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Federation University Australia

Project 2019/05
ENGIN5302 Modelling & Simulation

[Author Name]
6-14-2019
Project 2019/05 June 14, 2019

Table of Contents
Objective of analysis..................................................................................................................................... 2
Description on the methodology ................................................................................................................... 2
Step 1: Creating the Part ........................................................................................................................... 2
Step 2: Material and Section Properties ..................................................................................................... 3
Step 3: Creating the step ........................................................................................................................... 3
Step 4 : Applying Loads and Boundry Conditions ..................................................................................... 4
Step 5 : Meshing ....................................................................................................................................... 6
Step 6: Running the calculation ................................................................................................................. 6
Result visualsation ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Deformed Shape ....................................................................................................................................... 7
Stress Contour .......................................................................................................................................... 8
Displacement Contour ............................................................................................................................ 10
Result interpratation ................................................................................................................................... 11
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................. 12

List of Figures
Figure 1: Bridge under load .......................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2: Created Part ................................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 3: Material and Section parameters input ........................................................................................... 3
Figure 4: Step creation .................................................................................................................................. 4
Figure 5: Loads input .................................................................................................................................... 5
Figure 6: BC input ........................................................................................................................................ 5
Figure 7: Element type assignment ............................................................................................................... 6
Figure 8: Visualisation of the mesh seeds...................................................................................................... 6
Figure 9: Visualisation of the Job .................................................................................................................. 7
Figure 10: Deformed shape (2 parts per member).......................................................................................... 7
Figure 11: Deformed shape (4 parts per member).......................................................................................... 7
Figure 12: Deformed shape (8 parts per member).......................................................................................... 8
Figure 13: Deformed shape (16 parts per member) ........................................................................................ 8
Figure 14: Stress Contour (2 parts per member) ............................................................................................ 8
Figure 15: Stress Contour (4 parts per member) ............................................................................................ 9
Figure 16: Stress Contour (8 parts per member) ............................................................................................ 9
Figure 17: Stress Contour (16 parts per member) .......................................................................................... 9
Figure 18: Displacement Contour (2 parts per member) ............................................................................. 10
Figure 19: Displacement Contour (4 parts per member) .............................................................................. 10
Figure 20: Displacement Contour (8 parts per member) .............................................................................. 10
Figure 21: Displacement Contour (16 parts per member) ............................................................................ 11
Figure 22: Max Stress vs Parts per Member ................................................................................................ 11

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Project 2019/05 June 14, 2019

Objective of analysis

Figure 1: Bridge under load

The analysis concerns a bridge under load, represented as in the figure 1. 3 nodal forces are applied at
various intervals, and one linear load on the left side. It aims to determine various stresses and displacements
in the structure and determine their maximum values and location.

Description on the methodology


Step 1: Creating the Part
After launching the software and creating a new model database with standard explicit model, a part
is created as 2D Planar/Deformable/Wire and drawn according to the specifics in Figure 1

Figure 2: Created Part

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Step 2: Material and Section Properties


For this analysis, it is needed to define the material properties of the bridge as well as the section
properties of the beams as follows:
Young’s Modulus: 210GPa
Beam cross section: Square section with sides length of 0.3m

Figure 3: Material and Section parameters input

Step 3: Creating the step


After importing the created part in “Assembly”, the step of analysis is created, using linear perturbation
as a procedure type, and “Static, Linear Perturbation” as a subtype

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Figure 4: Step creation

Step 4 : Applying Loads and Boundary Conditions


In the model, concentrated loads are applied on 3 nodes, and a linear load is applied on the left side
beam. Boundry conditions are also applied in their repective instances following the model in Figure 1.

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Figure 5: Loads input

Figure 6: BC input

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Step 5 : Meshing
For the model, the chosen element type is the Beam/Linear/ Cubic formulation for the model

Figure 7: Element type assignment

At first the calculation will be done by meshing the members to 2 parts. Various calculations will be
done using 4 parts, 8 parts and lastly 16 parts.

Figure 8: Visualisation of the mesh seeds

Step 6: Running the calculation


After setting the analysis, a job is created in the Job Manager and then submitted for calculations.

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Figure 9: Visualisation of the Job

Result visualsation
After the launch of calculation results are obtained as shown below:

Deformed Shape

Figure 10: Deformed shape (2 parts per member)

Figure 11: Deformed shape (4 parts per member)

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Figure 12: Deformed shape (8 parts per member)

Figure 13: Deformed shape (16 parts per member)

Stress Contour

Figure 14: Stress Contour (2 parts per member)

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Figure 15: Stress Contour (4 parts per member)

Figure 16: Stress Contour (8 parts per member)

Figure 17: Stress Contour (16 parts per member)

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Displacement Contour

Figure 18: Displacement Contour (2 parts per member)

Figure 19: Displacement Contour (4 parts per member)

Figure 20: Displacement Contour (8 parts per member)

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Figure 21: Displacement Contour (16 parts per member)

Result interpratation
After obtaining the results, using variant parts (2, 4, 8, then 16) per member, what’s observed is:
- The deformed shape is almost similar in all cases, with more refined curvature of beams.
- The displacement contour is also similar despate the refinement of the mesh, just more precise curves.
The value of the maximum displacement is 2.18 mm in all case in the middle of the upper left beam.
- The stress contour differs from case to case: in the case of 2 parts per member the maxium stress was
located at the point of maximum displacement, but a finer meshes don’t show such a result since the
maximum stress point in at the bottom tip of the upper left beam. What’s also noticed is the converging
of the maximum stress value to 18MPa as the mesh gets finer.

18,5

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Maxium Stress (MPa)

17,5

17

16,5

16

15,5
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18
Parts per Member

Figure 22: Max Stress vs Parts per Member

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Conclusion
Using FEA is useful to determine the stresses and displacements of the truss (or any structure in
general), it’s important to know the optimal meshing parameters to lower compututional time as well as to
get the most optimal and usful results

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