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‫ליובאוויטש‬ ‫ספרי' – אוצר החסידים –‬

‫ספר‬
‫מענה לשון‬
‫לאמר עאּ קברי הצדיקים‬
‫כפי שהנהיג כ"ק אדמו"ר ר' דוב בער נ"ע‬
‫לאמר בהאדיץ עאּ קבר אדמו"ר נ"ע‬

‫נדפס עתה מחדש לאמר על ציון‬


‫כ"ק אדמו"ר ר' יוסף יצחק נ"ע‬
‫וכ"ק אדמו"ר ר' מנחם מענדל נ"ע‬

‫יוצא לאור ע"י מערכת‬


‫„אוצר החסידים"‬
‫ברוקלין‪ ,‬נ‪.‬י‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 770‬איסטערן ּפַארקוויי‬
‫שנת חמשת אלפים שבע מאות שבעים ושמונה לבריאה‬
Sefer Maaneh Lashon
with English Translation
Translated by
Rabbi Eliyahu Touger
Copyright © 1996
Revised Edition—2011
Second Printing—2018
by
Kehot Publication Society
770 Eastern Parkway / Brooklyn, New york 11213
(718) 774-4000 / FAX (718) 774-2718
editor@kehot.com

Orders Department
291 Kingston Avenue / Brooklyn, New York 11213
(718) 778-0226 / FAX (718) 778-4148
www.kehot.com

All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or


portions thereof, in any form, without prior permission, in writing,
from the publisher, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote brief
passages.

The Kehot Logo is a trademark


of Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch.

ISBN 978-0-8266-0243-5

Printed in the United States of America


Maaneh Lashon
to be read at the
resting places of tzaddikim
According to the custom established by
Rabbi DovBer ‫נ”ע‬
second Rebbe of Lubavitch
to be recited at the resting place of the Alter Rebbe,
Rabbi Schneur Zalman ‫נ”ע‬
in Haditz

Reprinted to be recited at the resting places of


Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
of Lubavitch ‫נ”ע‬

‫ ומה’ מענה לשון‬,‫לאדם מערכי לב‬


“The arrangement of thoughts belongs to man,
but the gift of speech comes from God.” (Proverbs 16:1)

Published and Copyright by


Kehot Publication Society
770 Eastern Parkway / Brooklyn, New York 11213
5778 • 2018
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V

PUBLISHER’S FOREWORD

“And You Shall Live By Them” 1


The Jewish way of life is oriented in the present, in the here-and-now.
Hence our Torah is referred to as Torat Chaim, 2 “the Torah of life.”
Certainly, Judaism concerns itself with matters of the afterlife, with the
existence of souls in spiritual worlds, and the eventual resurrection. To
be sure, however, these concerns are significant insofar as they serve to
advance the ultimate purpose of existence—to live our lives to the fullest
by uplifting and transforming this world into a G-dly abode.

As such, the cemetery does not assume a central place in our Jewish
experience. Yet, by an ancient and venerated tradition, prayer at the grave
of the righteous is a common practice, one that is explored and
sanctioned in both Torah law and its esoteric sources.

Our Mother’s Tears


Our Sages ask, 3 “Why did Jacob bury Rachel on the way to Efrat,
rather than carry her body to the ancestral plot in the Cave of
Machpelah?” They explain that Jacob had a prophetic vision of the Jewish
people passing Rachel’s burial place as they were exiled from Jerusalem
and led to Babylon. Whereupon Rachel would intercede on their behalf
and her prayers would be heard 4:
A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter wailing, Rachel
weeping for her children.... Thus says G-d: “Withhold your voice from
weeping and your eyes from tears. Your work will be rewarded.... There is
hope for your future...your children will return from the land of the enemy.”

Similarly, on his way with the spies to Israel, Caleb paused in Hebron

1. Leviticus 18:5.
2. In the Amidah prayer; Siddur Tehillat HaShem, p. 60; Annotated Edition, p. 53.
3. Bereishit Rabbah 82:10.
4. Jeremiah 31:14-16.
FOREWORD VI

to pray at the Caves of the Patriarchs. 5 These prayers saved him from
becoming embroiled in the unfortunate plot of the spies.
To this day, people make their way to pray at Rachel’s Tomb, the Cave
of (the Patriarchs and Matriarchs) Machpelah and King David’s Tomb
on Mt. Zion. Indeed, until the recapture of the Western Wall in 1967, it
was at King David’s Tomb that Jewish pilgrims to Jerusalem would
choose to pray.
Similarly, the graves of other righteous men and women, both in the
land of Israel and in the world at large, in both Ashkenazi and Sephardi
communities, have served as places of prayer for our people.

Why Pray at the Graves of the Righteous?


Our Sages enumerate several reasons for this custom 6:
a. Visiting a gravesite elicits feelings of mourning, subdues one’s
material inclinations, and inspires one to turn to G-d 7 in teshuvah. 8
b. On the day prior to Rosh Hashanah, it is customary to visit the
cemetery, 9 for “as the resting place of the righteous, it is a holy place
where prayers are more likely to be accepted. [A person] should ask G-d
for mercy in the merit of the tzaddikim who repose in the dust.” 10
c. Visiting the resting place of one’s parents or others with whom one
had a close bond stirs the emotions and opens the heart, evoking deep
feelings of yearning and remorse. When experienced at the graveside of
a tzaddik, one can be motivated to complete teshuvah.

5. Sotah 34b.
6. The explanations in this portion are based on the Chasidic discourse entitled Lehavin Inyan
HaHishtatchut, attributed to Rabbi DovBer of Lubavitch (Maamarei Admur HaEmtza’ee,
Kuntresim, p. 19 ff. For selections in English, see Staying the Course, p. 44 ff. (Kehot, 2011)).
7. Rama, Orach Chaim 559:10. The commentaries explain that for this reason, one may even
go to a non-Jewish cemetery.
8. Reflection on the day of death produces a sobering effect on one’s material inclinations. See
Berachot 5a.
9. Rama, Orach Chaim 581:4.
10. Ba’er Heitev 581:17.
VII FOREWORD

d. Visiting the gravesite of a tzaddik with whom one had a personal


connection is akin to a yechidut, a personal encounter of souls that takes
place when the Chasid comes to the Rebbe, seeking counsel and
guidance. In the presence of the tzaddik’s G-dliness, one’s
self-consciousness quickly dissipates. The experience is similar when
visiting the tzaddik’s resting place, for “the righteous are greater after
death than in their lifetime,” 11 and there is a residual influence of the soul
which remains associated with the body in the grave, as the Arizal
explains in Likkutei Torah. 12

What These Prayers Are


Maaneh Lashon is a series of prayers and psalms structured to be
recited at the graves of tzaddikim. It also includes a passage from the
Zohar that explains the significance of such prayers.
The title Maaneh Lashon is borrowed from the verse, ,al ikxrn mc`l
oeyl dprn 'dne –The arrangement of thoughts belongs to man, but the gift of
speech comes from G-d. 13 The verse is quoted in the Musaf prayers of Rosh
Hashanah and Yom Kippur, and also paraphrased: oeyl dprn epnn dl`y`
– “I ask Him to grant me the gift of speech.” 14
Maaneh Lashon was compiled by R. Yaakov ben R. Avraham Shlomo
Shinna, who also published original Talmudic commentaries and
homiletic discourses. A glimpse at its printing history gives one some
conception of its universal acceptance and appeal. It was first published
in Prague soon after the year 5370 (1610), was reprinted there in 5375
(1615), and then appeared (with occasional modification) in
communities as diverse as Cracow, Amsterdam, Sulzbach, Vienna, Lvov
and Vilna, as well as in scores of other cities. Dozens of its editions
included both the Hebrew original and a Yiddish translation, and by the
year 5610 (1850), nineteen editions had appeared in Yiddish alone.

11. Chullin 7b; see Iggeret HaKodesh, Epistle 27.


12. Taamei HaMitzvot, Parshat Vayechi.
13. Proverbs 16:1.
14. Machzor for Rosh Hashanah (Kehot), p. 150 (Annotated Edition, p. 208); Machzor for Yom
Kippur (Kehot), p. 177 (Annotated Edition, p. 246).
FOREWORD VIII

The Hebrew text presented in the current edtion is structured


according to the custom established by Rabbi DovBer, second
Lubavitcher Rebbe, to be recited in Haditz, at the resting place of his
father, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi.
The sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Y. Schneersohn, published
the Maaneh Lashon in 5672 (1912), for recitation in Haditz. After the
passing of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak, in 1950, the Rebbe reprinted this edition
with the name change that appears in the Yehi Ratzon on page 39.
The English translation was prepared by Rabbi Eliyahu Touger and
edited by Uri Kaploun. 15

An Address to Turn To
Had the translation of this text been completed before Tammuz 3,
5754 [1994], this Foreword would have ended at this point. But from
that date on, praying at the Ohel 16 has taken on a new significance.
In his lifetime, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M.
Schneerson, was receptive to every Jew, regardless of background,
education, or degree of religious involvement. All who approached the
Rebbe beheld his penetrating insight into their particular condition, and
found solace in his purposeful words of blessing and advice.
This is still true. Although we cannot see the Rebbe physically, his is
still the address to which we turn in times of crisis, when a blessing is
particularly called for, or to report good tidings. At the Ohel, thousands
of men and women from all walks of life pour their hearts out to G-d,
and ask that the Rebbe intercede on their behalf.
After the passing of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak, the Rebbe urged his
followers to keep writing to him for blessings. “He will find a way,” the
Rebbe explained, “to communicate his answer.”
Surely, this applies to the Rebbe as well.

15. The English translation of Siddur Tehillat Hashem (Kehot, 1978) and Tehillim (Kehot,
2001) served as a source for much of the material. Rabbi Sholom B. Wineberg and Rabbi Leib
Kaplan served as resources.
16. Lit., “tent” (synonym: tziyun): the structure built over the resting place of a tzaddik; here
referring specifically to that of the Lubavitcher Rebbes, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn and
his son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson.
IX FOREWORD

Proceeding Together
It would, however, be inappropriate to perceive of the Rebbe as an
address to turn to only in times of need. As the paradigmatic Jewish
leader, the Rebbe infused our lives with inspiration, meaning, vitality and
direction.

These are not things of the past.

During 1988, following the passing of his wife, Rebbetzin Chaya


Moussia, of blessed memory, the Rebbe repeatedly referred to the Biblical
verse, And the living should take it to heart. 17 Now is the time for all those
whose lives were touched by the Rebbe to take his message to heart, apply
it in their daily lives, and share it with their families and friends.

The Rebbe’s vision of a perfected world redeemed by the coming of


Moshiach resonates in all of his activities, teachings and discourses.
Praying at his resting place enables us to internalize this vision and to
make his goals and values real and active principles in our lives.

May the Almighty hasten the fulfillment of the ultimate promise, You
who repose in the dust: Awaken and sing joyful praises! 18
Kehot Publication Society
Brooklyn, New York
10 Shevat, 5756

17. Ecclesiastes 7:2.


18. Isaiah 26:19.

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