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Sailing Uncertain Waters

Sustaining Tourism in the Passamaquoddy Area


Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix
The Business 0f Tourism - Then

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Business 0f Tourism - Now

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Product

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Touchstone

Head Harbour Passage


Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix
Tourism - Key Marine Area

Whale & Bird Watching


Parks & Attractions

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Engine

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Big Fleas have Little Fleas

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Biodiversity

60+
50-60
40-50
30-40
20-30
10-20
0-10

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Krill Swarms

Swarms
Area of concentration

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Nesting & Roosting
Principal Birds

Eagle Nest
Osprey Nest
Herring Gull Nesting
Herring & Greater Black-
backed Gull Roosting
Bonaparte’s Gull Roosting
Double-crested Cormorant

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Feeding Areas
Principal Birds
Herring Gull 100-10,000+
Black-backed Gull 100 -1,000+
Bonaparte’s Gull 300-500
Arctic Tern 50 - 500
Double-crested Cormorant 10 –
500
Northern Phalarope

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Harbour Porpoise
Species of Concern - The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

Maine Nursery Area


Nursery Area
Mother-calf records
Generally distributed
throughout map area

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Seals & Great Whales
The Atlantic Right Whale is listed as an endangered species

Finback
Humpback
Minke
Atlantic Right
Harbour Seal
Probable Route
through Right Whale
Area (inset)

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Scallop Fishing Areas

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Groundfishing Areas

Drag
Handline & Trawl

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Lobster Fishing Areas

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Herring Weir Sites

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Aquaculture

In Map Area
US sites – 27
CDN sites - 26

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Battle for Sustainability
Pulp Mill Development
Pittston Oil Refinery Battle
Nuclear Power
Unsustainable fishing practices
Aquaculture
Near-shore nutrient loading
Sewage

and now
For Your edification and Enjoyment…….

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


LNG

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Queen Mary in
downtown Bar Harbor

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


LNG in downtown
Bar Harbour

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


The Area of Concern

Probable
Anchorage

Probable
Traffic Lane

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Exclusion Zone

Exclusion Zone = 2 miles


All activities cease within the
exclusion zone during anchorage
or passage. Protected by gun
boats.
2 Miles ahead
1 Mile behind
1000 feet on either side
May be extended if Terror alert
rises

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Exclusion Zone
Exclusion Zone = 2 miles
All activities cease within the
exclusion zone during anchorage
or passage.
2- 3 ships per week pass in and
out resulting in a potential
downtime of
30% – 45% (110 – 165 days)
Potential anchorage Days to Fog
from May – October (Green lines
show inner and outer daytime
limits)
20 days/month average

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Navigation Risks
Rips & Confused Water

Upwellings

Ebb slicks

Shoals of Concern

Whirlpool

24 feet at low water

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Zone of Fire Risk
Fire Danger Zones
Red lines for 5 kilowatts/sq.m.
Level allowed by FERC
Blue lines for 1.6 kilowatts/sq.m.
Level at which humans are
affected

Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix


Sustainable Tourism Requires

Choices
Art MacKay, ACAP St. Croix
Coastal Zoning is a Beginning

“The expansion of intensive urban and industrial activities beyond the Saint
John Bay region should be viewed with caution in terms of the environmental
sensitivity of the Head and Mouth of Bay Regions.
ArtManagement
”Hunter & Associates, Coastal Zone MacKay, ACAP
Study, St.
1980Croix

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