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Lesson Plan in English 9

January 23, 2019

I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

1. Differentiate active and passive voice;


2. Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence;
3. Rewrite the sentence changing the voice from active to passive voice;
4. Appreciate the lesson by showing active participation of the students
towards the lesson.

II. Subject Matter

Topic: Active and Passive Voice


Materials: A Journey through Anglo-American Literature Learner’s Material, strips of
cartolina, manila paper, pictures, PowerPoint presentation

III. Lesson Proper

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity


A. Routinary Activities

Everybody stand up and let us pray.


Anyone who wants to lead the prayer? Heavenly father…
Good morning Class! Good morning Ms. Quinto!
Is there any absent today? None ma’am.
Wow! That’s good! Everybody will be part of another
exciting day of learning. Is everybody ready to think, have
fun and learn? Yes ma’am.

Class yesterday, we discussed about verb, right?


Yes ma’am.
Read the following sentences. What are the verbs used?

Carlo gave a speech.


Lito plays basketball. gave, plays, sings
Olive sings folk songs.

Therefore, what is a verb?


Verb is an action word or state of being.
Very good!

Let’s have some vocabulary drills and find out what kind of
person are you. Circle the words below that represent the
given characteristics of a person.

SENSITIVE FRUGAL SELFISH

HONEST AGGRESSIVE

She never brags about her success.


She often shouted to people for nothing.
He always tells the truth.
She’s interested only in her own concerns.
The family is able to stretch its monthly budget.

B. Activity

Okay, class I want you to listen for a short scenario;

“John saw a pretty girl. He went to talk to her. Her husband


arrived. The husband hit John on the nose.”
C. Analysis

1. What did the husband do? (Active voice is the answer.)

2. What happened to John? (Passive voice is the answer.)

Notice the sentences on the board. Analyse its difference. It


tells whether it is in the form of active or passive voice.

Voice is the quality of a verb that shows whether the


answers may vary…
subject is the doer or the receiver of the action.

The Active Voice


Active voice is used to indicate that the subject of the
sentence is the doer of the action.

Let’s start with a very simple sentence.

S V O
The boy kicked the ball.

What is the subject in the sentence?


What is the verb in the sentence?
What is object in the sentence?
Is the subject the doer if the action?
Therefore, what voice is used in the sentence?

Okay, let’s have some more examples.

In the following sentences, note the form of the verb when


the subject is the doer of the action.

A student wrote the winning essay.


Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
The chef prepared a delicious meal. The boy
kicked
What are the subjects in the sentences? the ball.
Yes ma’am.
Correct. Observe that the subjects’ students, Alexander
Active voice ma’am.
Graham Bell, Chef are the doers of the action.

What are the verbs used?

Very good! Those verbs are transitive verbs with direct


objects, thus when the subject of the sentence does the action
and the verb has a direct object, we say that the verb is in the
active voice.

The Passive Voice


The passive voice is created when the subject is acted Student, Alexander Graham Bell, Chef
upon, this time the subject is going to be The ball, because
it is the recipient of the action.
What happen to the ball?
Good. Now who kicked the ball?

Very good! Now, study the following sentences:


wrote, invented, prepared
The winning essay was written by the students.
The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
A delicious meal was prepared by the chef.

In each sentence above, observe that the subjects are the


receiver of the action instead of being the doer of the action.
Note that the form of the verb when the subject is the
receiver, not the doer of the action is made up of was + past
participle of the verb. Thus if the subject is acted upon, the
verb is in the passive voice. Let us have some exercise.
Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence.
The ball kicked.
1. Raul presented an interesting report.
The ball kicked by the boy.
2. Baseball was played by Joseph.
3. Martin removed the old paint.
4. The national budget was approved by the congress.
5. She cooked the breakfast.

Excellent!

Changing the voice from active to passive. Study the changes


in the following sentences.

Active Voice

1. The mother carried the baby. 1. active


2. Father repaired the old chair. 2. passive
3. He invented a breathing device for fire fighters. 3. active
4. Sam explored the underground river.
4. passive
5. She interviewed the school president.
5. active
Passive Voice
1. The baby was carried by the mother.
2. An old chair was repaired by father.
3. A breathing device for fire fighters was invented by him.
4. The famous underground river was explored by Sam.
5. The school president was interviewed by her.

What happened to the subjects, verbs and direct objects in the


sentences in the active voice?

Very well said!


I’m glad that you understand our topic today. So let’s give
ourselves a round of applause.

D. Application

Let’s have a group game. I have here sentences in the passive


voice; you have to change it in the active voice. You will
write it on the strips of papers that I have given you, and raise
your paper if you are done. You are given 30 seconds only to
change the sentence in the active voice. The group who has
the most number of correct answers wins. The subject mother and father became the receiver in the by-
phrase in passive voice. The action word carried and repaired
1. I was taught by my brother the principles of barbecuing. became the verb phrases. The direct objects baby and chair
2. My father was given the title by the former head chief. became the subjects in the passive voice.
3. The house was wrecked by the party and the cat was let
loose by the guests.
4. The house is a mess, the cat is lost, and the car has been
stolen by Justin.
5. Unfortunately, my plan was ruined by Gerald, the building
superintendent.
6. The roof was leaking. It had been leaking all week.
7. The ball was thrown by Lucy, who had been hiding in the
bushes.
8. Francesca was placed on the first flight to Boston. Her
father put her there.
9. “To be or not to be?” That is the question.
10. A feast had been created from nothing. I was astounded.

Very good!
Answers:
E. Abstraction 1. My brother taught me the principles of barbecuing.
2. The former head chief gave the title to my father.
Therefore, when can you say that the sentence is in the active 3. The party wrecked the house and the guests let the cat
or passive voice? How will you change the passive form loose.
active to passive voice? 4. The house is a mess, the cat is lost, and Justin has stolen
the car.
5. Unfortunately, Gerald, the building superintendent, ruined
my plan.
6. No change.
Very well said! 7. Lucy, who had been hiding in the bushes, threw the ball.
8. Francesca’s father placed her on the first flight to Boston.
9. No change.
F. Evaluation 10. A feast had been created from nothing. This astounded
me.
A. Write A in the blanks before the number if the sentence is
active and P if passive.

___1. Rommel presented an interesting report.


___2. He submitted the annual report of the organization.
___3. The town was destroyed by the fire.
___4. That skyscraper was built in 1934.
___5. The new product design has been finished. A verb that has direct objects is in the active voice. If the
subject is acted upon, the verb is in the passive voice. In
changing a sentence from active to passive, the direct object
B. Rewrite the each sentence changing the verb from active becomes the subjects or doer in the by-phrase.
to passive. Do this on a manila paper, by group. Afterwards,
we will check your answers.

1. He wrote a novel.
2. Many people admired Ninoy Aquino.
3. He repaired the dripping faucet.
4. The doctor examined the patient.
5. She sponsored the education of many poor students.
6. My boss made the decision yesterday. 1. A
7. We proposed the change last week. 2. A
8. John delivered the message this afternoon. 3. P
9. Dorothy coordinated the meeting in Paul’s absence. 4. P
10. James collected the shells. 5. P

G. Assignment

Write a brief description of art that you or one of your friends


created. Use both active and passive voice verbs. Circle each
verb and identify its voice.
Answers:
1. A novel was written by him.
2. Ninoy Aquino was admired by many people.
3. The dripping faucet was repaired by him.
4. The patient was examined by the doctor.
5. The education of many poor students was sponsored by
her.
6. The decision was made by my boss yesterday.
7. The change was proposed (by us) last week.
8. The message was delivered by John this afternoon.
9. The meeting was coordinated by Doug in Paul’s absence.
10. The shells were collected by James.

Prepared by: Checked by:

Reychelle Ann F. Quinto Marivi D. Ladines


Teacher Teacher-in-Charge