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Project: CONSTRUCTION OF ACCESS CONTROLLED NAGPUR - MUMBAI SUPER COMMUNICATION EXPRESSWAY

(MAHARASHTRA SAMRUDDHI MAHAMARG) IN THE STATE OF MAHARASHTRA ON EPC MODE FOR PACKAGE 06,
FROM KM. 259.900 TO KM. 296.000, (Section- Village Belgaon to Village Parda) in District Buldhana

DESIGN OF PRESTRESSED PRECAST BOUNDARY


Title: WALL

CLIENT
MAHARASHTRA STATE ROAD DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION LTD. (MSRDC)

R0
Rev Date Description

Design consultant :
CIVIL MANTRA INFRACON PRIVATE LIMITED
UNICATION EXPRESSWAY
MODE FOR PACKAGE 06,
Buldhana

ST BOUNDARY

E ROAD DEVELOPMENT
N LTD. (MSRDC)
1.0) SCOPE OF THE REPORT :
1.1 This submission contains the design of Prestressed Precast Boundary Wall with Precast
Open Isolated footing . The column are spaced at 2.25m centre of centre.
The report presents the design of Precast footing, Prestressed Precast Column and Prestressed
Precast Plank .
Footing is RCC Precast Concrete
Column is Prestressed Precast Concrete
Plank is Prestressed Precast Concrete
2.0) DESIGN METHODOLOGY :

2.1 ) The design has been carried generally in accordance with the design loadings as per
IS 875 Part-1 and Part-3.

2.2 ) The design approach is to consider structure subjected to both static loading ( due to dead
loads, variable load due to wind.)

2.3 ) SBC considered is 7.5 t/m2 at 1.0m below GL. However footing depth required is 0.4m and
soil cover of 0.60m is considered. Hence footing bottom below GL kept as 1.00m.

2.4 ) The allowable bearing pressure is restricted to 75kN/m2 in normal case and for Wind case
this is restricted to 93.75 kN/m2. In the Wind case, allowable bearing pressure is
increased by 25% as per (IS 875 Part-5, Cl 8.1, Note 6).

2.5) The Column is checked for conditions of stability against overturning and sliding for all load
case as per IS 456:2000 Cl. 20.1 & 20.2 as follows :

Factor of safety
overturning sliding
All Load case 1.55 1.55

2.6) The Precast column will be inserted in 170 x 270 x 300 mm spout in footing.
After 150 x 250 mm column is placed, the gap of 10 mm on all sides will be filled with filler
material. After filler material is placed, the column end will be restrained against traslation
and rotation. The support considered is Fixed support. BM at this support i.e. at footing
top level will be maximum.The forces for Column design are obtained in Cl 8.0

2.7) The forces at Column bottom for Column design & footing design are obtained in Cl 8.1.2.

2.8) Effective Length factor in longitudinal direction (direction parallel to plank) considered is
1.00 & in transverse direction perpendicular to plank considered is 2.0. Unsupported length
of column is 2.6 m. Due to slenderness of Column in transverse direction, additional
moment due to slenderness is considered. Column is designed as per IS 1343 at working
load and ultimate load presented in Cl 11.0

2.9) Footing Analysis & design by Bending theory method taking section at face of Column
presented in Cl 9.0 respectively.

2.10)Prestressing Wire Layout :


The cable Layout is symmetrical about midspan. The cables are stressed from one end only.

2.11)Losses due to elastic shortening, Creep, Shrinkage and Relaxaxtion :


This is calculated as per IS 1343 as presented in Cl 10 & 11 for Column & Plank design.

2.12)Bending stress check at Initial and Final condition :


Bending stresses are checked after prestressing and loading at service condition after
taking into account appropriate losses.

2.13)Check at Ultimate Load Condition :


This is checked at as per IS 1343, Appendix A

2.14)Prestressing steel :
Prestressing steel shall be Wires, low relaxation, uncoated stress relieved strands with a
nominal diameter of 3mm & 4mm confirming to the requirements of IS: 6003-2010.
E = 210000 Mpa

2.15) Grade of concrete = M30 For Column & Plank


M20 For Footing
3.0) DESIGN DATA

3.1 H= 2m Height of Wall above Ground level


4.0) DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS

Following assumption are made here:

4.1) The SBC of the Founding strata considered is 75 KN/m2

4.2) Risk factor k1 for Wind Load calculation considered is 0.76 as per IS875-
Part 3, Table-1

4.3) Soil cover over footing minimum should be 0.60 m.


5.0) REFERENCES

5.1) IS-875:1987 (Part-1)


Code of practice for design Loads - Dead Loads for buildings and structures.

5.2) IS-875:1987 (Part-3)


Code of practice for design Loads - Wind Loads for buildings and structures.

5.3) IS-456:2000
Standard specification and code of practice for Plain & Reinforced Concrete
structures.

5.4) IS-1343:1980
Standard specification and code of practice for Prestressed Concrete
structures.
6.0) LIST OF DRAWINGS

6.1) D1027/CIPL/STR/BW/001 (1 OF 2) Concrete Profile of Prestressed Precast


Boundary wall.

6.2) D1027/CIPL/STR/BW/001 (2 OF 2) Reinforcement/Prestressing detail of


Prestressed Precast Boundary wall.
7.0 ) LOADING DETAILS
7.1 ) Load Calcuation for Compound Wall Column
DL & WL Calculation for Compound Wall
7.1.1) General Details :
SPAN 1 C1
C/C distance of column = 2.25 -
Column Top level =
Ht. of Wall above Ground Lvl. =
Footing top below GL =
Ground level =
Footing top lvl. =
Ht. of Column above Footing top =
Footing bottom below GL =
Footing depth =
, Footing Size
Prestressed Concrete density (IS 875, P-1, Table-1,21) =
Reinforced Concrete density =
Soil density =
Concrete Grade Column & Plank fck =
Footing fck =
Reinforcement fy =
Prestressing Steel =
7.1.2) Load calculation
7.1.2.1) Dead Loads
A) Precast Column

Column above GL Column below GL


0.075 0.075

0.11 0.25 0.25

0.25 0.25

C/s area of Column per metre abov (0.25x0.25)-(0.11x0.11) =


M I of Column bottom @ transverse axis =
M I of Column bottom @longitudinal axis =
r min of Column @ column bottom bottom lvl @ transverse axis = ( 0.0003099925 / 0.05040
r min of Column @ column bottom bottom lvl @ Longitudinal axi s= ( 0.00019 / 0.05040
Wt. of Column = (0.25x0.25x0.9)+(0.0504x2.4)x 24

B) Precast Slab Plank

0.6 m

Length
Thickness
2.4 m Panel Width
Panel Nos.
2.15 m

Wt. of Slab Plank 2.15x2.4x0.1x23.5 = 12.126

C) Footing
Wt. of Footing +soil after column is placed (1.5x1.5x0.3x25)+(1.5x1.5x0.9x18)

7.1.2.2) Wind loads :


Wind pressure is calculated as per IS:875 ( Part 3 ) -1987
Wind speed Vb = ( Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) -1987 / Figure - 1 ) =
K1 = 0.76 K2 1.05 K3 = 1
( Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) -1987 / Tab 1 & 2
Note : For K1; Risk factor for boundary wall is considered (Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) / Cl. 5.3.2.1 & 5.3.2.2)
Note : For K2; Category 1 and class A is considered

Design Speed Vz = Vb * K1 * K2* K3 31 m/s

Wind pressure = 0.6 * Vz ^2 0.58 kN/m^2

Wind Load on Structure is given by F = Cf Ae Pd ( Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) -1987 Cl 6.3)


From IS875, P-3, Table 24, For Wall on ground, B>1000m & H=2.10m , B/H = 1000/2.1 = 476.19 > 160
Drag Coefficient C = 2
Wind Load on column per metre height 2.4x0.5812x2.25x1 3.138
Wind Load on one plank per metre 2.4x0.5812x0.6x1 0.837

Wind Load on Razor Wire :


Assume solidity ration of wire fencing and angles = 0.1
Height of Razor wire = 0.9 m
Cf = 1.9 (Ref IS 875, Part - 3 , T-28)
Effective area = ø x h x L 0.1x0.9x2.25 = 0.203 m2
Wind Load on anlge over column = Cf Ae Pd =

1.9x0.2025x0.5812 0.224 kN acting @ 0.9/2.4 0.375 m above column top

0.9
Wind

C/s area of column


0.05040
2.4 m W1

3.138 kN/m GL

W3 0.9 m
1.2 m

W2 0.3 m
3.0132
Kn/m2 ACTIVE EP 1.5 m
SPAN 2
2.25 m
2.4 m
2.4 m
0.9 m
0m
-0.9 m
3.3 m
1.2 m
0.3 m
1.5 m 1.5 m
23.5 kn/m3
25 kn/m3
18 kn/m3
40 Mpa
30 Mpa
500 Mpa
1865 Mpa

= 0.05040 m2
= 0.00031 m4
= 0.00019 m4
)^.5 = 0.07843
)^.5 = 0.06212
4.25 kn

2.15 m
0.1 m
0.6 m
4m Nos
kN

= 53.325 kN

39 m/s

( Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) -1987 / Tab 1 & 2 )


(Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) / Cl. 5.3.2.1 & 5.3.2.2)

( Ref . IS 875 ( part 3) -1987 Cl 6.3)

kN/m
kN/m

above column top

m2
Passive EP 5.4
Kn/m2
8.0) Substructure Analysis :

8.1.1) Stability Calculation for Boundary wall design : (Ref. Figure -1 )


8.1.1.1) Design parameters :

Grade of concrete 40 N/mm 2


Height of wall above ground 2.4 m
Depth of foundation below ground H1 1.2 m
Total height of wall H 3.3 d
Angle of internal friction ' phi' 30 Degree
Coeff. Of friction 0.5 (IRC 78:2014, Cl 706.3.4 )
Backfill Earth density 18 kN/m2
PreCAST Concrete density 25 kN/m2
Ce-efficient of Active Earth Pressure = (1-Sinø/1+Sinø) 0.33
Ce-efficient of Passive Earth Pressure = (1+Sinø/1-Sinø) 3.0
Earth Pressure will be exerted on column width only
Column Width 0.25 m
Earth pressure at Base = Ka * g * H1 * B 1.8 kN/m
0.333333333333333x18x1.2x0.25
Passive pressure at Base = Kp * g * H1 * B 16.2 kN/m
3x18x1.2x0.25

8.1.1.2) Summary of forces :


Load Load in kN L.A @ A Moment
Vertical Force due to Dead Weight of each member (kN) (kN-m)
W1 {(0.0504X2.4)+(0.25X0.25X0.9)}X25 4.43 0.750 3.323
W2 (1.5X1.8X0.3X25) 20.25 0.750 15.188
W3 (1.5X1.8X0.9X18)-(0.25X0.25X0.9X18) 42.73 0.750 32.046
W4 2.15X2.4X0.1X25 12.90 0.750 9.675
TOTAL 80.31 60.23
Horizontal Force due to Wind on wall = 7.532 2.4 18.08
Horizontal Force due to Wind on wire = 0.224 4.5 1.01

Earth pressure :
Horizontal component of Active
P1 (1.2X1.8)/2 1.08 0.40 0.432
Horizontal component of Passive
Pp (1.2X16.2)/2 9.72 0.40 3.888

8.1.1.3) Load summary under Wind Load condition :


Total vertical load 80.31 kN
Total Stabilizing moment = 60.2308125+3.888 64.12 kN-m
Net horizontal Load =
Net horizontal Load =7.532352+0.2236167+1.08 8.840 kN
Total Overturning moment 19.52 kN-m
Net stabilizing moment 44.60 kN-m

8.1.1.4) Stability Check :


64.12/19.5
a) FOS against overturning = 3.285 > or =
2
b) FOS against sliding 0.5X80.31/ 4.54 > or =
8.84

8.1.2 ) Substructure Load summary for Column & Footing Design :

8.1.2.1)Load summary at Footing top level: (Fixed support for column @ Footing top)
( Ref. Cl. 8.1.1.2 )
Sr No. Load in KN
VERTICAL HL (KN) HT (KN)
1 Dead loads
Precast Column 4.43
Precast Plank 12.90
Total D. L . 17.34

2 Wind Load 7.532


0.224

8.1.2.2) SLS FORCE SUMMARY AT FOOTING TOP LEVEL

Comb Load Combination V HL kN HT kN


No. kN max
101 DL 17.34
Wind load combination
102 DL+WL 17.34 7.756
8.1.2.3) ULS FORCE SUMMARY AT FOOTING TOP LEVEL

Comb Load Combination V HL kN HT kN


No. kN max
201 1.5 DL 26.01
Wind load combination
202 1.5 DL+ 1.5 WL 26.01 11.634

Footing design is presented in Cl 9.0


Column design is presented in Cl 11.0

Footing design is presented in Cl 9.5


bstructure Analysis :

1.55
SAFE
1.5

SAFE

L.A.(m) ML L.A.(m) MT
for ML (kN-m) for MT (kN-m)

2.1 15.82
4.2 0.94

ML kNm MT
kNm

16.76
ML kNm MT
kNm

25.14
9.0 DESIGN OF FOOTING :
9.1 Explanation of footing design :
= The forces used for analysis of footing is summarised in Cl 8.1.2.2 & 8.2.1.2.
= The SLS loadcase forces are used to find the size of the footing.
= The SBC for footing design considered is 10 ton/m^2
= The Load factor of 1.5 is considered for the design of footing at ultimate state.
= Footing is designed by bending theory as per IS 456:2000.
The overburden pressure and the self weight of footing is considered in design in cl no. 9.2 and
= hence the self wt of footing in Force Summary for footing design (CL 8.1.2.2) was not considered.
The tension is found on one side of footing due to pressure below footing, the contact length below
= footing is kept upto 85% of length of footing.

Cl 9.2 N
FOOTING DESIGN Lf= 0.675 Z-Axis
Ld De Bp/2
DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING BY LIMIT STATE METHOD 0.075

Footing Identifier = COMPOUND WALL FOOTING


Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil = 7.5 T/m^2
Depth of Founding Level below Ground(Df) = 1.2 m
Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together =

0.49
1.8 T/m^3

Bpu=
Load Factor for Limit State Method (LF) =
1.5 factor B= 1.5
(For Wind Load case) (LF) = 1.5 factor E B1= 0.25
Concrete Grade (Fck) = 20 N/mm2 L1= 0.15 X - Axis
Steel Grade (fy) = 500 N/mm2
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W (L1) = 0.15 m
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S (B1) = 0.25 m Lpu= 0.39

Load Case Xf= 0.08


Xd= 0.75
Case Load (T) Moment (T.M) soil over L= 1.5
MZ(@Z) MZ(@X) Actual/
P M_E-W M_N-S Stress factor Allowable S
I DL+LL 0.87 0 0 1 Lf=
II DL+WL 0.87 0 1.5 1.25
III Ld
IV
V

P-face
Pedge
VI

Pb
VII
VIII

Pedge

P-face
Trial Footing Size B/L 1.00

Pb
Length-L 1.5 M_E-W AREA 2.2500 m2
Width - B 1.5 M_N-S Section modulus
Z_NS 0.6 m3
if (P> Pp then 'Revised Footing Size ) Z_EW 0.6 m3
Enter K-
FOR SBC Fdn Size OK
PUNCHING SHEAR Depth OK
STRESS (EW) Depth OK
STRESS (NS) Depth OK
DEPTH (bending ) Depth OK

Depth of Footing at Centre 300 mm


Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d' 60 mm de=D-d'= 240 mm

Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.

For Moment For punching shear


E-W N-S perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W) 0.15 Xf 0.08 0.13
L (E-W ) 1.5 Lf 0.68 0.63
B1 ( N-S) 0.25 Xd 0.75 0.54
B ( N-S) 1.5 Ld 0.08 0.21
Lpu=(L1+De) 0.39
Bpu=(B1+De) 0.49 1.76 0.191

Overburden Pressure
Df - D = 0.9 IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*(Area of Footing) x (D * 2.5 + (foundation depth - D) *1.8)

OB Load(Ptot) 2.39 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)


OB Press(Pob) 2.08 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)

R = 0.138 or 0.15 * fck R= 0.15 x 20 = 3.00

WITH NO TENSION
p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L) P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L) P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
If 6Eb/B>1, then triangular pressure(Be=3*(B/2-Eb) P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
If 6El/L>1, then triangular pressure(Le=3*(L/2-El) M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
If both 6Eb/B &6El/L>1 Find pressure co-ef.from graph V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m
Punching shear stress = ((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) / WITH TENSION
(P.Perimeter*De) p-edge=2*Ptot / {3*B*(0.5-Eb/B)/L
= 2*p-tot/(3*(0.5-Eb/B))
p-face = p-edge*(1-Ld/(3*B(0.5-Eb/B))

Ptot El/L Eb/B FOR - M_E-W on


Case (P+Pob)/A M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/ p-max p-min P-edge P-face P-d
Ptot/L Ptot/B t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
I 2.84 0 0 2.84 2.84 2.84 2.84 2.84
Lcontact
K-: 0
II 2.84 0 0.2167 Enter K- 2.84 2.84 2.84
Lcontact 1.08 85%
K-: 2.5 0 7.1
III 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
IV 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
V 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
VI 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
VII 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
VIII 0 - -
Lcontact 0.00%
K-: 0
7.1 2.84
Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b) De (cm)=

Permissible Punching Shear Stress = Ks * tc =


Ks = (0.5 + bc bc = L / B Ks = 1
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck) tc= 111.8 t/m2

R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2

Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b* de

Pt (Req) Min = 0.12%


Ast - Bottom Reinforcement to be provided = Pt (req) *A*d
Ast - Bottom Reinforcement provided
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2) =0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)* (sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
b =0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt 1459.04 for E_W 166.48 for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)

FOR TOP REINFORCEMENT


Mu =Pob*Lf^2 / 2 * Load Factor or Pob*Lf^2 / 2 * load Factor
R = Mu / b * de2 - N/mm2
Pt (Req)
Min Pt req Min = 0.06%
Ast - Top Reinforcement to be provided
Ast - Top Reinforcement provided
Summary
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W = 0.15 m
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S = 0.25 m
Length - L: E_W = 0.9 m
Width - B: N_S = 1.275 m
Depth = 400 mm Long Side
Ast = Bottom Reinf. (E_W) Kgs
6
Top Reinf. (E_W) Kgs
Top Reinf.
4
TENSION
NO
CASE I

P-face P-face
CASE II

W
X - Axis P-face P-face
Lf = 0.63

0.21 dp dp
Ld =

Pedge Pedge
Case I
No Tension

Case II
Tension Allowed
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)

p-edge=2*Ptot / {3*L*(0.5-El/L)/B
= 2*p-tot/(3*(0.5-El/L))
p-face = p-edge*(1-Ld/(3*L(0.5-El/L))

FOR - M_E-W only FOR - M_N-S only


M-face V@De Punch.shP-edge P-face P-d M-face V@De
tm t strs t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 tm t
0.068 0.034 0.886 2.84 2.84 2.84 0.09 0.12

0.068 0.034 0.886


6.68 3.52 5.62 0.419 0.63

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -
0.07 0.03 0.886 0.419 0.63
0.102 0.05 1.33 0.629 0.95
1.63 4.83
Depth OK
111.8
Depth OK

0.01 0.06

0.002 0.014

0.12 0.12
520 367
550 393
3.28 . 9.49

0.12 3.1
Depth OK Depth OK

0.28 0.37
0.02 0.04
0.004 0.008
0.06 0.06
306 216
352 251

Short Side
Nos. Dia Spacing (N_S) Kgs Nos. Dia Spacing
7 10 200 5 5 10 200
Nos Dia Spacing (N_S) Kgs Nos. Dia Spacing
7 8 200 3 5 8 200
9.3 Design of Footing as beam for Lifting case:

0.1

0.615 0.27 0.615

Precast footing at the time of lifting will behave as simply supported beam subjected to its self weight.

Concrete grade of column = 20 Mpa


Consider the age of concrete at the time of = 7 Days
lifting as
Consider Strength of concrete at 7 Days is 60% 12 Mpa
Reinforcement steel grade 500 Mpa
Width of Footing is 1500 mm
Depth of footing is middle portion = 100 mm
Depth of footing at edge portion = 300 mm

Udl (KN/m) 9 2.25 9

1.3
Reaction 4.83 kn 4.83

Maximum Bending Moment =


Maximum Shear Force =
Ultimate Bending Moment Mu =
Ultimate Shear Force Vu =
Depth at Maximum Bending Moment =
Clear cover to reinforcement =
Effective depth
Mbal = 0.133*fck*b*d^2
Ast required = 0.5 fck / fy x (1-sqrt(1-(4.6 Mu/ fck b d2 ))) b d
Provided reinforcement is Y 10 @ 200 in Width of900 mm

Shear stress due to shear force Τv = (7.245x1000)/(1500x(300-50-5)

Shear capacity of concrete (Pt = 0.114%) Τc


ooting as beam for Lifting case:

0.77
4.83
1.155
7.245
100 mm
50 mm
45 mm
2.91 kNm
63 mm2
589 mm2
SAFE
0.020 N/mm2
9.4 Capacity of Lifting Hook

1 Failure of Bond of concrete = ζbd π d L 1.2x1.6x π x10x100/1000 6.029 kN


2 Yielding of steel = 0.87 fy π/4 d2 = 34.148 kN

Failure of Hook = (Minimum of 1 & 2) 6.029 kN


Maximum Reaciton on one hook = 4.83 kN < 4.83 kN
SAFE
9.5 Precast Column to foundation Socket connection:

Precast Column to foundation Socket connection:


In socket connection, the precast columns are fixed rigidly to the foundation and loads are transmitted by skin friction in socke
The design of socket connection may adopt the following steps:

Support Reactions:
Referring to figure - A, a rotation of the column in the socket under moment shifts the support
reactionat the column base from centre line towards the edge. The resultant reaction R at the base
may be assumed to act at a distance a/6 from the column centre line.
From Figure - A, following forces may be derived:
a. Horizontal force HB :-
Moment about Point A
M + (N x a/2) + (HD x 0.9h) = (HB x 0.8h) + (μHB x a) + (R x (a/2+a/6))
Support Recation at column base is
R = N - μ HB
Substitution R into the above equation and after rearranging,
HB = (M - 0.17 a N + 0.9hHD) / (0.8h + 0.33aμ)

a= 0.25 m Depth of column

Recation at footing top is : (Ref Cl 8.1.2.3)


Vertical Load N = 26.01 kN
Horizontal Load HD = 11.63 kN
Moment M = 13.17 kN m

If the height of socket is taken as h = 0.3 h= 1.20a and


For smooth surface, the coefficient of friction μ = 0.3 is used

substituting the above values, equation obtained is:


HB= 57.43 kN
HA= -47.86 kN
Vertical reaction on base = R = N - μ HB 8.78 kN
As the net vertical reaction at base is negative, the vertical reaction is fully resisted by friction between
column and socket foundation.

Contact Area of HB on socket footing/column = h/2 x width of column


0.15 x 0.25
Bearing stress on concrete of column/Socket footing due to HB = HB / Contact Area
1.53 N/mm2

Bearing stress on concrete of column/Socket footing due to HA = HA / Contact Area


1.28 N/mm2

Permissible Bearing strength of concrete = 0.45 fck (IS 456:2000, Cl 34.4) =

9 N/mm2
SAFE
Strenght of filler material should also be greater than = 1.53 N/mm2

Check of Column Section for Shear:


Maximum Shear Force @ Footing top (Cl 8.1.2.3, LC 202) = 11.6340
Column Cross section area (Consider I-section area) = 50400 mm2
Clear cover to steel = 30 mm2

Total steel percentage provided = (100 x 87.96) / (32950 )

Shear capacity of concrete ignoring increase in shear capacity due


to axial compression (IS 1343, T-6) Τc = 0.37 N/mm2
Shear stress due to shear force Τv = 0.23 N/mm2

As Τv < Τc, Shear reinforcement is Not required


10.0) DESIGN OF Precast Concrete Plank as BEAM supported on column

10.1) The 50 mm thick precast Plank will be inserted in the 50mm wide spout in the column.
The column will be solid rectangular till ground level. The column above ground level will have 60/70mm thick x 35 mm deep groove for the Precast plank
insert. The bottom plank will be resting on the column having bearing of 30 mm on both side of column.
Total Number of Planks will be 7 of 300 mm depth.
Bottom Plank will act as simply supported beam resting on column and other 6 planks will be resting on bottom plank.
Bottom Plank is designed as simply supported beam and same design will be applied to all planks.

2.25
Effective span of Plank = 2.140 - 0.075 = 2.065 m

Design of Bottom Plank supporting other Planks above

Design of Bottom Plank supporting other Planks above

Plank Thickness = 100 mm


Plank Depth = 600 mm
Plank Length = 2140 mm
Uniform Load over Bottom Plank = 5.64 kN/m
Maximum BM @ Midspan = 3.01 kN/m
Ultimate Moment Mu (1.5 factor) = 4.51 kN/m
Maximum Shear Force @ Support = 5.823 kN
Ultimate Shear Force Vu = 8.735 kN

Design of Individual Plank for its self weight while lifting


Also each Panel shall be designed for its self weight while lifting at both end.

Uniform Load of one Plank due to self weight = 1.41 kN/m


Maximum BM @ Midspan = 0.423 x 2.16 ^2 / 8 0.81 kN/m
Ultimate Moment Mu (1.5 factor) = 1.21 kN/m
Maximum Shear Force @ Support = 1.509 kN
Ultimate Shear Force Vu = 2.263 kN

Design of Plank for Wind Load


Also each Panel shall be designed for wind load.
Uniform Load of one Plank due to wind = 0.837 kN/m

The uniform load on plank due to wind is less than the uniform load of plank for self weight.
The plank designed checked for self weight will satisfy design checks for wind load also.

10.2) Prestressing detail & Check for section :

Use 4 NOS of 3 mm of ultimate strength of 1865 Mpa

Allowable stress in Prestressing steel = .8 Fy = 1492 Mpa

Total Prestressing steel area = 4 NOS x π/4 x 9 mm 28.26 mm2

Total Prestressing force = 42.17 kN

10.2.1 ) Losses due to pretension :

( As per IS : 1343-1980, Cl 18.5)


Grade of Concrete = 30 N/mm2
Stress in cable after prestress = 1492 N/mm2
Stress in concrete at CG of cable = 0.703 N/mm2

10.2.1.1) Loss due to elastic shortening : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.4 b)

= 1/2 x modular ratio x avg. stress in concrete at c.g. of cable

Grade of concrete at the time of stressing (Consider 50% strenght) 15 N/mm2

Ec= 5700x15^0.5 22076 N/mm2

m= 210000 /= 9.5
22076

Loss= 9.5 x 0.703 = 6.69 N/mm2 0.45%

10.2.1.2) Due to creep of concrete : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.1)

Age of loading @ 28 days Take creep coefficient = 1.6

Loss= 1.6 x 0.703 x 9.5 = 10.697 N/mm2 0.72%

10.2.1.3) Due to shrinkage of concrete : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.2)

Shrinkage strain = 0.0003


Loss = 0.00030 x 210000 = 63 N/mm2 4.22%

10.2.1.4) Loss due to relaxation of H.T. steel at first stage loss : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.3)
@ 0.8 UTS = 90 N/mm2 = 6.03%

Total loss due to elastic shortening, creep , shrinkage & relaxation :


= 6.69 + 10.697 + 63 + 90 = 170.383 11.42%

10.2.2 ) Prestress after Losses :

Prestressing force after losses = 42.17 x 88.5802284776845% = 37.36 kN


Stress due to prestressing force = 37.36x1000/(100x600) = 0.63 Mpa
Permissible Compressive stresses = .34fck = 10.2 N/mm2 (Refer IS 1343, Cl. 22.7.1(b) & Fig 7)
Permissible Tensile stresses = 0 N/mm2 (Refer IS 1343, Cl. 22.7.1 Type - 2)

10.2.3 ) Check of Section


A. Section Check for Stress

Section Moment b D Moment of Cg of NA Cg of NA Sect Modulus Sect Modulus Bending stress M/Z Stress due to Resultant stress Remarks
Inertia (mm4)
(kN-m) from Top from Bottom ZTOP ZBOTTOM @ Top @ Bottom Initial Prestress @ Top @ Bottom
(m3) (m3) N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
Compressive Tensile
(i) (ii) (iii)

Bottom
Plank 3.01 100 600 0.0018 0.3 0.3 0.006 0.006 1.86 -1.86 0.63 2.49 -1.23 safe
mid span

Individual
plank 0.81 600 100 0.00005 0.05 0.05 0.001 0.001 1.37 -1.37 0.63 2 -0.74 safe
mid span

B. Section Check for Limit State of Collapse

The ultimate strenght of cross section is calculated according to the recommendattions of IS 1343, Appendix B

Section Bottom Plank Individual Plank


Mult. = 4.51 kN-m 1.21 kN-m
fck Concrete grade = 30 N/mm^2 30 N/mm^2
D Depth of Section = 0.6 m 0.1 m
B Width of Section = 0.1 m 0.6 m
c.g.st Depth of cg of prestressing steel from top of
section = 0.3 m 0.05 m
As Area of Prestressing steel = 28.26 mm2 28.26 mm2
fp Ultimate tensile strength of prestressing steel = 1865 N/mm^2 1865 N/mm^2
(Ap fp) / (b d fck) (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 0.029 0.029
fpu/(0.87fpu (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 1 1
Xu/d (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 0.217 0.217
fpu = 0.87 fp = 1623 1623
Xu = 0.033 m 0.007 m
Ast Non Prestressing steel = 0 mm2 0 mm2
Mult. Due to yielding of steel = 6.253 kN-m 1.251 kN-m
Remark = safe safe

C. Check for Limit State of Shear

Shear Force b D clear cover d Shear stress Ast prov. Pt% provided Shear capacity of remarks
Section (kN)
mm mm mm mm ςv N/mm2 dia(mm) nos ςc (N/mm2)
IS 1343, T-6

Bottom
Plank 8.735 100 600 28.5 571 0.291 3 4 0.049 0.37 Shear reinf not required
mid span

Individual
plank 2.263 600 100 28.5 71 0.076 3 4 0.07 0.38 Shear reinf not required
mid span

10.3) Check for Bearing strength on concrete column bearing area due to reaction from planks:

Reaction at one end of column 1.5x5.64x2.14/2 = 9.05 kN


Bearing Area= 70 x 100 = 7000 mm2
Bearing Stress on 9053 / 7000 = 1.29 N/mm2
column=
Permissible bearing strength on concrete 0.45 fck = 13.5 mpa (Ref IS 456:2000, Cl 34.4)

Safe
11.0 ) COLUMN DESIGN
11.1) At point of maximum moment :

Maximum moment will be at bottom of Column. This will be under Wind load condition LC 102
Hence design of column is governed by LC 102.
Initial forces in column under LC 102 :
Pu= 17.34 kN
Mu= 16.76 kN m

For designing the Column in SLS load combinations,. The effect of slenderness is considered
in design by considering additional moment due to slenderess as per IS 456:2000, Cl 39.7.1

Distance of point of max BM from Column top to footing top = H1 = 3.3 m

@ Transverse
Column size 0.25
Effective Length factor 2.4
Effective Length 5.2
Ie/h 20.8

Eccentricitty due to slenderness


= (D / 2000) x (lex / D)^2

ecc1. 0.054

Additional Moment due to slenderness effect


(17.34-2.08)x0.054 = 0.82 kN m

Final design force after slenderness moment: Pu = 17.34 kN

Mu = 16.76 + 0.82 = 17.58 kN m

Design About Longitudinal Axis :


At point of maximum moment, column size is solid rectangular of 0.25x0.25 m
Cross Sectional Area of Column = 0.0504 m2
Moment of Inertial of Column = 0.000326 m4
Depth of External fibre for Neutral Axis = 0.125 m
Sectional Modulus for Column I / y = 0.002604 m3

Direct & Bending stress due to final design forces : -

Maximum Stress @ Top = 17.34/0.0504+17.58116934/0.0026041666 = 7.1 Mpa

Minimum Stress @ Bottom = 17.34/0.0504-17.58116934/0.00260416666 = -6.4 Mpa


11.2) Prestressing detail & Check for section :

Use 7 Nos of 4 mm of ultimate strength of 1865 Mpa

Allowable stress in Prestressing steel = 0.80 fy = 1492 Mpa

Total Prestressing steel area = = 87.92 mm2


Total Prestressing force = 131.17664 kN

11.2.1 ) Losses due to pretension :


( As per IS : 1343-1980, Cl 18.5)
Grade of Concrete = 30 N/mm2
Stress in cable after prestress = 1492 N/mm2
Stress in concrete at CG of cable = 2.60 N/mm2

11.2.1.L1o) ss due to elastic shortening : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.4 b)

= 1/ 2 x modular ratio x avg. stress in concrete at c.g. of cable


Grade of concrete at the time of stressing (Consider 50% strength) = 15 N/mm2

Ec = 5700 x 15 = 22076.005 N/mm2

m= 210000 = 9.51
22076.01
Loss= 9.51 x 2.60 = 24.758525 N/mm2 1.66%

11.2.1.D2)ue to creep of concrete : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.1)

Age of loading @ 28 days Take creep coefficient= 1.6


Loss = 1.6 x 4.0 x 9.5 39.6 N/mm2 2.66%

11.2.1.D3)ue to shrinkage of concrete : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.2)

Shrinkage strain = 0.0003


Loss = 63 N/mm2 4.22%

11.2.1.L4o) ss due to relaxation of H.T. steel at first stage loss : (IS 1343:1980, Cl 18.5.2.3)

@ 0.8 UTS = 90 N/mm2 6.03%

Total loss due to elastic shortening, creep , shrinkage & relaxation :

217.4 N/mm2 14.6%


11.2.2 ) Prestress after Losses :

Prestressing force after losses = 112 kN


Stress due to prestressing force (Mpa)= 1.79 MF
Permissible Compressive stresses= 0.34 fck = 10.2 N/mm2 (Refer IS 1343, Cl. 22.7.1(b)
& Fig 7)
Permissible Tensile stresses = -0.3 N/mm2 (Refer IS 1343, Cl. 22.7.1
Type - 2)
Resultant Stresses after Prestressing force:
(As Wind is Temporary load)
At Top (Max) = 7.1 Mpa + 1.79 = 8.89 < 10.20 N/mm2 Safe

At Bottom (Min) = -6.4 Mpa + 1.79 = -4.61 < -3.00 N/mm2 check

11.3) Check for Limit State of Collapse

The ultimate strenght of cross section is calculated according to the recommendattions of IS 1343.

Mult. Req. 26.371754 kN-m


fck Concrete grade 30 N/mm2
D Depth of Section 0.25 m
B Width of Section 0.25 m
c.g.st Depth of cg of prestressing steel from top of section= 0.125 m
As Area of Prestressing steel = 87.92 mm2
fp Ultimate tensile strength of prestressing steel= 1865 N/mm2
(Ap fp) / (b d fck) (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 0.087
fpu/(0.87fpu (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 1
Xu/d (Ref IS 1343, T-11) = 0.326
fpu = 1623 N/mm2
Xu = 0.041 m
Ast Non Prestressing steel = 0 mm2
Mult. Due to yielding of steel = 15.397 kN-m
Remark = safe
12.1 Footing Design :
Footing design is presented in Cl 9.0
Concrete grade fck = 20 Mpa
Reinforcement fy = 500 Mpa
Clear cover to reinforcement = 50 mm
Footing size = 1.5 m width x 1.5 m Length x 0.3 m Depth

Bottom Rein Main reinf. Y10 @ 200 c/c


Distribution Y10 @ 200 c/c
Top Reinf. Main reinf.
Distribution Y 8 @ 200 c/c
Y8 @ 200 c/c
Ref:- DRG:VUL-MS-CWALL-C-REINF-3703-R1 Reinforcement/Prestressing detail of
Prestressed Precast Boundary wall.
12.2 Column Design :
Column design is governed by combination which are surmised in Cl.8.0
Concrete grade fck 30 Mpa
Reinforcement fy 1865 Mpa
Column Size 0.15 m x 0.25 m Upto Ground Level
0.15 m x 0.25 m With 35 x 60/70mm spout on both side in column
Clear cover to reinforcement: 30 mm
Prestressing steel

Vertical Reinf. 4 mm @ 7 Nos

12.3 Precast Plank design :

Plank is designed like simply supported beam presented in Cl 10.0.


Concrete grade fck 30 Mpa
Reinforcement fy 1865 Mpa

Plank Size 100 x 600


Clear cover to reinforcement: 30 mm
Plank Length 2140 mm
Prestressing steel
Horizontal Reinf. 3 mm @ 4 NOS
Design of column
Column size= 250 mm x 250
for M40 concrete , and Fe 500 steel Fe= 500
Design of column M= 40
Load on the column= 700 kN assummed
Factored load = 1050 kN
Overall area of the column section = 62500 mm2
Area of steel = Asc mm2
Area of concrete = Ac = 62500 - Asc mm2
Ultimate load Pu = .4 fck Ac + .67 fy Asc = 1050 kN

Asc = 156.74
Provide 4 bars of 20 mm dia 1256 mm2

Lateral ties
The diameter of the lateral ties shall be not less than
1) 1/4 diameter to the longitudinal bass = 5 mm
2) 5mm
Provide 6 mm dia ties
Pitch of Lateral Ties
The pitch of lateral ties shall not exceed the following
1) least lateral dimension of column = 250 mm
2) 16 times the diameter of longitudinal bars = 320 mm
3) 48 times the diameter of the ties = 288 mm
Provide 6 mm dia ties @ 250 mm

Design of footing
M= 30 SBC= 100 kN/m2 σst = 275
for M30 concrete , and Fe 500 steel
vertical load= 700 kN
Size of footing
w= 700 kN
Let W' be equal to 10% W= 70 kN

A= 7.70 m2
Size B of sqaure (7.7)^0.5 = 2.775
Provide a square footing of = 1.500 x 1.500
Net upward pressure p0= = 311.11 kN/m2

Design of section
The maximum bending moment acts at the face of column
= 0.625 M

M = p0 X B/8(B-b)^2 X 10^6 N-mm


M= 91145833.333 N-mm
FACTORED MOMENT Mu= 136718750 N-mm

Equating Mu,lim to Mu
= .138 fck b d^2
1035 d^2 = 136718750
d= 364 mm
Using 8 mm Dia bars at 50 mm clear cover
Effective cover to upper layer of bars = 62
D= 426 mm

The depth may be increased by 30 % to limit the shear stresses .


D= 553.8 = 300 mm
d= = 246 mm

Depth from punching shear consideration


Punching load = Column load - Reaction on column area
= 680555.55556 N
Factored Punching load = 1020833.3333 N
Design punching shear stress for M 30 concrete= 2.7 N/mm2

Equating punching shear resistance to the punching load =


2700 d = 1020833.3333
d= 379.00 mm
Mu
=
b d^2 9.04

% of steel required Pt = #VALUE! %


Ast= #VALUE! mm2
Using 8 mm Dia bars at 7 nos
spacing 220
Check for shear
i) Check for one way shear
Overall depth at the critical section=
D' = 300 mm
d' = 238 mm
Shear force at the critical section = 176866.6667 N

Factored shear = 265300.00 N


Width of the footing at the top at this critical section b'= b+2d
= 742 mm
Nominal shear stress at this section =
Ꞇv = Vu = 1.51 N/mm2
b' d'
Area of steel provided = 352 mm2

% of steel = 0.20

Corresponding Ꞇc = 1.51 N/mm2

ii) Check for two way shear

The critical section for two way shear is taken at the periphery surrounding the column at a distance of half
effective depth from the face of the column

Overall depth of the footing at a distance d/2 = 123 mm from column face
= 300 mm
Effective depth at this section = d' = 238 mm
Critical perimeter b' = 1984 mm
Shear force at this critical section = V = 623462 N
Factored shear = Vu = 935193 N
Nominal shear stress Ꞇv = 1.99 N/mm2

Bc = Short side of column section 1


=
Long side of column section
Ks = .5 + Bc = 1.5

But Ks should be limited to 1


Permissible design shear strength Ꞇc = Ks * .25 * fck
= 1.37 N/mm2
Ꞇv < Ꞇc Check
Column size= 400 mm x 600
for M20 concrete , and Fe 415 steel
M= 20 SBC= 120 kN/m2 σst = 229.99998
kc= 0.289 jc= 0.904 Rc= 0.914
vertical load= 600 kN
Size of footing
w= 600 kN
Let W' be equal to 10% W= 60 kN

A= 5.5 m2
Let ration of B to L = 2
3
2/3 *L*L = 5.5 or L= 2.9

B= 1.92 m However , provide a footing of size 2x3m

Net upward pressure p0 = 100 kN/m2

Size B of sqaure (5.5)^0.5 = 2.345


Provide a square footing of = 2.400 x 2.400
Net upward pressure p0= = 104.17 kN/m2

Design of section
The maximum bending moment acts at the face of column
M = p0 X B/8(L-A)^2 X 10^6 N-mm

M= 144000000 N-mm

d= (M/(Rc X B))^.5 = 281 mm


KEEP d= 290 mm
Provide uniform thickness for the entire footing.

Check for shear

V= p0 B{1/2 * (B-b) - d } = 179.75 kN

Ꞇc = V/(B*d ) = 0.267 N/mm2

Using 12 mm Dia bars at 60 mm clear cover

Total depth will be about= 347 = 300 mm say


k= 1
For a balanced section having p =.44%

Ꞇc = 0.28 N/mm2
Hence the permissible shear stress = k*Tc= 0.28 N/mm2

Required depth d = 268 mm

Total depth will be about= 334 mm

Also , for two way shear ( punching shear ) , the section lies at d/2 from the column face all round
. The width b0 of section = b + d =
= 681 mm
shear force around the section is
F= p0 [ B^2 - b0^2] = p0 [ B^2 - (b^2 + d^2)]
= 551.69 kN
Ꞇv = F F 0.721 N/mm2
= =
4 b0 d 4[b+d] * d

Permissible shear stress = ks * Ꞇc

Where ks = 1.5 with max . Value of 1. Hence ks = 1


Also Ꞇc = 0.16 * (fck)^.5 = 0.716 N/mm2
Hence permissible shear stress = ks * Ꞇc = 0.716 N/mm2
unsafe

Depth revised D = 350 mm


d = 284 mm
Using 12 mm Dia bars at 60 mm clear cover

Total depth will be about= 350 mm

Design of steel reinforcement


The area of reinforcement in each direction is given by
Ast = M = 144000000 = 2547 mm2
σst * jcd 56554.2345

Using 12 mm Dia bars at 130 mm spacing

Ast provided = 2087 mm2


no' of bar= 19

Check for development length :


Ld= 45 x dia = 540 mm
Providing 60 mm side cover , Length of bar available
= 940 mm > Ld safe

Transfer of load at column base

A2 = 240000 mm2
A1 = 3240000 mm2 for side spread rate of 2:1

= (A1/A2)^.5 = 3.6742346

Adopt max value of (A1/A2 )^.5 = 2

Hence permissible bearing stress = 0.25* fck (A1/A2)^.5 = 10 N/mm2

Actual bearing pressure = 2.5 N/mm2 Safe


9.0 DESIGN OF FOOTING :
9.1 Explanation of footing design :
= The forces used for analysis of footing is summarised in Cl 8.1.2.2 & 8.2.1.2.
= The SLS loadcase forces are used to find the size of the footing.
= The SBC for footing design considered is 10 ton/m^2
= The Load factor of 1.5 is considered for the design of footing at ultimate state.
= Footing is designed by bending theory as per IS 456:2000.
The overburden pressure and the self weight of footing is considered in design in cl no. 9.2 and
= hence the self wt of footing in Force Summary for footing design (CL 8.1.2.2) was not considered.
The tension is found on one side of footing due to pressure below footing, the contact length below
= footing is kept upto 85% of length of footing.

(9) DESIGN OF FOUNDATION


Safe allowable bearing capacity = 100 KN/m2
Wall area on one base exposed to wind (A) = 5.16 m2
Wind force (F) = 5.2 KN
(a) Check against overturning
L B H
Assumed base size = 1.5 1.5 0.3
Pocket size P1 = 0.25 m
Pocket size P2 = 0.25 m
s1 soil depth below pocket level above footing 0.9 m
s2 soil depth above pocket level below grade 0 m
Loads acting downward:
Wall panel weight = 12.9 KN
Column weight = 3.024 KN
Pocket and grouting weight = 1.40625 KN
Foundation weight = 16.875 KN
Earth filling above footing weight = 35.04375 KN

TOTAL WEIGHT = 69.249 KN

Overturning Moment:
Taking moment about the end point at the bottom of the base

Lever arm Z= 2.4


Total Overturning moment Mo = 5.16X2.4 = 12.38 KN-m

Stabilizing Moment:
Ms = Stabilizing moment due to gravity load of foundation, wall panel, column and soil.
Ms= 69.249(1.5/2) = 51.93675 KN-m
Factor of safety against over-turning

F.O.S = Ms /Mo = 51.93675/12.384 = 4.19 > 1.5


Safe against overturning OK

(b) Check for bearing pressure

σ = N/A ± 6M/BL2 B= 1.5 L= 1.5

σ = (195.21) / 1.65 x2.20) ±( 6 x 71.28/(1.65 x2.202))

σ= 30.78 ± 8.26

σ1 = 39.03 KN/m2 ,σ2 = 22.52 KN/m2

e= M/N = 12.384/69.249 = 0.18

σmax = (N/A)(4L/(3L-6e)) = 53.88 KN/m2 ≤ σall-GROSS = 137.46

σmax NET (N/A)(4//(3/-6e))-(ɣs.s) = 36.42 KN/m2 ≤ σall-NET = 100


So the maximum pressure does not exceed the allowable bearing pressure OK
c) Reinforcement design for base

Applying the governing Load combination of 1.2 D + 1.6 W

Ultimate Weight (Nu) = 83.10 KN-m

Ultimate Moment (Mu) = 19.81 KN-m

Maximum ultimate pressure @ edge = 154.364 KN/m2


Maximum ultimate pressure @ face of pocket = 103.144 KN/m2

Ultimate moment due to this pressure occur at section at the face of the pocket at 0.9 m from the edge.

Ultimate Moment Mu @ face = 52.15 KN.m/m

Ru = 4.6*Mu/(fck*b*d2)

b= 1000 m d= 244

Ru = 0.101

Area of design steel required (Ast =fck/fy*b*d/2*[1-(1-Ru)^0.5])

= 504.58

Minimum steel req.(0.13bd%) or 0.26 fctm/fyk bt d


= 331.0 mm2
Area of steel to be provided= Max (Asreq, Min (1.33 x Asreq, Asmin)

Using 12 t @ 200 c/c

As,provided = 565.2 mm2/m

As provided is greater than As required - SAFE

Check Beam Shear

Ultimate shear force @ section at a distance 'd' from the face of pocket

Maximum ultimate pressure @ a dist.'d' from pocket = 116.76 KN/m2


Ultimate shear Vu = (154.36+116.76) x 0.5 x 0.54 = 73.20 Ref: ACI 318-08 section 11.2
Shear capacity of concrete (beam shear)
ф= 0.75 (for shear)

b= 1000 mm
D= 300 mm
d= 244 mm
ф Vc = ф.0.17. ��′ . �� .�
ф Vc = (0.75).(0.17).(�32.00).(1,000x194.0)/1000
ф Vc = 139.9 KN > Vu = 72.66 KN SAFE!
Punching Shear
(a) Punching load of column on the base = Column load (self-weight of column)
Punching shear, Vu at face of pocket = 1.4 x 31.00 = 43.40 KN (column weight)
Concrete two-way action (punching shear) capacity
ф Vc =
�� .�
ф.0.33. ��′ .1000
bo= shear perimeter = 3736.0 mm
ф Vc = (0.75).(0.33).(�32.00).(3,736x194.0)/1000
ф Vc = 1014.7 KN > Vu = 43.40 KN SAFE!
and
dered.

Pw

s1 z
S

P1

P2
KN/m2

KN/m2

m from the edge.


18-08 section 11.2