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Fourth Sunday of Advent –

St. Peter’s Pence

December 18, 2016

Sunday Liturgy Guide for the Church of the

Poor in the Spirit of the New Evangelization
The Church of the Poor, discerns and follows the Spirit
in the Scriptures, in the Church
through the Basic and in history, in the voices of
Ecclesial Communities, the voiceless and powerless and
makes Jesus the God finds in the Eucharist not only its
who saves and God- full nourishment but also its total
with-us accessible by prayerful communion with the
defending the people Lord of salvation and liberation.
It urges one to care for the earth as
and creation. God’s gift.
In light of today’s theme: “The
(282) Such are some of the major
Church of the Poor, through the
elements of the spirituality that the
Basic Ecclesial Communities,
pilgrim community of disciples
makes Jesus the God who saves
needs today. Spirituality is a
and God-with-us accessible
radical living of what we preach, a
by defending the people and
witnessing to the radical demands
creation”, let us continue to reflect
of the Gospel.
on PCP-II’s vision of a Church
Renewed when it says:
Points for Reflection: What
does a Spirituality of Social
Transformation ask of you so
that you can hear “God’s word,
discern and follow the Spirit in
the Scriptures, in the Church and
in history, in the voices of the
voiceless and powerless and find in
the Eucharist its full nourishment
5. A Spirituality of Social
and also its total prayerful
communion with the Lord of
salvation and liberation”? What
d) Some Characteristics of
do you see as the “radical demands
Following Jesus
of the Gospel”? How do you care
for the earth as God’s gift?
(281) It is a spirituality that
listens to and heeds God’s word,
Entrance Antiphon: Cf. Is 45: 8 Penitential Act
P: Brothers and sisters, let us
Drop down dew from above, you heavens, and acknowledge our sins, and so prepare
let the clouds rain down the Just One; let the
ourselves to celebrate the sacred
earth be opened and bring forth a Savior.
P: I confess..
Introductory Rites
A: to almighty God and to you, my
P: In the name of the Father, and of the
brothers and sisters, that I have
Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
greatly sinned, in my thoughts and in
C: Amen
my words, in what I have done and in
P. The grace of our Lord’s Hope, Love,
what I have failed to do (striking their
Joy and Peace be with you all.
breast) through my fault, through my
C: And with your spirit.
fault, through my most grievous fault;
therefore I ask blessed Mary ever-
Introduction and Welcome
Virgin, all the Angels and Saints, and
P: Dear brothers and sisters: it will be
you, my brothers and sisters, to pray
Christmas Day a week from today. In
for me to the Lord our God.
this last Sunday of Advent, we focus
P: May almighty God have mercy on
our active waiting for the coming of
us, forgive us our sins, and bring us to
the Messiah by meditating on God’s
everlasting life.
call: have faith in Jesus as our only
C: Amen.
liberator and savior; evangelize
P: Lord, have mercy.
human friendships, political relations
C: Lord, have mercy.
and international alliances so that they
P: Christ, have mercy.
will become instruments of God’s
C: Christ, have mercy.
love, holiness and solidarity rather
P: Lord, have mercy.
than an exercise of power that takes
C: Lord, have mercy.
advantage and exploits the other. Let
us joyfully march into the Temple of
God and behold Jesus Christ: the God
P: Let us pray: Pour forth, we beseech
who saves, the God-with-us in each of
you, O Lord, your grace into our hearts,
that we, to whom the Incarnation of
Christ your Son was made known by
Blessing of the Advent Wreath
the message of an Angel, may by his
Passion and Cross be brought to the
Lord God, your Church joyfully
glory of his Resurrection. Who lives
awaits the coming of its Savior, who
and reigns with you in the unity of
enlightens our hearts and dispels the
the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and
darkness of ignorance and sin. May
this candle of peace continue to be
C: Amen.
aflame forever.
(Lighting of the two Candles) Pour
First Reading:Is 7:10-14
forth your blessings upon us as we
L: The first reading is taken from
light the candles of hope and love of
the prophet Isaiah.
this wreath; may their light reflect the
splendor of Christ, who is Lord, for
The LORD spoke to Ahaz, saying:
ever and ever.
Ask for a sign from the LORD, your
R. Amen. 2
God; let it be deep as the netherworld, Who can ascend the mountain of the
or high as the sky! But Ahaz answered, LORD? or who may stand in his holy
“I will not ask! I will not tempt the place? One whose hands are sinless,
LORD!” Then Isaiah said: Listen, O whose heart is clean, who desires not
house of David! Is it not enough for what is vain.
you to weary people, must you also R: Let the Lord enter; he is king of
weary my God? Therefore the Lord glory.
himself will give you this sign: the He shall receive a blessing from the
virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, LORD, a reward from God his savior.
and shall name him Emmanuel. Such is the race that seeks for him, that
seeks the face of the God of Jacob.
L: The Word of the Lord. R: Let the Lord enter; he is king of
C: Thanks be to God. glory.

Commentary on Is Is 7:10-14: Commentary on Ps 24:1-2. 3-4.

Isaiah wanted to convince Ahaz: before 5-6:
the threats of the northern alliance of This is a liturgical psalm used in
Damascus and Samaria and the invasion the entry into the temple. There are
of Assyria, Ahaz should not trust any two groups involved: those who ask:
earthly power but God. The request what are the requirements to be able
for a sign meant that Ahaz should ask
enter the temple, and those who have
God directly for guidance. But Ahaz’s
the authority to answer. There is no
answer was ambivalent: on the one
requirement for the Lord, he is the
hand, it seemed he did not want to test
the Lord, which signified respect; but, king of glory. For those visiting the
it seemed he already chose to side with temple, they must be sinless, clean in
Assyria, on the other. To ask for a sign heart and are not vain. In the temple,
was, thus, superfluous. By siding with the visitors and God are united, but
Assyria, Juda consequently lost her with God giving the blessing. Two
freedom. She was reduced into a vassal levels are involved in the liturgical
while her sister-state Israel in the north scene: (1) the world of creation
was destroyed. Ahaz’s impending fall which belongs to the Lord, and (2)
was also the moment of God’s display the dwelling place of God to which
of fidelity to His promise: He would one may ascend. The movement is a
restore the royal dynasty of David and procession from a universal setting to
defend His people, by the birth of a a more specific place: the Temple. We
child: Immanu-el – Emmanuel – God live as inhabitants in God’s world, but
with us! we enter as visitors into the Temple of
Responsorial Psalm: Ps 24:1-2. 3-4.
5-6 Second Reading: Rom 1:1-7
R: Let the Lord enter; he is king of L: The second reading is taken from
glory. the letter of St. Paul to the Romans:
The LORD’s are the earth and its
fullness; the world and those who Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called
dwell in it. For he founded it upon the to be an apostle and set apart for the
seas and established it upon the rivers. gospel of God, which he promised
R: Let the Lord enter; he is king of previously through his prophets in the
glory. holy Scriptures, the gospel about his
Son, descended from David according she was found with child through
to the flesh, but established as Son of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband,
God in power according to the Spirit since he was a righteous man, yet
of holiness through resurrection unwilling to expose her to shame,
from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord. decided to divorce her quietly. Such
Through him we have received the was his intention when, behold, the
grace of apostleship, to bring about the angel of the Lord appeared to him
obedience of faith, for the sake of his in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of
name, among all the Gentiles, among David, do not be afraid to take Mary
whom are you also, who are called your wife into your home. For it is
to belong to Jesus Christ; to all the through the Holy Spirit that this child
has been conceived in her. She will
beloved of God in Rome, called to be
bear a son and you are to name him
holy. Grace to you and peace from God
Jesus, because he will save his people
our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
from their sins.” All this took place to
fulfill what the Lord had said through
L: The Word of the Lord. the prophet: Behold, the virgin shall
C: Thanks be to God. conceive and bear a son, and they
shall name him Emmanuel, which
Commentary on Rom 1:1-7 means “God is with us.”
This is Paul’s opening greeting to the When Joseph awoke, he did as the
Christian community in Rome which angel of the Lord had commanded
he did not found. But the greetings – him and took his wife into his home.
containing the sender, the receiver and
the purpose - seem to be an elaborate P: The Gospel of the Lord.
formal beginning of his letter. He C: Praise be to you, O Lord Jesus
introduces himself with his three Christ.
credentials: ‘slave of Christ Jesus,
an apostle and chosen to preach the Commentary on Matt 1:18-24:
Good News’. Right away he presents Matthew’s account on the birth of
the summary of his gospel concerning the Messiah concludes his version of
Jesus Christ, from the Old Testament the genealogy of Jesus: Jesus is the
prophecy down to its fulfillment in the historical Messiah that the Jews have
resurrection, in a Trinitarian formula. been waiting for, according to the
His mission is to provoke faith in Jesus lineage of David, going as far back as
among all the gentiles and the church in Abraham. But now, the culmination
Rome. All of them are called beloved of the generations focuses on Joseph,
of God and holy! the last in the line leading to the
Messiah, but with a twist: Jesus was
Gospel: Matt 1:18-24: born to a virgin to fulfill the prophecy
P: The Lord be with you. from of old, following faithfully
C: And with your spirit. the Jewish tradition (Is 7,14). And
P: A reading from the Holy Gospel Mary’s conception of Jesus was not
according to Matthew the work of Joseph but an intervention
C: Glory to you, O Lord. of the Holy Spirit. Joseph responded
initially to this situation as a just
This is how the birth of Jesus Christ man would: not expose Mary to
came about. shame by divorcing her quietly.
When his mother Mary was betrothed to But following the prophetic dream-
Joseph, but before they lived together, 4 fulfillment formula, he realized his
responsibility as commanded by God: almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of
it is not his child, yet he, the father, all things visible and invisible.
following Jewish tradition, would be I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the
the one to give the child’s name. His Only Begotten Son of God, born of the
name articulated his mission: Jesus Father before all ages. God from God,
means “God saves”. By being born Light from Light, true God from true
into the human race, God would now God, begotten, not made, consubstantial
be accessible, fulfilling the traditional with the Father; through him all things
prophecy: Emmanuel – God is with were made. For us men and for our
us! Joseph now would be transformed, salvation he came down from heaven,
touched very profoundly by the and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate
mysterious works of the God that he of the Virgin Mary, For our sake he
believes in. By agreeing to take Mary was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he
in, he would now begin to serve God suffered death and was buried, and rose
as the silent keeper and protector of again on the third day in accordance
the mystery of salvation! That was his with the Scriptures. He ascended into
vocation! heaven and is seated at the right hand of
the Father. He will come again in glory
Homily: The Church of the to judge the living and the dead and his
Poor, through the Basic Ecclesial kingdom will have no end.
Communities, makes Jesus the I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord,
God who saves and God-with-us the giver of life, who proceeds from the
accessible by defending the people Father and the Son, who with the Father
and creation. and the Son is adored and glorified, who
has spoken through the prophets.
Summary Concrete Reflection/ I believe in one, holy, catholic and
of the description Points for apostolic Church. I confess one Baptism
Sunday of the poor reflection/ for the forgiveness of sins and I look
Reading people Call/ forward to the resurrection of the dead
Message and their Challenge
and the life of the world to come. Amen.
The Church In your The Spir-
General Intercessions
of the Poor, parish and itual-
through the BEC, where ity of Social P: Dear sisters and brothers, let us now
Basic Eccle- are the Transforma- bring to God our petitions and prayers,
sial Com- places you tion “urges our hopes, joys and sadness. For every
munities, most found one to care prayer we respond: Be with us and
makes Jesus dirty and for the earth liberate us always, O Lord.
the God who unclean? as God’s R: Be with us and liberate us always,
saves and Why? What gift.” It is a O Lord.
God-with-us is the impact radical liv-
L: For the Church, as the Church of the
accessible of this dirt ing of what
by defend- and unclean- we preach,
Poor, spread throughout the world: that
ing the ness on the a witness to She may continue to make Jesus the God
people and people and the radi- who saves and God-with-us accessible to
creation. the environ- cal Gospel all by defending the people, especially the
ment? demands. poor, the marginalized and the excluded
and by protecting the environment and
Profession of Faith all of creation. Let us pray to the Lord.
A: I believe in one God, the Father
R: Be with us and liberate us the indigenous peoples, national
always, O Lord. minorities and the environment that
L: For the People of God, and for all is slowly dying: that they may all
those who are searching for Him, and learn to take good care of each other
for life’s meaning and direction: that by finding land to till, clean waters
they may cultivate a spirituality of to fish, a roof on their heads, work
social transformation that “listens to to do and reclaim and defend their
and heeds God’s word, discerns and ancestral lands and domains by
follows the Spirit in the Scriptures, rejecting the economy of exclusion
in the Church and in history, in the effected by huge plantations, logging
voices of the voiceless and powerless and mining companies that destroy
and finds in the Eucharist not only their land and life, rich bio-diversity
its full nourishment but also its total and healthy eco-system. Let us pray
prayerful communion with the Lord to the Lord.
of salvation and liberation. ” Let us R: Be with us and liberate us
pray to the Lord. always, O Lord.
R: Be with us and liberate us L: For our beloved dead: that, by
always, O Lord. the forgiveness of their sins, they
L: For our Holy Father, Pope Francis, may receive the gift of eternal life.
for bishops, priests, deacons, brothers Let us pray to the Lord.
and sisters in consecrated life and for R: Be with us and liberate us
all the lay who are entrusted with the always, O Lord.
care and administration of the church L: For our special intentions, in the
as a community of God’s people: silence of our hearts. (pause)… Let
that they may cultivate a spirituality us pray to the Lord.
of social transformation that is a R: Be with us and liberate us
radical living of what they preach, a always, O Lord.
witnessing to the radical demands of P: Dear God, these are the prayers
the Gospel that includes the defense we present to You today. Make of
of and “care for the earth as God’s us Your willing instruments of love,
gift.” Let us pray to the Lord. truth, freedom, justice and care for
R: Be with us and liberate us creation by the power of Your Spirit.
always, O Lord. Mold us to become your heart on
L: For world leaders and all those earth. Thank you for being with us
entrusted with governance and always, through Christ our Lord.
administration of the goods of the C: Amen.
earth: that they may exercise their
office by listening to the cry of the Liturgy of the Eucharist
poor and respond to their needs in Preparation of the Altar and the Gifts
the spirit of equitable distribution of P: Blessed are you, Lord God of all
goods and justice while preventing creation, ….
lies and deception, trolls and C: Blessed be God forever.
post-truth from further invading P: Pray, brethren (brothers and
social media and modern means of sisters), that my sacrifice and yours
communication. Let us pray to the may be acceptable to God, the
Lord. almighty Father.
R: Be with us and liberate us
always, O Lord. C: May the Lord accept the sacrifice
L: For the poor farmers and workers, 6 at your hands for the praise and
glory of his name, for our good and A: Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts.
the good of all his holy Church. Heaven and earth are full of your glory.
Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he
Prayer over the Offerings: who comes in the name of the Lord.
P: May the Holy Spirit, O Lord, Hosanna in the highest.
sanctify these gifts laid upon your
altar, just as he filled with his power Acclamation
the womb of the Blessed Virgin P: The mystery of faith.
Mary. Through Christ our Lord.
C: Amen. We proclaim your Death, O Lord,
and profess your Resurrection until
Prayer of the Eucharist you come again.
P: The Lord be with you.
C: And with your spirit. (Concluding the Eucharistic Prayer, the
P: Lift up your hearts. priest says:)
C: We lift them up to the Lord.
P: Let us give thanks to the Lord Through him, and with him, and in him,
our God. O God, almighty Father, in the unity of
C: It is right and just. the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is
yours, for ever and ever.
P: It is truly right and just, our C: Amen.
duty and our salvation, always and
everywhere to give you thanks, Communion Rite
Lord, holy Father, almighty and The Lord’s Prayer
eternal God, through Christ our
Lord. Doxology
C:For yours is the kingdom, and the
For all the oracles of the prophets power, and the glory forever and ever.
foretold him, the Virgin Mother
longed for him with love beyond Sign of Peace
all telling, John the Baptist sang P:Lord Jesus Christ, who said to your
of his coming and proclaimed his Apostles; Peace … Who live and reign
presence when he came. for ever and ever.
C: Amen.
It is by his gift that already we P: The peace of the Lord be with you
rejoice at the mystery of his always.
Nativity, so that he may find us C: And with your spirit.
watchful in prayer and exultant in P: Let us offer each other the sign of
his praise. peace.

And so, with Angels and Breaking of the Bread

Archangels, with Thrones and A: Lamb of God, you take away the sins
Dominions, and with all the hosts of the world … grant us peace.
and Powers of heaven, we sing the
hymn of your glory, as without end Communion
we acclaim: P: Behold the Lamb of God, behold him
who takes away the sins of the world.
Blessed are those called to the supper of
7 the Lamb.
A: Lord, I am not worthy that endowed with the rich reward of
you should enter under my roof, eternal life when he comes again in
but only say the word and my soul majesty.
shall be healed. C. Amen.

Communion Antiphon: Is 7: 14 P: And may the blessing of almighty

Behold, a Virgin shall conceive God, + the Father, and the Son, and
and bear a son; and his name the Holy Spirit, come down upon
will be called Emmanuel. you and remain with you forever.
C: Amen.
Prayer after Communion
P: Let us pray: Having received Dismissal
this pledge of eternal redemption, P: Go in peace, glorifying the Lord
we pray, almighty God, that, as by your life.
the feast day of our salvation C: Thanks be to God.
draws ever nearer, so we may
press forward all the more eagerly
to the worthy celebration of the The Church
mystery of your Son’s Nativity.
Who lives and reigns for ever and of the Poor,
C: Amen. through the
Final Blessing Basic Ecclesial
P: The Lord be with you.
C: And with your spirit. Communities,
P: Bow down for the blessing: makes Jesus the
May the almighty and merciful
God, by whose grace you have God who saves
placed your faith in the First
Coming of his Only Begotten Son and God-with-us
and yearn for his coming again,
sanctify you by the radiance of accessible by
Christ’s Advent and enrich you
with his blessing.
defending the
C. Amen.
people and
As you run the race of this present
life, may he make you firm in
faith, joyful in hope and active in
C. Amen. J oin Fr. Ben Alforque, MSC of the
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart in
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