Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

Detailed Lesson Plan

in Science 7

I. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
A. Identify the physical properties of metal, non-metal & semi-metal.
B. Locate metals, non-metals & metalloids in the periodic table of elements.

II. SUBJECT MATTER


a. Topic: Metals, Non-metals & Semi-metals in the Periodic Table of Elements
b. References: Science, Learner’s Material. Page 72-79
c. Materials: Chart, projector
d. Skills: Demonstrating, Determining, Differentiating
e. Values Integration: Scientific thinking, Cooperative Learning
f. Time frame: 1 hour (60 minutes)

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity


B. MOTIVATION
If you look around your house you will see (Students form a group and
hundreds of objects made from dozens of kinds of follow the instruction of the
teacher)
materials. Have you ever wondered why
manufacturer chose the materials they did for each
item?
Why are frying pans made of metal and their handle
is made of a special kind of plastic?
Could a cup be made of metal? Could a frying pan
be made of paper or plastic?

C. DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES
 This morning, we are going to tackle Metals,
Non-metals & Semi-metals in the periodic
table of elements.

D. PRE-LABORATORY ACTIVITY
For your activity. The students will form two
groups. One member will be the leader, secretary
and reporter. The groups will be given a picture.
They have to group the materials in the picture as
metal or non-metal basing on its properties. Work cooperatively
Participate actively
Minimize noise
Finish work on time

Yes, ma’am!

(the students working on their


assigned activity)

(the students will present their


In a group activity, what are the standards to be outputs in the class)
followed?

Please be reminded that you only have 10 minutes


to finish your task. Afterwards, you are going to The three groups are the
present your work to class. Is that clear to metals, non-metals and the
everybody? metalloids.
You may now start working. Metals appear to the left of the
dark ziz-zag line on the
periodic table.
E. ACTIVITY PROPER
(the teacher facilitates in doing their activity)
Metals, in their pure
F. GROUP PRESENTATION state, have a shining
surface. This property
(the teacher will facilitate the group presentation of is called metallic luster.
the students)

G. POST-LABORATORY DISCUSSION

Elements are categorized into three groups in the


periodic table. What are those? Many metals are ductile. This
means that metals can be
drawn into
wires. An example is copper.
Where can we locate the elements which are metals The ductility of copper makes
in the periodic table? it very useful as
electrical wires.

What are the properties of metals?


Some metals are malleable.
This means that they can be
hammered
Perhaps, you have been identifying a metal based or rolled into thin sheets
without breaking. An example
on its appearance. Most of the time, metals are is aluminum. It is
shiny. They exhibit a luster which is the reason that passed into mills and rolled
they are used as decorations. thinly to produce the
aluminum foil used to
How about ductility? wrap food. Most soda cans
are made of aluminum, too.

Yes. Metals are good


conductors of heat. The best
conductors of heat are silver
and copper. Metals are good
conductors of electricity as
When can we say that a material is malleable? well.

Nonmetals occur to the


right of the dark zig-
zag on the periodic
table. Although
Hydrogen is on the left,
it is also a nonmetal
because of its physical
properties.

Is metal a good conductor of heat & electricity?

They’re the opposite


properties of metals which
are:

The second group is non-metals. Where can we find Nonmetals do not have
these non-metals? luster; they are dull.

Nonmetals are brittle so they


break easily.

Poor conductors of heat and


electricity or insulators

It is on the border of the


diagonal line. We have seven
elements along the line which
are semi-metals such as
Boron, Silicon, Germanium,
How about the properties of non-metals?
Arsenic, Antimony, Tellurium
& Polonium.

When an element is exhibiting


both properties of metals &
non-metals.

*Metalloids are solids that can


be shiny or dull.

*Malleability: Metalloids can


be malleable and ductile, like
Lastly, we have semi-metals or what we called
metals. They also can be
metalloids. How can we locate semi-metal brittle, similar to nonmetals.
elements?
*They conduct electricity and
heat better than nonmetals but
not as well as metals.

How can we say that an element is a metalloid?

H. GENERALIZATION
A list of elements can be found on an organized
chart called the periodic table. The location of each
element in the periodic table is based on its
properties. One of the ways the periodic table
groups the elements is to separate them into metals,
nonmetals, and metalloids.

IV. EVALUATION

A. Identify each element as a metal, nonmetal or metalloid.


Copper
Oxygen
Boron
Potassium
Silicon
Helium
Aluminum
Hydrogen
Calcium
Polonium
B. Identify the following elements as metals or non-metals based on the
descriptions given below.
__________________1. Gold jewelries are shiny.
__________________2. Chalk breaks easily.
__________________3. Jena accidentally broke the vase of red roses.
__________________4. Copper is used in electrical wiring at home.
__________________5. Henry bought 10 galvanized iron for their roof.

C. List THREE (3) physical properties of metals, nonmetals and metalloids.

Metals Nonmetals Metalloids

1.
2.
3.

IV. ASSIGNMENT:

List 5 metals and non-metals found at home and relate its property to its uses.