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Adib medford

1. The advantages of using PLC are:

● As PLC's have solid state switches, they can provide unlimited switching cycles

so they can be used to create PWM signals.

● ​PLC's are re-programmable

2. The elements of a control system are:

● Desired output

● Controller compensator

● Actuator

● Plant

● Sensor

● Output

3.

4. Types for control circuits:

● Required Control Circuits

● AC control circuit

● DC control circuit

5. The differences between a microprocessor and a microcomputer is:

● A microcomputer is a computer whose CPU is a microprocessor. A microprocessor is a processor

whose all components are on a single integrated-circuit chip. Those are normally
single-microprocessor, single-user systems designed for performing basic operations like

educational, training, small business applications, playing games etc

6. Read-write memory (RWM) is computer memory that can be read from and written to. This type of

memory can be contrasted with read-only memory, which cannot be modified after it is written. Both of

these contrast with another, more obscure, type of memory called write-only memory, which is very

narrowly applied to hardware setups

7. The microprocessor functions as an artificial brain. The entire function of the CPU is controlled by a sing

integrated circuit.

8. The ​arithmetic and logic unit (ALU)​ of a computer system is the place where the actual execution of th

instructions take place during the processing operations. All calculations are performed and all compariso

(decisions) are made in the ​ALU​. The data and instructions, stored in the primary storage prior to

processing are transferred as and when needed to the ALU where processing takes place. No processing i

done in the primary storage unit.

9. The resolution of a n-bit analog-to-digital Converter (ADC) is a function of how many parts the maximum

signal can be divided into.

10. Synchronous Sequential Circuit​: Output changes at discrete interval of time. It is a

circuit based on an equal state time or a state time defined by external means such as

clock. Examples of synchronous sequential circuit are Flip Flops, Synchronous Counter.

Asynchronous Sequential Circuit​: Output can be changed at any instant of time by

changing the input. It is a circuit whose state time depends solely upon the internal logic

circuit delays. Example of asynchronous sequential circuit is Asynchronous Counter.


11. 4 types of flip flops

• RS flip-flop

• JK flip-flop

• D flip-flop

• T flip-flop

12. JK flip flop: