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SRM VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

V / III- SEMESTER- YEAR

OMF 551 / PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPEMENT


Regulation – 2017

Academic Year 2019 – 20

Prepared by

Mr.R.Ashok – AP (Sr.g) / Mechanical


SRM VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203.

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK
SUBJECT: OMF 551/ PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPEMENT
SEM / YEAR: V / III

UNIT I
INTRODUCTION
Need for IPPD-Strategic importance of Product development - integration of customer, designer, material
supplier and process planner, Competitor and customer - behavior analysis. Understanding customer- promoting
customer understanding-involve customer in development and managing requirements - Organization process
management and improvement. Plan and establish product specifications.

PART – A 2 Marks
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. List the need for IPPD. BTL1 Remembering
2. Explain the importance of Product development. BTL2 Understanding
3. Define customer focus. BTL1 Remembering
Explain briefly concurrent development of product and process. BTL1 Remembering
4.
5. Define product strategy. BTL2 Understanding
6. Describe the importance of product strategy. BTL1 Remembering

7. Explain briefly the elements involved in product strategy. BTL2 Understanding

8. Draw the basic process flow chart for IPPD. BTL2 Understanding
Summarize the steps involved in customer involvement.
9. BTL2 Understanding
10. Define supplier integration. BTL1 Understanding

11. Interpret the life cycle plant. BTL2 Applying

12. Infer supplier assessments. BTL5 Applying

13. List the basic steps in supplier assessments. BTL1 Applying


14. Define Product ideas. BTL1 Remembering

15. Demonstrate Behavior analysis. BTL3 Understanding


16. Illustrate down basic planning methods in IPPD. BTL3 Applying
17. State the benefits of IPPD. BTL1 Understanding

18. Explain the Needs of organization process management. BTL4 Evaluating


19. Define ram-up. BTL1 Applying
20. Select the best training method in IPPD. BTL4 Creating
PART -B 13 Marks
1. Explain the management approach in IPPD. (13) BTL5 Remembering

2. i) Describe the Behavior analysis. (07) BTL1 Remembering


ii) Explain the importance of BA in PLC. (06) BTL 2 understanding

Describe the product design and development process. (13) BTL1 Remembering
3.
Demonstrate the promotion of customer understanding. (13) BTL3 Remembering
4.
Differentiate the competitor and customer in IPPD. (13) Understanding
5. BTL-2
Briefly explain the organization process management and
6. BTL-4 Remembering
improvement in IPPD. (13)

7. Identify the elements of product strategy. (13)


BTL1 Applying
Briefly explain the strategic importance of product BTL-4
8. Applying
development.(13)
9. Infer detail the customer focus methods. (13) BTL-4 Applying

10. Generalize the concurrent development. (13) BTL-4 Applying

Explain the need for integrated product design and process BTL-2
11. Understanding
development with suitable example. (13)
Explain the ways of promoting customer development and managing BTL-2 Understanding
12.
requirements with suitable example? (13)
Define behavior analysis. Explain it with respect to competitor and
BTL-3 Evaluating
13.
customer. (13)

Explain the need for integration of customer, designer, material


Analyzing
14.
supplier and process planner. (13) BTL-3

PART - C 15 Marks

1. Evaluate what fraction of the price of a pocket calculator is required BTL-4 Analyzing
to cover the cost of developing the product.
Judge its importance to produce more eco-friendly products or to Analyzing
2. BTL-4
follow eco-friendly production system.

3. Develop a type of development process suitable for successful at BTL-4 Analyzing


developing residential Air-conditioning units.

Create a product-technology roadmap illustrating the availability of


4. BTL-4 Analyzing
technologies for a class of products you understand well, such as
personal computers.
UNIT II CONCEPT GENERATION, SELECTION AND TESTING

Task - Structured approaches - clarification – search externally and internally-Explore systematically - reflect on
the solutions and processes - concept selection -methodology-- benefits.

PART-A 2 Marks

1 Prepare the road map for concept generation process. BTL-1 Understanding

Prepare the flow chart for concept generation. BTL-1 Understanding


2

3 Give the basic methods involved in concept Generation. BTL-2 Remembering

4 Explain the clarification of problems. BTL-4 Understanding

5 Describe the External approach in concept generation. BTL-2 Remembering

6 Infer the Internal approach in concept generation. BTL-4 Remembering

Explain the problems can be explored in concept generation process.


7 BTL-2 Understanding

8 List different methods in explore technique. Analyzing


BTL-1
9 Define Benchmark. BTL-1 Applying
10 Define Team work. BTL-1 Understanding
Demonstrate the uses in concept classification tree approach.
11 BTL-3 Understanding
Summaries the uses in concept classification table approach. BTL- 4
12 Applying
13 Define concept selection. BTL-1 Remembering

14 Draw the flowchart for concept selection. BTL-4 Analyzing

15 Give the basic methods of concept selection. BTL-2 Analyzing

Tabulate the measurements Technique involved in concept


16 BTL-2 Analyzing
selection.
17 Discuss screening. BTL-1 Evaluating
18 Define concept scoring. BTL-1 Remembering
19 Interpret the product performance. BTL-2 Creating
20 Explain concept testing. BTL-1 Remembering
PART -B 13 Marks
1. Describe the activity of concept generation. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

2. Explain the concept selection and five step method. (13) BTL-3
Understanding
3. Demonstrate the concept testing. (13) BTL-1 Remembering
4. Explain the problem clarification for CG in product development. (13) BTL-3
Understanding
5. Explain the measurement technique involved in Concept selection. BTL-3
(13) Understanding
6. Explain the problem search internally and externally. (13) Remembering
BTL-1
7. Explain the feedback of constructive process with examples. (13) Understanding
BTL-3
8. Discriminate the classification tree and combination table. (13) Remembering
BTL-1
9. Discuss in detail about establishing target specification. (13) Remembering
BTL-2
10. Describe the product changes implemented and Remembering
BTL-2
standardization in concept selection. (13)
11. Propose a set of selection criteria for the choice of a battery Remembering
BTL- 1
technology for use in a portable computer. (13)
12. List the some different ways you could communicate a concept for a Remembering
BTL- 1
new user interface for an automotive audio system. (13)
13. Describe the management of exploration process. (13) Remembering
BTL-2
Explain the concept screening. (13) Remembering
14. BTL-2
PART–C 15 Marks

Compose the problem of designing a barbecue grill. Try a functional


1. BTL-1 Understanding
decomposition as well as a decomposition based on the user
interactions with the product.

Prepare an external - search plan for the problem of permanently


2. BTL-6 Evaluating
applying serial numbers to plastic products.

3. Recommend a set of selection criteria for the choice of a battery BTL-5 Analyzing
technology for use in a portable computer.
Explain how should a company align the concept generation and BTL-5
4 Evaluating
selection process when the product designing job is outsourced to a
design company?
UNIT-III PRODUCT ARCHITECTURE

Implications - Product change - variety - component standardization - product performance -


manufacturability -Product development management - establishing the architecture - creation -
clustering - geometric layout development - Fundamental and incidental interactions - related system level
design issues - secondary systems -architecture of the chunks - creating detailed interface specifications.

PART A 2Marks
1. Define product architecture. BTL-1 Remembering

2. List the steps involved in product architecture. BTL-1 Remembering

3. Interpret Modular architecture. BTL-2 Understanding


4. Give the examples of product architecture. BTL-2 Understanding
5. List the types in modularity. BTL-1 Understanding

6. Illustrate slot modular architecture. BTL-2 Understanding

7. Interpret the Bus modular architecture. BTL-2 Understanding

8. Describe the section modular architecture. BTL-2 Understanding

List the implementation in PA.


9. BTL-1 Understanding
10 Define product variety. BTL-1 Understanding

11 Express the Product changes. BTL-2 Remembering

12 Define Manufacturability. BTL-1 Understanding

13 Demonstrate the need for component standardization.


BTL-3 Remembering
Express the need for Product development management. Applying
14 BTL-2
15 Define add-on. BTL-1 Understanding

16 Define upgrade. BTL-1 Understanding

Explain the steps involved in establishing product architecture. BTL-1 Understanding


17
18 Explain the two categories integration process. BTL-1 Understanding

19 Discover the secondary system. BTL3 Applying


20 Assess portfolio architecture. BTL3 Applying
PART -B 13 Marks
1 Describe the Product architecture. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

2 Generalize the Product development management. (13) BTL-2 Understanding

3 Illustrate the different types of modularity. (13) BTL-1 Remembering


4 Connect the architecture in product architecture. (13) BTL-1 Understanding

Express the way by which the product will be created and BTL-2
5 Remembering
clustered in architecture. (13)

Explain Fundamental interaction, incidental interaction and BTL-1 Remembering


6
secondary Systems in detail with examples. (13)

Summarize the design issues make an impact in related system BTL-2 Understanding
7
in product architecture. (13)
Describe the interface specification of Product
8 BTL-1 Evaluating
architecture. (13)

9 Describe the rough geometric layout with example. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

Compare the slot modular architecture, bus modular


BTL-3 Comparing
10 architecture, section Modular architecture. (13)

Explain the architecture of the chunks. (13) BTL-5 Remembering


11

12 Explain the differentiation plan and commonality plan. (13) BTL-5 Applying
13 Describe the cluster elements of the schematic layout with
example. (13) BTL-1 Remembering
14 Describe create a schematic of the product layout with example.
BTL-1 Remembering
(13)
PART C 15 Marks
Plan a schematic for a wrist watch, using only functional
1 BTL-5 Analyzing
elements.
Formulate a schematic including the essential functional
2 elements. Identify two or three possible clustering’s of these BTL-5 Analyzing
elements into chunks.
Judge - A firm cannot achieve high product variety without a
3 BTL-5 Analyzing
modular product architecture.
Explain how product architecture will differ for a product
4 (bicycle) developed for an economically lower segment of market
vis-a-vis the same product (bicycle) developed for upper segment BTL-5 Analyzing
of market.
UNIT IV INDUSTRIAL DESIGN

Integrate process design - Managing costs - Robust design - Integrating CAE, CAD, CAM tools –
Simulating product performance and manufacturing processes electronically - Need for industrial design-
impact – design process - investigation of customer needs - conceptualization- refinement - management of
the industrial design process - technology driven products - user - driven products - assessing the quality of
industrial design.

PART A 2 Marks
1 Interpret the integrated process design BTL-1 Remembering

2 List the steps involved in integrated process design. BTL-1 Remembering

3 Demonstrate the need for customer focus. BTL-1 Remembering

4 Calculate the managing cost. BTL-1 Remembering


5 Define robust design. BTL-1 Remembering

6 Interpret the use of integrating CAE/CAD/CAM. BTL-1 Remembering


7 Explain the need for industrial design. BTL-4 Analyzing

8 List the investigation methods used in customer needs. BTL-3 Applying


9 Define customer satisfaction. BTL-1 Remembering

10 Express the block diagram for Managing cost. BTL-1 Remembering

11 Illustrate the Products differentiation. BTL-2 Understanding

12 Infer the importance of management in industrial design Creating


BTL-6
process.

13 Summarize the different driven technique used in management BTL-1 Remembering


design.

14 Explain the technology driven products. BTL-2 Understanding

15 Explain the user driven products. BTL-2 Understanding


16 Define conceptualization. BTL-5 Evaluating
17 Analyse the user make an impact in Industrial design BTL-2 Understanding

18 Assess the quality in industrial design. BTL-5 Evaluating

19 Generalize the products which can be driven in IPPD. BTL-6 Creating

20 List the technologies used in driving the products BTL-6 Creating


PART B 13 Marks
1 Describe the integrated process design. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

2 Demonstrate in detail the robust design. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

3 Analyse the importance of customer needs. (13) Evaluating


BTL-5

4 Discuss in detail process in managing cost. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

Explain the process of CAE/CAD/CAM in Industrial design.


5 BTL-2 Understanding
(13)

6 Explain the management of Industrial design process. (13) BTL-2 Understanding

7 Compare Technology driven and user driven products. (13) BTL-3 Applying

Demonstrate in detail how the quality can be used in assessing BTL-3 Applying
8
an industrial design. (13)

Enumerate the customer role in industrial design. (13) BTL-3


9 Applying

10 Generalize the system level of design. (13) BTL-4 Analyzing

How does industrial design establish a corporate identity? (13)


11 BTL-4 Analyzing

12 Explain the timing of industrial design involvement. (13) BTL-4 Analyzing

List some firms that you have a strong corporate identity. What
13 BTL-2 Understanding
aspects of their products helped to develop this identity? (13)

14 Explain what types of products might not benefit from ID BTL-6 Creating
involvement in the development process. (13)
PART C (15 Marks)

Develop several concept sketches for a common product.


1 BTL-4 Analyzing

Design the product form both "from the inside out” and "from
2
the outside in" for a simple product such as stapler, a telephone BTL-5 Evaluating
and decide.
Judge - Consumers should be involved in product designing
3 BTL-3 Applying
team.

4 BTL-5 Evaluating
Explain what cause and effect mechanism does ID affect a
product.
UNIT V DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCT
DEVELOPMENT

Definition - Estimation of Manufacturing cost-reducing the component costs and assembly costs – Minimize
system complexity - Prototype basics - Principles of prototyping - Planning for prototypes - Economic Analysis
- Understanding and representing tasks-baseline project planning - accelerating the project-project execution.

PART A 2 Marks
1 Interpret the term DFM. BTL-1 Remembering
2 List the DFM process BTL-1 Remembering
3 Give the main categories involved in DFM. BTL-1 Remembering
4 Assess the manufacturability cost. BTL-1 Remembering
5 Illustrate the assembly cost BTL-1 Remembering
6 Define component cost BTL-1 Remembering
7 Define overhead cost. BTL-1 Remembering
8 Define fixed cost. BTL-4 Analyzing

9 List the steps involved in reducing the cost of components. BTL-4 Analyzing
10 Discuss the economic analysis. BTL-4 Analyzing
11 Explain industrial prototyping. BTL-3 Applying
12 Summarize the different prototypes. BTL-2 understanding
13 Summarize the benefits of prototypes. BTL-2 understanding
List the estimation methods used in manufacturing cost.
14 BTL-3 Applying
15 Interpret the steps involved in prototype design. BTL-1 Remembering

16 Illustrate the basic principle of prototype. BTL-4 Analyzing

17 Infer the planning steps involved in prototype design. BTL-2 understanding


18 Assess the different types of economic analysis. BTL-2 understanding

19 Assess the quantitative analysis in quality control. BTL-6 Creating

20 Demonstrate qualitative analysis. BTL-5 Evaluating


PART B 13 Marks
1 Describe in detail the DFM process. (13) BTL-1 Remembering

2 Explain the component cost and assembly. (13) BTL-2 Understanding


Demonstrate with example about the manufacturing cost. (13)
3 BTL-2 Understanding
4 Understanding
Explain the methods used in manufacturing cost. (13) BTL-2

Explain in detail about economic scale for part process. (13) Understanding
5 BTL-2
Demonstrate with example about prototype methods. (13) BTL-2 Understanding
6

7 Explain Basic Principles used in prototype design. (13) BTL-2 Understanding

Describe in detail how the planning makes an impact in BTL-2 Understanding


8
prototype. (13)

Describe about accelerating the project and project execution. Applying


9 BTL-3

Describe about design for excellence and ergonomic factors.(13) Applying


10 BTL-3

List 10 reasons, why reducing the number of parts in a product


BTL-4 Analyzing
11 might reduce production costs. Also list some reasons why costs
might increase. (13)

Explain the role of customer and competitor data analysis in the BTL-4 Analyzing
12 economic analysis process of the product. (13)
List five reasons to pursue a product, even if the quantitative BTL-4 Analyzing
13 analysis reveals a negative NPV. (13)

14 Explain in detail about accelerating the projects. (13) BTL-3 Applying

PART C 15 Marks

Evaluate the production cost for a simple product you may have
purchased such as pen or a baby's toy of 10 no.s. The upper
1 bound for the estimation including overhead can be taken as the
wholesale rate is 50% to 70% of retail. BTL-4 Analyzing

Compose some potential cost-reducing modifications you could


2 make to improve the product cost for simple product such as BTL-5 Evaluating
pen or baby’s toy.

Summarize the reasons why reducing the number of parts in a


3 product might reduce production costs. Also explain some BTL-4 Analyzing
reasons why costs might increase.
Design an intake manifold considering all the factors impacting Remembering
4 BTL-1
the DFM and display the result.