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October 3, 2016

A Detailed Lesson Plan in Science and Health Grade 6 - A

At the end of the forty-five minutes period the learners are expected to:
a. describe how earthquake affects the environment;
b. demonstrate awareness of the effects of earthquake on the environment; and
c. give the importance of studying the effects of earthquake.


Topic: Effects of Earthquake to the Environment
Skill: describing and writing
References: Science and Health Teacher’s Manual, Juanita Cruz M. et al, pp. 123-127
Science for Daily Use Textbook, Juanita Cruz M. et al pp. 202-205
4th Quarter
Materials: charts, pictures, laptop and projector
Values Integration: Keen observation, Appreciation and Cooperation


Teacher’s Activity Pupil’s Activity

A. Prayer and Greetings
 Good morning class!  Good morning Ma’am Antonette.
 Before you take your seats, please pick up  The pupils will pick the papers on the floor
some pieces of papers and arrange your and they will arrange their chairs
chairs properly.
 You may now take your seats.  Thank you ma’am.

B. Review Review

 Before we proceed to our lesson this

morning let’s first have our review.
 What was our topic last meeting?
 Yes, ********  Our topic last meeting was all about
difference between intensity and
magnitude of earthquake.
 Very Good, ********
 What is intensity?
 Yes *********.  Intensity is the measurement of the
damage caused by an earthquake
 Very good ********.
 What do we use to measure the intensity  We use Rossi-Forel Scale of Earthquake
of an earthquake? Yes ******? Intensities.
 Nice one ********.

 On the other hand what is magnitude?  Magnitude is the amount of energy

Yes********. released by an earthquake.

 Very good ******. And what scale do we  We use Richter magnitude scale ma’am.
sue to determine the magnitude of an
earthquake? Yes *******.

 Very good. I’ll show two tables and

identify which table shows the scale for  The student will choose the respective
intensity and for magnitude. Yes table for intensity and magnitude scale.

 Very good. What is now the difference  The difference between intensity and
between intensity and magnitude of an magnitude is that intensity tells us about
earthquake? Yes ***********. the damage done by the earthquake while
magnitude refers to the energy released
by the earthquake.
 Very good *********. It’s wonderful
that you have fully understood our topic

C. Motivation Motivation

 Well done class, let’s now discuss our

next topic. But before that, I’ll show you a  Okay ma’am
video and you observe keenly.
 The teacher will show to the class the

 Based from the video that you’ve

watched what did you observe?
 Yes *******  I observe ma’am that there are many
buildings and houses that are destroyed.
 Good observation *******
 Another?  I had observed ma’am that there are dead
 Yes, ********* people.
 Very good *******

 Another one, Yes *********  I observe ma’am that the ground has a
huge crack.
 Very good observation *******
 What is the situation of the people in the
video presented?
 Yes *******.  The people there need help.

 Very good. So what we must do for them?

 Yes ********.  We must give them relief goods such those
used clothes and other needed materials for
them to survive. Most importantly we must
pray for them.
 Very good ******. The very first thing we
can do for them is to pray. Aside from
simply saying our prayers we must also
help them by giving their needs in our
simple and doable ways.

D. Lesson Proper Lesson Proper

 All of your observations are correct. Your

observations are related to our topic this
morning. But before that let us read first
our objectives.
 Who wants to read our objectives? At the end of the forty-five minutes period the
learners are expected to:
 Yes, ******** a. describe how earthquake affects the
b. demonstrate awareness of the effects of
earthquake on the environment; and
c. give the importance of studying the effects of
 Thank you *******
 In order for us to know what our topic is
all about I’ll show you a picture.
 The teacher will show a picture.

 What can you see?

 There’s our planet earth ma’am
 Yes *******
 Nice observation ********

 There are many pictures of damaged

 Another observation, yes *********
buildings, houses and even a very huge
wave ma’am
 Very well said *******
 From those observation, who can tell
what our lesson is for today?  Earthquake ma’am.
 Yes, *********

 Hmmm. Almost there ****** but still

needs refining of idea.  Effects of Earthquake ma’am.
 Another, yes, ********

 Well said ********. That’s our topic for

today. But to be more specific our topic is
all about effects of earthquake to the

 Since our topic for today is all about the  Earthquake ma’am is the strong and sudden
effects of earthquake. Who can give me a shaking of the ground.
description or definition of what an
earthquake is? Yes **********.

 Very good ********. Earthquake is the

strong and sudden shaking of the ground
due to the movement of the crustal
plates.  Yes ma’am.
 Since we know what an earthquake is.
Have you ever watch news about
earthquakes in the television?
 Yes ma’am
 Oh that’s nice because you are watching
news. Do you observe some effects of the
 I observe in the news ma’am that it causes
 Can you give me one? Yes ********. a landslide.

 Well said *****. Earthquakes results to

landslides. (The teacher will show a
picture of a landslide due to the

 What do you think is the reason why do  Landslide happens during earthquake
during an earthquake landslide happens? ma’am due to the movement of the
Yes *********? ground. Such as in the mountains. The side
of the mountain may erode due to the
 Very good *******. Landslides happen
during earthquake because the loose
rocks and soil along the mountainside will
erode due to the movement of the
earth’s crust.

 What other effects have you observe  There’s a huge opening or crack on the
specially on the ground? Yes ******. ground ma’am.

 Good one ******. Who among you here  Ma’am, there are huge openings because of
knows why there are huge openings or the movement of the crust. The ground
crack of the ground? Yes ******** may split or open ma’am if the earthquake
is very strong.
 Good idea ********. Remember class
that earthquake is the sudden release of
the earth’s interior energy. So when this
happen during a very strong earthquake
the ground may be lifted up or be
separated and this will cause the opening
of the ground.

 Another idea about the effects of the  I also observed from the news ma’am that
earthquake from the news you have earthquakes may cause tsunami.
heard. Yes **********.

 Very good ********. Strong underwater  Tsunami ma’am is a very huge ocean wave
earthquakes may cause tsunami. But by created by an earthquake.
the way what is a tsunami? Yes ******.

 Very good *******. A tsunami is very

huge wave generated by an earthquake.
(The teacher will show a picture of a
tsunami.) Tsunami is a Japanese term
which means literally “harbor waves”.

 There are other effects of earthquakes as  Earthquake can destroy the habitats and
what you have observed in the video I dwelling places of living organism
presented awhile ago. Who can give other specifically humans. When houses and
effects, this time on the people and other buildings are destroyed.
living organism? Yes **********.
 Very good *********. When an
earthquake hits a certain place it can
destroy the habitats and dwelling places
of living organism such as humans. Our
houses and building will be destroyed. On
the other hand the animals’ habitat also
will be destroyed during a tsunami and
landslide specifically those animals which
are land dwelling.
 Earthquake can cause death to living
 Another effect of earthquake to living organism ma’am specifically to humans.
organism. Yes ***********
 Earthquake can cause death to humans
 Very good********. Why do earthquakes ma’am due to the fact that during many
cause death to living organism specifically humans are trapped when buildings and
humans? Yes *********. houses collapsed. They may also be
drowned when a tsunami occurs.

 Good idea *********. One of the most

devastating effects of earthquake is when
our loved ones died. When our houses
are destroyed we feel sad. But when we
lost even a single loved one it is sadness
which we could not explain. We can build
our houses and building back. We can
even build better ones. But if we talk
about the lives lost during an earthquake.
It is the only effect of earthquake and any
other calamity that could never be
rebuilt. When life is lost we could no
longer regain it.

 Anyways, so much for the sentimental

moments. Aside from those negative
effects of an earthquake. Thus  Yes ma’am there is.
earthquake has a positive and beneficial
effect? Yes ********.  Earthquake ma’am is the reason why we
have different land formations due to the
 And what is it ********. movement of the land.
 Brilliant idea ********. We have our
different landforms due to earthquakes.
We know that earthquakes happen due
to the movement of our crustal plates.
When these crustal plates collide,
separates or slide pass through each
other there will formation of land forms.
Such as mountains, hills, valleys and many
more. However, it takes a millions and
thousands of year’s process to make such.
It does not mean that in one earthquake
there will be a major land formation that
will occur. But it takes hundreds of them.
Anyway don’t bother yourself about that
too much we will discuss this deeper on  Yes ma’am
our next topics.

 However, if I may ask, is it necessary for

us to study about the effects of  It is important for us to study about the
earthquake? effects of earthquake ma’am so that we
would be able to plan what we must do
 Why do you say so? Yes *******. before, during, and after an earthquake.

 Well said *******. The main reason why

we must study about the effects of
earthquake in the environment so that as
humans we will know what we must plan
before, during and after the earthquake.
This means that by studying the effects of
earthquake we can open our eyes to the
possible scenarios that will happen when
we are hit by an earthquake by that we
will now know how to cope when the
situation arises.


E. Drills
 Thus to strengthen your understanding of
the lesson. This time let us have an
activity in relation to our topic, look at
your nametags, there are different
shapes, we have circle, square, heart, star
and triangle.
 Have you seen those shapes?
 That would be the basis for your
 Listen to the instructions. In your group
choose a leader, IM manager.
 You are given 5 minutes to discuss and
plan with group mates.
 IM managers please get the envelopes
 The pupils will do the activity.
 Circle Group

Given set of pictures, Identify

which pictures shows the effects
of an earthquake. Label the

 Square Group
Present a 2-minute role play
presenting a situation of a
community during an earthquake.
 Heart Group
Create tableau/scene that pictures
out a community that experiences
an earthquake. Choose a
representative to explain your
 Star Group
Simulate a 2-3 minutes news
report about an earthquake that
hits a community.

 Time’s up. Everybody take your seats. Let

us listen and observe each group’s
 Circle Group’s representative will
discuss their work.
 Circle Group present work.
 The teacher will check the work of group

 Very good Circle Group . Let’s give them a

clap 3x.  Square Group will present their work.

 Square Group present work.

 Very good group 2. Let’s give them a
round of applause. ( At the same time the
teacher will give additional input. It may
vary with regards to the presentation of
the students)  Heart Group will present their work.

 Heart Group, present now your work.

 Very good heart group. Let’s give them a
round of applause
 Star Group will present their work.
 Star Group present your work.
 Good job star group. Let’s give them a
round of applause.

 Well done everyone. It seems that you

have grasped out topic. Please go back
now to your proper seats.
 Yes ma’am
 Are you settled?
F. Application

 Good. This time. Please get a ½ sheet of

 I’ll show you pictures of the effects of
earthquake. On your ½ sheet of paper
choose only one effect of earthquake
 Students will do the activity.
that you think has the greatest impact to
the environment and to humans
specially. Explain your answer. You have
 For me ma’am I choose landslide. Because
five (5) minutes to do the activity.
if ca destroy houses, buildings and can kill
people ma’am specially those who are
 Time’s up. Stop writing everyone.
located at the foot of the mountain.
 Who wants to share his/her work. Yes
 I choose ma’am tsunami. This huge wave
ma’am has the greatest chance of
destroying a coastal town or city and
 Very good ********. Another one. Yes there’s only a few chance that people and
*******. animals can survive tsunami if they will be
caught by it.

 I choose ma’am death of people and other

animals. This is the greatest impact of
earthquake since when life is lost we could
 Well said *******. Another one who never bring it back. We may build back
wants to share his work. buildings and houses but as to life we can’t.

 Brilliant idea ******. A sad reality but it is  Yes ma’am there’s a positive impact of
the fact. However is there a good impact earthquake ma’am.
of earthquake in the environment?
 Yes ********.  Earthquake ma’am shapes the world we
have today. As what you have said ma’am
that earthquake is due to the movement of
 And what is it *********. the plates. This earthquake shapes the
world, the landforms we have today.

 Wonderful idea ********. Due to the

movement of the earth’s crust we have
land formations. The mountains, the
valleys and all land formations is due to
the movement of the earth crust we
called earthquake and we will discuss
deeper on how do earthquake shapes the
world today on our next lessons.

 Well done everyone. You have grasped

the lesson. You have shown awareness of
how earthquakes affects the
environments specially us humans since
we are part of the environment.

G. Generalization
 Thus, to sum up our lesson today. Let us
answer this concept map.  Our topic for today was all about effects
of earthquake to the environment.
 What was our topic for today?
 Yes *********
 Very Good ******  Landslide ma’am

 Who can give me one effect?

 Yes ******.  Opening of the ground ma’am
 Very good.

 Another? Yes *********.  Tsunami ma’am.

 Well said *****.

 Other effects. Yes *********.  Death of living organisms ma’am such as

 Nice one ********. humans.

 Is there other effects? Yes ********.  Destruction of the habitats of living

 Very good ********. organisms, ma’am. Such as for humans
the houses, the buildings.
 Another ********. Yes ********.
 Very good *****. A very concrete  Shaping of different land formations
example. ma’am.

 Is there another? One last effect. Yes

 Brilliant idea *******.  The importance of studying this lesson
ma’am is for us to know the impact that
an earthquake brings and through this we
 From those effects, what do you think
can plan our action on how to cope with
is the importance of studying this
the situation.
lesson? Yes **********.
 Yes ma’am
 Brilliant idea *******.
 None ma’am
 Well for that reason, have you
understood our lesson class?

 Are there any questions or

Effects of Earthquake
to the Environment

Shaping of
Opening of Death Destruction
Landslide Tsunami Land
the Ground of dwelling


 Since there’s no question. Get ½ sheet

of paper and answer the question. You  Student’s will get ½ sheet of paper
have 5 minutes to answer. and will answer the question.

Test 1. Choose the letter of the correct

answer. Write your answer on a sheet of

1. All are effects of earthquake EXCEPT 1. B

a. landslide
b. flood
c. tsunami
d. shaping of land formations

2. During an earthquake, landslide happens 2. B

a. the land could no longer hold the wet soil.
b. the loose rocks and soil will be eroded due
to the grounds movement.
c. the ground starts to open.
d. the soil and rocks erodes because there
are no trees that will hold them.

3. It is a very huge wave generated by an

earthquake which literally means “harbor 3. C
a. tidal wave
b. ocean wave
c. tsunami
d. sea waves
4. Which of the following is a beneficial effect
of earthquake? 4. D
a. landslide
b. tsunami
c. uplift of the ground
d. shaping of land formation

5. Which of the following statements tells

about the importance of studying 5. B
the effects of earthquake to the

a. It gives us idea to advocate a clean and

green environment.
b. This lesson make us aware of the effects of
earthquake which will lead to making plans
on how to cope when the earthquake
c. This lesson is helpful since it can help us
citizens of the nation to be more active in
making laws on how to help others during
d. Through this lesson we will be more keen
observer of the situation especially if there is
a calamity like earthquake.

 Finish or unfinished pass the papers  The student will pass their papers.
forward. At the count of five all papers
must be in. (counting will start).


 Don’t forget to copy your assignment for  The students will copy their
tomorrow. assignment.
In your assignment notebook. Answer
the following questions.
1. List at least 3 precautionary measures
a. before an earthquake.
b. during an earthquake.
c. after an earthquake.

2. Why is it important to know the

precautionary measures before, during and
after an earthquake.

 Any question with regards to the

assignment?  None ma’am.
 If none, then that would be all for today.

 Good bye class!

 Good bye and thank you Ma’am