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“ To be or not to be… that is

the question.”

Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


What are personal pronouns?
A noun is a word that is person, place or thing.
e.g. Brian, the car, the dog, London
A pronoun is a word that can be used in place of a noun.
A personal pronoun is used in place of a noun that is a person or a thing.

PERSONAL
PRONOUNS
1ª Pessoa I
PLURAL SINGULAR

2ª Pessoa YOU
HE
3ª Pessoa SHE
IT
1ª Pessoa WE
2ª Pessoa YOU
3ª Pessoa THEY

Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


VERBS
TO BE
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Short Long Short
I am I'm I am not I'm not Am I ?
You are You're You are not You aren't Are you ?
He is He's He is not He isn't Is he ?
She is She's She is not She isn't Is she?
It is It's It is not It isn't Is it ?
We are We're We are not We aren't Are we ?
You are You're You are not You aren't Are you ?
They are They're They are not They aren't Are They ?

TO DO
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Long Short
I do I do not I don't Do I ?
You do You do not You don't Do you ?
He does He does not He doesn't Does he ?
She does She does not She doesn't Does she?
It does It does not It doesn't Does it ?
We do We do not We don't Do we ?
You do You do not You don't Do you ?
They do They do not They don't Do They ?

TO HAVE
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Short Long Short
I have I've I have not I haven't Have I ?
You have You've You have not You haven't Have you ?
He has He's He has not He hasn't Has he ?
She has She's She has not She hasn't Has she?
It has It's It has not It hasn't Has it ?
We have We've We have not We haven't Have we ?
You have You've You have not You haven't Have you ?
They have They've They have not They haven't Have They ?

Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


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About age

He is 5 years old . or He is 5. or He is five years old. or He is five.


*Not He is 5 years. or He is five years.

How old are you ? I am 12 years old.


How old is your baby ? She is 6 months old.

Cultural note : It is be considered impolite to ask women their ages.

Phone Numbers

24 - two four

The figure 'O' is called oh.

105 - one oh five

If two successive figures are the same, in British English you would usually
use the word double (in American English you would just say the figure twice)

376 4775 - BE: three seven six, four double seven five
376 4775 - AE: three seven six, four seven seven five

Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


It's the number of ways you can say 0 in English.

When we use it For example:-

0 = oh after a decimal point 9.02 = "Nine point oh two."

in phone numbers 9130472 = "Nine one three oh four seven two."

0 = zero in temperature -10°C = "10 degrees below zero."

US English for the number 0 = "Zero"

Chelsea 2 Manchester United 0 = "Chelsea two Manchester


0 = nil in football
United nil."

0 = love in tennis 20 - 0 = "Twenty love."

About Dates

Asking the date


Perguntar a data

what's the date today? que dia é hoje?

what's today's date? que dia é hoje?

Examples:

1989 – nineteen eighty nine

2009 – two thousand and nine

2014 / 01 / 14 – Wednesday, the fourteenth of January, two thousand and fourteen

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


About nationality

He is from Canada. (country)


He is Canadian. (nationality)
They are from Mexico.
They are Mexican.
She is from France. She is French
You are from Japan. You are Japanese.
We are American. We are from The United States.

He is from mars . She is from The Philippines. She is Filipino


He is a Martian. I am from Greece. I am Greek.

We are from Mexico! We are Mexican!

Key Question : Where are you from ? What is your nationality ?

Country Nationality Country Nationality


Britain British Italy Italian
England English Russia Russian
Scotland Scottish Brazil Brazilian
Wales Welsh America American
Ireland Irish Germany German
Sweden Swedish Belgium Belgian
Denmark Danish Ukraine Ukrainian
Spain Spanish South Korea South Korean
Portugal Portuguese France French
China Chinese The Netherlands Dutch
East Timor East Timorese Switzerland Swiss
Greece Greek Finland Finnish
Norway Norwegian Turkey Turkish

Introducing yourself
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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


Responding to an introduction
 How are you? / How do you do?
 Pleased to meet you.
 Nice to meet you, too!

Possible answers:
 I’m very well, thank you.
 I’m fine, thank you.
 I’m afraid, I’m not very well,.

SAYING GOODBYE
 Good night!
 See you . . .
 Goodbye / bye!
 Have a nice day!
 You too!

IDENTIFYING PEOPLE
1. What is your name ? I’m …. / My name is ….
2. What is your first (1st ) name? My 1st name is ....................................
3. What is your surname? My surname is .................................
4. When were you born ? I was born on 1 st of April 1999
5. When is your birthday ? My birthday is on the….
6. How old are you ? I am …. Years old / I have …. Years
7. What is your phone number? It is …... / My phone number is …..
8. Where are you from ? I’m from Lisbon / I’m from Portugal
9. What is your marital status ? I’m married/ single/ divorced/ widow(er)
10. What is your address? My address is …
11. Where do you live? I live in ………
12. What is your E-mail address? It’s ..................................( - score; _ underscore; @ at; . dot)

EXPRESSING WISHES

1. Good Luck
2. Love to John
3. Have a good time / holiday
4. Enjoy yourself
5. Merry Christmas and a happy New Year
6. Happy Birthday
7. Cheers

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


WEEKDAYS, MONTHS, SEASONS
Days of the week Months Seasons
Monday January Spring
Tuesday February Summer
Wednesday March Autumn / Fall
Thursday April Winter
Friday May
Saturday June
Sunday July
August
September
October
November
December

About marital status


I am married.
You are single.
She is a widow.
He is widower
They are divorced.
We are engaged.
He is separated.

Conversation practice : Practice and then use your own information

Silvia: Hi, my name is Silvia Right. What’s your name?


Michael : My name is Michael York ?
Silvia : Where are you from ?
Michael: I’m from Canada. What about you ?
Silvia : I’m from Mexico. Nice to meet you.
Michael : Nice to meet you, too. What do you do ?
Silvia : I teach Spanish. What about you ?
Michael : Wow I teach English.
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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


About jobs (occupations)

Substitute using other jobs you know. I am a/an dentist .


ex. Nurse, singer, dancer, painter You are a plumber .
secretary, architect, journalist, She is an engineer .
receptionist, banker, farmer He is a doctor .
police officer, firefighter, fireman We are technicians
They are teachers .
You are politicians
.

Accountant Electrician Carpenter


Butcher Tailor Disc jokey
Doctor Hairdresser Librarian
Fisher Bricklayer Lawyer
Mechanic Air-hostess Waiter / Waitress
Vet Sales man Gardener
Surgeon Taxi driver Teacher
Plumber Truck driver Shop assistant
Shoe maker Bus driver Actor / Actress
Judge Football player Postman
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About the colours

1. Tomatoes are _____________________________________


2. The sky is ________________________________________
3. Clouds are _______________________________________
4. Grass is __________________________________________
5. Butter is __________________________________________
6. Eggplants are ______________________________________
7. Carrots are _______________________________________
8. Strawberries are ___________________________________
9. Coffee is ___________________________________________
10. Chocolate is usually _________________________________

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


WHAT TIME IS IT?
It is……..

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WHAT ARE YOU LIKE? WHAT IS HE/SHE LIKE?

What’s your hair like? What’s his/her hair like?

hair (cabelo)
- black (preto)
- light (claro)
- straight (liso) - brown (castanho)
- long (comprido) - dark
- wavy (ondulado) - blonde ou blond/fair (louro)
- short (curto) (escuro)
- curly (encaracolado) - red (ruivo)
- medium (médio)
- white(branco)

- gray/grey (grisalho)

What are your eyes like? What are his/her eyes like?

eyes (olhos) face (cara)


- almond (em forma de
- round (redondo)
amêndoa) - brown (castanho)
- long (comprido)
- green (verde)
- small (pequeno) - square (quadrado)
- blue (azul)
- big (grande) - oval (oval)

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


mouth (boca) –
age (idade) nose (nariz)
ears (orelhas)
- young (novo/a)
- small (pequeno)
- small - middle-aged (meia idade)
- long (longo)
- big - old (velho/a)
- Pointed ( pontiagudo)
- long
- Snub ( empinado)

- crooked ( papagaio)

Size /height (tamanho / altura) weight (peso)

- tall (alto) - fat (gordo/a)

- medium size / average (altura média) - chubby (gorducho/a)

- short (pequeno - baixo) - slim (elegante)

- thin (magro/a, franzino/a)

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge


other words (outras palavras)

- moustache (bigode) - glasses (óculos)

- beard (barba) - pretty (bonita)

- freckles (sardas) - handsome (bonito)

- fringe (franja) - ugly (feio/a)

- He has no hair ( ele não tem cabelo) = he is

bald ( ele é careca)

- black eye (olho negro)

Psychological Description (descrição psicológica)

Friendly (amigável – simpático/a) Good (bom/boa) Sad (triste)

Intelligent (inteligente) Bad (mau/má) Rich (rico/a)

Stubborn (teimoso/a) Happy (feliz – alegre) Proud (orgulhoso/a)

Charming (charmoso/a) Unhappy (infeliz) Selfish (egoista)

Famous (famoso/a – popular) Arrogant (arrogante) Naïve (ingénuo/a)

Kind (bondoso/a) Generous (generoso/a) Vain (vaidoso/a)

Funny (engraçado/a – alegre) Troublemaker (intriguista) Old (idoso)

Smart (astuto/a – dinâmico/a) Lazy (preguiçoso/a) Young (jovem)

Liar (mentiroso/a) Refractory (refilão) Brave (corajoso/a)

Exercise: tell about yourself and fill the blanks with the word that most suits you.

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Formadora: Maria da Conceição Rodrigues Jorge