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# Negros Occidental National Science High

School
Teacher Marvin J. Libo-on Learning Area MATHEMATICS
DAILY LESSON LOG
Teaching Dates and
June 4-8, 2018 Quarter FIRST
Time
Teaching Day and Time June 5, 2018 (Tuesday) June 5, 2018 (Tuesday) June 7, 2018 (Thursday) June 7, 2018 (Thursday)

## Session 1 Session 2 Session 3 Session 4

I. OBJECTIVES
1. Content Standards The learner demonstrates understanding of the key concepts of quadratic equations, inequalities and functions,
and rational algebraic equations.
2. Performance The learner is able to investigate thoroughly mathematical relationships in various situations, formulate real-life
Standards problems involving quadratic equations, inequalities and functions, and rational algebraic equations and solve them
using a variety of strategies.
equations. (M9AL-Ia-1) by: (a) extracting square by: (a) extracting square by: (a) extracting square
roots; (b) factoring; (c) roots; (b) factoring; (c) roots; (b) factoring; (c)
a. Write a quadratic completing the square; and completing the square; and completing the square; and
form. formula. (M9AL-Ia-b-1) formula. (M9AL-Ia-b-1) formula. (M9AL-Ia-b-1)
equations. a. Express quadratic a. Find the factors of a. Find the factors of
importance of quadratic 2 b. Apply the zero product b. Solve quadratic equations
equations. x =k.
b. Solve quadratic equation property in solving by factoring.
by extracting square quadratic equations. c. Appreciate how does
roots. c. Be attentive and solving quadratic equation
c. Appreciate the cooperative in doing the help in making decision.
importance of solving given task with the group.
extracting square roots.
Equations by Extracting
Equations Equations by Factoring Equations by Factoring
Square Roots
III. LEARNING
RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher’s
Guide pp. 14-18 pp. 19-23 pp. 24-27 pp. 24-27

2. Learner’s
Materials pp. 11-15 pp. 18-23 pp. 27-31 pp. 27-31

3. Textbook Math III SEDP Series 21st Century Math III Math PACE (Algebra II – 8)
Capalad, Lanniene, et., al. pp. 167-172 pp. 7
Ho, Ju Se T. et., al Accelerated Christian
Education, Inc.
Learning m
Resource (LR) http://www.algebrahelp.com/ http://www.purplemath.com/

B. Other Learning Math for the 21st Century Math for the 21st Century Math for the 21st Century Math for the 21st Century
Resources Learners – K to 12 Learners – K to 12 Learners – K to 12 Learners – K to 12
Curriculum Compliant – Curriculum Compliant – Curriculum Compliant – Curriculum Compliant –
Phoenix Publishing Phoenix Publishing Phoenix Publishing Phoenix Publishing
IV. PROCEDURES
A. Reviewing previous Do You Remember These Find My Roots! Students are grouped into 2
lesson or presenting Products? (boys vs girls).
the new lesson Find the following square Using flashcards, have each
Find each indicated product roots. Answer the questions group give the factors of the
then answer the questions that follow. following polynomials
that follow. mentally.
2 1. 6. 2
1. 3(x +7) a. x + 8x – 9 = 0
a. What are the factors
2. 2s(s-4) 2. 7. 2
b. x + 9x = 10
that contribute to
3. (w+7)(w+3) garbage segregation 2
3. 8. c. x = 3 – 2x
4. (x+9)(x-2) and disposal? 2
5. (2t-1)(t+5) d. x – 6 = – 5x
b. As an ordinary 2
6. (x+4)(x+4) 4. 9. citizen, what can we e. x + 6x – 7 = 0
7. (2r-5)(2r-5) do to help solve the 2
f. x + x – 12 = 0
2
8. (3-4m) a .How did you find each garbage problem in
9. (2h+7)(2h-7) 5.
square root? 10. our community?
10. (8-3x)(8+3x) b. How many square roots
does a number have?
a. How did you find each c. Does a negative number
have a square root? Why?
d. Describe the following
product? numbers:
b. In finding each product, .
what mathematics concepts
or principles did you apply?
Are the numbers rational or
Explain. irrational?
c. How would you describe How do you describe
the products obtained? rational numbers?
are irrational?
B. Establishing a Another Kind of Equation! What Would Make a Factor each polynomial.
purpose for the Statement True?
Below are different 2
lesson a. x – 9x + 20
equations. Use these Solve each of the following 2
b. x – 8x + 12
equations to answer the equations in as many ways 2
questions that follow. as you can. Answer the c. x + 14x +48
2
questions that follow. d. x – x – 6
x2-5x+3=0 9r2-25=0 2
e. x + 7x – 18
1. 6.
9-4x=15 r2=144
2. 7.
2
t -7t+6=0 2s+3t=-7
3. 8.

c=12n-5 8k-3=12 4. 9.

## a. How did you solve each

6p-q=10 equation?
b. What mathematics
1. Which of the given concepts or principles did
equations are linear? you apply to come up with
2. How do you describe the solution of each
linear equations? equation?
3. Which of the given c. Compare the solutions
equations are not you got with those of your
classmates. Did you arrive
linear? Why?
How are these
at the same answer? If not,
equations different
why?
from those which are
d. Which equations did you
linear? What common
find difficult? Why?
characteristics do
these equations
have?
C. Presenting examples/ A quadratic equation in one Equations such as , Illustrative Example: Illustrative Example:
instances of the variable is a mathematical
, and are the
lesson sentence of degree 2 that The quadratic equation Find the solutions of
can be written in the simplest forms of quadratic 2 2
x + 4x = 5 can be solved by 2x + x = 6 by factoring.
following standard form equations. To solve this
factoring using the following a. Transform the
2 equations, we extract the
ax + bx + c = 0, where a, b, procedure: equation into
square roots of both sides.
and c are real numbers and standard form
Hence we get, 2
2
a ≠ 0. In the equation, ax is Write the equation in ax +bx+ c = 0.
the quadratic term, bx is the standard form: 2
2 2x + x – 6 = 0
linear term, and c is the x + 4x – 5 = 0 b. Factor the quadratic
constant term. Factor the quadratic 2
expression 2x +x–6.
Example 2. Find the polynomial:
Example 1 (x + 5) (x – 1)= 0 (2x – 3) (x + 2)
2 solutions of the equation c. Apply the zero
2x – 6x – 15 = 0 is a Set each factor equal to 0:
by extracting (x +5=0) or (x-1=0) product property by
standard form with a =2 square roots. Solve each equation: setting each factor of
b = -6 and c =-15. Write the equation in the x = -5 or x = 1 the quadratic
Write the solution set:{ -5, 1} expression equal to
form .
Example 2 0.
Adding both sides results in Each member of the
2x (x – 4) = 18 is a quadratic solution set can be checked 2x – 3 = 0 ; x + 2 = 0
. d. Solve each resulting
equation. However, it is not by substituting for x in the
written in standard form. To Recall that the square of original equation. equation.
write the equation in 2x – 3 + 3 = 0 + 3
any real number, whether it Let x = -5 Let x = 1
standard form, expand the is positive or negative, is 2 2 2x = 3
x + 4x = 5 x + 4x = 5 x = 3/2
product and make one side always a positive number. 2 2
(-5) +4(-5)=5 (1) +4(1)=5
of the equation zero as For example
25 - 20 = 5 1+4 =5 x+2–2=0–2
x=-2
e. Check the values of
the variable obtained
by substituting each
in the equation
2
shown below. 2x + x = 6.
2
2x(x – 4)= 18→ 2x – 8x = 18
2 For x = 3/2
2x – 8x – 18 = 18 -18 . 2
2 2x + x = 6
2x – 8x – 18 = 0 Hence, there is no real 2
The equation becomes number x which satisfies 5=5 5=5 2(3/2) + 3/2 = 6
2
2x – 8x –18 = 0 which is in 2(9/4) + 3/2 = 6
. Therefore, the 9/2 + 3/2 = 6
standard form. equation has no real root.
In the equation 6=6
2
2x - 8x -18 = 0
a = 2, b = - 8, c = - 18. For x = -2
2
2x + x = 6
2
2(-2) + (-2) = 6
2 (4) – 2 = 6
8–2=6
6=6
D. Discussing new Extract Me!
concepts and Tell whether each equation Have them find a partner
practicing new skills is quadratic or not quadratic. Solve the following and do the following.
Solve each equation by
#1 If the equation is not quadratic equations by
factoring.
quadratic, explain. extracting square roots. Solve each equation by 2
factoring. 1. 2x -7x - 4 = 0
2
a. x + 7x + 12 = 0 6. 2 2
2. 3x + x – 2 = 0
1. 1. x -11x + 30 = 0
b. -3x (x + 5) = 0 2
2. 7. 2
2. x – x – 12 = 0 3. 4x – 1 = 0
c. 12 – 4x = 0 2
d. (x + 7) (x – 7) = 3x 3. 8. 2
3. x + 5x – 14 = 0 4. 2x - 3x + 1 = 0
2 2
e. 2x+ (x + 4) = 4. 9. 4. x + 2x + 1 = 0 5. 10x – 14x + 4 = 0
(x – 3)+ (x – 3) 5. 10. 2
5. x – 4x – 12 = 0
E. Discussing new Factor each of the following
concepts and polynomials:
practicing new skills 2 a. How do we solve a
a. x + 5x -6
#2 Find the factors of -6 b. What are the
a. What is a quadratic whose sum is 5
1. What is the simplest form 2
procedures in
equation? b. y – 6y – 27 solving quadratic
b. What is the standard form Think of the factors of equation by
2. How do you get the
of quadratic equation? -27 whose sum is -6 factoring?
solutions of these 2
c. In the standard form of equations? c. x + 14x + 49 c. How many
quadratic equation, which is 3. How many solutions/roots Find identical factors of solution/s does a
does the equation have?
linear term? constant term? of 14
have if k > 0? 2 d. How do you call
d. Why is a in the standard k = 0? k < 0? d. x – 5x – 14
form cannot be equal to 0? each solution?
Determine the factors of
e. How do we know if
-14 whose sum is -5
2 the solution is
e. 2x - 7x + 6 correct?
Find the missing factors
(2x __)(x __)
F. Developing mastery Write each equation in “Extract then Match” Solve the following Determine the solution set
(Leads to Formative standard form then identify quadratic equation by of each equation.
the values of a, b, and c. Find the solutions of the factoring. 2
Assessment 3) 1. 7r - 14r = -7
a. 2x + 5x – 3 = 0 1. x + 9x – 36 = 0 2
2. x – 25 = 0
2 equations by matching 2
b. 3 -2x = 7 2. x – 6x = 27 2
3. 3y = 3y + 60
column B with column A. 2
c. x (4x + 6) = 28 Correct roots will also reveal 3. x + 4x – 60 = 0 2
4. y – 11y + 19 = -5
d. (3x-7)(5x+2) the cities primary delicious 2
4. 2x – 5x – 18 = 0 2
5. 8x = 6x - x
2
fruits. 2
5. x + 6x = 16
A B
Tagaytay Strawberry

Davao Mangosteen
Cebu Pineapple

Zamboanga Durian

Baguio Mango

Banana

## G. Finding practical New houses are being

applications of constructed in CalleSerye.
concepts and skills in The residents of this new
daily living housing project use a 17m
long path that cuts Solve the problem:
Solve the problem.
diagonally across a vacant
Solve the following problem:
rectangular lot. Before the The length of a rectangle
Cora has a piece of cloth
diagonal lot was is 6 cm more than the width.
whose area is 32 square One positive number
inches. What is the length of exceeds another by 5. The If the area is 55 cm2, find
walk a total of 23 m long
the side of the largest sum of their squares is 193. the dimensions of the
along the two sides if they
square that can be formed Find both numbers. rectangle.
want to go from one corner
using the cloth?
to an opposite corner. Write
represents the problem if
the shorter side is x. Identify
the values of a, b, and c.
H. Making A quadratic equation is an To solve an incomplete Some quadratic equations When solving a quadratic
generalizations and equation of degree 2 that quadratic equation: can be solved easily by equation, keep in mind that:
abstractions about can be written in the form 1. Solve the equation for factoring. To solve such
the lesson equations, the following
procedure can be followed.
equation must be
expressed in
1. Transform the
standard form before
you attempt to factor
using standard form
in which one side is
polynomial.
zero.
2 the square of the 2. Every quadratic
ax + bx + c = 0, where a, b, 2. Factor the non-zero
unknown number. equation has two
and c are real numbers and 2. Find the square roots of side.
solutions. Each
3. Set each factor to
a ≠ 0. both members of the solution is called a
zero.
equation. root of the equation.
4. Solve each resulting
3. The solution set of a
equation.
5. Check the values of
can be checked by
the variable obtained
verifying that each
by substituting each
different root makes
in the original
the original equation
equation.
a true statement.
I. Evaluating learning Write fact if the equation is Solve each equation by Group Activity: Solve each equation by
quadratic and bluff if the extracting square roots. What Name is Given to factoring.
equation is not quadratic. Words That are Formed to
2 2 Imitate Sounds? 2
1. x + x – 3 = 0 1. x = 81 1. 3r – 16 r – 7= 5
2 2 2
2. 24x + 81 = x 2. 4x – 100 = 0 2. 6b – 13b + 3 = -3
Find the solutions and write 2 2
2 2 2 3. -4k – 8k – 3 = -3-5k
3. x = 2x (6x + 4) 3. a – 225 = 0 the letter of each solution
2
2
4. 2x = 7x
2
4. 7p – 2 = 54p set on top of the given 4. 7x + 2x = 0
5. 5 – x + (2x - 3) = 12 2 answer in the boxes below 2
5. 15a – 3a = 3 – 7a
5. 2r + 3 = 67 to solve the puzzle.

N T C
2 2 2
Fact or bluf x – 2x x x – 4x
=4 +4x– =5
21 =0

P E A
2 2 2
x – 2x x – 3x x –x
=8 = 10 =2
I O M
2 2 2
x – 9x x – 3x x –
= -8 = -2 5x+6=
0

## J. Additional activities 1. Give 5 examples of

for application or quadratic equations written Factor the following
remediation in standard form. Identify
the values of a, b, and c. Find the solutions of the Follow-Up
2. Study solving quadratic following equations by 1. Find the solutions of 2
equation by extracting the extracting square roots. 2
1. x + 4x + 4 = 0
(x + 3) = 25. 2
square root. 2
2. x – 6x + 9 = 0
1. 2(x+3)2 = 18 2. Do you agree that x 2
a. Do you solve a quadratic 3. x – 8x + 16 = 0
2. 4a2 – 147 = a2 + 5x – 14 = 0 and 14
equation by extracting the 2 4.
2
x + 2x + 1 = 0
square root? 3. 1 = ½ x2 – 5x – x = 0 have 2
b. Give the procedure. 4. 54a2 – 6 - 24 the same solutions? 5. x – 10x + 25 = 0
Reference: What have you noticed with
Learner’s Material pp. 18-20 their factors?
V. REMARKS

VI. REFLECTION
1. No. of learners who
earned 80% on the
formative assessment
2. No. of learners who
activities for
remediation.
3. Did the remedial
lessons work? No. of
learners who have
caught up with the
lesson.
4. No. of learners who
continue to require
remediation
5. Which of my teaching
strategies worked
well? Why did these
work?
6. What difficulties did I
encounter which my
principal or supervisor
can help me solve?
7. What innovation or
localized materials did
I use/discover which I
wish to share with
other teachers?