Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

The passé composé is a compound verb.

It is formed with the present tense of the auxiliary verb


(either avoir or être) plus the past participle of the main verb
AIMER
avons
j' ai aimé nous
aimé
tu as aimé vous avez aimé
il ils
a aimé ont aimé
elle elles

DEVENIR (être verb)


suis
je nous sommes devenu(e)s
devenu(e)
tu es devenu(e) vous êtes devenu(e)(s)
il est devenu ils sont devenus
elle est devenue elles sont devenues

SE LAVER (pronominal verb)


je me suis lavé(e) nous nous sommes lavé(e)s
tu t'es lavé(e) vous vous êtes lavé(e)(s)
il s'est lavé ils se sont lavés
elle s'est lavée elles se sont lavées
When the auxiliary verb is être, the past participle must agree with the subject, and when it's
avoir, it may have to agree with its direct object (learn more).

Parler - To talk, speak


Simple conjugations for the French verb parler
This is a model verb for all regular -er verbs. If this is not the verb you were expecting, you were
using my verb encyclopedia with model verbs. If you do not want to use model verbs, please see
my other verb encyclopedia or use my French verb conjugator.
Présent Subjonctif

je parle nous parlons je parle nous parlions


tu parles vous parlez tu parles vous parliez
il parle ils parlent il parle ils parlent

Passé composé Impératif

(t
Auxiliary verb avoir parle
u)
Past participle parlé (nous) parlons
Present participle parlant (vous) parlez

Imparfait Passé simple

je parlais nous parlions je parlai nous parlâmes


tu parlais vous parliez tu parlas vous parlâtes
il parlait ils parlaient il parla ils parlèrent

Futur Conditionnel

je parlerai nous parlerons je parlerais nous parlerions


tu parleras vous parlerez tu parlerais vous parleriez
il parlera ils parleront il parlerait ils parleraient

French Regular -IR Verbs


There are 5 main kinds of French verbs: -er, -ir, -re, stem-changing, and irregular. Once
you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have
no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. This lesson is on -ir verbs,
which are the second most common category.
Here are some of the many -ir verbs that you will soon be able to conjugate:
abolir to abolish
agir to act
avertir to warn
bâtir to build
bénir to bless
choisir to choose
établir to establish
étourdir to stun, deafen, make dizzy
finir to finish
grossir to get fat
guérir to cure, heal, recover
maigrir to lose weight, get thin
nourrir to feed, nourish
obéir to obey
punir to punish
réfléchir to reflect, think
remplir to fill
réussir to succeed
rougir to blush, turn red
vieillir to grow old
The verb form that ends in -ir is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb
preceded by the word "to"). -ir is the infinitive ending. The verb without the -ir is called the
stem or radical.
To conjugate an -ir verb, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings, as
follows:

Singular Plural
1st person je -is nous -issons
2nd person tu -is vous -issez
3rd person il -it ils -issent
Thus to conjugate choisir, you would remove the infinitive ending to find the radical chois- and
then add the appropriate endings:

CHOISIR Singular Plural


1st person je choisis nous choisissons
2nd person tu choisis vous choisissez
3rd person il choisit ils choisissent
All regular -ir verbs are conjugated according to this pattern. However, there are a fair number of
irregular -ir verbs, which are addressed here: Irregular -IR verbs

Finir - To finish
Simple conjugations for the French verb finir
This is a model verb for all regular -ir verbs. If this is not the verb you were expecting, you were
using my verb encyclopedia with model verbs. If you do not want to use model verbs, please see
my other verb encyclopedia or use my French verb conjugator.
Présent Subjonctif

je finis nous finissons je finisse nous finissions


tu finis vous finissez tu finisses vous finissiez
il finit ils finissent il finisse ils finissent

Impératif
Passé composé

(t
Auxiliary verb avoir finis
u)
Past participle fini (nous) finissons
Present participle finissant (vous) finissez

Imparfait
Passé simple

je finissais nous finissions je finis nous finîmes


tu finissais vous finissiez tu finis vous finîtes
il finissait ils finissaient il finit ils finirent
Futur Conditionnel

je finirai nous finirons je finirais nous finirions


tu finiras vous finirez tu finirais vous finiriez
finiraien
il finira ils finiront il finirait ils
t

French Regular -RE Verbs


There are 5 main kinds of French verbs: -er, -ir, -re, stem-changing, and irregular. Once
you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have
no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. This lesson is on -re verbs, the
smallest category of regular verbs.Here are some of the -re verbs that this lesson will teach you
to conjugate:
attendre to wait (for)
défendre to defend
descendre to descend
entendre to hear
perdre to lose
prétendre to claim
rendre to give back, to return something
répondre to answer
vendre to sell
The verb form that ends in -re is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb
preceded by the word "to"). -re is the infinitive ending. The verb without the -re is called the
stem or radical.To conjugate an -re verb, remove the infinitive ending and then add the
appropriate endings, as follows:

Singular Plural
1st
je -s nous -ons
person
2nd person tu -s vous -ez
3rd person il (nothing) ils -ent
Thus to conjugate descendre, you would remove the infinitive ending to find the radical
descend- and then add the appropriate endings:
Descendre Singular Plural
1st person je descends nous descendons
2nd person tu descends vous descendez
3rd person il descend ils descendent

Ve
nd
re
-
To
sel
l
S
imp
le
con
jug
atio
ns
for
the
Fre
nch
ver
b
ven
dre
This
is a
model
verb
for all
regula
r -re
verbs.
If this
is not
the
verb
you
were
expec
ting,
you
were
using
my
verb
encyc
lopedi
a with
model
verbs.
If you
do not
want
to use
model
verbs,
please
see
my
other
verb
encyc
lopedi
a or
use
my
Frenc
h verb
conju
gator.
P S
r u
é b
s j
e o
n n
t ct
if

v
e
n
d
i
o
n
s
v
e
n
d
i
e
z
v
e
n
d
e
n
t

P I
a m
s p
s é
é r
c
o
m a
p ti
o f
s
é

A
u
x
i
l
v
i
e
a
n
r
d
y
s
v
e
r
b
P
a
s
t
v
p (
e
a n
n
r o
d
t u
o
i s
n
c )
s
i
p
l
e
P (v
r ve
e on
s ud
e se
n )z
t
p
a
r
t
i
c
i
p
l
e

I P
m a
p ss
a é
r si
f m
a p
it le

v
e
n
d
î
m
e
s
v
e
n
d
î
t
e
s
v
e
n
d
i
r
e
n
t
C
o
F n
u d
t it
u io
r n
n
el

v
e
n
d
r
i
o
n
s
v
e
n
d
r
i
e
z
v
e
n
d
r
a
i
e
n
t

Verb
conju
gatio
n
grou
p: