Islam and Sharia
163. Who wrote Ramcharitmanas? Tulsidas
164. Who published Istri Dharm Vichar to teach women how to be obedient wives?- Ram Chaddha
165. What did Ghor Kali depict? – destruction of family relation and values
166. Who published Sachhi Kavitayan? Sudarshan Chakra
167. The vernacular press act was modelled on- Irish Press Act
168. Who said ‘printing is the ultimate gift of God and the greatest one’?- Martine Luther
169. Name the miller from Italy to reinterpret the message of Bible. Minocchio
170. Who was Erasmus? He was a Latin scholar and Catholic reformer.