Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 24

CHAMC, Inc.

Native American Environmental Group


315 Wilkin Dr. PO Box 317
Des Plaines, IL 60016 Barnsdall, OK 74002
U.S.A. Tel: (918) 263 1163
Tel: +1 847 390 6020 Email: naeg@windstream.net
Email: info@CHAMCO.net www.NAEG.net
www.CHAMCO.net

Proposal
For

Your Nation
Attention:
Chief & Council Members

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Conversion to Briquette


(40 Tons MSW per Day)

Gasification

1 MW Power Plant
The MSW / Electricity process is done in three stages:

(1)
Sorting, drying, mixing, crushing, extruding MSW,
to make Briquette

(2)
Gasification
Thermal cracking of fuel (briquettes) at a high temperature of
1100 deg. C in the minimal presence of Oxygen
to produce Synthesis Gas or Syn-Gas

(3)
Electric Generation
Injecting SynGas directly into gas engine generator,
which has been modified exclusively by CHAMCO
to work with syngas to produce Electricity
Introduction:

Production of the electricity from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is an environmental


projects and most profitable one in a long run. More expensive than gas and coal power
plant, but due to the negative cost of fuel, return of investment is much lower.

With 40 Tons of MSW per day available in Your Nation Recycling facility, a 1 MW
plant could be installed. The plant could be expanded to any size with 40 Tons of MSW
per day to fuel 1 MW.

Adding waste tire and agricultural wastes, all of them could fuel more MW power plant
with our system.

Important Note:

Our core business is manufacturing Gasification and modifying the gas engine to work
with Syngas.
We will purchase Briquette Making unit from Warren & Baerg of Fresno, California.
We will purchase Gas Generator from Caterpillar & modify those ourselves.

For the first project we will manufacture the labor consuming parts of gasification at our
facility and 1 MW plant in India and modify the gas engine.

If the project enters into second phase, it would be prudent to setup a manufacturing &
assembly and generator modifications facility in Your Nation Territory.

Negotiations about this plan could start after successful operation of the first project.
Project Cost for Phase II:
The total cost of the Sorting and Briquette making facilities, Gasification and Power
Plants including; survey, feasibility study and planning, engineering, procurement,
contracting, test, commission and training for 1 MW output, Turnkey, is approximately
$6,000,0000

Project Income:

A – “Power Purchase Agreement” (PPA) for electricity, which the national grid pays to
the owner of the plant. For calculation purposes we will use 20 cents per kilowatt hour
(KWH).
Assume that the PPA for 1 MW of electrical power generation at a fixed price is $0.20
per KWH.
Sale of electricity =
1 MW (net power generation) x 1000 x 24 (hours) x 365 (days) x $0.20 x
0.85(Efficiency Factor) = $1,489,200 gross income from power generation annually.

B- Tipping Fee: Municipalities pay the plant operators/owners a tipping fee for each Ton
that they receive and handle per day. The average tipping fee is around $40 / T:
Tipping Fee = 40 (T/D) x $40 (per Ton) x 365 Days = $584,000 Annually.

C - Operation& Labor Cost. For this project of 1 MW power plants and RDF plant, a
work force of about 6 technical and 6 non-technical workers are estimated.
Assuming $100,000 per technical and $50,000 per non-technical works, the approximate
labor costs will be: 6 x $100,000 + 6 x $50,000 = $900,000

D – Spare and Maintenance approximately $200,000 per year.

Summary :
Assume 6 years Return On Investment (ROI)
Cost of facilities $6,000,000
Income from PPA $1,489,200
Income from tipping fee $586,000
Labor costs $900,000
Maintenance costs $200,000


ROI=6,000,000/(1,489,200+586,000–900,000–200,000) ~ 6 years

ROI for coal power plant is around 20 years and gas power plant is around 10
Municipal Solid Waste Conversion to RDF

CHAMCO, Inc.
The Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) should be sorted first into recyclable and
combustible components.

This is a simple and very typical, sorting facility and Briquette making plant. The
Bioreactor is used if composting or making fertilizer.

Depending on the conditions of the MSW, if the moisture is high, it should be dried.
The combustible component of the MSW is turned into RDF (Refused Derived Fuel)
pellet by shredding, crushing, electromagnetic separations.

Furthermore, if chemicals are needed to be added in the process for specific conditions,
then the unit is modified accordingly.
Pictures of few types of equipment are shown here:

The final product is shown here. This has a caloric value of 3,000 Calories per Kg, which
is the fuel for Gasification unit:

In a coal gasification our coal gasifier consumes 418 Kg coal with 6000 Kcal/Kg caloric
value to produce 1 MWH.

Therefore:
1 MW coal gasification power plant requires 10 Tons of coal / day.

Since the caloric value of MSW Briquettes is about 3000 Kcal/Kg, therefore:
1 MW MSW gasification power plant needs about 20 Tons of MSW Briquettes / day.

We assume this 20 Tons of briquettes will be derived from around 40 or 45 Tons


of MSW in the proposed site at Your Nation.
Gasification

CHAMCO, Inc.
Gasification is a flexible, reliable, and clean energy technology that can turn a variety of
low-value feedstocks into high-value products and can provide a clean alternative source
of base load electricity.

Gasification has been reliably used on a commercial scale worldwide for more than 50
years in the refining, fertilizer, and chemical industries, and for more than 35 years in the
electric power industry.

GASIFIERS- (Pyrolyzers) are receiving backing & subsidies from various Governments
the world over. They utilize any type of biomass including MSW, coal, waste wood,
sawdust, furniture scraps, bagasse, rice husk, coconut shells, poultry litter, plastic, rubber,
tires, or any other combustible material.

In the updraft gasifier, moist biomass fuel is fed at the top and descends though gases
rising through the reactor. In the upper zone a drying process occurs, below which
pyrolysis is taking place. Following this, the material passes through a reduction zone
(gasification) and in the zone above the grate an oxidation process is carried out
(combustion).

Syn-Gas has the following composition:


CO- 40%, H2- 30%, CH4- 11%, CO2-6 to 8%, N2-8 to 10% , which has Caloric
value of 1800 Kilo Calories /cubic meter.
The Caloric value of Natural Gas is more than twice of Syn-Gas.
Gasification Operation:

To supply air for the combustion process and steam for the gasification process,
moist hot air is supplied at the bottom of the reactor. Combustible gas at a low
temperature (because of the evaporation of moisture in the drying zone) is
discharged at the top of the reactor, and inert ash from the heat-generating
combustion process is extracted from the reactor bottom through a water lock.

1 MW Gasification under construction


The final pages of this proposal include certificates.

However, the pictures of the gas burning before and after cleaning are shown here.
Electric Generation

CHAMCO, Inc.

Ultra clean gas is fed into the engines with the help of a microprocessor based, oil to gas
conversion system. When a load is activated the dual-fuel mode of operation of the
engine will start automatically at 85% gas and 15% furnace oil, for a short duration then
reverts back to 100% gas mode when the load becomes constant.

The exhaust emissions of the engine can be used for a Waste Heat Recovery Boiler.
800 Kg Steam at 7kg. Pressure per hr. can be obtained. This excess heat can be put to use
for other thermal applications.

This is our unique know-how!

We modify the natural gas engines to run with low calorie syngas.

This, not only uses nearly 100% energy of the syngas, but also avoid any loses due to
boiler and steam loses. Furthermore, it eliminates many of the units such as boiler and
steam turbine and consequently lower cost of the project and operation.

Due to low Caloric value of syngas, we install 1 sets of 3.5 MW Caterpillar gas engine
generators (3512 Series) to have an output of 2 MW.

Five percent of the output is feed back to the system.


CHAMCO, Inc.

A note: Power Generation:

The ultra-clean Syn-gas from the


Gasification System is injected through a
Gas & Air control valve, directly into the
Natural Gas Generating set, exclusively
modified by us for Syn-Gas mode of
operation. The exhaust gases from the
Engine are monitored by an On-line gas
analyzer for emission of unburnt CH4,
CO, & H2. This is connected to a 4-20
Milliampere PLC along with the Gas
control valve to adjust automatically the
Syn-gas to air ratio.

Synchronization Panel:
The Generating set is connected to the Synchronization Panel equipped with various
features viz.:
1. Operation of Generating set possible in Island mode.
2. If Multiple Generators are installed, it parallels all Generators as also their supply to
National Grid.
3. If there is shut down of the grid, then the Gen-set does not get affected.
4. If the Gen-set is shut down, then there is no effect on the grid.
5. Reverse Power Shut down for the Generating Set
6. Overdraw shut down for the Generating set.

Step-up Transformer or Electric Substation: It steps up the voltage of the generating


sets to be equal to the Distribution network voltage of either 33KV or 66KV or higher
KV, as the case may be.
Thereafter the Power will be evacuated to be fed to the Power house of Distribution
network.
Briquette Making

Fresno, California

Raw MSW Ground Material

Cubed Making RDF

Final Product, Briquette


Genset Model kVA Continuous kW - Continuous RPM

G3508 638 510 1500

G3512 1000 800 1500

G3512 1250 1000 1500

G3512 1406 1125 1500

G3512 1500 1200 1500

G3516 1750 1400 1500

G3516 2000 1600 1500

Natural Gas G3520 2500 2000 1500


Generator Set G3520 2528 2022 1500

G3608 2281 1825 1000

G3612 3213 2570 1000

G3612 3625 2900 1000

G3616 4563 3650 1000

G3616 4850 3880 1000

G16CM34 8150 6520 750

Tractors India Pvt Ltd Continuous power available for unlimited time
Continuous power in accordance to ISO 8528
Plot 11, Site IV, Industrial Area Natural gas ratings are at LHV of 35.6 mJ/M3 (905 Btu/Ft3)
Sahibabad, Ghaziabad 201010 Methane number of natural gas is at various levels as per supplies
Ph: 91 - 120 - 2777945 Other ratings in natural gas are available on request
Mail: pss.tiplindia.com Bio-gas, Propane & other fuel ratings available on request
Specification are subject to revisions & improvements
1, Taratolla Road
Kolkata 700024, West Bengal
Ph: 91 - 33 - 2469 3732 - 36

PARTNERING YOUR BUSINESS


Chamco Tribal Corp.
Chamco Tribal Corp.
JOE NUMBER: 1121803441

REPORT NO. GR: GL: 2210010745


REPORT CONTROL NO 2215011429
DATE: 15/04/2011
PAGE … 1…Of …2

STACK EMISSION MONITORING DETAILS

29. Name & Address of Industry : M/s. Fuel Power Technologies


MERRUT CITY – 250002, INDIA
30. Environment/Safety In-Charge : Mr. Rajib Mohan

31. Date of Monitoring : 04.04.2011

32. Time of the day : 22:30Hrs to 23:30hrs

33. Stack Connected to : Flue Gas Engine Exhaust

34. Scope of monitoring : Emission Monitoring

35. Purpose of monitoring : Internal assessment

36. Type /Products manufactured : Electric Power

37. Control measures, if any : N. A.

38. Weather Condition : Clear


0
39. Ambient Temperature ( C) : 32

40. Name of Plant/Section : Flue Gas Engine Exhaust

41. Normal operating schedule (Hrs/day) : As per requirement

42. Location of sampling point from ground level (m) : --

15. Type of Stack RCC/M.S : MS

This document is issued by the Company subject to its General Conditions of Service printed overleaf or available upon request and
accessible at www.sgs.com/terms_and_conditions.htm. Attention is drawn to the limitations of liability, indemnification and jurisdictional
issues defined therein. Any holder of his document is advised that information contained here on reflect the company finding at the time of
its intervention only and with in the limit of client instructions, if any. The company sole responsibility is to its client and this document does
not exonerate party to a transaction from exercising all their rights and obligations under the transaction documents. Any unauthorized
alteration, forgery or falsification of the content or appearance of this document is unlawful and offenders may be prosecuted to the fullest
extend of the law. Unless other wise stated the results shown in this test report refer only to the sample(s) tested and such sample(s) are
retained for 7 days (in case of perishable items) and 30 days for all other samples. The sample from regulatory bodies are to be retained as
specified. This document cannot be reproduced, except in full, without prior written approval of the Company.

SGS India Pvt Ltd Laboratory Services, 250, Udyog Vihar, Phase IV, Gurgaon - 122015, Haryana (India) Phone : +91-124-60600747 , Fax : 2399765.
Regd & Corp. Off : SGS House, 4B, A.S. Marg, Vikhroli (West), Mumbai-400083. Tel : (022) 25798421 to 28 Fax : (022) 25798431 to 35 www.sgs.com
Member of the SGS Group (SGS SA)
REPORT NO. GR: GL: 2210010745
REPORT CONTROL NO: 2215011429
DATE: 15/04/2011
PAGE … 2…Of …2
16. Stack Height
From the source of emission ( m) : --
From roof Level (m) : --
From ground level (m) : --
17. Diameter of stack (cm) : 0.1

18. Sampling duration (minutes) : 60

19. Operating Conditions at the time of sampling : Under Operation

20. Parameters required : PM, SO2, NOx, H2S,HCL,CL,CO2,O2, CO & Hydrocarbon

21. Fuel Consumption & Capacity ( Lt/Hr) : ---

22. RESULTS
Stack Temperature (°C) : 129
Average Velocity (m/s) : 12.50
3
Flow Rate (Nm /Hr) : 249.45
Carbon Dioxide (%) 5.4
Oxygen (%) 15.6
23. POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS IN FLUE GAS:

PARAMETERS UNITS PROTOCOL RESULTS


3
1. Particulate Matter (PM) (µg/Nm ) USEPA 17 44.16
2. Sulphur dioxide (SO2) (%) USEPA 6C 0.0220
3. Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX) (%) USEPA 7E 0.0068
3
4. Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) (µg/Nm ) IS 11255:PART4:1985(Reaff. 1999) 136
3 3
5. Hydrogen Chloride (HCL) (µg/Nm ) USEPA 26 ND(DL.1.5 µg/Nm
3 3
6. Chloride (µg/Nm ) USEPA 5050 ND(DL.1.5 µg/Nm
7. Carbon monoxide(CO) (%) USEPA 10B 1.205
8.Hydrocarbon
ND
Methane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.9475
ND
Ethane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.01627
ND
Propane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.00280
ND
n-Butane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.00388
ND
Iso - Butane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.00083
ND
n-Pentane (%) APHA 2 EDN 0.00052

Per pro SGS India Private Ltd.

Authorized Signatory
TEST REPORT

Report No. GR: GL: 2210010741 DATE : 30/04/2011


JOE No. : 1121803441 Report Control No.: 2215013098

SAMPLE DRAWN BY SGS INDIA PVT. LTD.


SAMPLE IDENTIFIED AS : STACK EMISSION MONITORING

CUSTOMER NAME MR. RAJIB MOHAN

ADDRESS 271/B, DEVPURI, CITY MERRUT - 250002

COUNTRY INDIA

LOCATION PRODUCER GAS AFTER CLEANING

FUEL USED MUNICIPAL SOLID BRIQUETTE WITH 25%PLASTIC CONTENT

SAMPLING DATE 04.04.2011

SAMPLE RECD ON 06.04.2011

TEST START DATE 06.04.2011

TEST END DATE 30.04.2011

TESTS PROTOCOL RESULTS

DIOXIN & FURAN USEPA – 23A/8290A Separate sheet attached


*****End of Report*****

Per pro SGS India Pvt. Ltd.

Authorized Signatory

This document is issued by the Company subject to its General Conditions of Service printed overleaf or available upon request and accessible
at www.sgs.com/terms_and_conditions.htm. Attention is drawn to the limitations of liability, indemnification and jurisdictional issues defined
therein. Any holder of his document is advised that information contained here on reflect the company finding at the time of its intervention only
and with in the limit of client instructions, if any. The company sole responsibility is to its client and this document does not exonerate party to a
transaction from exercising all their rights and obligations under the transaction documents. Any unauthorized alteration, forgery or falsification of
the content or appearance of this document is unlawful and offenders may be prosecuted to the fullest extend of the law. Unless other wise
stated the results shown in this test report refer only to the sample(s) tested and such sample(s) are retained for 7 days (in case of perishable
items) and 30 days for all other samples. The sample from regulatory bodies are to be retained as specified. This document cannot be
reproduced, except in full, without prior written approval of the Company.

SGS India Pvt Ltd Laboratory Services, 250, Udyog Vihar, Phase IV, Gurgaon - 122015, Haryana (India) Phone : +91-124-60600747 , Fax : 2399765.
Regd & Corp. Off : SGS House, 4B, A.S. Marg, Vikhroli (West), Mumbai-400083. Tel : (022) 25798421 to 28 Fax : (022) 25798431 to 35 www.sgs.com
Member of the SGS Group (SGS SA)
DIOXIN & FURAN :

• Oxygen content : 0.4 (vol-%)


• Carbon Dioxide : 13.6 (vol-%)
• Moisture : 12.59 (vol-%)
• Stack pressure : 309 (mmHg)
• Extracted volume : 5.15 (Nm3) (Total)

Congener amount I-TEF I-TEQ


(ng) (ng)
2,3,7,8-TCDF <0.0081 0.1 <0.00081
2,3,7,8-TCDD 0.0093 1 0.0093
1,2,3,7,8-PeCDF <0.0081 0.05 <0.00041
2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF <0.0081 0.5 <0.0041
1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD 0.0085 0.5 0.0043
1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDF <0.010 0.1 <0.0010
1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDF <0.010 0.1 <0.0010
2,3,4,6,7,8-HxCDF <0.010 0.1 <0.0010
1,2,3,7,8,9-HxCDF <0.010 0.1 <0.0010
1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDD <0.018 0.1 <0.0018
1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDD <0.018 0.1 <0.0018
1,2,3,7,8,9-HxCDD <0.010 0.1 <0.0010
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDF <0.041 0.01 <0.0041
1,2,3,4,7,8,9-HpCDF <0.041 0.01 <0.0041
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD <0.041 0.01 <0.0041
OCDF <0.20 0.001 <0.00020
OCDD <0.20 0.001 <0.00020
TOTAL 0.014-0.029
3
TOTAL PCDD/PCDF (NGTEQ/Nm ) 0.006
TOTAL PCDD/PCDF (NGTEQ/Nm3) At 11% O2 Ref. 0.003

European Norms for Dioxins in emissions 0.1 NGTEQ/Nm3


Remark: - TEQ = Toxic Equivalent Quoteint, i-TEF = International Toxic Equivalency Factor, ng = Nano Gram
Per Pro SGS INDIA PVT. LTD.

Authorized Signatory

This document is issued by the Company subject to its General Conditions of Service printed overleaf or available upon request and accessible
at www.sgs.com/terms_and_conditions.htm. Attention is drawn to the limitations of liability, indemnification and jurisdictional issues defined
therein. Any holder of his document is advised that information contained here on reflect the company finding at the time of its intervention only
and with in the limit of client instructions, if any. The company sole responsibility is to its client and this document does not exonerate party to a
transaction from exercising all their rights and obligations under the transaction documents. Any unauthorized alteration, forgery or falsification of
the content or appearance of this document is unlawful and offenders may be prosecuted to the fullest extend of the law. Unless other wise
stated the results shown in this test report refer only to the sample(s) tested and such sample(s) are retained for 7 days (in case of perishable
items) and 30 days for all other samples. The sample from regulatory bodies are to be retained as specified. This document cannot be
reproduced, except in full, without prior written approval of the Company.

SGS India Pvt Ltd Laboratory Services, 250, Udyog Vihar, Phase IV, Gurgaon - 122015, Haryana (India) Phone : +91-124-60600747 , Fax : 2399765.
Regd & Corp. Off : SGS House, 4B, A.S. Marg, Vikhroli (West), Mumbai-400083. Tel : (022) 25798421 to 28 Fax : (022) 25798431 to 35 www.sgs.com
Member of the SGS Group (SGS SA)