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I.

THERE IS / THERE ARE

Las expresiones There is / y There are se usan para describir lo


que hay en algún lugar. Ejemplo:

There is a teacher in my classroom. There are 39 students in my


classroom.

There is a kitchen in my house. There are 3 bedrooms in my


house.

Lea los ejemplos nuevamente y complete la información:

a) There is va seguido de un sustantivo en ________________,


mientras que there are va seguido de sustantivo en
_______________.
Como esta expresión se forma con el verbo TO BE, usaremos el
negativo e interrogativo tal como lo hacemos con este verbo.
Ejemplos:

Negative:

There isn’t a swimming pool in my house.

There aren’t three bathrooms in my house.

Question Answers

Is there milk in the refrigerator? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.

Are there apples in the refrigerator? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.
THERE IS and THERE ARE worksheet
Positives, Negatives and Questions
Find and correct the mistakes below.
Put a check next to the 7 sentences that are correct.

1. Is there have a garden in your yard?

2. There are some pens on the desks.

3. How many sisters do you have?

4. Are there a car in the garage?

5. I have some friends in Australia.

6. There aren’t have any customers in the store.

7. Why aren’t there any dishes on the table?

8. Do there a restaurant in the hotel?

9. I think there is some people waiting outside to see you.

10. Is there always so many people at the zoo?

11. There is a bear at the zoo, but there aren’t any elephants.

12. Sam has a few hours to finish his work.

13. Is there schools near your home?

14. How many countries is there in South America?

15. Are there have a phone that I can use?

16. I have brown hair and green eyes.


II. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE
Las preposition of place son palabras que indican ubicación, dónde está
el objeto que busco. Son muchas, pero por ahora nos concentraremos en
unas pocas. Observe las figuras y lea las oraciones.
a)

Prepositions of place
ACROSS FROM
BEHIND
BETWEEN
IN
NEXT TO
ON
ON THE CORNER
OF
UNDER

Worksheet

Describe the location of your house.


III. COUNT AND UNCOUNT NOUNS, SOME vs. ANY
Los count nouns son sustantivos que se pueden contar por unidad, es decir pueden ser
singular o plural. Ejemplos: an apple – 4 apples / a chair – 2 chairs.

Los uncountable nouns, en cambio no se pueden contar por unidad y tienen una sola
forma. Ejemplos: some bread, some water, some milk

Some y any son determiners que van delante de los sustantivos count en plural o
uncount. Generalmente, usamos some en oraciones afirmativas y any en oraciones
negativas o preguntas. Ejemplos:

● There is some bread in the kitchen. There are some apples on


the table.
● There isn´t any milk in the refrigerator. There aren´t any
students in the classroom.
● Do you need any sugar? Do you need any
potatoes?

IV. THE PAST TENSE OF VERB TO BE


En el presente vimos que el verbo to be tiene 3 formas: am – is – are. En el tiempo
pasado este verbo solo tiene 2 formas: WAS y WERE. Observe los cuadros siguientes
responda las siguientes preguntas.

AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS NEGATIVE STATEMENTS

I I

He He was not
was
She She wasn’t

In class yesterday
It in class yesterday morning. It
morning.
We We
were not
You Were You
weren’t
They They

SHORT INFORMATION
YES / NO QUESTIONS LONG ANSWERS
ANSWERS QUESTIONS

I In class Yes, you were. I You were in class.


yesterday
Was He yesterday Yes, he/she/it Where He
was morning?
morning? He / She / It was in class.
she was. she
It It
We Yes, we / you / We You / We / They were in
Were
You they were. were you class.
they they

a) ¿Cuál sería la función del pasado del verbo to be en sus formas was y were?
b) ¿Cómo se forma el negativo de was / were?
c) ¿Cómo se forma el interrogativo de was / were?

V. SIMPLE PAST O SIMPLE PAST TENSE


Con el simple past nos referiremos a eventos pasados. En inglés, se consideran dos
tipos de verbos: los regulares y los irregulares que se llaman así precisamente por
su forma en el pasado.

Los verbos regulares forman el pasado aumentándoles el sufijo ed. Los irregulares
en cambio, adoptan diferentes formas. Ejemplo: el pasado de go es went; el de
speak es spoke. Esta vez usaremos la misma lista que tenemos en VIII y
trabajaremos sus respectivas formas en pasado. Pero antes veremos cómo se
forman las oraciones afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas en el pasado.

AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS NEGATIVE STATEMENTS

I read a book. I read a book.

You drove a car. You drive a car.

He wrote an email. He write an email.


did not
She talked on the pone. She talk on the pone.
didn’t
It played with the ball. It play with the ball.

We listened to the teacher. We listen to the teacher.

They sang a song. They sing a song.

YES / NO QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWERS


I read a book? I
you drive a car? you
he write an email? he
Did she talk on the pone? Yes, she did.
it play with the ball? it
we listen to the teacher? we
they sing a song? they
Responda las siguientes preguntas:

a) ¿Cuál es el auxiliar que usamos en el pasado?


b) ¿Para qué sirve este auxiliar?
c) ¿Qué pasa con el verbo en pasado?

VI. EL SONIDO DEL SUFIJO ED EN REGULAR PAST


El sufijo ed que se añade a los verbos regulares para convertirlos en pasado, tiene 3
diferentes tipos de pronunciación según sea el sonido final del verbo. Y se convierte
en sonidos /t/, /d/, / id /en pasado. Ejemplos:

BASE FORM OF THE VERB VERB IN THE PAST PRONUNCIATION

Look Looked /lukt/ /t/

Listen Listened /lísend/ /d/

Need Needed /níded/ /id/

● Cuando el sonido final del verbo es sordo al aumentar el ed, esta terminación
suena /t/ como en looked.
● Cuando el sonido final del verbo es vibrado, el sufijo ed tiene sonido /d/ como
en listened.
● Cuando el sonido final del verbo es /d/ o /t/, el ed suena /id/ como en needed.

VII. LIST OF VERBS


REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS
1 ACCEPT ACEPTAR 1 BEGIN COMENZAR
2 ADVISE ACONSEJAR 2 BUILD CONSTRUIR
3 AGREE LIMPIAR 3 BREAK ROMPER
4 ASK PREGUNTAR 4 BUY COMPRAR
5 BAKE HORNEAR 5 CHOOSE ESCOGER
6 BELONG PERTENECER 6 COME VENIR
7 BOIL HERVIR 7 CUT CORTAR
8 CARRY LLEVAR 8 DO HACER
9 CHANGE CAMBIAR 9 DRAW DIBUJAR
10 COMPARE COMPARAR 10 DRINK BEBER
11 CRY LLORAR 11 DRIVE MANEJAR
12 CLEAN LIMPIAR 12 EAT COMER
13 CLIMB TREPAR / ESCALAR 13 FIND ENCONTRAR
14 COOK COCINAR 14 FLY VOLAR
15 DANCE BAILAR 15 FORGET OLVIDAR
16 DESCRIBE DESCRIBIR 16 GO IR
17 DEVELOP DESARROLLAR 17 HANG OUT SALIR
18 ENJOY DISFRUTAR 18 HAVE TENER
19 FIX ARREGLAR 19 KEEP SOSTENER / GUARDAR
20 GUESS ADIVINAR 20 KNOW SABER / CONOCER
21 HAPPEN SUCEDER 21 LEAVE DEJAR / PARTIR
22 HATE ODIAR 22 LEND PEDIR PRESTADO
23 HELP AYUDAR 23 LOSE PERDER
24 HURRY APURARSE 24 MEET ENCONTRAR/ CONOCER
25 LAUGH REIRSE 25 PAY PAGAR
26 LIKE GUSTAR 26 PUT COLOCAR / PONER
27 LISTEN TO BAILAR 27 LOSE PERDER
28 LIVE VIVIR 28 READ LEER
29 LOVE AMAR 29 RIDE PASEAR
30 MISS EXTRAÑAR 30 SAY DECIR
31 NEED NECESITAR 31 SEE VER
32 PLAY JUGAR / TOCAR 32 SEND ENVIAR
33 SKI ESQUIAR 33 SING CANTAR
34 SMELL OLER 34 SIT SENTARSE
35 STAY QUEDARSE 35 STEAL ROBAR
36 STUDY ESTUDIAR 36 SPEAK HABLAR
37 TALK HABLAR 37 SPEND GASTAR / PASAR TIEMPO
38 TRAVEL VIAJAR 38 STAND PONERSE DE PIE
39 TRY TRATAR 39 SWIM NADAR
40 TURN VOLTEAR 40 TAKE TOMAR (OBJETOS)
41 USE USAR 41 TEACH ENSEÑAR
42 VISIT VISITAR 42 TELL CONTAR / DECIR
43 WANT QUERER/DESEAR 43 THINK PENSAR
44 WAIT ESPERAR 44 WAIT ESPERAR
45 WORK TRABAJAR 45 WEAR VESTIR
46 WATCH OBSERVAR 46 WRITE ESCRIBIR