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Mr. Bon Daniel Fajilan

SEPTEMBER 28, 2018

Gov. F.T. San Luis Avenue, Masaya, Bay, Laguna
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Division of Laguna
District of Bay
Gov. F.T. San Luis Avenue, Masaya, Bay, Laguna
Tel. Nos.: (049) 501-3050, (049) 576-0525 Telefax: (049) 501-3050


Subject: Science Date: September 28, 2018

Grade and Section: 7-Charity Time: 1:30-2:20


A. Content Standard
The learners demonstrate an understanding of organisms interacting with each other and with their
environment to survive.

B. Performance Standard
The learners should be able to conduct a collaborative action to preserve the ecosystem in the

C. Objectives
At the end of 50-minute period, 75% of the students should be able to:
a. define an ecosystem;
b. differentiate biotic from abiotic components of an ecosystem; and
c. describe the different interaction among organism found in an ecosystem.


Topic: Ecosystem
Learning Resources: Science 7 Learner’s Material, Science 7 Teacher’s Guide, Concepts and Challenges
in Life Science, Teacher’s Resources CD-ROM
Learning Materials: PowerPoint Presentation, LCD Projector, Projection Screen, Wireless Presenter,
Chalk and Chalkboard, Visual Aids, and Pictures of Organisms, Tarpapels
Strategies: Interaction and Discussion, Cooperative Learning, Group Activity, and Experiential Learning
Skills: Defining, Differentiating, Describing, Identifying, Classifying
Subject Integration: English, Mathematics, Arts


A. Preparatory Activities
1. Prayer
2. Greetings
3. Checking of Attendance
4. Review

Last meeting, you learned the living things other than plants and animals, right?
So, as a short recap, enumerate the livings things other than plants and animals.

Very well said.

B. Lesson Proper
Priming Activity

(The teacher shows a picture of an ecosystem)

This is an ecosystem. Definitely, a pond ecosystem.

Let us identify what makes up an ecosystem.

(The teacher draws a semantic web on the board.)


Identify the parts of an ecosystem by writing the answer inside the circle.


Guide Questions:
1. In your own words, what is an ecosystem?
2. Point out the biotic components that are present in the semantic web.
3. What about those abiotic components?
4. How do biotic and abiotic components interact each other?
5. If there is no sunlight and water, can anything grow or survive? Why?


Living things need to interact with other living things to survive. And there are
several ways of interactions among living things.

 Mutualism- a relationship where both organisms benefit from each other.

Example: butterfly and flower

 Commensalism- a relationship in which one organism benefits while other

organism is unaffected.

Example: clownfish and sea anemone

 Parasitism – a relationship in which one organism benefits (parasite) while

the other is harmed (host).

Example: mosquito and human

 Competition – a relationship that occurs when two organisms compete for

the same resources—food, shelter, and mates.

Example: tiger to tiger

 Predation – a relationship where one organism kills and eat the other

Example: bear and fish

As a summary of the lesson, let us watch this video.

(Video Presentation about Interactions between Organisms)


Let us now apply and dig deeper your understanding about ecosystem.
The same group again, answer the activity inside this envelope for 10 minutes only. Then,
the leader will present the output in front of the class. I hope every member from each
group will cooperate so that you can finish the task early. Be guided with this scoring
rubric on how individual’s effort be assessed.


Outstanding Good Developing Beginning
5 points 4 points 2 points 1 point

Participates Participates in Sometimes Participates
actively. group. participates in minimally.
Participation Thorough Complete group. Complete Watches but
completes assigned tasks. some assigned doesn’t participate
assigned tasks. tasks. in group work.
Encourages all Freely shares Shares ideas Does not share
group members ideas. when ideas. Watches but
to share their Considers encouraged. does not
ideas. Listen other people’s Allows sharing contribute to
attentively to feelings and by all group discussions.
others ideas. members.
Exceptionally Positive Neutral; neither Disapproving;
positive and supportive; encouraging nor negative,
constructive; mostly discouraging; withdrawn or
encourages constructive disinterested in belligerent
other group and upbeat the performance
members of others
Outstanding Good quality Poor quality Poor quality; little,
contribution; work; few work; no contribution to
above –and- errors or substantive group goals.
Contribution beyond; work is additions are errors
excellent in necessary
form and

Interaction among Organisms

Group 1: Complete the table by placing a check mark in the column that shows which type
of relationship each of the following pairs of organisms have.

Organisms Pair Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism Competition Predation

1. Human and plants
2. Snake and Hen
3. Human and mosquito

4. Clownfish and sea

5. Ticks and dog
6. Nest on a tree
7. Bee and flower
8. Tapeworm and human
9. Dog and Cat
10. Frog and fly

Group 2: Classify each description as an example of mutualism, commensalism,

predation, or parasitism by writing its letter in the correct column in the table below.

a. One organism kills and eats the other.

b. Organisms weaken or kill their hosts.
c. Bees pollinate flowers as they collect nectar.
d. Orchids attach themselves to and grow on trees.
e. Diseased or less fit members of a herd are caught and eaten.
f. Nest on a branch of a tree
g. Both organisms benefit.
h. One organism lives on or in another organism causing harm.
i. Wolves feed on caribou.
j. One organism benefits and the other is not affected.

Relationship in an Ecosystem
1. Mutualism 2. Commensalism 3. Predation 4. Parasitism
c d a b
g f e h
j i

Group 3: Make a concept map similar to this sample below. In the first boxes, write the
different interactions among organism. Second boxes write the description for each
interaction. And last boxes, paste the appropriate picture for each interaction.

Interactions Among Organisms

Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism Competition Predation

relationship in which one relationship that occurs when

relationship where both relationship in which one relationship where one
organism benefits (parasite) two organisms compete for the
organisms benefit from each organism benefits while other organism kills and eat the
while the other is harmed same resources—food, shelter,
other. organism is unaffected other organism.
(host) and mates.

Group 4: Using what you have learned about interaction among organisms, think an
example of each interaction in which humans are involved:

(Students’ answers may vary)

a. Competition: Humans compete with all organisms for space.

b. Parasitism: Humans have many parasites: head lice, ticks, tapeworms, etc.

c. Mutualism: We have mutualistic relationships with all domesticated plants/animals.

d. Commensalism: Pigeons thrive in metropolitan ecosystems without really affecting



Directions: Read and analyze each item carefully. Choose only the letter of the correct answer.
1. Composed of living and nonliving components interacting each other.
A. Ecosystem
B. Niche
C. Food Chain
D. Food Web

2. This term describes a living part of an ecosystem.

A. Abiotic factor
B. Biotic factor
C. Sunlight
D. Water

3. Which of the following composed mostly of abiotic components?

A. Deer, plants, fish, water
B. Plants, soil, rocks, water
C. Soil, water, sunlight, rocks
D. Water, frog, butterfly, soil

4. Animals release carbon dioxide, plants use it up for photosynthesis and in turn gives off oxygen
as by product needed by animal to survive. This is an example of:
A. Parasitism
B. Mutualism
C. Commensalism
D. Competition

5. Which of the following shows parasitism?

A. Both organisms benefit.
B. One organism kills and eats the other.
C. Organisms benefit or kill their hosts.
D. One organism benefits and the other is not affected.


1. Why plants considered as producers?

2. What is a consumer in a food chain?
3. What is the role of decomposers in an ecosystem?


_______ out of _______ students reached the mastery level.