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Alarm list of Wartsila

20v32 engine
&
Possible Reason
&
Its Action
Fuel System
Fuel Shut off valve
➢ ALM, Fuel shut off valve position.
Location: Before mass flow meter in CBU.
Cause:
1. If fuel shut off valve gets stuck.
2. Insufficient instrument air supply.
3. Malfunction of solenoid valve.
Action:
1. Need to check proper function of solenoid valve.
2. Need to check instrument air system.
3. Need to ensure proper function of shut off valve.

Fuel valve position


➢ ALM, Fuel valve position alarm.
Location: Before fuel shut off valve in CBU.
Cause:
1. If fuel valve gets stuck.
2. Insufficient instrument air supply.
3. Malfunction of solenoid valve.
Action:
1. Need to check proper function of solenoid valve.
2. Need to check instrument air system.
3. Need to ensure proper function of fuel valve.

HFO temp. booster inlet


➢ SF, HFO temp booster inlet.
Location: Before shut off valve; on the fuel inlet line.
Cause:
1. Loose connection.
2. Sensor itself faulty.
3. Dirt on connector.
Action:
1. Check connector.
2. Clean the connector.
3. Change the sensor.
High Fuel flow rate
➢ ALM, High Fuel flow rate.
Cause:
1. Leakage on fuel system.
2. Safety valve leakage.
3. Duplex filter normalization.
4. Through open drain valves.
Action:
1. Check & notify the leakage on system, stop fuel system & provide necessary isolation.
2. Check if any safety valve is leaking & check fuel temp.
3. Check if any drain valve is in open condition & close it.

➢ SHD, High Fuel flow rate.


Cause:
1. Leakage on fuel system.
2. Safety valve leakage.
3. Duplex filter normalization.
4. Through open drain valves.

Action:
1. Check & notify the leakage on system, stop fuel system & provide necessary isolation.
2. Check if any safety valve is leaking & check fuel temp.
3. Check if any drain valve is in open condition & close it.

➢ ALM, Fuel flow meter communication fault.


Cause:
1. Communication cable is problematic between Flow meter & PLC.
2. PLC is itself problematic.
Action:
1. Check communication cable.
2. Try & restart PLC (if convenient).
Fuel Mixing Tank
➢ ALM, FO Mixing Tank level low.
Cause:
1. Drain valve is open.
2. Safety valve is leaking.
3. Insufficient fuel insertion in the system.
Action:
1. Check if any safety valve is leaking & check fuel temp.
2. Check if any drain valve is in open condition & close it.
3. Check the fuel shut off valve.
4. Check the fuel selection valve.
➢ SF, FO Mixing tank pressure low.
Location: On mixing tank body.
Cause:
1. Loose connection.
2. Sensor itself faulty.
3. Dirt on connector.
Action:
1. Check connector.
2. Clean the connector.
3. Change the sensor.
Fuel Booster Pump
➢ Fuel Booster pump tripped.
Cause:
1. Motor loose connection.
2. Motor connection missing in one or more phases.
3. Phase bodied.
4. Motor bearing damaged.
5. Motor winding overtemp.
6. Pump shaft damaged.
Action:
1. Check motor connection.
2. Check connection from BJA panel.
3. Check IR of the motor winding.
4. If all above are ok, then run the motor and look for unusual sound & locate it.
Fuel Booster Heater
➢ ALM, Booster heater steam valve closing fault.
Location: On steam inlet of booster heater.
Cause:
1. Breaker tripped on BJA panel (F-82).
2. Actuator shaft jammed.
3. Actuator positioner is problematic.
4. Actuator servo motor not working properly.
5. Loose connection.
Action:
1. Make contact of breaker.
2. Check if the shaft got jammed & move shaft manually.
➢ ALM, High FO temp. Booster heater.

Location: On body of booster heater.

Cause:
1. Thrust actuator is malfunctioning.
2. Steam bypass valve is open.
3. Booster pump is not working properly.
4. PID control malfunction.
Action:
1. Check actuator and positioning.
2. Check & close steam bypass valve.
3. Check booster pump & fuel pressure, engine inlet.

➢ ALM, High FO filter Diff pressure.


Location: From FO filter on booster unit.
Cause:
1. Sensor malfunction.
2. Dirty filter.
3. Low FO temp.
4. Misplacement of plug valve.
Action:
1. Check filter condition.
2. Check sensor.
3. Check system temp.
4. Check plug valve positioning.

BJA Alarm
➢ ALM, MCB tripped in BJAO_1
Note: If any breaker trips inside of BJA panel, this alarm will appear as a warning. Please check
which breaker tripped & take action accordingly.
➢ ALM, Control Voltage fault in BJAO_1
Note; The control voltage to BJA is drawn from BEY panel (DC panel of Wartsila). If the breaker
trips from BEY panel, this alarm will appear. Breaker inside BJA panel may also trip. This may
happen due to overload or short ckt. or else activation of any emergency shutdown button.
➢ ALM, Main Breaker Q1 Tripped.
Note: This will happen if any short ckt. Occurs inside of BJA panel. This may also happen of main
supply tripped from BFA panel.
➢ ALM, Internal supply breaker Q30 tripped.
Note: This will happen if any short ckt. Or overloading occurs inside of BJA panel.
BJA cabinet temp.
➢ SF, BJA cabinet temp.
Location: Inside of BJA panel.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.

Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check Connection.
FO viscosity
➢ ALM, Engine power limited due to high FO viscosity.
Cause:
1. Thrust actuator malfunctioning.
2. Loss of steam in system or insufficient steam supply.
3. Problem in steam trap.
Action:
1. Make sure sufficient steam supply to system.
2. Check the actuator & positioning.
3. Check operation of steam trap.

➢ ALM, High FO viscosity.


Cause:
1. Thrust actuator malfunctioning.
2. Loss of steam in system or insufficient steam supply.
3. Problem in steam trap.
Action:
1. Make sure sufficient steam supply to system.
2. Check the actuator & positioning.
3. Check operation of steam trap.

FO Pressure
➢ SF, FO pressure, engine inlet.
Cause:
1. Loose connection.
2. Sensor itself faulty.
3. Dirt on connector.
Action:
1. Check connector.
2. Clean the connector.
3. Change the sensor.

➢ ALM, Low FO pressure, engine inlet.


Location: At the end of A10.
Cause:
1. Air in the system.
2. Booster pump malfunction.
3. High DP in duplex filter.
4. Shut off valve malfunction.
5. Main fuel inlet valve is in closed position.
Action:
1. Check DP of duplex filter.
2. Check shut off valve position.
3. Check main inlet valve position.
4. Check booster pump.
5. Purge the system.
FO Temperature
➢ SF, FO temp, engine inlet.
Cause:
1. Loose connection.
2. Sensor itself faulty.
3. Dirt on connector.
Action:
1. Check connector.
2. Clean the connector.
3. Change the sensor.

Clean Leak Tank


➢ ALM, Clean leak tank high level.
Location: On clean leak tank body.
Cause:
1. High clean leak leakage rate.
2. Pump malfunction.
3. Before engine valve is open.
4. Sensor malfunction.
Action:
1. Check clean leak leakage rate.
2. Check the pump.
3. Check sensor operation.
4. Check the before engine valve position.

➢ SHD, Clean leak tank high level.


Cause:
5. High clean leak leakage rate.
6. Pump malfunction.
7. Before engine valve is open.
8. Sensor malfunction.
Action:
5. Check clean leak leakage rate.
6. Check the pump.
7. Check sensor operation.
8. Check the before engine valve position.

➢ ALM, Clean leak fuel pump MCB tripped.


Cause:
1. Motor loose connection.
2. Motor connection missing in one or more phases.
3. Phase bodied.
4. Motor bearing damaged.
5. Motor winding overtemp.
6. Pump shaft damaged or jammed.
Action:
1. Check motor connection.
2. Check connection from BJA panel.
3. Check IR of the motor winding.
4. If all above are ok, then run the motor and look for unusual sound & locate it.

Fuel Cooling pump


➢ ALM, Fuel cooling pump tripped.
Cause:
1. Motor loose connection.
2. Motor connection missing in one or more phases.
3. Phase bodied.
4. Motor bearing damaged.
5. Motor winding overtemp.
6. Pump shaft damaged or jammed.
Action:
1. Check motor connection.
2. Check connection from BJA panel.
3. Check IR of the motor winding.
4. If all above are ok, then run the motor and look for unusual sound & locate it.

FO Temperature, Cooler outlet


➢ SF, FO temp, cooler outlet.
Cause:
1. Loose connection.
2. Sensor itself faulty.
3. Dirt on connector.
Action:
1. Check connector.
2. Clean the connector.
3. Change the sensor.

Dirty Leak Tank


➢ ALM, Dirty leak tank level high.
Location: On dirty leak tank body.
Cause:
1. Pump malfunction.
2. Open drain valves.
3. Pump delivery valve closed.
4. Too much dirty fuel leakage on either or both banks.
5. Leakage from safety relief valves.
Action:
1. Check instrument air pressure.
2. Check the pump operation.
3. Check pump delivery valve position.
4. Check drain valves.

➢ SHD, FO leakage, dirty fuel DE, A & B-bank.


Location: Beside Cyl-A01 & B01.
Cause:
1. High FO leakage from cylinders.
2. Leakage on FO line.
3. Hot box to dirty leak tank line is blocked.
4. Dirty leak delivery pump is not working properly.
Action:
1. Check cylinders & FO line.
2. Check the pump operation.
3. Check hot box to dirty leak tank line.

MISC.
➢ ALM, FO leakage, dirty fuel DE, A & B-bank.
Location: Beside Cyl-A01 & B01.
Cause:
1. High FO leakage from cylinders.
2. Leakage on FO line.
3. Hot box to dirty leak tank line is blocked.
4. Dirty leak delivery pump is not working properly.
Action:
1. Check cylinders & FO line.
2. Check the pump operation.
3. Check hot box to dirty leak tank line.

➢ ALM, FO leakage, clean primary, A & B-bank.


Location: Beside Cyl-A10 & B10.
Cause:
1. High FO leakage from Injector.
2. High FO leakage from omega pipe connection.
3. High FO leakage from injection pump.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check omega pipe connection.
3. Check plunger clearance.
Different Temperatures
Cylinder Liner Temp.
1. SF, Cylinder liner temp, A & B- bank.
Location: On liner body.
Cause:
1. Loose connection from IOM.
2. Faulty sensor.
Action:
1. Check connection from IOM.
2. Check the sensor.

2. LR, High liner temp 1 & 2, A & B- bank.


Location: On liner body.
Cause:
1. Low lubrication.
2. Unwanted friction.
3. High cooling water temp.
4. Piston seizure.
5. High blow by rate.
6. Rapid load increase.
Action:
1. Check LO condition and temp.
2. Check cooling water temp.
3. Check piston condition.
4. Look for any abrasive material in liner region.
5. Inspect combustion space.

Big End Bearing Temp.


➢ SF, Big end bearing temp, cyl…….
Location: On BEB body.
Cause:
1. Sensor itself faulty.
2. Connection problem in WTB.
3. Antenna problem.
4. Missing signal.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection in WTB.
3. Check antenna.

➢ LR, High big end bearing temp, cyl….


Location: On BEB body.
Cause:
1. Bearing seizure.
2. High LO temp. and viscosity.
3. High cooling water temp.
Action:
1. Check bearing and crankshaft journal.
2. Check LO cooling system.
3. Check cooling water system.
4. Check LO contamination.
Main Bearing Temp
➢ SF, Main bearing temp. 1~11.
Location: On main bearing body.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, Main bearing temp, 1~11.


Location: On main bearing body.
Cause:
1. Bearing seizure.
2. High LO temp. and viscosity.
3. High cooling water temp.
4. Measurement error.
Action:
1. Check bearing and crankshaft journal.
2. Check LO cooling system.
3. Check cooling water system.
4. Check LO contamination.

➢ SHD, High main bearing 1~11 temp deviation.


Location: On main bearing body.
Cause:
1. High temp. rise on one or several main bearing. (Reasons for rise in bearing temp. is applicable
here)
2. Impure material.
3. Crack on crank web.
4. Unwanted friction.
Action:
1. Check crank web.
2. Check bearing condition.
3. Check bearing.
4. Check for friction marks.
5. Check material (special cases).

Crankcase Pressure
➢ SF, Crankcase press.
Location: inside of crank case.
Cause:
1. Sensor faulty.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor & change if necessary.
2. Check connection.
➢ ALM, High Crankcase pressure.
Location: Inside of crank case.
Cause:
1. High blow by rate.
2. Breather line got chocked.
3. Charge air leakage to crank case.
Action:
1. Check cylinder tightness.
2. Check breather line.
3. Check possible points for CA leakage to crank case.

➢ SHD, Crankcase pressure.

Location: Inside of crank case.


Cause:
1. High blow by rate.
2. Breather line got chocked.
3. Sensor fault (Unusual case).
Action:
1. High blow by rate.
2. Breather line got chocked.
3. Check sensor.
Fuel Rack Control
➢ SF, Fuel rack control.
Location: Beside Cyl-A01.
Cause:
1. Sensor itself faulty.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.
Torsional Vibration
➢ SF, Torsional vibration level, peak.
Location: Beside of flywheel.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Missing signal.
Action:
1. Check both sensors.
2. Check sensor connection.

➢ SHD, Torsional vibration level, peak.


Location: Beside of flywheel.
Cause:
1. Unbalanced firing pressure.
2. Sensor malfunction.
3. Vibration damper malfunction.
4. Flexible coupling malfunction.
5. Running gear components loose.
Action:
1. Measure firing pressure.
2. Check sensors.
3. Check vibration damper.
4. Check flexible coupling.
5. Check components.
Generator Cooling air inlet Temp, ND-end
➢ SF, Generator Cooling air inlet temp, ND-end.
Location: Inside of generator outer frame.
Cause:
1. Sensor is faulty.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High Generator Cooling air inlet temp, ND-end.


Location: Inside of generator outer frame.
Cause:
1. Engine hall temp. is high.
2. Alternator vent. Filters are dirty.
Action:
1. Ensure proper cooling of engine hall.
2. Clean vent. Filters.
Generator Cooling air outlet Temp, D-end
➢ SF, Generator Cooling air outlet Temp, D-end.
Location: Inside of generator outer frame.
Cause:
1. Sensor is faulty.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High Generator Cooling air outlet Temp, D-end.


Location: Inside of generator outer frame.
Cause:
1. Alternator vent. Filters are dirty.
2. High alternator winding temp.
Action:
1. Clean vent. Filters.
2. Check alternator winding.

Generator Winding Temp.


➢ SF, Generator winding temp.
Location: Near generator winding.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High Generator winding temp.


Location: Near generator winding.
Cause:
1. High ambient temp.
2. Dirty vent. Filters.
3. Insulation failure.
4. Bearing fault, vibration; which causes core insulation breakdown.
5. Problem in cooling system.
6. Overload & unbalanced loading.
7. Faulty sensor.

Action:
1. Check vent. Filters.
2. Check cooling system.
3. Check if there’s any overloading or unbalanced loading.
4. Check winding insulation.
5. Check bearing condition and vibration level.
6. Check sensor.

➢ SHD, High Generator winding temp.


Location: Near generator winding.
Cause:
1. Insulation failure.
2. Bearing fault, vibration; which causes core insulation breakdown.
3. Problem in cooling system.
4. Overload & unbalanced loading.
5. Faulty sensor.
Action:
1. Check cooling system.
2. Check if there’s any overloading or unbalanced loading.
3. Check winding insulation.
4. Check bearing condition and vibration level.
5. Check sensor.

Generator Bearing Temp D-end & ND-end


➢ SF, Generator Bearing Temp D-end & ND-end.
Location: On D-end & ND-end bearing.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High Generator Bearing Temp D-end & ND-end.


Location: On D-end & ND-end bearing.
Cause:
1. Damaged bearing.
2. Lube oil level low or degraded quality.
3. High vibration.
4. Alignment Problem.
Action:
1. Check LO level and condition.
2. Check vibration level.
3. Check bearing.
4. Check alignment.

➢ SHD, Generator Bearing Temp D-end & ND-end.


Location: On D-end & ND-end bearing.
Cause:
1. Damaged bearing.
2. Lube oil level low or degraded quality.
3. High vibration.
4. Alignment Problem.
5. Faulty sensor.
Action:
1. Check LO level and condition.
2. Check vibration level.
3. Check bearing.
4. Check alignment.
5. Check sensor.

MISCELLANEOUS.
➢ SHD, Stop system failure.
Note: At the starting of engine, UNIC checks out the condition of stop system. If there’s any drop in
control air pressure or stop solenoids malfunction, it shuts down the engine. In this case, one should
check air leakage, control air drain valve and stop solenoids.
➢ SHD, Stop lever in stop position.
Note: There’s a proximity sensor near stop lever. At any point of running, if it gets activated, UNIC
will trip the engine showing such alarm. So in this phenomena, one should check sensor, properly
place it if it got misplaced. Otherwise should replace it.
➢ SHD, Slow turning failure.
Note: This alarm is not applicable for this engine.
➢ ALM, turning gear engaged.
Note: Normally, in stop condition, if anyone engages the turning gear, this alarm appears. There’s a
proximity (In other words, Inductive) sensor is placed under the handle of turning gear.
➢ E-EMG, Engine external shutdown 4 status.
Note: If ESM activates any shutdown, this alarm appears as common.
➢ EMG, BJA control panel emergency pushbutton.
Note: If Emergency push button on BJA panel gets activated, this alarm appears after the engine’s
being tripped. Can be activated intentionally or malfunction can occur within auxiliary circuitry.
➢ EMG, Control room emergency pushbutton.
Note: If Emergency push button on CFC panel gets activated, this alarm appears after the engine’s
being tripped. Can be activated intentionally or malfunction can occur within auxiliary circuitry.
➢ EMG, CFE panel emergency pushbutton.
Note: If Emergency push button on CFE panel gets activated, this alarm appears after the engine’s
being tripped. Can be activated intentionally or malfunction can occur within auxiliary circuitry.

➢ EMG, UNIC panel emergency pushbutton.


Note: If Emergency push button on UNIC panel (main cabinet) gets activated, this alarm appears
after the engine’s being tripped. Can be activated intentionally or malfunction can occur within
auxiliary circuitry.

➢ ALM, Generator anticond-Heater supply tripped.


Note: If main breaker trips or breaker for the heater trips this alarm appears. Need to check breaker
condition and then heater condition then.
➢ ALM, Emergency stop turning gear.
Note: If Emergency push button on turning gear gets activated, this alarm appears. Can be activated
intentionally or malfunction can occur within auxiliary circuitry.
➢ ALM, Turning gear motor supply tripped.
Note: Problem in motor or malfunction of breaker, magnetic conductor and auxiliary circuitry can
cause this alarm. All the equipment incorporated should be checked thoroughly.
➢ EMG, Emerg. Circuit safety relay ind.
Note: If any emergency shutdown occurs, this alarm appears as common.
➢ ALM, Emergency stop safety relay operated.
Note: If any emergency shutdown occurs, this alarm appears as common.
➢ E-EMG, Speed signal missing, start mode.
Note: While the engine is being started, if speed sensors misses pick up or feedback is missing to
MCM, this emergency shutdown occurs. Speed sensors and feedback connection needed to be
checked then.
➢ E-EMG, Overspeed shutdown 1 & 2 status.
Note: Over speed shut down setting is 115% of nominal value. One of the sensors will pick up the
value and ESM will trip the engine according to it. Sudden load change on grid, governor
malfunction, over frequency may cause this problem.
➢ ALM, Low engine speed dev from ref.
Note: Engine overloading, lower grid frequency, insufficient fuel and CA supply, fuel linkage
malfunction, governor malfunction may cause this problem. These equipment needed to be checked
should the alarm appears.
➢ LR, Engine speed dev from ref.
Note: Engine overloading, lower grid frequency, insufficient fuel and CA supply, fuel linkage
malfunction, governor malfunction may cause this problem. These equipment needed to be checked
should the alarm appears.
➢ SHD, Engine speed dev from ref.
Note: Engine overloading, lower grid frequency, insufficient fuel and CA supply, fuel linkage
malfunction, governor malfunction may cause this problem. These equipment needed to be checked
should the alarm appears.

➢ LR, High engine speed dev from rated.


Note: Grid over frequency, excess of fuel injection, governor malfunction, fuel linkage malfunction
may cause this problem. Should the alarm appear, these equipment and parameters are needed to be
checked.

Engine Load, relative KW.


➢ LR, High Engine Load, relative KW.
Note: Governor malfunction, AVR malfunction, sudden load shift on grid side may occur this
problem.
Engine Speed.
➢ SF, Engine speed.
Note: If ST-196(P) cannot send pick up signal to MCM this alarm appears. Need to check the sensor
and its connection to rectify the problem.
➢ SF, Engine speed, secondary.
Note: If ST-196(S) cannot send pick up signal to MCM this alarm appears. Need to check the sensor
and its connection to rectify the problem.
➢ E-EMG, SF, Engine speed.
Note: If ST-173 or ST-174 becomes faulty, ESM trips the engine. Need to check sensor and its
connection to rectify the problem.
CFE cabinet temperature.
➢ SF, CFE cabinet temperature.
Cause:
3. Faulty sensor.
4. Connection problem.
Action:
3. Check sensor.
4. Check connection.
Cooling System

Radiator
➢ SF, cooling water temp. radiator outlet.
Location: on radiator outlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ SF, cooling water temp. radiator inlet.


Location: On radiator inlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

LT System
➢ ALM, Low level in LT expansion tank.
Location: On expansion tank.
Cause:
1. External & internal water leakage.
2. Valves are fully or partially open.
3. Sensor problem.
4. Exhaust blow by that causes rapid water loss.
Action:
1. Look for any external and internal water leakage.
2. Check valves.
3. Check sensor and its connections.
4. Check water color and bubble for signs of blow by.

➢ SF, LT water press. LT CAC inlet.


Location: On LT CAC inlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, Low LT water pressure.


Location: On LT CAC line.
Cause:
1. External or internal water leakage.
2. Air in the system.
3. Circulation pump is problematic.
4. Low water level in the system.
Action:
1. Check if there’s any leakage.
2. Purge air from the system.
3. Check if there’s sufficient water in the system.
4. Check pump functionality.

➢ SF, LT water temp, LT CAC inlet.


Location: On LT CAC inlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High LT water temp. LT CAC inlet.


Location: On LT CAC inlet line.
Cause:
1. Malfunction of LT 3-way valve.
2. Leakage in 3-way valve.
3. Poor performance of radiator (clogged or fan malfunction or VFD problem)
4. Pressure fluctuation.
5. Less flow of water (Pump malfunction or less water in the system).

Action:
1. Check LT 3-way valve functionality.
2. Check if there’s any leakage in the 3-way valve.
3. Check radiator, its fans and VFD.
4. Check if there’s any air in the system.
5. Check water level on expansion tank.
6. Check pump.

➢ SF, LT water temp. LT LOC outlet.


Location: On CAC outlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ SF, Cooling water temp. to LT cooling.


Location: On radiator.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

HT System
➢ SF, HT water temp. Jacket outlet A/B bank.
Location: On jacket outlet line of both bank.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, High HT water temp. Jacket outlet A/B bank.


Location: On jacket outlet line of both bank.
Cause:
1. HT 3-way valve malfunction.
2. Water leakage.
3. Pressure fluctuation.
4. Sensor malfunction.
Action:
1. Check HT 3-way valve.
2. Check water leakage.
3. Check if there’s any air in the system.
4. Check sensor.

➢ SHD, High HT water temp. Jacket outlet A/B bank.


Cause:
1. HT 3-way valve malfunction.
2. Water leakage.
3. Pressure fluctuation.
4. Sensor malfunction.
5. Malfunction in PLC card.
Action:
1. Check HT 3-way valve.
2. Check water leakage.
3. Check if there’s any air in the system.
4. Check sensor.
5. Check PLC card.

➢ SF, HT water press. Jacket inlet.


Location: HT water jacket inlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, Low HT water press. Jacket inlet.


Location: On HT jacket inlet line.
Cause:
1. Air in the system.
2. Malfunction of pump.
3. Internal or external water leakage.
Action:
1. Purge air from the system
2. Check if there’s any leakage.
3. Check the functionality of pump.
➢ SHD, Low HT water press. Jacket inlet.
Location: On HT jacket inlet line.
Cause:
1. Air in the system.
2. Malfunction of pump.
3. Internal or external water leakage.
Action:
1. Purge air from the system
2. Check if there’s any leakage.
3. Check the functionality of pump.

➢ SF, HT water temp. HT CAC outlet.


Location: On CAC outlet line.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

Charge Air System


➢ SF, CA temp. engine inlet.
Location: On engines driving end side.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, High CA temp. engine inlet.


Location: On engines driving end side.
Cause:
1. High cooling water temp.
2. Dirty CAC.
3. Blow by of CAC.
4. Temperature control malfunction.
Action:
1. Check external cooling water system & LT 3-way valve functionality.
2. Check CAC DP.
3. Check for any CA leakage on cooler.
4. Check both LT water and CAC temp. sensor along with humidity sensor.

➢ ALM, Low CA temp. engine inlet.


Location: On engines driving end side.
Cause:
1. Cooling water temp is too low.
2. Water leakage in CAC.
3. Lower absolute humidity.
Action:
1. Check radiator & LT 3-way valve functionality.
2. Check water leakage on CAC.
3. Check humidity.
4. Check humidity sensor along with LT water & CA temp. sensors.

➢ SHD, High CA temp. engine inlet.


Location: On engines driving end side.
Cause:
1. High cooling water temp.
2. Dirty CAC.
3. Blow by of CAC.
4. Temperature control malfunction.
Action:
1. Check external cooling water system & LT 3-way valve functionality.
2. Check CAC DP.
3. Check for any CA leakage on cooler.
4. Check both LT water and CAC temp. sensor along with humidity sensor.

MISC.
➢ SF, Outdoor temp.
Location: On both sides of engine hall.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ SF, Absolute humidity.


Location: On both sides of engine hall.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, Humidity deviation alarm high.


Location: On both sides of engine hall.
Cause:
1. Sensor malfunction.
2. Humidity exceeded a certain set point.
Lube Oil System
➢ SF, LO press. Filter inlet.
Location: On cooler body.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ SF, LO filter press. Difference.


Location: On cooler body.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High LO filter press. Difference.


Location: On cooler body.
Cause:
1. Dirty candles.
2. Sensor malfunction.
Action:
1. Stop the engine, change or clean candles.
2. Check sensors.

➢ SF, LO press. Engine inlet.


Location: On cooler body.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action;
1. Check the sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, Low LO press, engine inlet.


Location: On cooler body:
Cause:
1. Low level in LO sump.
2. LO pipe, filter or cooler clogged.
3. Suction of LO pump is blocked.
4. LO pressure regulating valve malfunction.
5. LO safety valve malfunction.
6. LO leakage.
7. Pump damaged.
8. Engine rotation is slow.
9. Measurement problem.
Action:
1. Check sump level & fill if necessary.
2. Check LO leakage.
3. Check LO pipe, cooler & filter.
4. Check suction strainer.
5. Check sensor.
6. Check pump.
7. Check pressure regulating and safety valve.
8. Check engine speed.

➢ SHD, Low LO press, engine inlet.


Location: On cooler body:
Cause:
1. Low level in LO sump.
2. LO pipe, filter or cooler clogged.
3. Suction of LO pump is blocked.
4. LO pressure regulating valve malfunction.
5. LO safety valve malfunction.
6. LO leakage.
7. Pump damaged.
8. Engine rotation is slow.
9. Measurement problem.
Action:
1. Check sump level & fill if necessary.
2. Check LO leakage.
3. Check LO pipe, cooler & filter.
4. Check suction strainer.
5. Check sensor.
6. Check pump.
7. Check pressure regulating and safety valve.
8. Check engine speed.
➢ ALM, Oil mist separator common alarm.
Location: From VFD of oil mist separator.
Cause: Any kind of fault including motor and VFD should occur, this alarm appears.
Action: Check alarm on spot & take action accordingly.
➢ ALM, Oil mist separator supply tripped.
Location: From VFD of oil mist separator.
Cause:
1. Open breaker.
2. Motor overload.
Action:
1. Check breaker.
2. Check motor.

➢ ALM, Oil mist separator start failure.


Location:
1. Missing signal
2. Motor overtemp.
3. Problem on VFD.
Action:
1. Check run & fault signal.
2. Check motor.
3. Check VFD (relay).

➢ SF, Ctrl. Oil press. After VIC valve A-bank.


Location: On VIC valve.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, Ctrl. Oil press. After VIC valve A-bank.


Location: On VIC valve.
Cause:
1. Control valve problem.
2. Pipeline got clogged.
3. Low sump level.
4. LO leakage.
5. Cooler or filter got chocked.
6. Pump problem.
7. Pressure regulating valve problem.
8. Safety valve problem.
Action:
1. Check control valve for VIC.
2. Check pipeline.
3. Check LO leakage.
4. Check cooler, filter & suction strainer.
5. Check Pressure regulating valve and safety valve.
6. Check LO pump.

➢ ALM, Low Ctrl. Oil press. After VIC valve A-bank.


Location: On VIC valve.
Cause:
1. Control valve problem.
2. Pipeline got clogged.
3. Low sump level.
4. LO leakage.
5. Cooler or filter got chocked.
6. Pump problem.
7. Pressure regulating valve problem.
8. Safety valve problem.
Action:
1. Check control valve for VIC.
2. Check pipeline.
3. Check LO leakage.
4. Check cooler, filter & suction strainer.
5. Check Pressure regulating valve and safety valve.
6. Check LO pump.

➢ SF, LO press. TC A-inlet/B-inlet.


Location: On the body of CAC cooler.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, LO press. TC A-inlet/B-inlet.


Location: On the body of CAC cooler.
Cause:
1. Sensor faulty.
2. Sensor malfunction (sludge on sensing surface).
3. Capillary tube got chocked.
4. All the problems related to low LO pressure.
5. Damaged bearing.
Action:
1. Check and clean sensor.
2. Check and clean capillary tube.
3. Check bearing of TC.
Compressed Air System
Start Air
➢ For Air pressure difference (PT301-PT311)
• Sensor fault.
Cause: One of the sensors is faulty or connection feedback is lost.
Action: Check sensors and feedback connection.
• Pressure difference max 2.0 bar (High).
Cause: Start air leakage on either one side.
Action: Check leakage.
➢ Sensor Fault, start air pressure
Location: on engine inlet, near main start air valve.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ Start air pressure low alarm (16 bar).


Location: on engine inlet, near main start air valve.
Cause:
1. Leakage on main starting valve.
2. Leakage on start air valve.
3. Leakage in capillary tubes.
4. Leakage on start air block.
5. Leakage in engine inlet flexible hose.
Action: Check the equipment mentioned above.

Instrument Air
➢ Sensor Fault.
Location; On collection box on body of CAC.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ Low pressure (5.0 Bar).


Location: On collection box on body of CAC.
Cause:
1. Compressor tripped.
2. Leakage on line.

Action:
1. Check leakage.
2. Check compressor.
Control Air
➢ Sensor fault.
Location: Near control air bottle.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ Low control air pressure (16 Bar).


Location: Near control air bottle.
Cause:
1. Leakage on start air block.
2. Drain valve of the bottle is partially open or fully open.
3. Leakage on Capillary tubes.
4. Main start air valve is closed for a long time.
Action:
1. Check drain valve.
2. Check leakage on line, tubes and start air block.
3. Check main start air valve.

➢ SHD, low control air pressure (12 Bar).


Location: Near control air bottle.
Cause:
1. Leakage on start air block.
2. Drain valve of the bottle is partially open or fully open.
3. Leakage on Capillary tubes.
4. Main start air valve is closed for a long time.
Action:
1. Check drain valve.
2. Check leakage on line, tubes and start air block.
3. Check main start air valve.
Exhaust Gas System
Charge air Filter
➢ ALM, High charge air filter diff. pressure A.
Location: From CAF area.
Cause:
1. Dirty filter.
2. Dirty pre filter.
3. Wet filter.
Action:
1. Check and clean filter and pre filter.
2. Prevent water splash and steam into filter.

➢ ALM, Charge air filter A rotation alarm.


Location: Proximity sensor on Oil bath filter motor shaft.
Cause:
1. Motor problem
2. Sensor problem.
3. Filter not rotating (belt got damaged)
4. Sensor misplaced.
Action:
1. Check motor.
2. Check sensor condition and placement.
3. Check filter rotation.

➢ ALM, Charge air filter A supply tripped.


Location: Either BJA panel or CAF area.
Cause:
1. Motor problem.
2. Breaker problem.
3. Breaker was made off intentionally.
4. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check motor.
2. Check breaker & auxiliary connections
Turbo Charger
➢ SF, Exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B inlet.
Location: On exhaust gas manifold, before TC.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B inlet.


Location: On exhaust gas manifold, before TC.
Cause:
1. High average exhaust gas temp.
2. Dirty nozzle ring.
3. Leakage in exhaust line.
4. Improper atomization.
5. Low CA pressure.
6. Fast loading.
Action:
1. Check CA temp. & pressure.
2. Check and clean nozzle ring.
3. Check for any leakage on exhaust line.
4. Check injection and high-pressure pump.

➢ SHD, High exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B inlet.


Location: On exhaust gas manifold, before TC.
Cause:
1. High average exhaust gas temp.
2. Dirty nozzle ring.
3. Leakage in exhaust line.
4. Improper atomization.
5. Low CA pressure.
6. Fast loading.
Action:
1. Check CA temp. & pressure.
2. Check and clean nozzle ring.
3. Check for any leakage on exhaust line.
4. Check injector and high-pressure pump.

➢ SF, Exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B outlet.


Location: On exhaust outlet line, after TC.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B outlet.


Location: On exhaust outlet line, after TC.
Cause:
1. High exhaust gas temp. TC inlet.
2. High exhaust back pressure.
3. Faulty sensor.
Action;
1. Find out reasons for high exhaust gas temp. TC inlet.
2. Check exhaust back pressure level.
3. Check sensor and connection.

➢ SHD, High exhaust gas temp. TC-A/B outlet.


Location: On exhaust outlet line, after TC.
Cause:
1. High exhaust gas temp. TC inlet.
2. High exhaust back pressure.
3. Faulty sensor.
Action;
1. Find out reasons for high exhaust gas temp. TC inlet.
2. Check exhaust back pressure level.
3. Check sensor and connection.

➢ ALM, SF, TC-A/B speed.


Location: On Outer casing of TC.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ ALM, High TC-A/B speed.


Location: On Outer casing of TC.
Cause:
1. Turbine fouled.
2. CA leakage.
3. High CA pressure.
4. High CAF DP.
5. Malfunction of air waste gate.
Action:
1. Perform turbine wash on regular basis.
2. Check functionality of air waste gate.
3. Check CAF and clean if need be.
TC turbine end wash
➢ ALM, WTW Turbine wash seq. not completed.
Note: For turbine wash, TC inlet temp. and load will have to be considerably low. If the washing
sequence gets stopped for high load and high exhaust temp. this indicates a problem in engine
control system. Operator can set load manually. The main causes are- water and compressed air
supply and valve malfunction.
➢ ALM, WTW Too high load for turbine wash.
Note: If the load gets too high beyond set point, this alarm appears. Load can be set manually from
WOIS.
➢ ALM, WTW Too high exhaust gas temp. for turbine wash.
Note: If the exhaust gas temp. gets too high beyond set point, this alarm appears. Load can be set
manually from WOIS, thus controlling the exhaust gas temp.

TC compressor end wash


➢ ALM, WTW Compressor wash seq. not completed.
Note: For compressor wash, load will have to be as high as possible. The washing sequence gets
stopped for low load, this indicates a problem in engine control system. Operator can set load
manually. The main causes are- water and compressed air supply and valve malfunction.

➢ ALM, WTW Too low load for compressor wash.


Note: If the load gets too low beyond set point, this alarm appears. Load can be set manually from
WOIS.

➢ ALM, WTW Too low inlet air temp. for compressor wash.
Note: If the exhaust gas temp. gets too low beyond set point, this alarm appears. Load can be set
manually from WOIS, thus controlling the exhaust gas temp.

Air waste gate


➢ SF, Air waste gate control.
Location: From PLC.
Cause: If the connection from PLC to I/P converter gets broken, this alarm appears
Action: Check connection & reestablish it.
Cylinder Exhaust Gas Temp.
➢ SF, Exhaust gas temp, cyl…..
Location: On exhaust outlet line of Cylinder.
Cause:
1. Sensor fault.
2. Connection fault.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.

➢ LR, High exhaust gas temp. cyl…..


Location: On exhaust outlet line of Cylinder.
Cause:
1. Too much fuel feed.
2. Misfiring.
3. Leakage through exhaust valve.
4. Injection p/p malfunction.
5. Measurement error.
6. Retard timing.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check injection p/p.
3. Check exhaust valve.
4. Check conrod shim.
5. Check sensor.

➢ SHD, High exhaust gas temp. cyl…..


Location: On exhaust outlet line of Cylinder.
Cause:
1. Too much fuel feed.
2. Misfiring.
3. Leakage through exhaust valve.
4. Injection p/p malfunction.
5. Measurement error.
6. Retard timing.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check injection p/p.
3. Check exhaust valve.
4. Check conrod shim.
5. Check sensor.
➢ ALM, High exhaust gas temp. deviation, cyl…
Cause:
1. Too much fuel feed.
2. Leakage through exhaust valve.
3. Injection p/p malfunction.
4. Measurement error.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check injection p/p.
3. Check exhaust valve.
4. Check sensor.

➢ LR, High exhaust gas temp. deviation, cyl…


Cause:
1. Too much fuel feed.
2. Leakage through exhaust valve.
3. Injection p/p malfunction.
4. Measurement error.
5. Fuel rack got stuck.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check injection p/p.
3. Check exhaust valve.
4. Check sensor.
5. Check fuel rack and lubricate if need be.

➢ LR, Low exhaust gas temp. deviation, cyl…


Cause:
1. Less fuel feed.
2. Pump problem.
3. Fuel rack got stuck.
4. Water leakage through cylinder.
Action:
1. Check injector.
2. Check pump.
3. Check fuel rack.
4. Check if there’s any water leakage.
Protection System
Generator protection relay, VAMP 210 (BAE 151)
➢ TRP, VAMP210 overcurrent I>
Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Partial breakdown of internal insulation breakdown.
2. Overloading.
3. Short circuit.
Action:
1. Check alternator (megger).
2. Check parameters on grid side.
3. Check if any short circuit occurred.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 short circuit I>>


Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Short circuit within alternator (Phase to phase or phase to ground).
2. Short circuit on outgoing line.
3. Breaker malfunction.
Action:
1. Check alternator.
2. Check conditions of power lines.
3. Check breaker.

➢ ALM, VAMP210 overvoltage U>


Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Sudden rise of excitation current.
2. Sudden disconnection from load.
3. Wrong feedback to AVR.
4. Engine overspeed.
5. Problem on grid side.
Action:
1. Check PT.
2. Check breaker condition.
3. Check AVR.
4. Check the engine if it’s over speeding.
5. Check parameters on grid.
Note: This alarm is just a notification. Engine will not trip.
➢ TRP, VAMP210 overvoltage U>>
Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Sudden rise of excitation current.
2. Sudden disconnection from load.
3. Wrong feedback to AVR.
4. Engine overspeed.
5. Problem on grid side.
Action:
1. Check PT.
2. Check breaker condition.
3. Check AVR.
4. Check the engine if it’s over speeding.
5. Check parameters on grid.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 overvoltage U>>>


Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Sudden rise of excitation current.
2. Sudden disconnection from load.
3. Wrong feedback to AVR.
4. Engine overspeed.
5. Problem on grid side.
Action:
1. Check PT.
2. Check breaker condition.
3. Check AVR.
4. Check the engine if it’s over speeding.
5. Check parameters on grid.
Note: With this alarm engine will trip.

➢ ALM, VAMP210 undervoltage U1<


Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Sudden overloading.
2. Problem on grid side.
Action:
1. Check parameters on grid.
Note: This alarm is just a notification. Engine will not trip.
➢ TRP, VAMP210 undervoltage U1<<
Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Sudden overloading.
2. Problem on grid side.
Action:
1. Check parameters on grid.

➢ TRP, VAMP210, reverse power P<


Location: From CT & PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Prime mover failure.
2. During synchronization.
3. If breaker gets connected to grid while the engine is in stopped condition.
Action:
1. Check governor.
2. During manual synchronization, keep alternators voltage and frequency slightly higher than
grid.
3. Check breaker functionality.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 under-excitation U<


Location: From PT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Feedback to AVR is abnormal.
2. AVR supply is insufficient.
3. Diode failure.
4. Fault in excitation system.
5. Varistor problem.
Action:
1. Check AVR.
2. Check diode and varistor.
3. Check excitor circuit.
4. Check PT.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 residual voltage U0>


Location: From earthing PT.
Cause:
1. Any kind of earth fault in alternator.
Action:
1. Check phases and windings.
➢ TRP, VAMP210 residual voltage U0>>
Location: From earthing PT.
Cause:
1. Any kind of earth fault in alternator.
Action:
2. Check phases and windings.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 earth fault I0>


Location: From CT on neutral earthing line.
Cause:
1. Earth fault on stator.
2. Earth fault on rotor.
Action:
1. Check stator and rotor on alternator.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 earth fault I0>>


Location: From CT on neutral earthing line.
Cause:
1. Earth fault on stator.
2. Earth fault on rotor.
Action:
1. Check stator and rotor on alternator.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 earth fault I0Dir


Location: From CT on neutral earthing line.
Cause: Sometimes in a closed earthing system, whenever a phase to ground fault occurs, fault current
tends to divide in several earthing system.
Action: Check NGR & earthing system.

➢ ALM, VAMP210 unbalance load I2>


Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause:
1. Phase to phase fault.
2. Phase to ground fault.
3. Sudden change of load on grid side.
4. Inter turn fault.
5. Non uniform air gap.
Action:
1. Check parameters of grid.
2. Check phases.
3. Check air gap.

➢ ALM, VAMP210 over-frequency f>


Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause: Sudden load drop on grid or excessive power generation than demand.
Action: Decrease generation at any cost.
Note: This is just an alarm. Engine will not trip.
➢ TRP, VAMP210 over-frequency f>>
Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause: Sudden load drop on grid or excessive power generation than demand.
Action: Decrease generation at any cost.
Note: In this case engine will trip.

➢ ALM, VAMP210 underfrequency f<


Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause: Sudden load rise on grid or excessive power generation than demand.
Action: Increase generation at any cost.
Note: This is just an alarm. Engine will not trip.

➢ TRP, VAMP210 underfrequency f<<


Location: From CT on alternator.
Cause: Sudden load rise on grid or excessive power generation than demand.
Action: Increase generation at any cost.
Note: In this case engine will trip.

➢ TRP, VAMP 210 thermal overload protection


Location: On rotor.
Cause:
1. Unbalanced 3 phase stator current.
2. Overloading.
3. Rotor and field winding short ckt & open ckt. Fault.
Action:
1. Check stator current.
2. Check if the alternator is overloading.
3. Check rotor and field winding.

➢ ALM, CT supervision
Location: Inside of relay.
Note: It will activate at starting of engine just to notify the condition of CT.
➢ ALM, VT supervision
➢ Location: Inside of relay.
➢ Note: It will activate at starting of engine just to notify the condition of VT.

➢ ALM, Gen. protection relay fault


Location: Internal supervision relay.
Cause: If the relay senses any problem within internal circuitry, it will send off such warning.
Action: Check the relay.

➢ ALM, VPG communication fault


Location: On relay.
Cause: If its communication gets missing, it will send off such alarm.
Action; Check communication cable, connector & Ethernet switch.

AVR (BAG 151)


➢ ALM, AVR, control software alarm
Location: From AVR.
Cause: If any problem occurs on control software a warning will appear on SCADA.
Action: Stop the engine at once & check functionality of AVR. Update software if need be.
➢ ALM, AVR, diode protection
Location: From AVR.
Cause: AVR keeps a tab on diodes. There is a certain setpoint for diode operating range. If operating
parameter gets to setpoint range, mentioned alarm appears.
Action: Check diode condition & parameters.

➢ TRP, AVR, diode protection trip


Location: From AVR.
Cause: AVR keeps a tab on diodes. There is a certain setpoint for diode operating range. If this
setpoint gets exceeded, mentioned alarm appears.
Action: Check diode condition & parameters.
➢ ALM, AVR, communication fault
Location: From AVR.
Cause:
1. Loss of connection from AVR to BJA panel.
2. Broken wire.
3. Loose connector.
4. Problem on ethernet switch.
Action:
1. Check connection.
2. Check connector.
3. Check switch.
4. Check wire.

➢ ALM, AVR, internal supervision alarm


Location: From AVR.
Cause: If there’s any problem on IGBT or internal circuitry, AVR supervision software will
generate an alarm.
Action: Check functionality of AVR.
➢ ALM, AVR, FRT detection activated
Location: from AVR.
Cause: If voltage on grid side drops below a certain set point, alternator will be disconnected from
the system. Mainly due to short ckt. Or overloading on grid.

Differential protection relay, VAMP 265 (BAE 151)


➢ SHD, VAMP265 differential current I>
Location: From CTs on alternator.
Cause:
1. Phase to phase fault.
2. Phase to ground fault.
3. Inter turn fault.
Action:
1. Check resistance.

➢ SHD, VAMP265 differential current I>>


Location: From CTs on alternator.
Cause:
1. Phase to phase fault.
2. Phase to ground fault.
3. Inter turn fault.
Action:
1. Check resistance.

➢ ALM, Gen. diff. protection relay fault


Location: Internal supervision relay.
Cause: If the relay senses any problem within internal circuitry, it will send off such warning.
Action: Check the relay.

➢ ALM, VPD Communication fault.


Location: On relay.
Cause: If its communication gets missing, it will send off such alarm.
Action; Check communication cable, connector & Ethernet switch.
Different Deratings
➢ Der, Trec, Charge air temp. in receiver.
Cause:
1. High LT water temp.
2. High CAC DP.
3. Malfunction of LT 3-way valve.
4. Blow by of the CAC.
Action:
1. Check if hot water is leaking through #-way valve.
2. Check operation of LT 3-way valve.
3. Check CAC DP.
4. Check for any leakage in CAC.

➢ Der, Tcw, Charge air coolant temperature.


Cause:
1. Malfunction of LT 3-way valve.
2. Hot water leakage through LT-way valve.
3. Measurement error.
4. Pressure fluctional.
5. Clogged or dirty radiator.
6. Problem on radiator VFD or fan problem.
7. Lower water flow rate.
Action:
1. Check functionality & any leakage through LT 3-way valve.
2. Check radiator, VFD and fan functionality.
3. Check if there’s any air in the system.
4. Check pump functionality.
5. Check sensor.

➢ Der, Tamb, Air inlet temperature.


Cause:
1. CAF is dirty.
2. High turbocharger speed.
3. High ambient temperature.
Action:
1. Check CAF condition.
2. Check TC speed and find out possible reasons.

➢ Der, CAC pinch point.


Cause:
1. If temp. difference between CAC & LT water exceeds a certain value.
2. If LT temp. is higher than calculated CA dewpoint.
Action:
1. Check possible reasons for high LT water temp.

➢ Der, Load reduction active.


Cause: Mentioned points in this section are responsible for derating. Should any alarms in this section
appear, this alarm will also appear along with those alarms & will cause load reduction.
Action: Please take necessary steps according to the nature of incoming alarms.
Engine Control
➢ SF, Fuel rack control.
Location: Over governor common control bar.
Cause:
1. Faulty sensor.
2. Connection problem.
3. Displacement of sensor.
Action:
1. Check sensor.
2. Check connection.
3. Check if the sensor is properly placed.

➢ Engine load feedback (sensor fault).


Note: Not applicable.
➢ KW reference (sensor fault).
Note: Not applicable.

➢ Max available power (sensor fault).


Note: Not applicable.

➢ Analog synchronizer (sensor fault).


Note: Not applicable.

➢ Analog speed reference (sensor fault).


Note: Not applicable.

➢ CAN failure MCM, IOM.


Location: On engine communication system.
Cause:
1. Connector problem.
2. Broken connection.
3. Resistor damaged.
Action:
1. Check connection.
2. Check connector.
3. Check resistor.
Generator Breaker Control
➢ Breaker position error.
Location: Inside of BAE panel.
Cause:
1. Breaker is not in contact with limit switch.
2. Limit switch problem.
3. Connection problem.
Action:
1. Make sure that breaker makes contact with limit switch.
2. Check function of limit switch.
3. Check connection.

➢ Truck position error.


Location: Inside of BAE panel.
Cause:
1. Breaker is not in contact with limit switch.
2. Limit switch problem.
3. Connection problem.

Action:
1. Make sure that breaker makes contact with limit switch.
2. Check function of limit switch.
3. Check connection.

➢ SF6 pressure low.


Location: Inside of SF6 CB.
Cause:
1. SF6 is leaking.
2. Sensor problem.
3. Connection problem.
4. Program malfunction (Highly unusual).
Action:
1. Look for possible leakage.
2. Check function of pressure sensor.
3. Check connection.
4. Check program.
➢ Breaker MCB open.
Location: Inside of BAE panel.
Cause:
1. If any breaker trips inside of BAE panel related to breaker.
Action: Check the tripped breaker & take action accordingly.
➢ Breaker tripped.
Cause:
1. Trip signal from protection relays.
2. Malfunction of trip coil.
3. False signal from PLC.
Action:
1. Check if any protection relay is activated & the relevant alarm.
2. Check healthiness of trip circuit.
3. Check functionality of PLC.

➢ Protection relay trip.


Location: On CFC panel (VAMP 210 & 265)
Cause:
1. Value of any particular parameter is way above or way below of setpoint.
Action:
1. Check alarm and check relevant parameters and take action accordingly.