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Solid Waste Management Reduce,

Reuse, Recycle

Morales, marinel m.
Bse-biological sciences 2-3
Dr. annie cu Gallardo
Earth and environmental science

Waste is everyone’s business. We all produce unwanted by-products

and residues in nearly everything we do.

Waste Stream

Is a term that describes the steady flow of varied wastes that we all
produce, from domestic garbage and yard wastes to industrial,
commercial, and construction refuse

The continuous proliferation of solid wastes in the environment has

become a SERIOUS CHALLENGE to the government in its search for
more EFFECTIVE WAYS of garbage disposal..


- a type of waste which can be broken down, in a reasonable

amount of time, into its base compounds by micro-organisms and
other living things, regardless of what those compounds may be.


Green waste, food waste, paper waste, biodegradable plastics.

Other biodegradable wastes include human waste, manure,

sewage, and slaughterhouse waste.


Non-Biodegradable is non-organic material that can't be broken

down easily by natural processes.

consists of solids, liquids, sharps, and laboratory waste that are
potentially infectious or dangerous and are considered biowaste.

In hospitals, medical waste, otherwise known as clinical waste,

normally refers to waste products that cannot be considered
general waste, produced from healthcare premises, such as
hospitals, clinics, doctors offices, veterinary hospitals and labs.BMW)
Properties of a Hazardous Waste:

Toxicity- waste having this property is the type whose poison

concentration can seriously harm a living organism. EX: Hg and Pb

Reactivity- this is the property of EASILY REACTING chemically with

elements in the environment. Some of these types of waste may
even explode.

Ignitability- this is the property of easily catching fire.

Corrosivity- this means having a high pH (basic) or low pH (acidic),

either of which causes certain types of waste to quickly corrode
substances such as metals.


is a waste type usually used to refer to by products of digestion, such

as feces and urine. Human waste is most often transported as
sewage in waste water through sewerage systems.
What we throw out?


Open dumps release hazardous materials into the air and water

Ocean dumping is nearly uncontrollable

Landfills receive most of our waste


Incineration produces energy but causes pollution

Types of Incinerator

Refuse derived fuel

Mass burn
Three r’s


REDUCE means use less of something.

Here’s a list of stuff you can reduce:

Turn off lights you’re not using. Better yet switch to fluorescent light

Unplug chargers for your phone and MP3 player when you’re not
using them.

Put your computer to “sleep” instead of leaving it on with the

screensaver running.


REUSE means use something again.

“Many times, even if you no longer need something, someone else

just might.”

Here are some ways to reuse the stuff you have:

Keep used paper in a stack and use the flip side for scrap work.

Drink tap water instead of buying bottled water. Get a reusable

water bottle so you can take it with you.

Take your own bags- preferably reusable ones- when you go to the
grocery store.

Choose reusable travel cups instead of disposable paper or plastic

This is the universal recycling symbol, an internationally recognized
symbol used to designate recyclable materials.


Recycling has been a common practice for most of human history,

with recorded advocates as far back as Plato in 400 BC. During
periods when resources were scarce, archaeological studies of
ancient waste dumps show less household waste (such as ash,
broken tools and pottery)—implying more waste was being recycled
in the absence of new material.


Recycling is the process of RECOVERING and REUSING waste

products-from household use, manufacturing, agriculture, and
business- and thereby reducing their burden on the environment.
Recycling ONE aluminum can saves enough electricity to run a TV
for THREE hours.

A ton of paper made from recycled paper saves:

7,ooo gallons of water

Between 17 to 31 trees

60 pounds of air pollutants

Recycling one ton of plastic saves the equivalent of 1,000-2,000

gallons of gasoline.

Using recycled glass uses 40 percent less energy than making

products from all new materials.

Recycling a pound of steel saves enough energy to light a 60-watt

light bulb for 26 hours.


More than 30 million trees are cut down to produce a year’s supply
of newspapers.

Americans use 100 million steel cans and 200 million aluminum
beverage cans everyday.

One drip per second from a faucet wastes 540 gallons of water a

It takes between 400 to 500 years for a STYROFOAM cup to


It takes an orange peel six months to decompose.

What happens to things you throw away?

Landfill sites:

A landfill (or dump) is a low area of land that is filled with garbage.


Scrap steel is flattened or shredded, then melted in a furnace. The

molten steel is poured into moulds to make slabs of steel called
“billets.” Once solidified, the billets are reheated and rolled into thin


Steel sheets are used to make a range of products, such as food

cans and car parts. Steel is 100 percent recyclable.

In 2000, humans produced 13.9 billion tons of garbage, more than

2.2 tons per person. By 2050, we will probably produce 29.4 billion
tons. That’s a lot of garbage…

What is made from RECYCLED MATERIALS ?

From RECYCLED PAPER we get newspapers, cereal boxes, wrapping

paper, cardboard containers, and insulation.

From RECYCLED PLASTIC we get soda bottles, tables, benches,

bicycle racks, cameras, and backpacks.

From RECYCLED STEEL we get steel cans, cars, bicycles, nails, and

From RECYCLED GLASS we get glass jars and tiles.

From RECYCLED RUBBER we get pencil cases, computer mousepads,

shoe soles, bulletin boards, floor tiles, and playground equipments.


Is the disassembly and recycling of obsolete consumer products,

such as television sets, computers, telephones, refrigerators etc.

Science and Technology for the future: 144-149
Earth and Space: 238-249
Time Almanac: 89-90
The world Almanac: 82-83
Global Almanac: 89-95
Patterns in Nature: 112-115
How things Work: 64-65
Principles of environmental Science (Cunningham): 311-324