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Present Continuous
• We use the Present Continuous to talk abot things happening now:
I’m waiting for a taxi.
They’re sitting in your office.
• We make the Present Continuous with:
• Subject + be + verb+ing
Present Continuous
subject be verb+ing
I am teaching English.
You are listening to the teacher.
He is writing a report.
She is working in an office.
It is swimming.
We are studying English.
They are going to a conference.
Present Continuous
Full Form Contraction
subject be verb+ing
subject be verb+ing
I ‘m not teaching English.
I am not teaching English.
You ‘re not listening to the teacher.
You are not listening to the teacher.
He is not writing a report. He ‘s not writing a report.
She is not working in an office.
She ‘s not working in an office.
It is not swimming. isn’t
We are not studying English. It ‘s not swimming.
They are not going to a conference.
We ‘re not studying English.
They ‘re not going to a conference.
Spelling Rules
Verb+ing: Spelling Rules Examples
most verbs: add –ing play playing study stuying
look looking go going
verbs ending in –e: take off –e and addd –ing make making write writing
live living dance dancing
verbs ending in consonant + vowel + sit sitting run running
consonant: double the last consonant and stop stopping siwm swimming
add –ing
• We can also make negatives with ‘re or ‘s+ not:
Danny’s not doing anything.
They’re not looking very happy.
Present Continuous
(Questions and Short Answers)

question word auxiliary subject verb+ing answers

Where is Frank calling from? He is calling from the USA.

What is she doing now? She is working.

What are you doing now? I’m teaching English.

Where are they having a meeting now? They’re having a meeting at

Present Continuous
(Yes/No questions – Short Answers)

be subject Verb+ing Short Answers

Am I working here today? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.

Are you watching TV at the moment? Yes, I am. No, I amn’t.

Is he listening to music? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.

Is she answering her phone? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t.

Is it swimming? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

Are we eating now? Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.

Are they having the meeting now? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
Traveling Phrases
Present Simple or Present Continuous
• We use the Present Simple to talk about things that happen every day/week/month, etc.
• We use the Present Continuous to talk about things that are happening now.
• We usually use these words/phrases with the Present Simple.
usually sometimes always often normally never hardly ever everyday/week/month/year
I normally go to work by train.
I usually take the bus.
It snows a lot in Canada every winter.
• We usually use these words/phrases with the Present Continuous:
now today at the moment
He’s watching TV now.
I’m driving to work today.
What are you doing at the moment?
Positive Sentences
Negative Sentences
Talking on the Phone
Adjectives and Adverbs
• We use adjectives to describe nouns. They usually come before the noun.
He’s an excellent driver.

• We use adverbs like well, carefully, etc. to describe verbs.

They usually come after the verb.
He speaks Spanish fluently.
Adjectives and Adverbs
spelling rule adjective adverb
most adverbs: careful carefully
add –ly to the adjective fluent fluently
bad badly
adjectives ending in –y: easy easily
-y → -i and add -ly happy happily
irregular adverbs good well
fast fast
hard hard