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Ecuaciones Diferenciales III

Determinar si las siguientes ecuaciones diferenciales son exactas; resolverlas si lo son.

1. (2𝑥 − 5𝑦 + 2)𝑑𝑥 + (1 − 6𝑦 − 5𝑥)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R: 𝑥 2 + 2𝑥 − 3𝑦 2 + 𝑦 − 5𝑥𝑦 = 𝐶


2. (2𝑥𝑦 3 − 4𝑦 + 4𝑥 − 3)𝑑𝑥 + (3𝑥 2 𝑦 2 − 4𝑥)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R: 𝑥 2 𝑦 3 − 4𝑥𝑦 + 2𝑥 2 − 3𝑥 = 𝐶
3. (16𝑥𝑦 − 3𝑥 2 )𝑑𝑥 + (8𝑥 2 + 2𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R: 8𝑥 2 𝑦 − 𝑥 3 + 𝑦 2 = 𝐶
4. (−20𝑥𝑦 2 + 6𝑥)𝑑𝑥 + (3𝑦 2 − 20𝑥 2 𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R: 3𝑥 2 − 10𝑥 2 𝑦 2 + 𝑥 3 = 𝐶
5. (𝑒 𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑑𝑥 + (𝑒 𝑦 + 𝑥)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R: 𝑒 𝑥 + 𝑥𝑦 + 𝑒 𝑦 = 𝐶
𝑦 𝑦 𝑦
𝑦 1
6. (𝑦 − 𝑥 2 ∙ 𝑒 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑥 + (𝑥 + 𝑥 ∙ 𝑒 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑦 = 0 R:𝑥𝑦 + 𝑒 𝑥 = 𝐶
𝑦 𝑦 𝑦
𝑦 1
7. (1 − 𝑥 2 ∙ 𝑒 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑥 + (1 + 𝑥 ∙ 𝑒 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑦 = 0 R:𝑒 𝑥 + 𝑦 + 𝑥 = 𝐶
8. 𝑦(1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑦)𝑑𝑥 + 𝑥(1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R:𝑥𝑦 + 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑥𝑦 = 𝐶
9. (6𝑥𝑦 3 + 𝑦𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑥𝑦 + 1)𝑑𝑥 + (9𝑥 2 𝑦 2 + 𝑥𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑥𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R:3𝑥 2 𝑦 3 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑦 + 𝑥 = 𝐶
10. (3𝑥 2 + 𝑦𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑦)𝑑𝑥 + (3𝑦 2 + 𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 R:3𝑥 3 + 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 3 = 𝐶
𝑦 𝑦 1 𝑦 𝑦
11. (𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑦 + 𝑥 2 𝑠𝑒𝑛 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑥 + (𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑦 − 𝑥 𝑠𝑒𝑛 𝑥 ) 𝑑𝑦=0 R:𝑥𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑦 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠 𝑥 = 𝐶
12. 𝑒 𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑦𝑑𝑥 − 𝑒 𝑥 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑦𝑑𝑦 = 0 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑎 𝑦(0) = 𝜋 R:𝑒 𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑦 = −1
𝜋
13. [cos(𝑥 + 𝑦) − 1]𝑑𝑥 + cos(𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑑𝑦 = 0 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑎 𝑦(0) = 2 R:𝑠𝑒𝑛(𝑥 + 𝑦) = 1 + 𝑥