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INTRODUCTION TO AESTHETICS by Ellen Miller

The art today is greatly influenced by the theories and perception of the past
Philosophers, what we call art today is actually according to the 18 th and 19th century
tradition of aesthetic.

Aesthetic as the study of art and beauty are being defined and illustrate by many
Philosophers during the modern period somehow at the end of 17 th century ti middle of
20th.

The story begins with Hobbe’s claim which suggests that human perception is
self centered. Though it was opposed by many, since disinterested actions is basically
associated with aesthetics.

As what Earl of Shaftesbury once said, “we can love things for themselves, it
merely depends on our sense of taste, feeling and kind of inner sensation.”
HenceHence, during 1750, Alexander Baumgarten who happened to coined the term :
aesthetics pursued the idea of human taste and which are available to amyone who would
adopt the detached, disinterested, aesthetic point of view --- resulting to the British Taste
theories which is further synthesized by Immanuel Kant, which turns out to be the tradition
of aesthetic attitude for the next 150 years.

Plato, one of the great philosophers who also define aesthetics , described it as a
simple unanalyzable property, it is a form of beauty that is the object of love. And he's
theory were actually found out as object centered. This contemplation was also theorized
by Plotinus.

On the other side, St. Thomas Aquinas comprehend beauty as an object which
pleases when seen, moreover if they have the so-called perfection, proportion,
brightness or clarity. This theory actually paves way about the subjective aspects ---
the person being pleased.

During 18th century, the modern times – Philosophers started to provide basis for
aesthetics. The philosophy of art became subjectivized. Philosophers turned their
attention now towards the subject, analyzed their state of mind and mental faculties.

Kant's theory was actually became the basis of today's aesthetics. According to
him, all aesthetic judgements focus on pleasure, which is a property of the
experiencing rather than of the objective world. It’s a disinterested, universal
necessary judgment. This theory of Kant absolutely became the link between 18th century
and 19th century aesthetic theories. 19th century theory were actually subjectivized – it's
aesthetic because it's a subject of our contemplation.
And finally the theory in 19th century is now the dominant view where art is now
considered as the expression of the emotions of one's artist -- the expression art theory
that attemps art to relate with people and how art makes a different towards mankind.