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  THEMIS 61
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THEMIS 61 &':<93:"%3=: &' b 9>I1:"%3=: &' "%B< < b" >@<&I%%3=: &'8 A38':%3< "&93:3AB@"CL<
Revista de Derecho
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:L\EH>GM>G=B^
E: CNKBLIKN=>G<B: => E: HKM> .NIK>F: I>KN:G:  +HK >C>FIEH
 E: .>GM>G<B: => :L:<B^G   ''*
IN;EB<:=:>E=>F:RH=>>GE:<N:EL>L>]:E^k.>@NG=H ,N>>EIE:SH<HGM>FIE:=H>G>EBG<BLH
=>E:KM\<NEH=>E^=B@H +KH<>L:EBOBEI:K:E:BFIN@G:<B^G =>NG:K>LHEN<B^G :=FBGBLMK:MBO: >LNGH
=><:=N<B=:= lLNO>S
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F>L>L=>GHMBo<:=:HIN;EB<:=:E:K>LHEN<B^GBFIN@G:=:
EHJN>H<NKK:IKBF>KH
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10
Danós da cuenta de una ejecutoria de la Sala de Derecho Constitucional y Social de la Corte Suprema de
E: ->I`;EB<: => 
 E: <N:E <HGLB=>K^ JN> =:=H JN> E: GHKF:MBO: LH;K> IKH<>=BFB>GMHL :=FBGBLMK:MBOHL
establecía al silencio negativo como una facultad del administrado, éste podía interponer en cualquier
FHF>GMH E: =>F:G=: <HGM>G<BHLH :=FBGBLMK:MBO:  )s. *-sU 5
 %HK@>  k E LBE>G<BH :=FBGBLMK:MBOH
como técnica de garantía del particular frente a la inactividad formal de la Administración”. En: Ius et
1>KBM:L  I 
11
)s.*-sU 5
%HK@> k':LK>LHEN<BHG>LJN>IHG>GoG:EIKH<>=BFB>GMH:=FBGBLMK:MBOH ':LEE:F:=:L
K>LHEN<BHG>LJN>m<:NL:G>LM:=Hnl  G->OBLM:=>E:<:=>FB:=>E:(:@BLMK:MNK:  I 
290
%B$#/7156,.//4/-02   3 

C)* -"#$4+(* /(* GJJE@* -#+%* :(A@* (&* +K3,'()* -',2,.)@* (&* 8&%A-* 8%+%* ,)#(+8-)(+* &%* THEMIS 61
Revista de Derecho
%"9$3"[ :< O" %<: I:" 9<&3+%"%3=: &'8 /('%)/%*2(+?*/(*2(,2*'(2(2*"-'8$#%/-2*
=&31<[A3:<%<:8"':B@"&"':L31':%3"&'8" /(2/(* &%* B("<%* ;$(* :()",.* (&* 8&%A-* &(3%&*
'O&'@<%'&393':B<&93:3AB@"CL< ':'@"8^ >"@" 'N>'&3@ 8" @'A<8I%3=: < >@<&I%3@ '8
<9< O" 2'9<A A';"8"&<[ '8 :I9'@"8 x "%B<"&93:3AB@"CL<A<83%3B"&<^
&' AI "@D%I8< t{{ &3A><:' ?I' b8 A38':%3< h^^^i
"&93:3AB@"CL<:'1"CL<:<3:3%3"'8%=9>IB< I":&< 8" >@'B':A3=: A'" >8":B'"&" ><@
/(*8&%A-2*),*#K+',)-2*8%+%*2$*,'8$3)%",.)N5 I: B'@%'@< "8 >@<%'&393':B< "&93:3AB@"CL<
;$(* <%7%* 2,/-* %B("#%/-* "-)* &%* %"#$%",.)*
C)* =$&,-* /(* GJJE* 2(* 8$4&,".* (&* L0+-7("#-* "&93:3AB@"CL" 39>I1:"$8'[ 8<A >8"P<A
/(* &(7* ;$(* +(3$&%* (&* 8+-"(2-* "-)#()",-2-* >@'L3AB<A ': '8 >@'A':B' "@D%I8< A'@#:
"&93:3AB@"CL<c[ '8"$<@"&< ><@ I:" %<93A3=: "-'8$#%/-2* /(2/(* ;$(* (&* #(+"(+-* <%7%*
&' 'N>'@B<A :<9$@"&" ><@ '8 3:3AB'@3< #-'%/-* "-)-",',()#-* /(* &%* %"#$%",.)*
&' IAC%3"^ : &3%2< >@<O'%B< A' 'AB"$8'%3= ,'8$3)%/%5
&' 9":'@" 'N>@'A"[ ': %<:%<@&":%3" %<:
(&* +K3,'()* /(* &%* I(7* /(* 0+-"(/,',()#-2* <A >8"P<A " 8<A ?I' A' @'+'@' '8 >@'A':B'
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"&93:3AB@"CL< h:< A' &3AC:1I' ':B@'
:'1"CL< < ><A3CL<i :< A' %<9>IB" >8"P< 8 B'NB< <@313:"8 &' 8" 'O ?I' @'1I8"
>"@" 3:B'@><:'@ 8" &'9":&" %<:B':%3<A<e '8 @<%'A< <:B':%3<A< &93:3AB@"CL<
"&93:3AB@"CL"125 (2#%4&(",.*()#-)"(2*$)*8&%A-*/(*"%/$",/%/*()*
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9":'@"[AI"@D%I8<tzA';"8=] %&* ,'8(/,+* ;$(* 2(* ,),",(* "$%&;$,(+* -#+-*
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&%* %"#$%",.)* ,'8$3)%4&(* +(28("#-* /(* &%* "$%&*
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&-2*2,3$,()#(2*8&%A-2O >'@A>'%CL" 'AB@I%BI@"8 &' 8" 'O ?I' @'1I8"
h_i '8 @<%'A< <:B':%3<A< &93:3AB@"CL<[ " I:
v^ I":&< A' >@<&IP%" A38':%3< (:()#$%&* 8+-"(2-* "-)#+%* &%* !/',),2#+%",.)@*
"&93:3AB@"CL<[ 3:'@%3" O %I"8?I3'@ <B@" 2-&,",#%)/-* ,)/('),A%",.)* 8-+* /%>-2* 7*
Gerardo Soto Carrillo
12
E +KHR><MH ?N> IN;EB<:=H <HFH L>I:K:M: >LI><B:E =>E =B:KBH Ho<B:E k E +>KN:GHl >E  => CNEBH =>  
Su Exposición de Motivos hizo expresa referencia al régimen de la Ley de Procedimientos Administrativos
Generales en este rubro: “El numeral 3) señala expresamente que en los casos de inercia o silencio no se
computa el plazo para interponer la demanda conforme a la naturaleza del silencio administrativo negativo,
que como se sabe constituye una técnica de garantía para el particular frente a la inactividad formal de la
:=FBGBLMK:<B^GJN>HI>K:LB>FIK>>G;>G>o<BH=>EI:KMB<NE:KRC:FWL:?:OHK=>E::=FBGBLMK:<B^G +HKM:GMH

:E<HGLMBMNBK>ELBE>G<BH:=FBGBLMK:MBOHG>@:MBOHNG:o@NK:=>>C>K<B<BHHI<BHG:EI:K:>EI:KMB<NE:KJNB>GIN>=>
optar por formular la demanda judicial, o en su defecto, esperar por tiempo indeterminado el pronunciamiento
>QIK>LH=>E::=FBGBLMK:<B^GI`;EB<:I>KMBG>GM>
GH<:;>>E<^FINMH=>IE:SHLI:K::<N=BK:E<HGM>G<BHLH
:=FBGBLMK:MBOHIHKJN>L>E>>LM:K\:HMHK@:G=H:E::=FBGBLMK:<B^GI`;EB<:NG:IHLB<B^GFWLO>GM:CHL:<HG
relación a los particulares que si hubiere cumplido con su deber legal de resolver. Esta regla es también
<HG<HK=:GM><HGEH>LM:;E><B=H>G>EKM\<NEH =>E:GN>O:'>R67=>+KH<>=BFB>GMH=FBGBLMK:MBOH
General conforme al cual “el silencio administrativo negativo no inicia el cómputo de plazos ni términos para
su impugnación”.
13
+N;EB<:=:>G>E=B:KBHHo<B:Ek E+>KN:GHl>E=>=B<B>F;K>=>
<HGOB@>G<B:=>L=>>E=>:;KBE=>

'>R =>E=>CNEBH=>

“El principio jurídico que se relaciona con la caducidad del recurso contencioso es la perentoriedad pero con
esta diferencia: la caducidad hace perder un derecho de fondo mientras que la perentoriedad afecta a una
L><N>E:IKH<>L:E l!$*-$)$
:KMHEHFZ k,NZ>L>E<HGM>G<BHLHl N>GHLBK>L;>E>=H +>KKHM  I 

Ley que Regula el Proceso Contencioso Administrativo:
291
!+ &%$ $%#%' %' *!# $ 
 % $ $%#%' $  $!# % $%#%#$

THEMIS 61 8(+=$,",-2* /(+,:%/-2* /(* &%* ,)"-++("",.)* /(* &%* >"@" >8":B'"@ 8" &'9":&" %<:B':%3<A<e
Revista de Derecho
%"#$%",.)*,'8$3)%4&(5* "&93:3AB@"CL" ":B' AI>I'AB<A &' A38':%3<
"&93:3AB@"CL< :'1"CL<[ ': %<9>"@"%3=:
<@ J8C9<[ '8 '%@'B< '13A8"CL< tsyz17 "-)* &-2* 8&%A-2* /(* "%/$",/%/* 8%+%* ,'8$3)%+*
9<&3+%= &3L'@A<A "@D%I8<A &' &3%2" 'O[ "%B<A'N>@'A<A[&'A&'8"L31':%3"&'8=&31<
3:%8IO':&< '8 :I9'@"8 v &'8 "@D%I8< tz[ &' @<%'A"83L38&'t||v]
"%I'@&<"8A31I3':B'B'NB<]
&BA6B, LU, !6B@8:, ;<, HB;GHE;B;, <9, <6, S>8H<:8,
b@D%I8<tz^e8"P<A^ #75=%5#.7<7V $4.5.<=; >C7$%<$%_gga
I%*/('%)/%*/(4(+?*2(+*,)#(+8$(2#%*/()#+-*/(*
&-2*2,3$,()#(2*8&%A-2O Acto Silencio
Norma Vigencia
h_i expreso administrativo

v^ I":&<A'B@"B'&'A38':%3<"&93:3AB@"CL< Código Tres meses de


28 de julio de
Procesal Civil Tres meses producido el
:'1"CL<[ A' <$A'@L"@# 8< 'AB"$8'%3&< (C.P.C.) silencio


': '8 :I9'@"8 x &'8 "@D%I8< t{{ &' C.P.C.


FH=Bo<:=HIHK Tres meses
No se computa  => CNGBH =>
plazo 
8" 'O uzwww[ 'O &'8 @<%'&393':B< '>R

 =\:L AW;BE>L


&93:3AB@"CL< ':'@"8^ "@'%' &' C.P.C.
FH=Bo<:=HIHK
30
AW;BE>L
días
=> de producido el
10 de octubre
de 2000
'>R GHMBo<:=H
'+%"%3" '8 >@<:I:%3"93':B< 2'%2< ><@ 8" silencio

"&93:3AB@"%3=:I:"L'P?I')I':<C+%"&"  No se computa 11 de octubre de


LPAG
plazo 2001

%<: 8" &'9":&"^ 3 '8 "%B< 'N>@'A< A' 20 Tres meses
Seis meses de
producido el
17 de abril de
LPCA
>@<&I%' ":B'A &' &3%2" :<C+%"%3=:[ '8 silencio
2002

.+3%)-* =$+,2/,"",-)%&* 8-/+?@* %* 2-&,",#$/* LPCA


FH=Bo<:=:IHK Tres meses
No se computa  => CNGBH =>

/(&* %"#-+@* ,)"-+8-+%+* "-'-* 8+(#()2,.)*  '>@ 


plazo 2008

8" 39>I1:"%3=: &' &3%2< "%B< 'N>@'A<


< %<:%8I3@ '8 >@<%'A<^ I":&< A' B@"B' : A'&' :"%3<:"8 :< A' 2" %I'AC<:"&< 8"
/(* ,)(+",%* -* "$%&;$,(+* -#+%* -',2,.)* %<:ACBI%3<:"83&"& &' 8<A >8"P<A &' %"&I%3&"&
&' 8"A ':C&"&'A &3AC:B" &'8 A38':%3< 3()(+%&(2* (2#%4&(",/-2* 8%+%* (&* 8+-"(2-*
"&93:3AB@"CL<:'1"CL<[:<A'%<9>IB"@# %<:B':%3<A<e"&93:3AB@"CL<^ "@%4" I88(A21 /%*
8&%A-*8%+%*,)#(+8-)(+*&%*/('%)/%N185 %I':B"&'8"&3A%IA3=:&<%B@3:"@3"':@1':C:"[
+:"89':B' B'@93:"&" ><@ I:" A':B':%3" &' 8"
0-+* (&&-@* ()* &%* %"#$%&,/%/* &%* +(3$&%",.)* <@B'I>@'9"&'&3%2<>"4A':t||x^:>"8"$@"A
L31':B'[ "8 2"%'@ @'93A3=: "8 "@D%I8< t{{^x &'&3%2<"IB<@]b884A'A<ABIL<?I''A<A>8"P<A
&' 8" 'O &' @<%'&393':B< &93:3AB@"CL< %<:ACBIO':I:">@'@@<1"CL">@<%'A"8>@<>3"&'
':'@"8[2"'8393:"&<'8>8"P<&'%"&I%3&"& &%* !/',),2#+%",.)* 014&,"%@* ;$(* (2* "-)2("$()",%*
>"@" 3:B'@><:'@ 8" &'9":&" %<:B':%3<A<e &'8@(139':'N<@$3B":B'&'8'@'%2<>@3L"&<?I'
"&93:3AB@"CL"[ ': 8<A %"A<A ': ?I' 2" ,'8(+%* ()* &%* +(&%",.)3 ($. "&93:3AB@"CL" O ?I'
<>'@"&<'8A38':%3<"&93:3AB@"CL<:'1"CL<^ 8"8393B"%3=:?I'39><@B"::<'AAIA%'>C$8'&'
39>I1:"%3=:%<:ACBI%3<:"8^c225
!* '-/-* /(* +(2$'()@* 8+(2()#%'-2* ()* (&*
2,3$,()#(*"$%/+-*&%*(:-&$",.)*/(&*#+%#%',()#-* C)*:(+/%/@*/(*%"$(+/-*%*&%*&(3,2&%",.)*8(+$%)%@*
8'13A8"CL< &' 8<A >8"P<A &' %"&I%3&"& A'@4" 'NB@'9"&"9':B' >"@C%I8"@ %<:A3&'@"@

 kKM\<NEH  $FIKH<>=>G<B: => E: =>F:G=:  ': =>F:G=: L>KW =><E:K:=: BFIKH<>=>GM> >G EHL LB@NB>GM>L
supuestos:
 i N:G=HL>BGM>KIHG@:?N>K:=>EHLIE:SHL>QB@B=HL>GE:IK>L>GM>'>R  EO>G<BFB>GMH=>EIE:SHI:K:
plantear la pretensión por parte del administrado, impide el inicio de cualquier otro proceso judicial con
K>LI><MH:E:FBLF::<MN:<B^GBFIN@G:;E> il
17
+N;EB<:=H>G>E=B:KBHHo<B:Ek E+>KN:GHl>E=>CNGBH=>
18
E:?><A:
E:'>RJN>->@NE:>E+KH<>LHHGM>G<BHLH=FBGBLMK:MBOHRLNLFH=Bo<:<BHG>LA:GLB=HBG<ENB=:L
>GNGM>QMH`GB<HHK=>G:=H:IKH;:=HIHK>E><K>MH.NIK>FH  %0.
JN>A:O:KB:=HE:GNF>K:<B^G
original de sus artículos.

Ley del Procedimiento Administrativo General.
20
Ley que Regula el Proceso Contencioso Administrativo.
21
GARCÍA PULLÉS, Fernando. “Tratado de lo contencioso administrativo”. Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Hammurabi.
 I RLB@NB>GM>L
22
"-r+0''T.
!>KG:G=H *I <BM I 
292
%B$#/7156,.//4/-02   3 

3:%<:ACBI%3<:"8[8<A>8"P<A&'%"&I%3&"&>"@" W+,4$)%&*/(4(*+("-+/%+*;$(*&%*)-*,'8$3)%",.)* THEMIS 61


Revista de Derecho
'8 "%%'A< "8 >@<%'A< "&93:3AB@"CL<[ &'$3&< "&93:3AB@"CL"&':B@<&'8>8"P<A';"8"&<><@
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%1)* '()-+(2* 8%+%* ,)#(+8-)(+* (&* +("$+2-* &'%3A3=:[O"A'"':8"93A9"L4""&93:3AB@"CL"[
&' ">'8"%3=: < @'L3A3=:^ '1J: 8" 'O &' 2,*(2(*B$(+%*(&*"%2-@*7%*2(%*()*2(/(*=$/,",%&N5
@<%'&393':B< &93:3AB@"CL< ':'@"8[ &'
:<39>I1:"@A'I:"%B<"&93:3AB@"CL<&':B@< 'A&' 'AB" >'@A>'%CL"[ A' >I'&'
/(&* 8&%A-@* (&* ',2'-* %/;$,(+(* &%* "%&,/%/* /(* "+@9"@ ?I' '8 @3$I:"8 <:ACBI%3<:"8 :<
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8&%A-* /(* "%/$",/%/* 8%+%* ,'8$3)%+* /()#+-* /(*
8 @3$I:"8 <:ACBI%3<:"8 >'@I":< 2" 8"L4""&93:3AB@"CL"[>8"P<?I'':8""%BI"83&"&
+("-)-",/-* (2#(* +K3,'()@* ,)"&$2-* +(28("#-* 'A &' ?I3:%' &4"A 2#$38'A A'1J: 8" 'O &'
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"&93:3AB@"CL<A >@'L3" " 8" 'O &'
@<%'&393':B< &93:3AB@"CL< ':'@"8^ A4[ 0%+("(* '$7* 8-"-* 8+-4%4&(@* ()#-)"(2@* $)*
':AIA':B':%3"&'8sx&':<L3'9$@'&'t||{[ %I'AC<:"93':B< &' 3:%<:ACBI%3<:"83&"&
/()#+-*/(*$)*8+-"(2-*/(*%'8%+-*8+(2()#%/-* /(&* 8&%A-* /(* #+(2* '(2(2* 8%+%* ,)#(+8-)(+*
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2("#-+@*(&*W+,4$)%&*2(>%&.*;$(@*/(4,/-*%*;$(*2(* <:B':%3<A<&93:3AB@"CL<^
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23
Ley del Procedimiento Administrativo General
kKM\<NEH <MHoKF> 
0G:O>SO>G<B=HLEHLIE:SHLI:K:BGM>KIHG>KEHLK><NKLHL:=FBGBLMK:MBOHLL>I>K=>KW>E=>K><AH::KMB<NE:KEHL Gerardo Soto Carrillo
JN>=:G=HoKF>>E:<MH l

QI>=B>GM>   / .>]:E:>GLN?NG=:F>GMHCNK\=B<HL>@NG=Hk ,N>
IHK<HGLB@NB>GM>
R:>?><MHL
de acreditar las condiciones de procedibilidad de la presente acción o, en su caso, la legitimidad o no del
petitorio formulado, debe empezar por señalarse que para el presente caso resulta de aplicación el artículo
=>E:'>R
MH=:O>SJN>
LB<HG?HKF>:E:KM\<NEH=>E:->LHEN<B^G  *.$+/ '>E=>F:G=:GM>
M>G\:JNBG<>=\:LAW;BE>LI:K:BGM>KIHG>KLN-><NKLH=>-><HGLB=>K:<B^GH
>GLN=>?><MH
>E=>:I>E:<B^G

no ha debido presentar su medio impugnatorio con fecha dieciocho de julio de mil novecientos noventa y
cinco (fojas cinco) si desde el doce de junio de mil novecientos noventa y cinco la demandada, esto es,
Telefónica del Perú, le había informado mediante carta respecto de la desestimación de su reclamo. El haber
recurrido fuera de término supone, por consiguiente, haber dado por consentido lo resuelto previamente por
la emplazada y, al mismo tiempo, dejar de lado la antes citada regla de las vías previas como requisito de
acceso al proceso constitucional.”

QI>=B>GM>   / +N>=>O>KL>M:F;BZGE:L>GM>G<B:=>E=>=B<B>F;K>=>>FBMB=:>G>E
>QI>=B>GM>  + /

Ley de Procedimientos Administrativos Generales
kKM\<NEH -><NKLHL:=FBGBLMK:MBOHL
207.1 Los recursos administrativos son: a) Recurso de reconsideración. b) Recurso de apelación. c) Recurso
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27
El plazo es el mismo que el establecido en la legislación previa a la Ley de Procedimientos Administrativos
">G>K:E>L
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28
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TIRADO, Richard. “El procedimiento administrativo trilateral y su aplicación en la nueva ley del procedimiento
administrativo general”. En: AAVV “Comentarios a la Ley del Procedimiento Administrativo General –Ley
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30
Sobre este tipo de procedimiento se ha señalado: “Ocurre, en efecto, que en ocasiones el procedimiento
:=FBGBLMK:MBOH
JN>GHKF:EF>GM>IK>L>GM:NG:oLHGHF\:EBG>:EjE:=FBGBLMK:<B^G>L:EFBLFHMB>FIHCN>SR Gerardo Soto Carrillo
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de manera que carece en absoluto de la condición de parte, pues es totalmente ajena a la relación jurídica
discutida.” GONZÁLEZ NAVARRO, Francisco. “Procedimiento administrativo común, procedimientos
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31
Lo cual no las “transforma” en Administración Pública, sólo implica la aplicación de la Ley de Procedimientos
Administrativos Generales a sus procedimientos.
32
Ley de Procedimientos Administrativos Generales:
 kKM\<NEH$1 +KBG<BIBHL=>EIKH<>=BFB>GMH:=FBGBLMK:MBOH
1. El procedimiento administrativo se sustenta fundamentalmente en los siguientes principios, sin perjuicio de
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las medidas probatorias necesarias autorizadas por la ley; aun cuando no hayan sido propuestas por los
administrados o hayan acordado eximirse de ellas. En el caso de procedimientos trilaterales la autoridad
:=FBGBLMK:MBO:>LM:KW?:<NEM:=::O>KBo<:KIHKMH=HLEHLF>=BHL=BLIHGB;E>LE:O>K=:==>EHLA><AHLJN>E>LHG
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pudiera involucrar también al interés público.”
33
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Revista de Derecho
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con dos instancias administrativas
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&-2*',2'-2*+(2$&#%/-25 >8"P<A&'"%%'A<"8"6I@3A&3%%3=:%<:B':%3<A<e Gerardo Soto Carrillo
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Asumimos que el Administrado 1 actúa de buena fe, bajo la convicción de que, ante una revisión imparcial,
L>K>LHEO>KW>E<HGpB<MH:LN?:OHK .BG>F;:K@H
E:LBMN:<B^GL>KWFWLBGM>K>L:GM>LB>E=FBGBLMK:=HMB>G>
la creencia contraria, y actúa estratégicamente utilizando el mecanismo del silencio administrativo negativo
para impedir el acceso a la jurisdicción de su contrincante.

Régimen materialmente dejado sin efecto por diversas sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional de España,
<HFHIHLM>KBHKF>GM>L>=>L<KB;BKW

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THEMIS 61 ':)<%#:&<8< &'A&' 8" >'@A>'%CL" &' 8" ': 8" 'O &' I@3A&3%%3=: <:B':%3<A"e
Revista de Derecho
b@'A<8I%3=: 'N>@'A" B"@&4"c[ "?I'88" ?I' &93:3AB@"CL" &' t|xy[ >"@C%I8"@9':B'
'A '93C&" ><@ 8" &93:3AB@"%3=: 8I'1< &' @')'@3&" "8 %"A< &' I: "%B< "&93:3AB@"CL<
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"&93:3AB@"CL"":B''8A38':%3<^I%<:%8IA3=: '8 A38':%3< :'1"CL<^ =B'A' ?I' A' B@"B"
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38
GARCÍA DE ENTERRÍA, Eduardo. “Sobre silencio administrativo y recurso contencioso”. En: Revista de
=FBGBLMK:<B^G+`;EB<:  II  

":K<\: => GM>KK\: M:F;BZG =: <N>GM: => NG: M>G=>G<B: >G >L> FHF>GMH HKB@BGWG=HL>
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jurisprudencial criticada. Dicha sentencia señaló “Hay que tomar como base la naturaleza que el silencio
administrativo tiene de ser una presunción establecida precisamente a favor de los derechos e intereses de
los administrados y no un medio de eludir obligaciones y compromisos de los organismos administrativos, lo
JN>BFIB=>=:KE>NG:BGM>KIK>M:<B^GJN>I>KCN=BJN>:EHLFBLFHL:JNB>G>LJNBLH?:OHK><>Kil"-r
  )/ --r
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298
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4,()* +("-)-"(* ;$(* (&* %/',),2#+%/-* 7%* )-* 7%* %/-8#%* &%* 8-2,",.)* /(* "-)2,/(+%+* ;$(* THEMIS 61
Revista de Derecho
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Gerardo Soto Carrillo



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GONZÁLEZ SALINAS, Pedro “Los plazos para impugnar las denegaciones presuntas (Sentencia de la sala
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entre otras. PÉREZ ANDRÉS, Eloísa María. “Una sentencia trascendental sobre la inexistencia de plazo para
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sería inadmisible todo recurso interpuesto fuera de ellos. Ciertamente, la letra de la Ley no da lugar a
otra solución y a ella se ha atenido la jurisprudencia” SAINZ DE ROBLES, Federico Carlos. “El llamado
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técnica del silencio administrativo.
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THEMIS 61 2":>'@93C&<"AIA&<%B@3:"@3<AOB@3$I:"8'A &93:3AB@"CL<<9J:[A'&'$4"3:B'@>@'B"@8"


Revista de Derecho
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PARADA, Ramón. “Régimen Jurídico de las Administraciones Públicas y Procedimiento Administrativo
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del ciudadano (procedimiento administrativo y garantía jurisdiccional). Estudios en homenaje al profesor
%>L`L"HGSWE>S+ZK>Sl (:=KB=(:K<B:E+HGL  II  

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Sobre el particular: VELASCO CABALLERO, Francisco y José María RODRÍGUEZ DE SANTIAGO. “La inactividad
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300
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Revista de Derecho
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sentencia citada del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Madrid, señalando que a partir de ella los Tribunales
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AGUADO I CUDOLA, Vicenc. “Silencio administrativo e inactividad. Límites y técnicas alternativas”. Madrid:
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vigente a la luz de la reciente Jurisprudencia Constitucional)”. En: Revista Española de Derecho Administrativo
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Revista de Derecho
A38':%3< "&93:3AB@"CL< 1':'@"$" "&93:3AB@"CL"[ 'A 'L3&':B' ?I' ":B'
"%B<A >@'AI:B<A %<:A':C&<A^ ' $)%* +(2-&$",.)* 8+(2$)#%* /(* (2#%*
#+%#.* /(* L$)%* +(2-&$",.)* =$/,",%&* )%#$+%&(A%* (&* ",$/%/%)-* )-* 8$(/(*
39>'&3CL"&'8"%%'A<"8"6I@3A&3%%3=:[ (2#%+* -4&,3%/-* %* +("$++,+@* 2,('8+(* 7*
>I'A 8" %<:+@9"%3=: 6I&3%3"8 &' 8" ':B<&<%"A<[A<>@'B'NB<&'%<:L'@C@
"%/$",/%/*/(*&%*%"",.)*8%+%*+("$++,+*&%2* AI 3:"%CL3&"& ': %<:A':C93':B<
83?I3&"%3<:'A13@"&"AA'2"%<:L'@C&< %<: '8 "%B< >@'AI:B<[ 'N313(:&<A'8'
()* $)* -42#?"$&-* ,)2%&:%4&(* 8%+%* (&* $)* /(4(+* /(* /,&,3()",%* ;$(* )-* &(*
+("$++()#(* ()* -+/()* %* &%* "-)2("$",.)* 'A 'N313&< " 8" &93:3AB@"%3=:c^
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Asume la tesis de la invalidez de dichas normas. Por ello, se entiende, no comparte la posición que propone
considerar a dichas disposiciones como derogadas.

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THEMIS 61 8+-8,(#%+,-2*,),",%+-)*$)*8+-"(2-*/(*%'8%+-* I%* ('8+(2%* "-)2#+$"#-+%* B$(* 8%+#(* ()* (&*


Revista de Derecho
":B' '8 @3$I:"8 <:ACBI%3<:"8 "8'1":&< 8" 8+-"(2-* /(* %'8%+-@* ()* (&* "$%&* 2(>%&.* &%*
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En contra: MATA, Ismael “Los plazos en el procedimiento administrativo”. En: CASSAGNE, Juan Carlos.
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una posición determinada sobre su constitucionalidad, señalan que las reglas de la ley deben ser examinadas
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77
PERRINO, Pablo E. “El derecho a la tutela judicial efectiva y el plazo para demandar”. En: CASSAGNE, Juan
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por haber transcurrido los plazos previstos en el artículo 10 y sin perjuicio de lo que corresponda en materia
de prescripción.”
A su vez el artículo 10 señala: “El silencio o la ambigüedad de la Administración frente a pretensiones
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Congreso Internacional”. Lima: Universidad de Lima. 2002. p. 380.
306
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de setiembre de 2002.

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Generales.

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Administración por su propio incumplimiento del deber de resolver.
309
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GONZÁLEZ PÉREZ, Jesús. “El silencio administrativo y los interesados que no incoaron el procedimiento
:=FBGBLMK:MBOHl  G->OBLM:=>=FBGBLMK:<B^G+`;EB<:  II  

Esta distinción es pertinente a nuestros efectos, debido a que la Ley que Regula el Proceso Contencioso
=FBGBLMK:MBOHL\<HGMB>G>NG:?HKF:>LI><\o<:=><^FINMH=>EIE:SH=><:=N<B=:=I:K:M>K<>KHLJN>GH
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:E>LM:;E><>K
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IWKK:?HBGG><>L:KBH
si se tratara de un “tercero” que sí participó en el procedimiento, al cual le sería aplicable el cómputo del plazo
=>L=>E:GHMBo<:<B^GH<HGH<BFB>GMH:JN>L>K>o>K>>EGNF>K:E=>E:KM\<NEHF>G<BHG:=H

"*)5q' 5+T- 5
%>L`L *I <BM I 

Ley de Procedimientos Administrativos Generales:
kKM\<NEH .NLI>GLB^G=>E:>C><N<B^G
1. La interposición de cualquier recurso, excepto los casos en que una norma legal establezca lo contrario,
GHLNLI>G=>KWE:>C><N<B^G=>E:<MHBFIN@G:=H 
  )HH;LM:GM>EH=BLIN>LMH>G>EGNF>K:E:GM>KBHK
E::NMHKB=:=:JNB>G<HFI>M:K>LHEO>K>EK><NKLHIH=KW
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;,N>L>:IK><B>H;C>MBO:F>GM>E:>QBLM>G<B:=>NGOB<BH=>GNEB=:=MK:L<>G=>GM> 
  ': =><BLB^G => E: LNLI>GLB^G L> :=HIM:KW IK>OB: IHG=>K:<B^G LNo<B>GM>F>GM> K:SHG:=: >GMK> >E
perjuicio que causaría al interés público o a terceros la suspensión y el perjuicio que causa al recurrente
E:>o<:<B:BGF>=B:M:=>E:<MHK><NKKB=H 
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<HGM>G<BHLH :=FBGBLMK:MBOH
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310
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8(+=$/,"%/-*8(+'%)("(*()*,)/(B()2,.)5 IA":&< L4"A &3AC:B"A[ %<: 8" 3:%'@C&I9$@'] Gerardo Soto Carrillo
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ki<N:G=H>LMZLNLI>G=B=:E:>C><N<B^G=>E:<MH<HFH<HGL><N>G<B:=>EK><NKLHhJNZ=N=:<:;>JN>>E
verdaderamente interesado en que se resuelva cuanto antes el procedimiento de recurso es aquel a cuyo
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Revista de Derecho
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fallos en el esquema jurídico.
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GONZÁLEZ PÉREZ, Jesús. “El silencio administrativo y los plazos de impugnación”. En: SOSA WAGNER,
Francisco. “El derecho administrativo en el umbral del siglo XXI: Homenaje al profesor Dr. Ramón Martín
(:M>H  I 

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107
Salvo, por supuesto, que entendamos que por la vía del recurso se inicie un nuevo procedimiento, una
especie de “procedimiento recursivo”.
313
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THEMIS 61 "%/$",/%/*()*"%2-*/(*2,&()",-*7*"-)2,/(+%+*%* "%B< "&93:3AB@"CL< &' >@39'@" 3:AB":%3"


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108
Se ha comentado ya que en el régimen de la Ley de Procedimientos Administrativo Generales, esta obligación
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314
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318