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# UPCAT Math Coverage.

## The Mathematics subtest of the UPCAT contains questions from

different topics you learned in high school. Although UPCAT
questionnaires vary every year, Math questions will most likely
come from the following subtopics:

## a. Arithmetic and Number Sense.

b. Algebra.
 Signed Numbers
 Algebraic Expressions
 Equations and Inequalities
 Systems of Equation
 Polynomials
 Functions and Relations
 Fractions and Rational Functions
 Cartesian Coordinate System (Graphing)
 Word Problems
 Exponents and Logarithms
 Sets and Set Notation
 Complex Numbers
 Sequences and Series
c. Geometry.
 Reasoning
 Definitions, Postulates, and Theorems
 Angles
 Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
 Triangle Postulates and Theorems (ASA, SSS, etc.)
 Area and Volume
 Circles
d. Trigonometry.
 Basic Trigonometric Functions
 Basic Identities
e. Statistics.
 Measures of Central Tendencies (mean, median, mode)
 Factorials
 Counting, Permutation, and Combination
 Probability

## UPCAT Science Coverage.

The UPCAT will test your stock knowledge on the general
scientific concepts related to Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Earth
Science, and Astronomy. To ace this subtest, brush up on the
following potential topics under each category:

a. Chemistry.
 Precision and Accuracy
 Conversion of Units
 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
 States of Matter
 The Periodic Table
 Electronic Configuration and the Quantum Numbers
 Nuclear Reactions
 Chemical Reactions
 Stoichiometry
 Gas Laws
 Redox Reactions
 Basic Organic Chemistry
b. Biology.
 The Ecosystem
 Classification/Taxonomy
 Biogeochemical Cycles
 Plants and Photosynthesis
 Animal Biology
 Cell Biology
 Genetics and Heredity
 Human Anatomy
c. Earth Science and Astronomy.
 Rocks and Minerals
 The Layers of the Earth and its Composition
 Land Formations and Bodies of Water
 Plate Tectonics
 Earthquakes, Volcanoes
 Climate, Weather, and the Atmosphere
 Fossils
d. Physics.
 Scalar and Vector Quantities
 Laws of Motion
 Relative Velocities
 Force
 Work, Energy, and Power
 Fluid Mechanics
 Light, Sound, and Waves
 Electricity and Magnetism
 Thermodynamics

## UPCAT Language Proficiency

Coverage.
The UPCAT Language subtest is comprised of questions in both
English and Filipino. It will measure your fluency in both
languages. Although we can’t predict what type of questions will
appear in the actual exam, they most likely will come from the
following topics:

English
a. Vocabulary.
 Word Meanings
 Spelling
 Synonyms
 Antonyms
 Confusing Words
b. Grammar.
 Parts of Speech
 Correct Usage
 Punctuation
 Capitalization
 Subject-verb Agreement
 Sentence Construction
 Modifiers
 Finding Errors/Sentence –Correction
 Voice (active and passive)
Filipino
Note: Test questions in Filipino are incorporated in both
Language Proficiency and Reading Comprehension subtests).
a. WastongGamit
b. Bahagi ng Pananalita
c. Sawikain o Idioma
d. Tayutay
e. Paksa ng Talata

Comprehension Coverage.
reading and quick thinking. Expect to encounter long essays that
can easily consume a lot of your time if you’re not careful.

## This subtest includes questions in both languages (English and

Filipino) and may contain the following question types/formats:

a. Essays
b. Getting the Main Idea/Topic Sentence
c. Appropriate Title of Selection
d. Poetry
e. Short stories
f. Speeches
g. Comic Strips
h. Figures of Speech (simile, metaphors, etc.)
i. Author’s Point of View
j. Meaning Through Context Clues
k. Drawing Conclusions
l. Inference
m. Fact and Opinion