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MIDTERM

EXAM

SECTION I: VOCABULARY (35 pts)

Part 1: Vocabulary Matching: (20 pts)

Direction: Match the words with its definition. There are more definitions than needed.
Write your answers in the box provided. The first one has been done as an
example.

a. a man who substitutes for an actor in scenes
requiring hazardous or acrobatic feats
b. a problem taken to a law court by an ordinary
0. Logger person or an organization rather than the police in
order to obtain a legal decision
1. Stunt Person
c. the basic systems and services, such as transport
2. Urban Sprawl and power supplies
d. a person who prefers walking rather than travelling
3. Infrastructure
in a vehicle
4. Pedestrian e. brave or courageous
f. risk that is considered to be acceptable
5. Drainage System
g. a person whose job is to buy and sell products in
6. Merchant large amounts, especially by trading with other
countries
7. Nerves of steel
h. to fail to work or operate correctly
8. Acceptable Risk i. cannot be used
j. a person who cuts down trees for wood
9. Malfunction
k. the system or process by which water or other
10. Lawsuits liquids are drained from a place.
l. the spreading of urban developments (such as
houses and shopping centers) on undeveloped land
near a city
m. the process by which towns and cities are formed
and become larger as more and more people begin
living and working in central areas


Write your answers here:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
j


Part 2: Vocabulary Supplying: (15 pts)

Direction: Supplying the vocabularies based on the definition. You have been given the
first letter of each words. The first one has been done as an example.

Page: 1

Affluent : having great deal of money; wealthy
F : a wide, fast road in the U.S. city that you do not pay to use
A : a room, group of rooms, or building in which someone may
live or stay
T : Fashionable or up to date
G : showing kindness toward others
S : a residential area outside a city normally associated with
the middle class
U : the problems that arrive in an urban environment
F : a risk that involves someone moving quickly downwards
onto or to the ground, by accident or because of natural
forces
U : an area of buildings surrounded by streets on four sides



SECTION II: GRAMMAR (25 pts)

Part 1. Nominalization: (5 pts)

Direction: Write possible noun forms of the following verbs. The first one has been
done as an example.

0. To measure measurement
1. To suggest
2. To advertise
3. To decide
4. To expect
5. To create
6. To examine
7. To find
8. To drown
9. To study
10. To earn

Page: 2
Part 2. Possible, Probable and Hypothetical Future Predictions (20 pts)

Direction: Rewrite the sentences by using the given words in the bracket. The first
one has been done as an example.


0. We will not allow to leave the room if we do not complete the tasks. (Unless)

We will not allow to leave the room unless we complete the tasks.


1. I won’t pay if you don’t provide me good foods. (unless)


2. You will be late if you do not leave now. (unless)


3. They will give you a free gift if you present them this coupon. (Provided)



4. If there is a typhoon, we would not go to school. (In case of)



5. If Mr. Kwan has no time to check email, I’ll text him instead. (In case)




SECTION III: READING (10 pts)

Direction: Read the following text and answer the questions. Write your answers in the
box provided.

Write T for TRUE if the statement is TRUE according to the passage.
Write F for FALSE if the statement is FALSE according to the passage.
Write NG for NOT GIVEN if the information is not given.

Page: 3



Traditionally uniforms were — and for some industries still are — manufactured to protect the
worker. When they were first designed, it is also likely that all uniforms made symbolic sense - those
for the military, for example, were originally intended to impress and even terrify the enemy; other
uniforms denoted a hierarchy - chefs wore white because they worked with flour, but the main chef
wore a black hat to show he supervised.

The last 30 years, however, have seen an increasing emphasis on their role in projecting the image
of an organisation and in uniting the workforce into a homogeneous unit — particularly in ‘customer
facing" industries, and especially in financial services and retailing. From uniforms and workwear has
emerged ‘corporate clothing’. "The people you employ are your ambassadors," says Peter Griffin,
managing director of a major retailer in the UK. "What they say, how they look, and how they behave is
terribly important." The result is a new way of looking at corporate workwear. From being a simple
means of identifying who is a member of staff, the uniform is emerging as a new channel of marketing
communication.

Truly effective marketing through visual cues such as uniforms is a subtle art, however. Wittingly
or unwittingly, how we look sends all sorts of powerful subliminal messages to other people. Dark
colours give an aura of authority while lighter pastel shades suggest approachability. Certain dress style
creates a sense of conservatism, others a sense of openness to new ideas. Neatness can suggest
efficiency but, if it is overdone, it can spill over and indicate an obsession with power. "If the company
is selling quality, then it must have quality uniforms. If it is selling style, its uniforms must be stylish. If
it wants to appear innovative, everybody can’t look exactly the same. Subliminally we see all these
things," says Lynn Elvy, a director of image consultants House of Colour.

But translating corporate philosophies into the right mix of colour, style, degree of branding and
uniformity can be a fraught process. And it is not always successful. According to Company Clothing
magazine, there are 1000 companies supplying the workwear and corporate clothing market. Of these,
22 account for 85% of total sales - £380 million in 1994.

A successful uniform needs to balance two key sets of needs. On the one hand, no uniform will work
if staff feel uncomfortable or ugly. Giving the wearers a choice has become a key element in the way
corporate clothing is introduced and managed. On
the other, it is pointless if the look doesn’t express
the business’s marketing strategy. The greatest challenge in this respect is time. When it comes to
human perceptions, first impressions count. Customers will size up the way staff look in just a few
seconds, and that few seconds will colour their attitudes from then on. Those few seconds can be so
important that big companies are prepared to invest years, and millions of pounds, getting them right.

In addition, some uniform companies also offer rental services. "There will be an increasing
specialisation in the marketplace," predicts Mr Blyth, Customer Services Manager of a large UK bank.
The past two or three years have seen consolidation. Increasingly, the big suppliers are becoming
‘managing agents’, which means they offer a total service to put together the whole complex operation
of a company’s corporate clothing package - which includes reliable sourcing, managing the inventory,
budget control and distribution to either central locations or to each staff member individually. Huge
investments have been made in new systems, information technology and amassing quality assurance
accreditations.


Page: 4
Corporate clothing does have potential for further growth. Some banks have yet to introduce a full
corporate look; police forces are researching a complete new look for the 21st century. And many
employees now welcome a company wardrobe. A recent survey of staff found that 90 per cent
welcomed having clothing which reflected the corporate identity.



Question 1-5:


1. Uniforms were more carefully made in the past than they are today. 


2. Uniforms make employees feel part of a team. 


3. Using uniforms as a marketing tool requires great care. 


4. Being too smart could have a negative impact on customers. 


5. Most businesses that supply company clothing are successful. 



Write your answers here:

1 2 3 4 5



Page: 5
SECTION IV: LISTENING (30 pts)


Direction: Each item in this part consists of a brief conversation involving two
speakers. Following each conversation, a third voice will ask a question.
You will hear the conversations and questions only once, and they will not
be written out.

When you have heard each conversation and question, read the four answer
choices and select the one-(A), (B), (C), or (D)-that best answers the question based on
what is directly stated or on what can be inferred. Then fill in the space on your answer
sheet that matches the letter of the answer that you have selected.

Here is an example. You will hear:





You will read:

A. Open the window.
B. Move the chair.
C. Leave the room.
D. Take a seat.





From the conversation you find out that the woman thinks the man should put the
chair over by the window. The best answer to the question,

"What does the woman think the man should do?" is (B), "Move the chair."

You should fill in (B) on your answer sheet.




Write your answers here:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15


Page: 6

1. What does the woman mean? A. She believes the salesman paid no
A. She is tired of trying to get into the university. attention to her.
B. She has already entered a university. B. She needed the man’s advice.
C. She took a job instead of going to college. C. She has never bought such a complicated car.
D. She has continued to try to find a university D. She has never bought a car before.
that will accept her.
10. What is the woman probably doing?
2. What will the woman probably do? A. Filling a prescription
A. Study linguistics B. Renewing her driver’s license
B. Contact Professor Stafford C. Having her eyes examined by an optometrist
C. Take Professor Stafford’s class D. Obtaining a driver’s license for the first time
D. Decide later
11. What had the woman assumed about the man?
3. What does the woman suggest that the man do? A. That he wants to leave his house before he
A. Consider another computer with a well- sells it.
known brand name B. That he can’t find anybody to buy his house.
B. Research and reconsider C. That he cannot stay in his house for a while
C. Buy a slower computer after he sells it.
D. Purchase the computer she first suggested D. That he already closed on his
house.
4. What does the man mean?
A. He will not build the fence. 12. What is the woman’s problem?
B. He believes he can build the fence without A. She lost her job.
waiting. B. She does not have money for her trip.
C. He will apply again. C. She can’t accept the new job because it
D. He will join the committee. conflicts with her trip.
D. She got a new job, so she can’t go on her trip.
5. What is the woman’s problem?
A. She wants to sign up for 13. What do the speakers imply about Celine Dion?
trigonometry, but there is no room. A. They do not care for her music.
B. She is unhappy with what her advisor B. She is going to take some time off.
suggested. C. Her husband is a singer too.
C. She hates trigonometry. D. They think she should give more concerts.
D. She is failing trigonometry.
14. What does the man mean?
6. What does the man mean? A. He is sorry that they upgraded the software
A. The computer is used by many people. because it caused another problem.
B. The computer she is considering has fallen B. He believes one should always be on the
out of favor. cutting edge of technology.
C. The price of the computer has been reduced. C. He believes that there is no connection
D. The computer is out of service. between his new program and his problem.
D. That he already closed on his
7. What does the man mean? house.
A. He has not exercised and his body
shows it. 15. What will the man probably do?
B. He has been exercising while traveling. A. Sit back down
C. He does not want to exercise anymore. B. Put the encyclopedia away
D. He is not able to exercise because he doesn’t C. Get several books for the woman
feel well D. Put one book on the shelf and get an
encyclopedia
8. What are the speakers talking about?
A. The dangers of extreme
temperatures
B. Ancient Egyptian burial processes
C. Preserved human remains
D. A program that the man found unconvincing

9. What does the woman mean?

Page: 7

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