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RAMON PASCUAL INSTITUTE

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL


S.Y. 2018-2019

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1
PRELIMINARY TEST

Name: _________________________________ Score: __________


Date: ________________ Percentage: _____

Test I. Instructions: Read and analyze the questions below. Write the letter of your
chosen answer on the space provided before each number.

_____1. Research should maintain objectivity. What does objectivity means?

A. showing prejudice to the subject matter.


B. having partiality to the decisions being undertaken on the process.
C. establishing validity among the data collected.
D. being impartial and independent from different factors.

_____2. All but one is the characteristics of a good research paper.

A. Objective C. Analytical
B. Logical D. Pre-judged

_____3. What research approach uses quantifiable data to analyze and come up with
conclusions?

A. Evaluative Research C. Descriptive Research


B. Qualitative Research D. Quantitative Research

_____4. All but one is the research designs of a qualitative research.


I – Phenomenological
II – Ethnographic
III – Narrative
IV – Expositori

A. All of the above C. II and IV


B. I and II D. IV only

_____5. What should be done first before arriving at a conclusion?

A. Asking questions C. Formulating hypothesis


B. Analyzing Data D. Gathering Data

_____6. Stumble and Fall: The reasons why education graduates fail in board
examination. What is the research approach employed in the above research
title?

A. Case study C. Phenomenology


B. Quantitative D. Qualitative

_____7. Today I don’t Feel Like Doing Anything: Students’ View on Procrastination.
What is the research design used in the above title?

A. Qualitative C. Mixed Method


B. Phenomenology D. Case Study
_____8. What data are said to be perceived through five senses?

A. numerical data C. non-empirical data


B. qualitative data D. empirical data

_____9. Which among the tools below is not suitable in doing qualitative paper?
I - Test
II – Interview
III – Observation
IV – Survey

A. I and II C. III and IV


B. I and IV D. I only

_____10. What is the correct sequence of the research process?


I - data collection, treatment, processing, and analysis
II - Identification of problem
III - research design, approach, and tool
IV - data presentation, interpretation
V - conclusion, implications, and recommendations

A. II-I-IV-V-III C. II-I-III-V-IV
B. II-III-I-IV-V D. II-IV-V-I-III

_____11. Which of the terms refer to the nature or object of social reality?

A. Metaphysics C. Epistemology
B. Ontology D. Aesthetics

_____12. Which of the following is a technique for gathering evidence?

A. Approach C. Design
B. Method D. Methodology

_____13. What is the problem on the title below?


“Classical Music as Correlated to Students’ Academic Achievement.”

A. Effect of classical music to the students


B. Relationship of classical music to the academic environment
C. Students’ academic achievement
D. Students’ musical skills

_____14. What kind of sources does eye witnesses be classified?

A. Primary sources C. Reliable sources


B. Secondary sources D. Hearsay

_____15. Which best describes ‘deductive’ approach?

A. Defining the term then giving specific example.


B. Examples should come first before elaborating the whole idea.
C. Specific objectives are written on the first discussion.
D. Identifying the theory and compare it to other theories.
_____16. How do students come up with an idea? What answers are being demanded
by the question?

A. Narrative of parents.
B. Reasons why students think.
C. Process on how students come up with a certain idea.
D. Perspective of students who are thinking.

_____17. Where can we find general and specific declaration of research problems in
a complete research paper?

A. Methodology
B. Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations
C. Review of Related Literatures and Studies
D. Background of the Study

_____18. All are the components of a qualitative research except…

A. Statement of the Problem C. Hypothesis


B. Presentation of Data D. Theoretical Framework

_____19. These are statements considered as an ‘intelligent guess’.

A. Hypothesis C. Concept
B. Theory D. Assumption

_____20. What is the distinction of a quantitative research from a qualitative research


base on the nature of the data?

A. The data of quantitative research are overt behaviors of the


respondents while the data of qualitative are covert.
B. The data of the quantitative research are based on hypothesis while
the data of the qualitative are based on assumptions.
C. Qualitative research requires experience while quantitative requires
numerical computation.
D. The data in quantitative research are pre-determined while in
qualitative research, data are culled out.

_____21. How many respondents are needed in qualitative research?

A. 1 respondent will do for as long as it can provide the necessary


information.
B. 500 respondents to set the validity and reliability of the paper.
C. 1 or more depending on the question.
D. No required number.

_____22. What is format being followed by qualitative research?

A. IMRAD C. IMRF
B. IMFAD D. IPO
_____23. Creativity is best shown in which example?

A. Kaye questioned the existence of God.


B. Allan used his vernacular language in explaining his reason to his
parents.
C. Romel uses laundry clips as a binder of his computer’s wires.
D. Guiller participates proactively in barangay cleaning drive.

_____24. Which format does qualitative research follows?

A. Introduction-Method-Results-Discussion
B. Introduction-Method-Findings-Discussion
C. Definition-Analysis-Presentation-Conclusion
D. Introduction-Method-Analysis-Findings

_____25. All but one is not a distinction of a qualitative research.

A. Introduction C. Discussion
B. Findings D. Results

_____26. What makes the title below a qualitative research?


“The Might of Pen: Rizal’s Ideals in the 21st Century Learners”

A. The perspective of the people who mingle with 21st century learners.
B. A development on a certain social process.
C. Reasons of learners in studying 21st century skills.
D. View of the people on how the 21st century learners live according to
the ideal view of Dr. Jose Rizal

_____27. Which of the following references is the appropriate referencing format for
education and social science research?

A. APA C. Chicago
B. MLA D. Harvard

_____28. What should a researcher do when he cites an author within the text of the
paper?

A. State the first and the last names of the author


B. Use the author, date citation method
C. Use an asterisk and a footnote
D. Insert the complete citation in parenthesis

_____29. Which of the following is not an ethical guideline for conducting research with
humans?

A. Getting informed consent of the participant


B. Telling participants they must continue until the study has been
completed
C. Keeping participants’ identity anonymous
D. Telling participants they are free to withdraw at any time
_____30. Which of the following best describes quantitative research?

A. Research that is exploratory


B. The collection of non-numerical data
C. Research that attempts to generate a new theory
D. An attempt to confirm the researcher’s hypotheses

_____31. In validating the data gathered, what is important for the researcher to
maintain from the results of the interview or focus group discussion.

A. Anonymity C. discretion
B. Confidentiality D. ethics

_____32. Which is a set of principles to guide and assist researchers in deciding which
goals are most important and in reconciling conflicting values when conducting
research?

A. Research ethics C. utilitarianism


B. Deontological approach D. research confidentiality

_____33. Which of the following is necessary in obtaining informed consent?

A. A description of the purpose of the research


B. A description of the reliability and validity of test instruments
C. A description of the statistical analyses that will be carried out
D. A list of publications that the researcher had in the last ten years

_____34. Which of the following is a function of theory?

A. Making predictions
B. Explaining phenomena
C. Integrating and summarizing current knowledge
D. All of the above

_____35. Which of the following statements is TRUE about research theory?


I - It simply means “explanation”.
II - It answers the “how” and “why” questions.
III - It can be a well-developed explanatory system.

A. I only C. III only


B. II only D. I, II, and III

Test II. Instructions: Read and analyze the item carefully. Complete the table below by
identifying the research approach used in each title. Write your answer on
the space provided.

Research Title Research Approach

36. Customer Satisfaction in Candon Business Center


37. Facebook Messenger and Its Impact to the Social
Interaction of Junior High School Students
38. Why Did the Boat Sink? Reasons Of Failures in
Algebra
39. Impact of Art Therapy to the Cognitive Self-
Expression Skills of Differently Abled Students in
Marymount Academy
40. Battle of the Sexes: Discrimination among the
Teaching Personnel of Ramon Pascual Institute
Research Title Research Approach
41. Correlation of Watching Mature Cartoons and
Students’ Deportment as Perceived by Junior High
School Students in Paranaque National High School
42. Today I don’t Feel Like Doing Anything: Reasons
Why Students Procrastinate
43. Relationship of Human Resource Practices to the
Faculty Job Satisfaction in San Beda College of
Alabang
44. Padayon: Student Activism in the 21st Century
45. Love Wins: Paradigm Shift in the Gender
Sensitivity of Catholic Church

Test III. Instructions: Read and analyze the items carefully. Complete the table by
identifying the research design illustrated in each item below. Write your
answer on the space provided.

Topic Research Design

46. What makes students anxious of mathematics?

47. How do students cope with peer bullying?


48. How cooperative learning activities reduce
mathematics anxiety?
49. How do underachieving business students view
problem-solving activities?
50. What constitutes a tension-free research class?

51. How Grade 10 students view ABM Strand?

52. What factors affect failures?

53. How do Catholics view jueteng?

54. What causes students’ anxiety?


55. What student programs have been conceived in
journalism?

Test IV. Instructions: Read and analyze the items below. Write T if the statement is
TRUE and F if FALSE. Write your answer on the space provided before
each number. Also, encircle the word that makes the statement FALSE.

___56. Qualitative research follows the IMRD format.


___57. Case study asks for the process.
___58. One of the novelties of a qualitative research is it uses assumptions instead of
hypothesis.
___59. The nature of data in quantitative research is emic.
___60. Etic means pre-determined.
___61. Phenomenology ought to understand the social phenomenon through the views
or perspective of people experiencing or witnessing it.
___62. There is no required number of participants in quantitative research.
___63. Tables and graphs are the usual tool used in presenting the gathered data for
quantitative research.
___64. Research titles containing the terms impact, correlation, relationship, and the
like employ qualitative research approach.
___65. IMFAD means introduction, method, findings, analysis, and draft.

“Kapag ikaw ay magmamahal, pero sasaktan mo rin naman dapat maghamon


ka na lang ng suntukan.” - Miriam Defensor Santiago