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UDC 666.972 :691.32: 620.1

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DEUTSCHE NORM

Testing concrete

Testing of hardened concrete (specimens prepared in mould)

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June 19q

DIN

1048

Part 5

PrGfverfahren fur Beton; aesonderl heroestellte Probekdroer

This standard, together with DIN 1048 Part 1. June

1991 edition, supersedes

DIN 1048 Part 1. December

1978 edition.

In keeping with current practice in standards published by the International Organization lor Standardization (/SO), a comma has been used throughout as the decimal marker.

This standard has been prepared by. Section VII Beton und Stahibeton IDeutscher AusschuQ liir Stahlbeton 01 the NormenausschuQBauwesen (Building and Civil Engineering Standards Committee).

Dimensions in mm

Contents

 

Page

Paga

1

Scope and fleld of appllcatlon

1

5.3

Treatment after compaction

3

2

Sampllng .,

1

6

Curlng of specimens

3

2.1

Suitability testing

1

6.1

General

3

2.2

Quality testing and testing of hardened concrete

1

6.2

Compressive strength and static modulus of

2.3

Number of specimens

1

elasticity

3

 

6.3

Flexural strength and tensile splitting strength . 3

3

Shape and slze of specimens

1

6.4

Water permeability

4

3.1

General

1

3.2

Compressive strength

2

7

Testlng

4

3.3

Flexural strength

2

7.1

Density

-- 4

3.4

Tensile splitting strength

2

7.2

Compressive strength

4

3.5

Static modulus of elasticity

2

7.3

Flexural strength

4

3.6

Water permeability

2

7.4

Tensile splitting strength

5

 

7.4.1

Cylindrical specimens

5

4

Apparatus

2

7.4.2

Prismatic and cubic specimens

5

4.1

Moulds

2

7.5

Static modulus of elasticity

5

4.2

Accessories

2

7.6

Water permeability

6

4.3

Test equipment

2

7.7

Moisture

6

5

Specimen preparation

2

8 Test report

6

5.1 General

2

5.2 Compaction

3

Standards referred to

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1 Scope and field of application

This standard specifies methods'of testingthe corn- pressive strength, flexural strength, tensile splitting strength. static modulus of elasticity, water permabil- ity and moisture content of hardened concrete as de- fined in subclause 2.1 of DIN 1045, july 1988 edition, and in DIN 4232. The assessment of test results and !he requirements to be met by concrete are covered in DIN 1045.

2 Sampling

2.1 Suitability testing')

For suitability testing, the specimens shall be prepared using a mould and taking into account the property.sf concrete to be determined. The concrete shall be mixed from the materials in- tended for use in the actual structure. Their origin and the concrete composition shall be recorded. Once all the constituent materials have been added, the.' concrete shall be mixed in a DIN459 mixer.

The type of mixer used, mixing time. ambient tempera-

ture and

temperature shallbe recorded.

2,2

Quality testing and testing of hardened

concrete') For quality testing and testing of hardened concrete, sampling and specimen preparation are generally car- ried out on site, the samples being taken from the con- intended to be used for a structural member.

2.3 Number of specimens

Unless otherwise specified in :he relevant standards (e.g. DIN 1045) or specifications. three specimens shall be prepared for each test.

3 Shape and size of specimens

3.1 General

'The mininium specimen dimensions shall be at least equal to four times the maximum aggregate particle SlZe.

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Cf. subclause 7.4 of DIN 1045 for definition.

Continued on pages 2 to 8

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DIN 1048 Part 5

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3.2 Compresslve strength

For determining the compressive strength, either 100 mm. 150mm. 200 mm or 300 mm concrete cubes or cylinders 100mm. 150 mm. 200 mm or 300 mm in diameter and with a height to diameter ratio of 2, shall be used.

3.3 Flexural strength

For determining the flexural strength, moulded con- crete beams. preferably 150mm x 150 mm x 700 mm in size, shall be used.1) Where the maximum aggre- gate particle size necessitates the use of larger beams. these shall be 200 mm x 200 mm x 900 mm.

a) Collar complying with DIN51 229, which can be se- curely and tightly fastened to the mould. Its height shall be approximately equal to the edge length of cubes, or approximateiy 1,s times the diameter of cylinders. or 200 mm in the case of beams.

b) Steel rule.

c) Vibrating table complying with DIN4235 Part 3, or internal vibrator complying with DIN4235 Part 2. preferably with a diameter of not less than 35 mm.

d) Tamper with a mass of approximately 12 kg, having a rectangular or circular end.

4.3 Test equipment

Strength properties shall be tested using a DIN 51 22.3

3.4 Tensile splinlng strength compression testing machine or a DIN51227 bend test- ing machine. For the purposes of internal control (i.e.

The specimens used for determining the tensile

cylinders

l5Omm in diameter and 300mm in height. Alter- natively, beams may be used provided that the length to width ratio Of the cross section is not more than 1: 1.5.

splitting strength should preferably

on-site control) by W~esE and W concrete testina laboratories, they shail conform to at least class 3 a; specified in DIN51 220, and in all other cases, to at least class 2. the machine class reauirements beina verified bya certificate not more than'two yearsold, is- sued by an accredited test house2). Testina machines used for verification ourooses fcf. DIN51300) shail meet at least the req;ire'ments ior class 2 when tested as specified in DIN 51 302 Part 1. Compliance with the requirements shall be verified by

a test certificate not more than one year old or, where

internal control (e.g. using a pressure transducer) is carried out at intervals of three months, by a test cer-

tificate not more than two years old, issued by an accredited test house2). The static modulus of elasticity shall be determined using a DIN51223 compression testing machine of at least class 2, capable of maintaining the applied load constant for approximately one minute. Length measuring instruments (e.g. mirror or dial gauge extensometers, inductance gauges) and strain

1e.a. strain aauaesl shall have a

be

3.5 Static modulus of elastlclly

The specimens used for determining the static modulus of elasticity should preferably be cylinders 150mm in diameter and approximately 300 mm in height. For spe- cial applications, specimens 100 mm. 150 mm or 200mm in diameter may be used, provided that the height to diameter ratio is not less than 2 nor more than 4. For prisms with a side length (of the end faces) of 100mm. 150mm or 200mm, the heighl to side length ratio shall be not less than 3 and not more than 4. Different results may be obtained when testing speci- mens prepared from the same concrete but different in size.

measurina devices

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3.6 Water permeability

Up to a maximum aggregate particle size of 32mm. the specimens used for determining the water per- meability should preferably be slabs 200mm x

200 mm x 120 mm

or circular slabs 150 mm in diameter may be used. Where the maximum particle size exceeds 32mm. 300mm cubes or square slabs, or circular slabs 300mm in diameter, shall be used. The slab thickness shall be at least 120mm. where the partlcle size is 32mm or more. (Otherwise, it shall be at least equal to four times the diameter of the maximum particle size.)

in size. Alternatively. 200 mm cubes

For special applications, and subject to' compliance with the requirements specified in subclause 3.1, 150mm cubes or square slabs may be used.

gauge length of not less than five times the diameter of the maximum aggregate particle size, with a mini- mum of BOmm. The sensitivity of instruments shall be such that a maximum change in length of 5pmlm will cause a change of 1 mm for analog indication or, in the case of digital indication, of one increment (cf. DIN 1319Part2).

The permeability test may be carried out using any equipment suitable for the procedure specified in sub- clause 7.6 and which permits specimens complying with the specifications of subclause 3.6, to be placed in such a way that the water pressure acts either from above or below the specimen, and permits the unexposed faces to be observed for signs of water per-

meation (cf. figure 1). The internal diameter of the seal- ing ring as installed shall be 100 mm for specimens up

to

200 mm edae lenath or diameter. and 150 mm for spe-

cimens with an edge length or diameter of 300mm

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4

Apparatus

4.1

~oulds

5 Specimen preparation

.:

Specimens shall be prepared using a mould complying with DIN51 229'). Square slabs for the water permeability test may also be made using a cubic mould, which shall be provided

with an internal lining of non-absorbent material before the sample shall be transported in a sealed container.

the specimens are cast.

100 mm x 150 mm x

4.2 Accessories

The following accessories shall be used for preparLng-

the specimens.

5.1. General If the fresh concrete sample has to be transported, it shall be protected against its losing or gaining water. and against the effect of frost, heat, etc. TO this effect.

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In

road construction.

beams

700 mm in size-shall-beused for testing.

.Cf. Explanatory nptes, last paragrapn.

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Water pressure

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DIN: 1048 Part 5

Page 3

Figure 1. Typical water

arrangement

permeability

of

120 mm slabs

for

the

200 mm x 200 mm x

determining

material, which shall be damp-

ened before filling with concrete. Specimen preparation shall be started as soon as

sible aftersampJing and. except for concrete with a pro-

pos-

made of non-absorbent

longed workability time, completed not later than 90 minutes after the addition of water.

of

Before the soecimens are cast. the internal surface

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Figure 2. Compacting with immersion vibrator when preparing 150 mm x 150 mm x 700 mm long beams

only being compacted by vibrating or rodding, and po- rous lightweight aggregate concrete, only by rodding,

in each case to a degree sufficient to provide a density

not areater than that in the structure or structural mem-

-

her^

the mould shall be thinly coated with oil, or re- when compacting containing aggregates of

significantly different particle densities (e.g. light- weight concrete with natural sand), care shall be taken to ensure that the coarse materialdoes not segregate.

20 to 30mm above its edge after compaction. For the

shall be filled with concrete to give an excess of about

lease agent. Where the ConCrete is compacted

a may be fitted On the

The

by vibra-

preparation of specimens with an hld ratio

greater

than 2, moulds withcollarshall bevibrated during filling.

pre-

pared with the mould standing upright so that in the test, the water pressure will act normal to the mould-fill- ing direction.

Slabs used for the water permeability test shall be

5.2 Compaction

5.3 Treatment aner compaction lmmediately after compaction, the

shall be struck off and the concrete surface smoothed levelwith the top of the mould by means of a steelrule.

The specimens so produced shall be clearly and du- rably marked, the marking incorporating the date of specimen preparation.

excess concrete

lmmediately after filling the mould, the concrete shall be compacted so that its dearee of conloaction is as close as possible lo that in the structural'member. Where concrete is compacted by means of an internal vibrator (cf. subclause 4.2). this shall be introduced ver- tically at the centre of the mould when preparing cubes. slabs and cylindrical specimens, and. additionally, at . each of the four corners in the case of 300 mm cubes. When preparing 700mm long beams. tne vibrator%hall be placed at an angle inlo the concrete at not less than four points along the long axis of the mould. and at further points in the case of longer beams (cf. figure 2). The vibrator shall be immersed to a depth ot approxi- mately 20mm above the base of the mould and left in this position until the formation of air bubbles of signifi- cant size has markedly decreased. It shall then be gradually withdrawn from the concrete so that the hole left by the vibrator closes fully without any air haino entraooed.

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concrete may only

be compacted by

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6

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Curing of Specimens

en.rmr-,

During hardening, the concrete shall be protected from vibration. Once the concrete has hardened sufficiently.

' usually after 16 hours, the specimens shall be carefully demoulded. Until testing, they may be left on the base- plate to reduce the risk of damage. lmmediately after preparation, specimens for suitabil- itv and oualitv testino shall be stored in the mould in

,-

a closed room at a"draught-free location, protected

from loss of water. at a temoerature of 15 to 22°C lore- ferably at (20 f 2)"C). ~fte;demoulding they shail be placed on gratings and cured in water or in a moist cabinet at 15 to 22°C (preferably at (20 f 2)'C). During storage in a motst cabinet, lightweignt concrete soecimens Snail be orotected aaainst the absorplion Of further moisture (elg. by wrapping them in suitable sheeting). Prior to testing, hardened concrete specimens shall be ' stored in the mould and further cured under conditions as similar as possible to those existing in the concrete intended for use in the structure.

elasticity

Specimens for determining the compressive st:enqth (cf. subclause 7.2) and the static modulus of elastlclty (cf. subclause 7.5) shall be moist-cured for seven days after preparation, then placed on gratings and

Air-entrained

means of an internal vibrator if this procedure is

adopted for the concrete used in the structure.

Concrete of consistence range KS may also be com-

oacted bv tamoina. Usifla a tamoer as described in

Clause 4:2, and concreie of consistence rarlge KF, by .~

rodding. Concrete used for the preparation of perme-. 6.2 Compressive strength and static modulus of

ability test specimens is always to be dompacted by vibration. For the compaction o! lightweight concrete, under an imposed load if necessary, use of vibrating tables is recommended, dense lightweight aggregate concrete

Page 4

 

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DIN 1048 Part 5

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stored at a draught-free location at a temperature oC15.

. to

22°C (preferably at (20 * 2)'C).

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6.3 Flexural etrenglh and tenslle spllnlng strength

Specimens for determining the flexural strength and

tensile splitting strength (cf. subclauses 7.3 and 7.4)

shall be cured in water at a temperature of 15 to 22°C

loreferabiv at

water. the specimens shall be covered with a damp cloth and stored for a maximum of one hour until testing.

After removal from the

120* 21'C). ,

,

6.4 Water permeablllty

Immediately after demoulding the specimens, the cir- cular areas (100 mm or 150 mm in diameter) to be sub- jected to water pressure (cf. subclause 7.6) shall be roughened by wire brushing and the specimens then

placed on gratings and cured in water at a temperature

of

15 to 22°C (preferably at (20* 2)'C)

until testing.

7 Testing

7.1 Denslly

The density01 hardened concrete, ed, in kglm3,shall be determined lor the specimens prepared for strength testing, using the following equation:

where

m is the specimen mass, in kg:

Y is the specimen volume, in m3. The volume shall be determined by measuring the specimen dimensions to an accuracy 01 1 mm and the specimen mass determined to an accuracy of 209. The density obtained shall be given to the nearest 10 kglm'.

The density shall be determined before applying any

sub-

clauses 7.2 to 7.5). From en,the dry density, end,shall

capping layers necessary for further testing (cf.

be calculated using the following equation:

where h is the moisture content to be determined as specified in subclause 7.7.

7.2 Compressive strength

Before each test, it shall be checked whether the spec- . imen surfaces to be subjected to testing are plane to within 0,l mm. Where surfaces are uneven or not paral- lel, they shall be ground by the wet method or capped.

to

a thickness not exceedina 3 mm.

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The capping material shall normally consikt of acement monar composed of one pan by mass 113 45 For Z 55 cement complying wlth DIN 1164 Part 1 md one partoy mass of washed natural sand of panicle slze group 011 comolv~nawith DIN 4226 Part 1. The mixture shall be aD- plied by means of a glass or steel capping plateso as io obtain plane and square end surfaces. The specimens 4 shall then be stored in moist air for 48 hours at a tem- perature of 15 to 22°C (preferably at (20* 2)'C) and tested at an age of not less than three days. I After grinding or capping, the specimens shall be further cured as specified before testing. Specimens

be dry-cured shall not be tested within 24 hours alter

grinding or capping. The laces of specimens to be tested at an age of up to seven days shall be wiped dry with a cloth alter moist curing and the specimens stored for approximately one hour at ambient temperature before testing.

to

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Cube.s-dhal @~@l,a$idin the testing machineso thatthe mould-filling directibn is normal to the direction of load- ino. and cvlinders so that the load is a~oliedto the end faces. The specimen shall be placed on the lower plat- en of the testinq machine and alianed with the centre of the thrust of the machine using a-centring device wher- ever possible. Use of packing between the specimen and the platens is not permitted. The surface of the platens shall be free from oil residues. The load shall not be applied until the upper platen of the testing machine is'in full contact over its entire area with the upper surface of the specimen.

The load shall be applied steadily so as to increase the stress at a rate of (0.5 * 0.2) Nlmmz per second. The

compressive strength.

OD, in Nlmmz, shall be calcu-

-.

.

,

lated from the following equation:

where F is the maximum load, in N;

A is the area of the platens, in mmZ, calculated from the side lengths of the specimen, measured to an accu-

of 1 mm at mid-height of the specimens.

The compressive strength shall be given to the nearest 1 NlmmZ for va1ue.s of 10NlmmZ or more, and to the nearest 0.1 NlmmZ for values below 10NlmmZ

racy

7.3 Flexural strength

For flexure testing, beams shall be placed in the testing machine so that the mould-fillina direction is normal to the direction of loading (cf. figure 3). The supporting and loading rollers of the testing ma- chine shall have a circular cross section with a diam- eter of 20 mm to 40 mm and be at least 10 mm longer than the width of the beam. They shall be arranged so

that the beam is supported over

less than the beam length and that two equal loads. Fl2, act at the third-points of the span, the roller axes lying in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis of the beam (cf. figure 3)3). Loading shall not be started until the loading rollers have been slowly lowered onto the specimen and all rollers are in full contact with the beam. The load shall be applied so as to increase the stress at

rate of (0.05 * 0.02) Nlmm2 per second. until failure. this being equivalent to a rate of loading of approxi-

a

-

a span that is 100 mm

3) Where the concrete is intended to be used in road construction, beams lOOmm in height. 150mm in

width and 700mm in length shall be placed in the

machine so that the original finished surface is in

They shall be supported over a span of

600mm and subiected to a central load (i.e. one-

tension.

-~~

point loading).

The ~ointsof contact between specimen and rollers shall be capped with mortar strips approximately 30 mm wide. A minor unevenness of the surface

may also be compensated for by rubber strips Of ;Shore A hardness (50 * 5) as in DIN53505, 5mm thick and not less than 20mm wide. The load shall be applied so as to increase the

sires5 at a rate of approximately 0.1 NlmmZ per sec-

until failure. this being equivalent to a rate Of

' loading of approximately 170N:;. The flexural strength. PiZ.shall be calc.ulated from the following equation:

and

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ie Ll~~vft~~DIN 1048 Part 5 Page 5

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figure 3.

Loading arrangement for 150mm x 150mm x 700 mm long beam (two-point loading)

10 rnrn wide

Figure 4. Arrangement of loading of cylindrical speci- mens for determining the tensile splitting strength

7.4.2 prlsrnatlc and cublc speclrnens

Prismatic and cubic specimens (e.g. pieces remaining from flexure testing, cubes, etc.) shall be placed in the testing machine, with packing strips (cf. subclause 7.4.1) positioned along the top and bottom of the plane

of loading of the specimen. The load shall be applied

as a line load on the moulded faces in such a way that

trowelled surface

the fracture plane will cross the

The load shall act along the entire width ofthe spec- imen. The packing strips shall be located on the moulded faces so that the upper strip is directly over the lower strip, their distance from the specimen end being at least equal to half the specimen height.

The load shall be applied steadily so as to increase the stress at a rate of 10.05 +0.02) Nlmm2 per second. this being equivalent to a rate of loading of approximately

The tensile split-

ting strength, &, in Nlmm2, shall be calculated from

the following equation:

1750Nls for a 150 mm square beam.

where F is the maximum load, in N;

b

is the width of the specimen (as shown in figure 5), in mm;

h

is the height of the specimen (as shown in figure 5). in mm.

and h shall be measured to an accuracy of 1 mm and Psz given to the nearest 0.1 ~lmm~for values of 1 Nlmm2 or more. and to the nearest 0.01 Nlmm2 for values below 1 Nlrnm2.

b

7.5 Slatlc modulus of elasticity

mately 280Nls for a 150mm x 150mm x 700mm beam

and of approximately 500 Nls for a 200 mm x 200

900 mm beam3).

The flexural strength. Pez, in Nlmm2, shall be calcu-

mm x

lated from

where

F

1

b

h

the following equation:

F.1

Pez =

(4)

is the breaking load, including the self-weight of the loading rollers (if relevant), in N;

is the span between the supporting rollers, in mm; (cf.figure 5).

is the beam width at the point of failure, in mm:

is the beam height at the

point of failure, in mm.

band be measured to an accuracy Of mm and

Pez be given to the nearest 0.1 Nlmm2 for valuesof

N1mm2 Or more'

and to the nearest 0'01 N1mm2 lor

values below 1Nlmm2.

7.4

Tenslle spllltlng strength

7.4.1

Cyllndrlcal speclrnens

A concrete cylinder shall be placed centrally between the platens of a testing machine of the type used for compression testing. Packing strips. 10 mm wide and 5mm thick, preferably made of plywood. with a density of 850 kglmJ. as speci- fied in DIN68750, or of F 5 or H 1 compacted felt com- plying with DIN61 200 shall be placed between 4he platens and the cylinder (cf. figure 4). Loading shall not be started until platens, packing strips and specimen are in full contact with each other. The load shall be applied so as to increase the stress at a rate of (0.05 +0.02) Nlmm2 per second. this being equivalent to a rate of lpading of approxi- mately 3500Nls for cylindrical sp%cimens 150mm in diameter and 300 mm in length.

The tensile splitting strength, Psz. in Nlmm2, shall be calculated from the following equation:

where

F

is the maximum load, in N;

d

is the specimen diameter, in mm;

1

is the specimen length, in mm.

d

and I shall be measured to an accuracy of 1 mm

and PSzgiven to the nearest 0.1 N:mm2 for values of

1 N/rnm2 or more, and to the nearest 0.01 Nlmm2 for values below 1Nlmm2.

. The static moduius of elasticity in compression is the

: secant modulus calculated as the ratio of a given stress to the corresponding strain (normally deter- mined for specimens at an age of 28 days). unless oth'emise specified, the upper loading Stress. u shall be approximately one-third of the Cam- pressive srrength, 0, of the specimen, determinsd as the mean from three companion specimens, from the same batch as those to be used for deter- mining the static modulus of elasticity, and made and cured under similar conditions. Where the modulus of

Original finished

surface

5mm thick. 10 mm wide Figures. Arrangement of loading of prismatic and cu- bic specimens for determining the tensile splitting strength

elasticily is to be determined at a specific stress (e.g. at

a stress equal to 4,12.1

be used as upper loading stress. The specimen surfaces subjected to compression shall be plane and smooth (cf. subclause 7.2). The length measuring instruments shall be attached on opposite

sides of the specimen and parallel to its axis in such

a way that the gauge points are symmetrical about

the middle of the specimen and are not nearer to either end of the specimen than a distance equal to half its diameter for cylindrical and equal to the larger side length of the end face for prismatic specimens.

The specimen shall be placed centrally in the testing machine and the upper platen aligned so that it is in full contact with the specimen. The specimen shall be subjected to a basic stress of approximately 0,SNlmm2 (0.) and the actual stress calculated on the basis of the cross-sectional area at mid-height of the specimen.

Loading and unloading shall be carried out at a rate of

with the

(0.5 i 0.2) Nlmm2 per second. in accordance

loading diagram shown in figure 6. After all elasticity measurements have been com- pleted, the specimen shall be loaded at the specified rate until failure (cf. subclause 7.2). If the compressive strength of the specimen differs from the mean value by. more than 20%. this shall be stated in the test report.

The static modulus of elasticity in compression. Eb,in Nlmm2, shall be calculated from the following equation:

(cf. DIN 1045)). this stress

shall

where is the upper stress during third loading cycle, in NI

o,

mm2;

o. is the basic stress prior to third loading cycle, in NI

mm2:

is the mean strain under the upper loading stress at

point B (cf. figure 6); E. is the mean strain under the basic loading stress at point A (cf. figure 6).

E,

The modulus of elasticity shall be given to the nearest 100 i.llmm2.

7.6 Watzr permeability

The permeabiiily test gives a measure of the resistance

of concrete against the penetration of water exerting

In the above diagram.

in s

A is the point of reading the basic stress, o. (and cor- responding strain. E and gauge length I respec- tively), prior to the third loading cycle;

B is the point of reading the upper stress, o,

(and cor-

responding strain. to.and gauge length. I,, respec- tively), during the third loading cycle;

t is the time of loading and unloading resulting from the rate of loading and unloading.

Stress-time diagram for determining the modulus of elasticily

Figure 6.

pressure. It shall normally be carried out when the 'age of the concrete is 28 to 35 days.

A concrete specimen shall be exposed either from

above or below to a water pressure of 0.5Nlmm2 act- ing normal lo the mould-filling direction, for a period of three days. This pressure shall be kept constant throughout the test. If water penetrates through to the underside of the specimen, the test may be terminated and the specimen rejected as failed.

It shall be checked whether and when the unexposed

specimen faces show signs of water permeation. Im- mediately after the pressure has been released, the specimen shall be removed and split down the centre. with the face which was exposed to water facing down. When the split faces show signs of drying (after about S to 10 minutes), the maximum depth 01 penetra- tion in the direction of slab thickness. shall be mea- sured, in mm, and the extent of water permeation established. The mean of the maximum depth 01 penetration ob- tained from three specimens thus tested shall be taken as the test result.

7.7 Moisture content

For determining the moisture content, broken pieces of specimens that have been tested in accordance with subclauses 7.2 to 7.5 shall be weighed immediately after testing and then dried to Constant mass at a tem- perature of 105'C. Constant mass shall be deemed reached when the mass determined by weighing after 24 hours does not change by more than 1%. The mois- turecontent shall be calculated as the ratio of the differ- ence in mass to the mass of the dried specimen. as a percentage, using the following equation:

.

.

.

.

k=-

md

.lo0

(8)

where

m, is the specimen mass before drying, in g:

-'ind is the specimen mass after drying. in g.

8

Test report

The test report shall include all information relevant for assessment of the test results.

DIN 1048 Part 5

Page 7

8.1 Information to be provided by the manufacturer or representative of the test house taking samples:

sampling site and structural member from where the specimens originate:

date of specimen preparation and, if appropriate. place and method 01 sampling:.

identification of specimens:

conditions of storage and curing of specimens until supplied to the testing laboratory:

required properties of the concrete.

b)

a)

f) age of specimens at start of test;

g) specimen dimensions;

h) density of specimens prior to testing as specified in subclauses 7.2 to 7.7: individual and mean values:

i) results of testing as specified in subclause 7.2 to 7.7: individual and mean values;

j) any occurrences that might have affected the test results.

8.3 Additional information to be provided where the static modulus of elasticity was determined:

c)

d)

e)

8.2

a)

b) appearance of specimens when received;

cl identification of soecimens: ~.

a) conditlonsof storage and curing until testing (includ- ing binders used in capping or gr~ndingmethod)

e) date of test;

a)

date ofreceipt of the specimens: b)

Information to be provided by the test house:

type of measuring instruments and gauge length; basic loading stress; upper loading stress:

~

.

.

-

c)

dl mean strain under uooer and basic loadina stress:

-,

e) calculated statlc modulus of elastic~tyIn compres- sion.

-

.

Paae 8

DIN 1048 Part 5

Standards referred to

DIN 459

Concrete mixers: concepts, sizes and requirements ~

DIN 1045

Structural use of concrete; design and construction

DIN

11M Part 1 Portland. Portland blastfurnace, blastfurnace slag and trass cement: concepts, constituents, requirements and supply

DIN

1319 Part 2

Basic concepts in metrology; terminology relating to the use of measuring instruments

DIN

4226 Part 1 Aggregates for concrete; aggregates of dense structure (heavy aggregates); terminology, desig- nation and requirements

DIN

4232

No fines lightweight concrete walls: design and construction

DIN

4235 Part 2

Compaction of concrete by vibration; compacting with internal vibrators

DIN

4235 Part 3

Compaction of concrete by vibration; compacting with external vibrators in the production of pre- cast elements

DIN 51 220

Materials testing machines; general

DIN 51 223

Materials testing machines; compression testing machines: requirements

DIN 51 227

Materials testing machines; bend testing machines

DIN 51 229' (at present at stage of draft) Moulds for concrete specimens

DIN 51 300

Materials testing machines: verification of materials testing machines; general

DIN 51 302 Part 1

Materials testing machines; verification of tensile, compression and bend testing machines; prin- ciples

DIN 53 505

Shore hardness testing A and D of rubber, elastomers and plastics

DIN 61 200

Hardness of felt

DIN 68 750

Fibre building board; softboard and hardboard; grading

IS0 4013: 1978 Concrete: determination of flexural strength of test specimens

Previous edltions

DIN 1048: 09.25. 04.32. 10.37.

43x;

DIN 1048 Part 3: 01.75;

DIN 1048 Part 1: 01.72, 12.78.

Amendments

In comparison with the December 1978 edition of DIN 1048 Part 1. specifications for hardened concrete are now given in this Part of DIN 1048 (testing of fresh concrete beihg covered in Part 1).

1

I C

I

Explanatory notes

In the flexure test (which is based on IS0 4013: 1978). the direction of loading has been specified as running normal to the mould-filling direction. Since the strength of the beam is normally at its greatest in the zone which is at the bottom during filling of the mould, the values obtained when using this arrangement may be somewhat lower than normal. but are nonetheless on the safe side. On the other hand, the test has been made simpler to perform since mortar Or rubber strips are no longer required in connection with the loading arrangement.

The number of loading cycles for determining the modulus of elasticity has been reduced to three, since experience has shown that the modulus does not change significantly after the third cycle. The water permeability test has been simplified by specifying a constant wate! pressure of Oq5~/mm2acting for three days instead of varying water pres- sures (0.1.0,3 and 0.7 ~lmm~)for a totalmf four da.15. Interlaboratory tests have shown both methods to be equivalent. The Verband der Maferialpriilungsamfer (Association of Materials Testing Institutes) keeps a list of testing Centres accredited for verilying materials testhg machines in compliance with DIN 51 300 (cf. subclause 4.3).

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